ERIC KRAUSE

In business since 1996
- © Krause House Info-Research Solutions -

_____________________________________________________________________________________

KRAUSE GENEALOGY


FRIEDRICH WILHELM KRAUSE

Military Rank

Friedrich Wilhelm Krause (Between November 24, 1914  and December 4, 1914)

Jäger Friedrich Wilhelm Krause (Between October 1, 1915 and  March 31, 1918)

Soldat Friedrich Wilhelm Krause (As of August 27, 1918 - )

Gefreitter Friedrich Wilhelm Krause (Prior to September 30, 1919)

FROM GERMANY TO THE WESTERN FRONT
TO THE EASTERN FRONT
TO TAURIDA AND MOLOTSCHNA (SOUTH RUSSIA)

1914 - 1921

See Also Western Front: Some Background Notes for Krause Road to South Russia

See Also Eastern Front - South Russia: Some Background Notes For Krause Road to South Russia

INDEX


INTRODUCTION

JAGER FRIEDRICH WILHELM KRAUSE
Königliches Sächsisches 1. Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 12 - 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

Return To Index

SOLDBUCH - PAYBOOK

[No.] 1036 Der Stammrolle J11

SERVICE INFORMATION

October 1, 1915 - September 30, 1916

Jäger Friedrich Wilhelm Krause
[No ] 1036 J11
1. Ersatz-Bataillon * Jäger-Bataillon 12 [Jäger Bataillon 12]

http://www.ebay.fr/itm/Regiment-Foto-Ak-1-Ers-Komp-16-Kgl-
Sachs-Inf-Reg-No-182-11-Korp-1915-/331031230935

 

MILITÄR: 10 Mark, Porzellan-Medaille. SÄCHSISCHES JÄGER-BATAILLON 12, DRESDEN.

"Very interesting brown porcelain medal related to WWI. The medal was produced to commemorate the killed soldiers of Jaeger-Bataillon 12. "

http://www.ebay.de/itm/MILITAR-10-Mark-Porzellan-Medaille-SACHSISCHES-
JAGER-BATAILLON-12-DRESDEN-/282033063391?hash=
item41aa7b05df:g:KAgAAOSwP~tW1xJB

-----

May 11, 1916

Tag des Eintritts in das stehende H[eer] 11. 5. 16 - Day of re-entry into the standing army 11.5.16

-----

October 1, 1916 - September 30, 1917

Jägers Wilhelm Krause
No J11
Jäger-Bataillon [No 12] [Jäger Bataillon 12]
3, Kompagnie
Königlich Sächsisch *  Jäger Bataillon

-----

April 1, 1917 - March 31, 1918

Jägers W. Krause
No J11 1210f
Jäger-Bataillon No 12
3, Kompagnie
Königlich Sächsisch *  Jäger Bataillon 12

-----

October 1, 1917 - September 30, 1918

Jägers Wilhelm Krause
No J11
[Königlich Sächsisch] *  Jäger Bataillon 12
6. Infanterie-]Regt]ment Nr.182
[9, Ko]mpagnie

-----

October 1, 1918 - September 30, 1919

Soldat William Kraüse
[Inf? - Infantry Company] 9. / 182

----------------------------------------

INSIDE COVER

A. Zum Feldheer abgejandt boll 1:) - Field army

1. Ersatzbataillon, I K. S. Jäger-Btl. 12 [Jäger Bataillon 12]
3. Fdf. Kompagnie
Nr. 1036 (der Kriegsstammrolle). - Personal Service Record Book

B. Feldtruppenteil 2): - B. Field Army unit 2):

Jäger Bataillon 12
3: Kompagnie
Nr. J11 (der Kriegsstammrolle). - Personal Service Record Book

C. Für den Buchinhaber jezt zustündiger Ersatztruppenteil 2): replacement/training unit

1. Ers. Batl.
1. Jäger Bat. No 12, [Jäger Batallion 12]
in Freiberg I. Sa. [That is: i. Sa. or im Sachsen]

----------------------------------------

SOME STAMPS

K. S. Linien-Kommandantur Klassenvereinigung

 

A. Zum Feldheer abgejandt boll 1:) - Field army

1. Ersatz-Bati.
16. Inf.-Regt. No. 182
1. Garn.-Komp.

[ I. Ersatz-Bataillon des Kgl. Sächs. 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182 in Freiberg/Sachsen ]

Nr. 121OSZ (der Kriegsstammrolle).  - Personal Service Record Book

1. Ersat-Bataillon * Jäger-Bataillon 12 [Jäger Bataillon 12]

16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182
9 Kompagnie

1. [Ersatz-Bati.]
16. Inf.-Regt 182
1. Garn. Komp.

1. Ersatz-Batl.
16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182
1. Garn.-Komp

--------------------

DATES ON THE PAGES

     
    November 24, 1914 - December 4, 1914
     
24/11/1914 - 30/11/1914 1. Ersatz-Batl. 16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182 1. Garn.-Komp: On Leave (beurlaubt) from November 24, 1914 to November 30, 1914, Bischofswerda
02/12/1914 - 04-12/1914 1. Ersatz-Batl. 16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182 1. Garn.-Komp: Home - Furlough from December 2 to December 4, Bischofswerda and  Freiwaldau
     
    May 11, 1916 - December 30, 1916
     
11/05/1916   Re-Entry
13/05/1916   Smallpox Shot
25/05/1916   Issued a Gas Mask, Size 3
31/05/1916   Typhoid Shot
07/06/1916   Typhoid Shot
19/06/1916   Typhoid Shot
30/06/1916   Cholera Shot
07/07/1916    
08/07/1916   Cholera Shot
22/08/1916 - 29/08/1916 Training
23/08/1916 - 28/08/1916 Training: Meals
29/08/1916   Training
30/12/1916   Typhoid Shot
     
    January 25, 1917 - December 31, 1917
     
25/01/1917   Cholera Shot
14/03/1917   Typhus Shot
20/04/1917   Hospital Activity: "Jäger Batallion 12", Company 3
22/04/1917   Hospital Activity
28/04/1917   Hospital Activity: Jäger Batallion 12, Company 3
30/04/1917   Hospital Activity
01/05/1917 - 20/05/1917 K. Reservelazarett Fürth : [Hospital] K. Reserve Hospital Fürth, From May 1, 1917 to May 20, 1917
15/05/1917   Hospital Activity: Jäger Batallion 12, Company 3 - Bischofswerda mentioned
14/08/1917   Hospital Activity
16/08/1917 - ?/08/1917 Hospital Activity
05/09/1917 - 12/09/1917 Hospital Activity
20/09/1917   Hospital Activity: Jäger Batallion 12, Company 3: Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen
06/10/1917 - 07/10/1917 Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen
12/10/1917   Hospital Activity: Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen
20/10/1917   Hospital Activity
01/12/1917   Pay Issue
05/12/1917   Pay Issue
21/12/1917 31/12/1917 Hospital Activity: Auskunftsnebenstelle Kronstadt [Information Extension Kronstadt (Brasov) in Southern Transylvania?)]]
     
    February 11, 1918 - October 20, 1918
     
11/02/1918   16. Infantry, Regiment No. 182, 9 Company: In Braila, Rumania?
16/02/1918 - 24/02/1918 1. Ersatz-Batl. 16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182 1. Garn.-Komp: In Braila, Rumania
17/02/1918   16. Infantry, Regiment No. 182, 9 Company: In Braila, Rumania
28/02/1918   16. Infantry, Regiment No. 182, 9 Company: In Braila, Rumania?
21/03/1918   Cholera Shot
20/06/1918   Smallpox Shot (See image below for added detail)
22/08/1918   Cholera Shot (See image below for added detail)
27/08/1918   Ist Inhaber folgender Orden und Ehr zeichen (Holds the following medals and honor sign): E.K. II. [Iron Cross, 2nd Class]
30/08/1918   Ist Inhaber folgender Orden und Ehr zeichen (Holds the following medals and honor sign): Verw. Abz. in Schwarze [Wounded Badge In Black]
20/10/1918   Medical Batallion II, Infantry Regiment 182: Typhus Shot
     
   

UNKNOWN DATES

     
21/08/191?    
12/12/191?   vorschuss an ... für ... mit ... aus der Kasse der Lin. Kdtr K I [Linien Kommandantur Klassenvereinigung ] Erhalten. Munich (Money Advance from Headquarters)

12/12/191?

-------------------

UNKNOWN WORDS

August 20, 1918

August 22, 1918

SIMILAR

1 Ers. Komp.
16. Kgl. Sächs. Inf. Reg.
No 182
11 Korporalschaft
1915

-------------------

SOME JAGER BATAILLON DETAILS

Sachsen Jäger Bataillon 12 Feldpost 1916

http://www.zkauf.de/7791a-sachsen-j%C3%A4ger-
bataillon-12-feldpost-1916-e180881618809.html

1. Kgl. Sähs. Jäger-Bataillion Nr. 12

... the typically Saxon habit of rolling the trouser legs over
the boot tops and a likewise typically casual attitude to his uniform and equipment ...

Andrew Lucas, Jurgen Schmieschek, Fighting the Kaiser's War: The Saxons in Flanders 1914-1918, p. 15 - Introduction - https://books.google.ca/books?isbn=1473848008

4 x WK1 Foto Infanterie Regiment Nr.182 Freiberg Königsbrück Sachsen 5469

Birvak I-Rgts. 182 Koniglich
Bivouac Infantry Regiment 182 Royal

http://www.ebay.de/itm/4-x-WK1-Foto-Infanterie-Regiment-Nr-182-Freiberg-
Konigsbruck-Sachsen-5469-/371552982385?hash=item5682489571:g:dJ0AAOSwDuJWt5zy

4 x WK1 Foto Infanterie Regiment Nr.182 Freiberg Königsbrück Sachsen 5470

http://www.ebay.de/itm/4-x-WK1-Foto-Infanterie-Regiment-Nr-182-Freiberg-
Konigsbruck-Sachsen-5470-/121892841705?hash=item1c616128e9:g:Tw8AAOSwx-9Wt50I

4 x WK1 Foto Infanterie Regiment Nr.182 Freiberg Königsbrück Sachsen 5468

http://www.ebay.de/itm/4-x-WK1-Foto-Infanterie-Regiment-Nr-182-
Freiberg-Konigsbruck-Sachsen-5468-/371552982387?hash=
item5682489573:g:dfoAAOSwFNZWt5zd

-------------------------

Das Königlich Sächsische 1. Jäger Bataillon Nr. 12

ROLL OF HONOUR: MEMORY OF OUR FALLEN SOLDIERS - 1914 - 1919

COMPANY 3


(A)

HIS REGIMENT - 182

Return To Index

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

Regimentsgeschichte; 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

http://www.ebay.de/itm/Regimentsgeschichte-16-Infanterie-Regiment-
Nr-182-/391378097115?hash=item5b1ff3d3db:g:uKwAAOSwXshWsnLQ

Countries In Which The IR 182 Fought, 1912-1919

1912 - 1919

 Russland (Russia)
Galizien (Galicia in Southern Poland)
Rumanien (Romania)
Ukraine
Belgien (Belgium)
Frankreich (France)

            

https://www.derrittmeister.com/tablemed.htm

Freiberg

The Meissen porcelain works produced art works, tableware, as well as military pieces. This is an example of the latter. It's not porcelain, but rather "Böttger Steinzeug", which is a traditional material often used by Meissen. This is a table medal which commemorated "Our fallen" of Infantry Regiment 182 from Freiberg as reads the reverse. The dates 1912-1919 are noted as well as "Freiberg 1922". The medal also exhibits the crossed swords mark of the Meissen company. The medal obverse features a WWI German soldier with grenades and the names of the countries in which the regiment fought. The piece is in mint condition with no damage or chips. It's amazing that the piece has survived intact over the last 84 years!

http://www.craiggottlieb.com/engine/inspect.asp?Item=462&Filter=Archive&Name=Meissen+
World+War+One+Remembrance+Plaquette

-----------------

1913

DECEMBER 12

Max von Hausen

16th Infantry, Infantry Regiment 182

1914

AK Freiberg, Kaserne des Infanterie-Reg. Nr. 182
(AK Freiberg, barracks of Infantry Reg. 182)

http://www.ak-ansichtskarten.de/ak/index.php?menu=91&shop=2051&card=
2068018&alte-ansichtskarten=AK_Freiberg__Kaserne_des_Infanterie-Reg__Nr__182

Ansichtskarte / Postkarte Freiberg Sachsen, Kaserne Infanterie Regiment 182 - Postcard / postcard Freiberg, Saxony, barracks Infantry Regiment 182
 http://www.akpool.de/ansichtskarten/84957-ansichtskarte-
postkarte-freiberg-sachsen-kaserne-infanterie-regiment-182 

Andrew Lucas, Jurgen Schmieschek, Fighting the Kaiser's War: The Saxons in Flanders 1914-1918, p. 9 - Introduction - https://books.google.ca/books?isbn=1473848008

----------------------------------------

(1) CAREER: 1914 - 1919

Freiderich Wilhelm Krause (b. January 18, 1897, Bischofswerda, Saxony, GERMANY [Sachsen, DEUTSCHLAND]  - d. December 9, 1983, Leamington, Ontario, CANADA).
He served in WW1, in France, and on the Eastern Front, including Russia. His wife was Maria Mietz Kornelsen (b. May 5, 1900, Tiegenhagen, Molotschna, Wollost Halbstadt, SOUTH RUSSIA) - d. April 2, 1991, Leamington, Ontario, CANADA). They were married May 16, 1920, in Halbstadt, Molotschna, SOUTH RUSSIA.
After March 15, 1921, they moved to Germany.

August 27, 1918 and  October 30, 1918

Iron Cross, Second Class (Eisernen Kreuzes 2, Klasse)
and Wounded Badge In Black (Verwundete Abzeichen in Schwarze)

Ist Inhaber folgender Orden und Ehr zeichen:  Holds the following medals and honor sign:

E. K II. 27. 8. 18.

Verw. Abz. in Schwarze

Awarded German Iron Cross, in the field August 27, 1918

Vorläufige Bescheinigung über den Besitz des Eisernen Kreuzes 2, Klasse -
Provisional certificate of ownership of the Iron Cross 2nd class

Im Ramen Sr. Majestät des Kaisers -
In Ramen His Majesty the Emperor

Soldat Friedrich Wilhelm Krause, 9. Kompagnie Jnfanterie Regiment Nr. 182. -
Soldier Friedrich Wilhelm Krause, 9 Company Infanterie Regiment No. 182

geboren am 18. 1. 97. in Bishchofswerda Amtish. Bautzen -
born on 18. 1. 97. in Bishchofswerda Amtish. Bautzen

das Eisernen Kreuzes 2, Klasse verliehen worden -
been awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class

Im Felde, den 27. 8. 1918 Kommando der Rgl. Sächs. 212. Infanterie-Division -
In the field, 27. 8. 1918 Command Rgl. Saxon. 212th Infantry Division.

Awarded Black Badge for Being Wounded, in the field August 30, 1918
 

Bescheinigung über den Besitz des Abzeichen für Verwundete Dem Soldat -
Certificate of ownership of the badge for The wounded soldier

Friedrich Wilhelm Krause, 9. Komp. 16. K. S. Jnfanterie Regiment Nr. 182. -
Friedrich Wilhelm Krause, 9. Comp. 16. K. S. Infanterie Regiment Nr. 182.

ist das Schwarze Abzeichen für Verwundete verliehen worden -
Black is the badge has been awarded for wounded

im field den 30. 8. 1918 -
in field 30. 8. 1918

16. Kgl. Sächs Jnf. Rgt. Nr. 182 -
16 Kgl. Saxon Inf. Rgt. No. 182

Part of his Finger on his Left Hand was Lost
(First Left Finger Off at Second Joint)

  

Photographer: J. Dürr.

F W Krause (Right), c. August 27, 1918, or later    

On the standard German enlisted man's Feldmütze (field cap), there are two buttons:
The top button indicated the German army, the bottom button indicated what German State the soldier served.
The soldier on the left (is he missing parts of two fingers?) is wearing a post 1915 Bluse type wool tunic.
The ribbon on their tunics are for the Prussian Eiserne Kreuz II Klasse (Iron Cross II class).
In the field, only the ribbon was worn in the second button hole, while the medal would have been sent home for safekeeping.

http://www.worldwar1.com/sfgeruni.htm

POSSIBLE F W KRAUSE FRIEND

 

Fig 3 and 3b: Fahrer (driver) Alwin Müller and fellow field artillery reservists from the town of Bertsdorf, serving with Reserve-Artillerie-Munitions-Kolonne Nr 5/XII Reserve-Korps in March 1915. By the time this photo was sent as a postcard on 23 April the column had been redesignated Artillerie-Munitions-Kolonne Nr 1/123 Infanterie-Division. All present wear the uniform of their original peacetime regiment, FAR 28 from Bautzen. Courtesy Andrew Lucas.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/the-great-war/great-war-on-
land/germany-allies/2833-loos-to-st-eloi-the-experience-of-the-saxon-
123-infanteriedivision-on-the-western-front-1915.html#sthash.gHokZiWc.dpbs - Stand To! No 96 January 2013, Loos to St Eloi - the Experience of the Saxon 123 Infanterie-Division on the Western Front, 1915 – Part 1, 15–20 - See Also: https://www.flickr.com/photos/westernfrontassociation/sets/
72157632510845695/with/8377018975/

"Jäger Battalion 12", Company 3

Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen

September 20, 1917; October 6-7, 1917; October 12, 1917

--------------------

Iron Cross 2nd Class: For Individual Merit In Combat
(For 2nd Class - The ribbon was warn looped through the second button hole in the front of the uniform)

The Black Wound Badge was awarded for less than three wounds

http://www.jasta5.org/Jagdstaffeln_5/red_baron_j5_awards.htm

----------------------------------------

(2) INFANTRY REGIMENT 182: TYPICAL UNIFORM

photo encadrée d'un soldat allemand du IR 182 avant 1914
photo de studio d'un soldat allemand avant 1914 du Infanterie Regiment 182 (16° régiment saxon, créé en 1912 et stationné à Freiberg)
http://www.ebay.fr/itm/photo-encadree-dun-soldat-allemand-du-IR-182-avant-1914-/162463001701?hash=item25d38cac65:g:9ZEAAOSw4CFY54kC

Ansichtskarte Soldatenfoto, Infanterie Regiment 182 Freiberg, Königreich Sachsen, WKI Militär -
Photo Postcard Soldiers, Infantry Regiment 182 Freiberg, Saxony Kingdom, WKI Military
For more details: See: http://www.meinansichtskartenshop.de/Ansichtskarte-
Soldatenfoto-Infanterie-Regiment-182-Freiberg-Koenigreich-Sachsen-WKI-Militaer

Infantryman, Kgl. Sächs. 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182
For more details: See:http://www.flickr.com/photos/drakegoodman/3952737980/in/photostream/

Regiment and Garrison

Cuff Pattern & Color

Buttons

Straps

Wappen

( Kgl. Sächs. 16. Infanterie-Regt. Nr.182
(Freiberg) XIX Armee Korps [XII Armee Korps?]
Sachsen Piped in Blue Gilt "Squared" Blue w/ Red Piping w/ Yellow 182 Gilt Sachsen Wappen on Silver Star

http://www.kaisersbunker.com/gtp/New/infantry1.htm

[OCTOBER 1, 1914]

[See Colour Version Below]

Letter on reverse (below) with postage cancelled at Freiberg on 1.10.1914. Freiberg was the hometown of Kgl. Sächs. 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182.

He wears a M1892 Überzug (helmet cover) with his regiment's number sewn onto the front in thin, dark green cloth, M1910 tunic and his boots are the standard infantry boot, the Model 1866 Infanteriestiefel and he is armed with a Gew 98.

The 123rd Infantry Division initially fought on the Western Front, entering the line in the Aisne region in mid-April 1915. Later in 1915, it fought in the Battle of Loos. It remained on the front in the Flanders and Artois regions into 1916, and in July entered the Battle of the Somme, where it reportedly lost 6,000 men.

It was transferred to the Eastern Front at the end of the month, where it went into the line near Lake Narač [Lake Narach (Naroch) - North-West Belarus) [Lake Narotoch] until November 1917, when it returned to the Western Front. It went into the line near Verdun until May 1918. It later fought in the Second Battle of the Marne and then returned to the line near Verdun.

Late in 1918, it faced the Allied Meuse-Argonne Offensive. It remained in the line until the end of the war. Allied intelligence rated the Division as third class and of mediocre combat value.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/drakegoodman/5531760050/

OCTOBER 1, 1914

The Great War Königlich Sächsische 16 Infanterie Regiment Nr.182 - 1st of October 1914

http://www.ddoughty.com/ww1-in-colour.html

 

For Sealing Letters

16. Königlich Sächsische Infanterie - Regiment No. 182

http://www.veikkos-archiv.com/index.php?title=Kategorie:Siegelmarken

----------------------------------------

(3)

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182: SITUATION: 1914

August, 1914

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataille_des_Fronti%C3%A8res

Belgium and France, 1914, Battle of Frontiers-North, 2-26 August 1914

http://www.patriotfiles.com/forum/showthread.php?t=110523

August 15, 1914

 http://www.1914-1918.net/bat1.htm

August 20, 1914

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Battle_of_Frontiers_-_Map.jpg

----------------------------

August 21 - 21, 1914

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Frontiers

September 14, 1914

http://www.battlefield-tours.com/introduction.htm

Imperial Germany's Third Army, 2 August 1914

XII. Armeekorps (1. Sächsischses): General der Infanterie Karl Ludwig d'Elsa
Stabschef: Oberst Hans von Eulitz
1.GSO: Major von Loeben
Adjutant: Major von Zeschau
Garnison: Dresden

23. Infanterie Division (1. Sächsischse) - Dresden: Generalleutnant Karl FH von Lindeman [Generalleutnant Karl Freiherr von Lindeman]
Stabschef: Major von Hingst
Adjutant: Major Gericke

2. Infanterie-Brigade Nr. 46 - Dresden: Generalmajor Bernhard von Watzdorf  [46. (Sächsische) Landwehr-Division - Bernhard Gustav von Watzdorf -His assignment and command:  02.08.1914 46. Infanterie-Brigade (2. Königlich Sächsische) = 3. Armee]
Adjutant: Hauptmann von Wittern
Königlich Sächsisches Schützen (Füsilier)-Regiment Prinz Georg Nr. 108 - Dresden: Oberst Woldemar Graf Vitzthum v. Eckstädt

Königlich Sächsisches 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182 - Freiberg: Oberst Franz Francke

http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/army/OBc.htm and http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/akb/watzdorf.htm

---------------------------------

XII. (I. Königlich Sächsisches) Armeekorps
http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/dewiki/de/23._
Division_(1._K%C3%B6niglich_
S%C3%A4chsische)

 
23. Division (1. Königlich Sächsische) (Das Divisionskommando stand in Dresden)
46. Infanteriebrigade (2. Königlich Sächsische) in Dresden
16. Königlich Sächsisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182 in Freiberg und Königsbrück

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/23._
Division_(1._Königlich_Sächsische)

 

XII. Army Corps District (I. Royal Saxon) Army Corps (Division Command in Dresden)

23.
Division (1st Royal Saxon)

46. Infantry Brigade (2nd Royal Saxon) in Dresden

16. Royal Saxon Infantry Regiment 182 in Freiberg and Königsbrück

----------------------------------------

2nd (Kgl.sächs.) Infanterie-Brigade Nr.46 - 46. Infantry Brigade (2nd Royal Saxon)

Brigade Headquarters: 1914 - Dresden

Subordinated units:

KGL. Sachs. Schützen (Fusilier) Regiment Prinz-Georg Nr.108 - Mušketiersky Regiment (Royal Saxon) 108

KGL. Sachs. 16th Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182 - Infantry Regiment (16th Royal Saxon) 182

Superior to the levels:

1914

3rd Army - 3 army
XII. Armeekorps (1st KGL. Sachs) - Dec. armádny Choir (1st Royal Saxon)
23rd Division (1st KGL. Sachs) - 23 Division (1st Royal Saxon)

http://en.valka.cz/viewtopic.php/t/64322


(4)

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182 of the 23rd Division:

COMMANDERS

[Note: The 182 was with the 23rd for 1914-1915, and was apparently transferred to the 123rd in 1915, so something is wrong here.

It appears to be all the Commanders up to 1918 or 1919  for the remaining 123, 216 and 212 divisions where the 182 was placed]

 

COMMANDER FRANZ SAMUEL LUDWIG FRANKE (1914 - )

COMMANDER VON ABEKEN (May 7, 1915)

COMMANDER VON HALKETT (February 16, 1916)

COMMANDER THOMAS (September, 1916)

COMMANDER MARTINI

COMMANDER SCHULTZE

COMMANDER RÜHLEMANN

COMMANDER MAX BUNDE

COMMANDER NAÜMANN

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

Königlich Sächsisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

  • Francke
  • 07.05.1915 von Abeken
  • 16.02.1916 Freiherr von Halkett
  • September 1916 Thomas
  • Martini
  • Schultze
  • Rühlemann
  • Bunde [1918 for certain]
  • Naumann [Näumann?] [1914]

 

               
Royal Saxon Infantry Regiment No. 182
  • Francke
  • 07/05/1915 Von Abeken
  • 02/16/1916 Baron Von Halkett
  • September 1916 Thomas
  • Martini
  • Schultze
  • Rühlemann
  • Bunde [1918 for certain]
  • Naumann  [Näumann?] [1914]

 

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm


(5)

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182: PLATOON AND COMPANY LEADER AND REGIMENTS ADJUTANT

1914 - 1920

(i) HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950]

http://ww2gravestone.com/people/reinhard-hans-wolfgang/

LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

(ii) RICHARD HEIDRICH

https://de.allbuch.online/wiki/Heidrich,_Richard
(1 October 1916-
15 May 1920: Platoon and Company Leader in the Royal Saxon 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182.)

http://www.geocities.com/~orion47/WEHRMACHT/LUFTWAFFE/
General/HEIDRICH_RICHARD.html

http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Personenregister/HeidrichR.htm

http://de.metapedia.org/wiki/Heidrich,_Richard

http://www.ritterkreuztraeger-1939-45.de/Luftwaffe/H/Heidrich-Richard.htm

http://de-de.facebook.com/pages/Richard-Heidrich/108116355876402

 RICHARD HEIDRICH
(1 October 1916-
15 May 1920: Platoon and Company Leader in the Royal Saxon 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182.)

1916-1920

PROMOTIONS

COMMANDS AND ASSIGNMENTS

(6)

OTHER

HELMUT BERNHARD FRANZ BECHLER

(7)

JÄGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

1914

KÖNIGLICHES SACHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12:

Bataillonskommandeur

Dienstgrad Name Datum
Oberstleutnant von Kiesenwetter  ??? bis 1. August 1914
Major von Carlowitz 2. August 1914 bis 19. Oktober 1915
Hauptmann von Einsiedel 20. Oktober 1915 bis 8. November 1916
Hauptmann von der Pforte 9. November 1916 bis 8. April 1917
Major Hassel 9. April 1917 bis 24. Juli 1918
Major von Kracht 25. Juli 1918 bis 21. September 1918

 

Dienstgrad Name Datum
Generaloberst Freiherr von Hausen ab 1906

AUGUST 15, 1914

Combat de Dinant

J. Bts nr 12
[Kgl. Sächsisches 1. Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 12]

[Note  I. Ersatz-Bataillon des  Königliches Sächsisches 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182, Freiberg,
to which Nr. 12 is attached, will attack Dinant on August 23, 1914]

Chasseurs saxons Collection privée

http://www.sambre-marne-yser.be/article.php3?id_article=21

1914 - 1918

KÖNIGLICHES SACHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

Credit:
WWI German field kitchen of Saxon Jager Battalion No.12 in the Macedonian mountains, 1914-18 (b/w photo),
German Photographer (20th Century) / Private Collection / Peter Newark Pictures / The Bridgeman Art Library

http://www.bridgemanart.com/en-GB/search/keyword/field+kitchen

1916

1917

Jäger-Division
 September 14

1918

MAY
 

1918

SEPTEMBER - OCTOBER

Click the Following For:

KÖNIGLICHES SACHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12 - MACEDONIA

1918

DECEMBER

KÖNIGLICHES SACHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/1._K%C3%B6niglich_
S%C3%A4chsisches_J%C3%A4ger-Bataillon_Nr._12

(8)

SUMMARY OF POSTINGS


(B)

REGIMENT 182 (IR 182) DETAILS

23 DIVISION / 123 DIVISION / 216 DIVISION / 212 DIVISION

Return To Index

1914 - 1919

-----------------------------------------------------

According to 251 Division book IR182 was in:

23 Division in 1914-1915 Belgium/Marne/Aisne [12th Army Corps]
123 Division in 1915 Champagne/Artois/Flanders/Somme
216 Division in 1916 Galicia-Transylvania/Roumania
212 Division in 1917-1918 Roumania/Ukraine

http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=24278 and http://www.1914-18.info/
http://www.wehrmacht-awards.com/forums/showthread.php?t=180853

See 23 Division - Western Front for Background Information
See 123 Division - Western Front for Background Information
See 216 Division (Independent Division) - Eastern Front for Background Information
See 212 Division (Independent Division) - Eastern Front for Background Information


(C)

REGIMENT 182 ON THE WESTERN FRONT

Return To Index

(1)

1914 - 1916

Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182
Königlich Sächsisches 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182
(46.Inf.-Brig./23.Inf.-Div./XII. Armeek./3.Armee)
(Standort: Freiberg)
Kommandeur: Oberst Francke

According to 251 Division book IR182 was in:

23 Division in 1914-1915 Belgium/Marne/Aisne
123 Division in 1915 Champagne/Artois/Flanders/Somme

http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=24278 and http://www.1914-18.info/

Belgium/Marne/Aisne (1914-1915) and Champagne/Artois/Flanders/Somme (1915)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUGUST 2, 1914 - MARCH 31, 1915:
2. (kgl.sächs.) Infanterie-Brigade Nr.46 / 1. kgl.sächs. Division Nr.23

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

AUGUST 9, 1914 - APRIL, 1915

23d DIVISION (1914 - 1915)

(STANDING DIVISION)

3 ARMY, XII ARMY CORPS (I ROYAL SAXON), 23 (I ROYAL SAXON) INFANTRY DIVISION
46 INFANTRY BRIGADE, 16 ROYAL SAXON, 182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-335  - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

----------------------------

AUGUST 9 - 11, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

GERMANY

EIFEL, NORTH OF TREVES [TRIER]

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

----------------------------

AUGUST 12, 1914

AUFFE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 10, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • AUFFE [Belgium], 12 AUGUST, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 10, 1914, Page 1111, Edition 93

-------------------------

AUGUST 23, 1914 - JANUARY 27, 1915

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

SUMMARY

Calendar of Battles and Engagements

  23. Infanterie-Division (S.) (Westfront)
23.08.–24.08.1914

 

Schlacht bei Dinant

[AUGUST 23, 1914 - AUGUST 24, 1914: Battle of Dinant]

23.08.1914

 

Dinant und Les Rivages

[AUGUST 23, 1914: Dinant and Rivages]

24.08.–27.08.1914

 

Eingreifen der 3. Armee in den Kampf der 2. Armee bei Namur in Richtung Mettet-Philippeville und anschließende Verfolgung in südwestlicher und südlicher Richtung bis an die Sormonne

[AUGUST 24, 1914 - AUGUST 27, 1914: Intervention of third Army in the battle of the second Army at Namur towards Mettet-Philippe Ville and subsequent persecution in a southwesterly and southerly direction up to the Sormonne]

24.08.1914 Rosée; Onhaye

[AUGUST 24, 1914: Rosée; Onhaye]

25.08.1914 Villers en Fagne, Fagnolie, Nismes

[AUGUST 25, 1914: Villers en Fagne, Fagnolie, Nismes]

26.08.1914 Rocroi, Rimogne, La Tremblois

[AUGUST 26, 1914: Rocroi, Rimogne, La Tremblois]

27.08.–30.08.1914 Schlacht an der Maas und Verfolgung bis an die Aisne

[AUGUST 27, 1914 - AUGUST 30, 1914: Battle of the Meuse and tracking up to the Aisne]

27.08.1914 La Tremblois, Blombay, l'Echelle

[AUGUST 27, 1914: La Tremblois, Blombay, l'Echelle]

29.08.1914 Vieil-St. Remy, Novion-Porcien

[AUGUST 29, 1914: Vieil-St. Remy, Novion-Porcien]

30.08.1914 Rethel und Bertoncourt

[AUGUST 30, 1914: Rethel und Bertoncourt]

31.08.–05.09.1914 Schlacht an der Aisne und Verfolgung bis über die Marne

[AUGUST 31, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 5, 1914: Battle of the Aisne and tracking to over the Marne]

31.08.1914 Biermes, Ménil-Annelles

[AUGUST 31, 1914: Biermes, Ménil-Annelles]

01.09.1914 Annelles, Ménil-Annelles, Pauvres

[SEPTEMBER 1, 1914: Annelles, Ménil-Annelles, Pauvres]

02.09.–03.09.1914 Moronvilliers (Abteilung Franke der 23. Infanterie-Division)

[SEPTEMBER 2, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 3, 1914: Moronvilliers (Department Franke of the 23th Infantry Division)]

03.09.1914 Mourmelon (Abteilung Arnim der 23. Infanterie-Division)

[SEPTEMBER 3, 1914:Mourmelon (Department Arnim of the 23th Infantry Division)]

03.09.–04.09.1914 Livry

[SEPTEMBER 3, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 4, 1914: Livry]

06.09.–11.09.1914 Schlacht an der Marne

[SEPTEMBER 6, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 11, 1914: Battle of the Marne]

06.09.–10.09.1914 Maisons en Champagne westlich Vitry le François

[SEPTEMBER 9, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 10, 1914:Maisons en Champagne westlich Vitry le François

15.09.1914–28.08.1916 [sic 1914] Kämpfe an der Aisne

[SEPTEMBER 15, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 28, 1914:Fighting on the Aisne]

15.09.–22.09.1914 Schlacht bei Juvincourt

[SEPTEMBER 15, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 22, 1914: Battle of Juvincourt]

17.09.1914 Eroberung von La Ville aux Bois

[SEPTEMBER 17, 1914: Conquest of La Ville aux Bois]

25.01.–27.01.1915 Gefecht bei Hurtebise

[JANUARY 25, 1915 - JANUARY 27, 1915: Battle of Hurtebise]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

XII CORPS

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

KÖNIGLICHES SÄCHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

Sächsische Armee

1. Königlich Sächsisches Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 12 (Freiberg) - XII. (I. Königlich Sächsisches) Armee-Korps
Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 12 (Freiberg)

2. Königlich Sächsisches Jäger-Bataillon '''Nr. 13''' (Dresden) - XIX. (II. Königlich Sächsisches) Armee-Korps
Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 13 (Dresden)
Königlich Sächsisches Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 25 (Dresden) 53. Reserve-Division (3. Königlich Sächsische) XXVII. Reserve-Korps
Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 26 (Freiberg) 54. (Württembergische) Reserve-Division
mit Maschinengewehr-Abteilung 9

http://diejaeger1860-1918.npage.de/liste-deutscher-jaegerbataillone-vor-1918.html


(I)

BELGIUM

(August 18, 1914 - August 26, 1914)

Return To Index

AUGUST 15, 1914

BATTLE OF DINANT

 XIX. Armeekorps

KÖNIGLICHES SACHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

AUGUST 15, 1914

DINANT

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

AUGUST 18, 1914

BELGIUM
 

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

AUGUST 21/22

The party moved along rue Saint-Jacques in the dark and threw a hand grenade into a café, at which gunfire was opened; the party panicked and ran off, leaving 19 dead and 117 wounded. The foremost troops had reached the Meuse, where they were fired on from all sides; in the panic, Germans may have shot at each other but claimed later that revolvers and shotguns had been used by civilians (no survivors admitted to taking up arms). French soldiers held the bridge over the Meuse and had patrols in the town, which may have engaged the Germans in the rue Saint-Jacques and probably fired on the Germans at the river. In the aftermath the Germans took Dinant to be full of hostile civilians.[2] ...

https://howlingpixel.com/wiki/Battle_of_Dinant

AUGUST 23, 1914

DINANT

2. It went into action on August 23 at Dinant ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

AUGUST 23, 1914 - AUGUST 24, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF DINANT

23.08.–24.08.1914

 

Schlacht bei Dinant

[AUGUST 23, 1914 - AUGUST 24, 1914: Battle of Dinant]

23.08.1914

 

Dinant und Les Rivages

[AUGUST 23, 1914: Dinant and Rivages]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

GENERAL KARL LUCIUS

02.08.1914 45. Infanterie-Brigade
20.03.1915 123. Infanterie-Division
21.05.1917 Generalleutnant
09.08.1918 XIX. Armeekorps (replaced Adolph von Carlowitz)

XII CORPS

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

46TH BRIGADE

KÖNIGLICHES SÄCHSISCHES 16. INFANTERIE-REGIMENT NR. 182
 
KÖNIGLICHES SÄCHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

German 3rd Army Battle by Dinant 23 - 24 August 1914

XII Corps : General of Infantry d'Elsa

23rd Division : Generalleutnant Freinehrr von Lindenau

45th Brigade : Generalmajor Lucius

1/,2/,3/100th Grenadier Regiment

1/,2/,3/101st Grenadier Regiment

46th Brigade : Generalmajor von Watzdorff

1/,2/,3/108th Fusilier Regiment

1/,2/,3/182nd Infantry Regiment

Attached

12th Jäger Battalion

Cavalry :

1/,2/,4/,5/20t h Hussar Regiment

23rd Artillery Brigade : Generalmajor Zincke

1/12th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 77mm guns ea)

2/12th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 77mm guns ea)

1/48th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 77mm guns ea)

2/48th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 105mm howitzers ea)

4 Light Munition Columns

Support Troops

1st Company, 12th Pioneer Battalion

1st & 3rd Medical Companies

23rd Divisional Bridging Train

http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/914GHAP.pdf

AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DINANT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • DINANT [Belgium], 23 AUGUST, 1914 [Headquarters III Battalion]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

http://horizon14-18.eu/cimetiere-militaire-de-dinant.html

[Note: Attached Königliches Sächsisches 1. Jäger-Bataillon Nr.12 had attacked Dinant on August 15, 1914]

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

On August 21st the XII. (Ist Royal Saxon) Army Corps engaged in operations before Dinant ...

On August the 23rd the left bank of the Meuse was to be taken by the XII. Corps. After preliminary artillery fire the infantry advanced in the direction of Dinant — the 32nd Infantry Division to the north, the 23rd Infantry Division to the south. On the left wing the (Guards) Grenadier Regiment No. 100 forced its way into the town, on the right of them Infantry Regiment No. 180, and in close conjunction Rifle Regiment No. 108, whilst in the Leffe valley Infantry Regiment No. 178 reached Leffe ...

The Regiments No. 108 and No. 182 had similar experiences when they, to the north of the Guards Regiment, reached Dinant. From the moment they reached the most easterly houses they came under fire. The farm of Malais was stormed by the ist Battalion of the Rifles (Fusilier) Regiment No. 108, and the whole of the francs-tireurs who made a stand there were destroyed. Fighting hotly for every house, our men pressed forward in the direction of the market, all the time expecting to be fired at by invisible foes from cellars, caves, and hill-sides. It was here that, among others. Major Lommatzsch of Infantry Regiment No. 182 was fatally wounded by the bullets of two civilians  from the windows of a house. They even fired down from the cathedral (Apps. 12, 14, 18). Already in the course of the forenoon the Commanding Officer of the 46th Brigade recognised that it was impossible, without artillery bombardment, to gain the mastery over the fanatical population ...

 [Note: Georg Lommatzsch; Death: Aug. 23, 1914, Burial: Vladslo German Military Cemetery Diksmuide West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen), Belgium, Inscription: Oberstleutnant [lieutenant colonel]  - http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Lommatzsch&GSbyrel=in&GSdyrel
=in&GSob=n&GRid=36321350&

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DINANT

FIRST CLASS PRIVATE JOHANN GEORG SÄRING

NÄUMANN

SCHWARZBACH

On Sunday, August 23, 1914, at Dinant I observed during the forenoon the arm of a man protruding out of a first story window of the pharmacy ...

Read, approved, signed.

(Signed) Johann Georg Säring.

The witness was thereupon sworn.

(Signed) Näumann. (Signed) Schwarzbach.

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DINANT - MEUSE

LA MALMAISON

RESERVE FIRST CLASS PRIVATE KARL HERMAN EINAX

NÄUMANN

SCHWARZBACH

CAPTAIN BARON VON GREGORY

MAJOR LOMMATSCH, BATTALION COMMANDER,  16TH INFANTRY REGIMENT NO. 182

La Malmaison, December 9, 1914.

Present: Military Court Councillor Näumann.

Military Court Clerk Schwarzbach.

In matters of investigation concerning the violations of international law committed against German troops first class private of reserve; Einax of the 11th company of infantry regiment No. 182 appeared and after being informed of the meaning of the oath testified as follows:

My name is Karl Hermann Einax, twenty-eight years of age, a Protestant, cooper by profession, first class private since November 21, 1914.

On Sunday, August 23, 1914, at 2 P. M., when we marched into Dinant, we were fired upon. It was found that the firing came from the other side of the Meuse. We then entered the houses and searched them. I saw that an elderly looking man with gray, unkempt hair, cams out of a house which our troops had entered, and shot at us. Major Lommatsch who was severely wounded died in the afternoon as the result of his injuries ...

Our Captain, Baron von Gregory, himself had entered the house from which the priest was brought out. The captain is in Freiberg at present.

Read, approved, signed.

(Signed) Karl Hermann Einax.

Witness was then sworn.

(Signed) Näumann. (Signed) Schwarzbach.

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DINANT

ERWIN MÜLLER

SERGEANT FEHRMANN

RESERVE ENGINEER KRETZSCHMANN

My name is Erwin Müller. I am twenty-six years of age, a Protestant and a fruit grower.

On August 25, 1914, in the afternoon Sergeant Fehrmann and I noticed the corpses of a number of male civilians and one woman lying outside a house in a cross street at Dinant. We entered the house. In the room to the right lay an officer, lieutenant of Infantry Regiment No. 182, a cushion below his head. His head and part of his chest were covered with a white cloth. Two soldiers lay on one side of him, and [p. 85] one soldier on the other. All three soldiers wore the uniform of regiment No. 182. In the adjoining room a sergeant and five soldiers of the sane regiment lay likewise dead ...

Reserve Engineer Kretzschmann was in the house together with Fehrmann and myself ...

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

46TH INFANTRY BRIGADE

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DINANT - MEUSE

Extract from the Reports of the Staff of the 46th Infantry Brigade and of Regiments Nos. 108 and 182 on the fighting at Dinant, August 23rd, 1914.

Staff of the 46th Infantry Brigade.

Towards 9 o'clock in the forenoon Regiment Nos. 108 and 182 reached the eastern slopes of the Meuse.

There now ensued a hot fight for the town of Dinant, which was defended by francs- tireurs ...

The commanders of the two regiments met in the marketplace. Since no decisive result was possible without artillery against the enemy who were concealed in houses, cellars, and caves, and who were even firing from the cathedral, they resolved to gradually evacuate the town ...

Both regimental commanders (of the 108th and 182nd Regiments) came to the conclusion that the Meuse could not be reached without the support of our artillery, and therefore ordered the return of the regiments at 3.30 in the afternoon. At 5 o'clock the bombardment of Dinant by our artillery began. On the following morning the brigade crossed the Meuse on the pontoon bridge at Leffe which was built by the 32nd Infantry Division, since it was impossible to march through burning Dinant.

Infantry Regiment No. 182.

During the advance of the regiment along the edge of a valley it received a continuous shrapnel fire from the western bank of the Meuse and infantry fire from the buildings and copses on the edge of the valley, causing losses. Captain Klotz, the leader of the machine-gun company, fell through a shot from above, apparently from one of the fortress-like watch-towers which stand there. Two battalions penetrated into Dinant and on towards the bridge, and received a detached fire from the houses and from the cliffs of the east bank, in numerous rocky caves of which francstireurs were hidden. At 5.30 in the evening the regiment stood again on the heights above Dinant while our artillery from the north furiously bombarded the town on both sides of the river.

In the evening and during the night enemy sharpshooters still continued to fire from the woods and buildings on the edge of the valley, which they had reached by passages in the rocks unknown to us, and into which they again disappeared.

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

MAJOR LOMMATSCH, BATTALION COMMANDER,  16TH INFANTRY REGIMENT NO. 182

SUNDAY, AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

MAJOR-GENERAL FRANZ SAMUEL LUDWIG FRANCKE,
REGIMENTAL COMMANDER,  INFANTRY REGIMENT NO. 182

As to Person : My name is Franz Samuel Ludwig Francke. I am 51 years old; Protestant; Major-General and Regimental Commander, Infantry Regiment No. 182 ...

Signed : Franz Francke ...

AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

CORPORAL JOHANN GEORG SARING, 12TH COMPANY

MAJOR-GENERAL FRANZ SAMUEL LUDWIG FRANCKE,
REGIMENTAL COMMANDER,  INFANTRY REGIMENT NO. 182

AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

CAPTAIN PECHWELL 

AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUGUST 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

I lifted up the cloth covering the lieutenant and saw that he had received a shot in the head. I did not see any further injuries to the officer.

One of the privates who lay beside the lieutenant had his trousers unbuttoned in front so that one could see his body. This soldier had a shot in the lower part of the body. Extending from the larynx to at least 10 cm. to the left was a cut which was bloody and the edges were probably 1 cm. apart. The blood had flowed down towards the side. I am convinced that it could only have been a wound from a cut.

In the other room the trousers of one of the soldiers were unbuttoned so that one could see the body. This man had a cut or stab wound in the lower body about 3 cm. wide. The clothing of the remaining soldiers showed no disarrangement, they all bore shot-wounds.

The scene conveyed the impression that the officer, the non-commissioned officer and the men had been attacked in their sleep by the inhabitants in that quarter. I infer this from the fact that the officer had a sofa-cushion and the others either a cloth or a knapsack under their heads. The rifles stood in a corner ...

 

August 23, 1914 - IR 182

 

MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 1914

-------------------------

AUGUST 30, 1914

VEDANCOURT [VADENCOURT]

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg 

REPORT OF OCTOBER 7, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • VEDANCOURT, 30 AUGUST, 1914 [Vadencourt- Aisne]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/258705  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 7, 1914, Page 962, Edition 83

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 3, 1914

MOURMELON

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 7, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • MOURMELON [Marne - Southeast of Reims], 3 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 7, 1914, Page 962, Edition 83

SEPTEMBER 3, 1914

MOURMELON

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 3, 1914

CHALONS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 7, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • CHALONS [Marne - Southeast of Reims] (TRUPPENÜBUNGSPLATZ - PARADE GROUND), 3 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 7, 1914, Page 962, Edition 83

-------------------------


(II)

FRANCE: BATTLE OF THE MARNE

(September 5 - September 10, 1914)

Return To Index

23  INFANTRY DIVISION

[1914]

... crossed the Meuse on the 24th, entered France on the 26th, went to the west of Chalons and took part in the battle of the Marne on September 7 at Sompuis (west of Vitry 'le Francois) ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

-------------------------

AUGUST 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DINANT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  6, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • DINANT [Belgium] 23 AUGUST 1914 [Machine Gun Company]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221653 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 908, Edition 78.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221832 -  DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 909, Edition 78.

-------------------------

AUGUST 24, 1914 - AUGUST 27, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

INTERVENTION

 

24.08.–27.08.1914

 

Eingreifen der 3. Armee in den Kampf der 2. Armee bei Namur in Richtung Mettet-Philippeville und anschließende Verfolgung in südwestlicher und südlicher Richtung bis an die Sormonne

[AUGUST 24, 1914 - AUGUST 27, 1914: Intervention of third Army in the battle of the second Army at Namur towards Mettet-Philippe Ville and subsequent persecution in a southwesterly and southerly direction up to the Sormonne]

24.08.1914 Rosée; Onhaye

[AUGUST 24, 1914: Rosée; Onhaye]

25.08.1914 Villers en Fagne, Fagnolie, Nismes

[AUGUST 25, 1914: Villers en Fagne, Fagnolie, Nismes]

26.08.1914 Rocroi, Rimogne, La Tremblois

[AUGUST 26, 1914: Rocroi, Rimogne, La Tremblois]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 27, 1914 - AUGUST 30, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE MEUSE

27.08.–30.08.1914 Schlacht an der Maas und Verfolgung bis an die Aisne

[AUGUST 27, 1914 - AUGUST 30, 1914: Battle of the Meuse and tracking up to the Aisne]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 27, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE MEUSE

LA TREMBLOIS, BLOMBAY, L'ECHELLE

27.08.1914 La Tremblois, Blombay, l'Echelle

[AUGUST 27, 1914: La Tremblois, Blombay, l'Echelle]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 29, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE MEUSE

29.08.1914 Vieil-St. Remy, Novion-Porcien

[AUGUST 29, 1914: Vieil-St. Remy, Novion-Porcien]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 30, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE MEUSE

30.08.1914 Rethel und Bertoncourt

[AUGUST 30, 1914: Rethel und Bertoncourt]

-------------------------

AUGUST 30, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

RETHEL

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • RETHEL [Champagne-Ardenne - North East of Reims], 30 August, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

AUGUST 31, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 5, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

31.08.–05.09.1914 Schlacht an der Aisne und Verfolgung bis über die Marne

[AUGUST 31, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 5, 1914: Battle of the Aisne and tracking to over the Marne]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 31, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

31.08.1914 Biermes, Ménil-Annelles

[AUGUST 31, 1914: Biermes, Ménil-Annelles]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 31, 1914

SEUNEY

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 10, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • SEUNEY, 31 AUGUST, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 10, 1914, Page 1111, Edition 93

-------------------------

[SEPTEMBER ?], 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER ?, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 1, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

01.09.1914 Annelles, Ménil-Annelles, Pauvres

[SEPTEMBER 1, 1914: Annelles, Ménil-Annelles, Pauvres]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 1 , 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

ANNELLES

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • ANNELLES [Ardennes - Champagne-Ardenne - Southeast of Reims], 1 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 2, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 3, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

02.09.–03.09.1914 Moronvilliers (Abteilung Franke der 23. Infanterie-Division)

[SEPTEMBER 2, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 3, 1914: Moronvilliers (Department Franke of the 23th Infantry Division)]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 3, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

03.09.1914 Mourmelon (Abteilung Arnim der 23. Infanterie-Division)

[SEPTEMBER 3, 1914: Mourmelon (Department Arnim of the 23th Infantry Division]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 3, 1914

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

MOURLMELON-LE-GRAND

 XIX. Armeekorps

KÖNIGLICHES SACHSISCHES 1. JAGER-BATAILLON NR. 12

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 3, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 4, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF THE AISNE

03.09.–04.09.1914 Livry

[SEPTEMBER 3, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 4, 1914: Livry]

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 6, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

THIRD ARMY

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

46TH BRIGADE

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

BATTLE OF THE MARNE

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

  • Third Army: Generaloberst Max von Hausen

    • XII. Corps: Gen.d.Inf. Karl Ludwig d'Elsa

http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/battles/ww1marne.htm

 

Max von Hausen's Third Army Hausen's Third Army corps commanders were: d'Elsa (XII) ...

http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/battles/mediabattles/mapmarne.jpg

German 3rd Army
Battle by Fère - Champenoise
6 - 10 September 1914

XII Corps : General of Infantry d'Elsa

23rd Division : Generalleutnant Freinehrr von Lindenau

45th Brigade : Generalmajor Lucius

1/,2/,3/100th Grenadier Regiment

1/,2/,3/101st Grenadier Regiment

46th Brigade : Generalmajor von Watzdorff

1/,2/,3/108th Fusilier Regiment

1/,2/,3/182nd Infantry Regiment

Attached

12th Jäger Battalion

Cavalry :

1/,2/,4/,5/20t h Hussar Regiment

23rd Artillery Brigade : Generalmajor Zincke

1/12th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 77mm guns ea)

2/12th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 77mm guns ea)

1/48th Fiel d Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 77mm guns ea)

2/48th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4 - 105mm howitzers ea)

4 Light Munition Columns

Support Troops

1st Company, 12th Pioneer Battalion

1st & 3rd Medical Compaines

23rd Divisional Bridging Train

http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/914GIAG.pdf

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 6, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 11, 1914

BATTLE OF THE MARNE

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

06.09.–11.09.1914 Schlacht an der Marne

[SEPTEMBER 6, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 11, 1914: Battle of the Marne]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 6 - SEPTEMBER 19, 1914

VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 7, 1914

VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 11, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS [Marne] 7 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/281979  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 11, 1914, Page 1173, Edition 97 [Page 1174 does not list further companies]

SEPTEMBER 7, 1914

VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 7 - 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  6, 1914

6. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims] - 7 to 10 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/222198  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 908, Edition 79.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221877 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 909, Edition 79.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 7 - 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  6, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims], 7 TO 10 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221653 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 908, Edition 78.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221832 -  DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 909, Edition 78.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 7 - 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims] - 7, 9 AND 10 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/485669 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1846, Edition 144.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 7 and 10, 1914

VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 10, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS [Marne], 7 AND 10 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 10, 1914, Page 1111, Edition 93

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 8, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 27, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • SOMPUIS  [Marne - South of Reims] - 8 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1357122 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 27, 1915, Page 4545, S. 99, Edition 344

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1356519 DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 27, 1915, Page 4546, S. 99, Edition 344

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 8, 1914

MOURMELON

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 8 - 9, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FEBRUARY 3, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims] - SEPTEMBER 8 - 9, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1390508 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 3, 1915, Page 4667, S. 102, Edition 352

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 9, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

BATTLE OF THE MARNE

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

06.09.–10.09.1914 Maisons en Champagne westlich Vitry le François

[SEPTEMBER 9, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 10, 1914:Maisons en Champagne westlich Vitry le François

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 9, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims], 9 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 9, 1914

SOMPUIS

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims] - SEPTEMBER 9, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims], 10 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims] - SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims], 10 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 11, 1914

LE PIN

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 11 - 12, 20, 26 AND 30, 1914

AUBERIVE SUR SUIPPES

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 12, 1914

ST HILAIRE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 12, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

MOURMĖLON

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • MOURMĖLON [Marme - Southeast of Reims]- SEPTEMBER 12, 1914 [Machine Gun Company]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 12, 1914

ST. HILAIRE-LE-GRAND

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 10, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • ST. HILAIRE-LE-GRAND  [Marne], 12 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 10, 1914, Page 1111, Edition 93

SEPTEMBER 12, 1914

ST. HILAIRE-LE-GRAND

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 12, 1914

VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 12, 15 - 20, AND 26 , 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims], 12, 15 to 20, and 26 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------


(III)

FRANCE: THE FIRST BATTLE OF THE AISNE

(September 14 - September 27, 1914)

Return To Index

23  DIVISION

[1914]

3. The 23d Division, with the 2d [XII?] Army Corps, established itself in the area north-west of Rheims

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up 

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 14, 1914 - OCTOBER 16, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 15, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1555012  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 15, 1916, Page 11637, S. 262 - w. 356, Edition 907

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 14, 17 - 18 AND 20, 1914

VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 11, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS [Marne] 7 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/281979  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 11, 1914, Page 1173, Edition 97 [Page 1174 does not list further companies]

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 14, 16, 18 - 19, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 10, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

  • AUBERIVE (Haute-Marne), 14, 16, 18 TO 19 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/254308  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 10, 1914, Page 1111, Edition 93

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 14, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 27, 1914

FIRST AISNE

XII CORPS

VII ARMY

 http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/battles/ww1aisne1.htm

http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/battles/ww1aisne1.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 15, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 28, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

FIGHTING ON THE AISNE

15.09.1914–28.08.1916 [sic] Kämpfe an der Aisne

[SEPTEMBER 15, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 28, 1914: Fighting on the Aisne]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 15

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

BATTLE OF JUVINCOURT

15.09.–22.09.1914 Schlacht bei Juvincourt

[SEPTEMBER 15, 1914 - SEPTEMBER 22, 1914: Battle of Juvincourt]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 15 - 16, 18 - 19, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  6, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 15 TO 16, 18 TO 19 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221653 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 908, Edition 78.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221832 -  DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 909, Edition 78.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 15 - 16, 18 - 19, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  6, 1914

6. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims]- 15 TO 16, 18 TO 19 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/222198  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 908, Edition 79.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/221877 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 6, 1914, Page 909, Edition 79.

-------------------------

German Guard Corps
3rd Army
End of the Battle of the Marne
16 September 1914

XII Corps: General of Infantry d'Elsa

23rd Division: Generalleutnant Freinehrr von Lindenau

45th Brigade: Generalmajor Lucius

1/,2/,3/100th Grenadier Regiment

1/,2/,3/101st Grenadier Regiment

46th Brigade: Generalmajor von Watzdorff

1/,2/,3/108th Fusilier Regiment

1/,2/,3/182nd Infantry Regiment

Attached

12th Jäger Battalion

Cavalry:

1/,2/,4/,5/20th Hussar Regiment

23rd Artillery Brigade: Generalmajor Zincke

1/12th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4-77mm guns ea)

2/12th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4-77mm guns ea)

1/48th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4-77mm guns ea)

2/48th Field Artillery Regiment (3 btrys, 4-105mm howitzers ea)

4 Light Munition Columns

Support Troops

1st Company, 12th Pioneer Battalion

1st & 3rd Medical Compaines

23rd Divisional Bridging Train

http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/914GIAC.pdf

 

SEPTEMBER 16 - 17, 21 - 23, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 16, 17, 21 to 23 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 16, 20, 23 - 24, 1914 AND OCTOBER 1, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - 16, 20 23 AND 24 SEPTEMBER AND 1 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/485669 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1846, Edition 144.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17, 1914

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

17.09.1914 Eroberung von La Ville aux Bois

[SEPTEMBER 17, 1914: Conquest of La Ville aux Bois]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17 - 18, 21 - 25 AND OCTOBER 4, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • 17 -18, 21 TO 25 SEPTEMBER AND 4 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17 - 18, 21, AND 27, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 17, 18, 21 and 27 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17, 19 - 20, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 17, 19 and 20 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17, 21 SEPTEMBER, 1914 AND 6 AND 8 OCTOBER, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - 17, 21 SEPTEMBER, 6 AND 8 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/485669 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1846, Edition 144.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17 - 19, 23 - 24, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 17 to 19, 23 and 24 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17, 21 AND 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 17, 21, und 26 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17 - 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 17 to 26 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 17 AND 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 17 and 26 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 18, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 19, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 19, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOMPUIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims], 19 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 19, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF SEPTEMBER 19, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/233772 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, September 19, 1914, Page 270, Edition 33

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/30650  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, September 19, 1914, Page 271, Edition 33

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 20. 26 - 27 AND 30, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 21 AND 24 SEPTEMBER, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SOUAIN

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • SOUAIN [Champagne-Ardenne - South East of Reims], 21 AND 24 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 21 AND 26, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 22, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 22, 24 - 26, 1914

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 22, 24 - 26, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 24, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 24 AND 26, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA TEMPLE-FERME

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • LA TEMPLE-FERME - SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA TEMPLE-FERME

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • LA TEMPLE-FERME, 26 September, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

SOLDAT FRIEDRICH BÖHME - 8 KOMPAGNIE

LE TEMPLE FERME

Foto

Dienstgrad

Name

Vorname

Geburtsdatum & Ort

Todesdatum & Ort

Einheit

Bemerkungen

Persönliche Angaben

  Musketier BÖHME Friedrich 06.06.1893 Eisenach Fiel am 26.09.1914 im Gefecht bei Le Temple ferme.

[Fell on 26.09.1914 in the Battle of Le Temple ferme.]

IR 182, 2.Ba   Dekorationsmaler, Sohn des Töpfers Wilhelm Böhme – Dohna bei Pirna

[Decorative painter, son of the potter Wilhelm Böhme - Dohna near Pirna]

 

http://www.denkmalprojekt.org/2010/eisenach_gb_wk1_A-G_thuer.htm

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 17, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 26 September, 1914 [Machine Gun Company]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/361527 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1439, Edition 116.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/364519  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1440, Edition 116

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/362995  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 17, 1914, Page 1441, Edition 116

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 26 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • 26 SEPTEMBER AND 3 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS [Aisne, Picardie - South-East of Reims] - 26 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/485669 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1846, Edition 144.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

  • AUBERIVE [Champagne-Ardenne - North of Dijon] - 26 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

SEPTEMBER 26, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26 - 27, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 26-27 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26 AND 30, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26 and 30, 1914

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 21, 1914

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/456846 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/425584 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1914, Page 1626, Edition 129

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26 AND OCTOBER 1, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 26 SEPTEMBER, 1 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 26 AND OCTOBER 3, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • 26 SEPTEMBER AND 3 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 27, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - 27 SEPTEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/485669 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1846, Edition 144.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 28, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 29, 1914

AUBĖRIVE

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

DECEMBER 13, 1914

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER  13, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg Und Trupp. üb. Blatz [Truppenübungsplatz]

  • SOMPUIS [Marne - South of Reims] - SEPTEMBER 10, 1914

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - DECEMBER 26, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1049393 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 13, 1914, Page 3628, S. 74, Edition 272

------------------------------

1914

OCTOBER 31

POSSIBILITY THAT THIS IS F W KRAUSE

IR 182, IErsBati Oct 1914

Fig 2 and 2a: Part of the Ersatz-Bataillon (depot battalion) of IR 182 in Freiberg, October 1914 – mainly returning convalescents together with depot staff (seated, in pre-1910 'colourful' uniform) and a couple of older reservists. The elegant gentleman with the duelling scar seated second from left is actually a mere Unteroffizier (corporal). Courtesy Andrew Lucas. - 

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/the-great-war/
great-war-on-land/germany-allies/2833-loos-to-st-eloi-the-experience-
of-the-saxon-123-infanteriedivision-on-the-western-front-1915.html#sthash.gHokZiWc.dpbs - Stand To! No 96 January 2013, Loos to St Eloi - the Experience of the Saxon 123 Infanterie-Division on the Western Front, 1915 – Part 1, 15–20 - See Also: https://www.flickr.com/photos/westernfrontassociation/sets/
72157632510845695/with/8377018975/

------------------------------

OCTOBER 1 , 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS [Aisne, Picardie - South-East of Reims], 1 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

OCTOBER 1, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

  • AUBERVE [Champagne-Ardenne - North of Dijon] FOR SUIPPES [Marne - East of Reims] - 1 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

OCTOBER 2, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims], 2 OCTOBER, 1914

Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

OCTOBER 4, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

  • AUBERIVE [Champagne-Ardenne - North of Dijon] - 4 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

OCTOBER 8 - 10, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER  25, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS [Aisne, Picardie - South-East of Reims] - 8 AND 9 OCTOBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/485669 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1846, Edition 144.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/509414  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 25, 1914, Page 1847, Edition 144.

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 6, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER  6, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/124178 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 6, 1914, Page 2342, W. 52, Edition 178

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 12, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

ST. ETIENNE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER 2, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

  • ST. ETIENNE [Massif Central - Southwest of Lyon] - 12 NOVEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1135607 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 2, 1914, Page 3231, S. 67, Edition 244.

-------------------------

NOVEMBER, 15 - 16, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER 2, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

  • AUBERIVE [Champagne-Ardenne - North of Dijon] -15 AND 16 NOVEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1135607 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 2, 1914, Page 3231, S. 67, Edition 244.

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 17, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUBERIVE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER 2, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

  • AUBERIVE [Champagne-Ardenne - North of Dijon] -17 NOVEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1135607 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 2, 1914, Page 3231, S. 67, Edition 244.

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 20, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER 20, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

Berichtigungen Früherer Angaben

CORRECTIONS

  • 4. Kompagnie

    • names listed

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/767213 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 20, 1914, Page 2768, S. 58, Edition 210.

-------------------------

NOVEMBER  24, 1914 TO DECEMBER 4, 1914

BISCHOFSWERDA AND FREIWALDAU

FRIEDRICH Wilhelm KRAUSE

24/11/1914 - 30/11/1914 1. Ersatz-Batl. 16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182 1. Garn.-Komp: On Leave (beurlaubt) from November 24, 1914 to November 30, 1914, Bischofswerda
02/12/1914 - 04-12/1914 1. Ersatz-Batl. 16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182 1. Garn.-Komp: Home - Furlough from December 2 to December 4, Bischofswerda and  Freiwaldau

Note re Freiwaldau: Perhaps visiting his Grandmother, Maria Luise Krause (September 23, 1849 - September 3, 1932).

-------------------------

DECEMBER 2, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 23, 1914

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg und Barackenlager Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - 2 DECEMBER, 1914 [Machine Gun Company]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/447193 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1743, Edition 137

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/448005  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 23, 1914, Page 1744, Edition 137

-------------------------

DECEMBER 10 - 16, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 7, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182. Freiberg und Truppenübungsplatz Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - DECEMBER 10 to 16, 1914

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - DECEMBER 10 to 16, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1181325 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 7, 1915, Page 4091, S. 87, Edition 308

------------------------------

DECEMBER 12, 1914

        LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

  • 12.12.1914 Kompanie-Führer im Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

    • Company leader in the Infantry Regiment No. 182

-------------------------

DECEMBER 15 - 21, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 7, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182. Freiberg und Truppenübungsplatz Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - DECEMBER 15 to 21, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1181325 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 7, 1915, Page 4091, S. 87, Edition 308

------------------------------

DECEMBER 21, 1914

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 7, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182. Freiberg und Truppenübungsplatz Königsbrück

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - DECEMBER 21, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1181325 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 7, 1915, Page 4091, S. 87, Edition 308

------------------------------

DECEMBER 22, 1914

ST. ETIENNE ?

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 7, 1915

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

ST. ETIENNE ? [Massif Central - Southwest of Lyon]  - 22 DECEMBER, 1914

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1188281  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 7, 1915, Page 4094, S. 88, Edition 308

------------------------------


1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

ROYAL SAXON, 16TH INFANTRY REGIMENT 182, 12TH COMPANY

1915

VERNON [not correct?, FRANCE

Fritz Gebelein

-----------------------

JANUARY 1, 1915 - JULY, 1916

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

CRAONNE-BERRY AU BAC

  • AINSE. [1915 - July, 1916]

1. The division held the front from Craonne-Berry au Bac until July, 1916. In this sector the losses were very slight ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

JANUARY 3, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 3, 1915

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/628320 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 3, 1915, Page 3985, S. 85 - W. 88, Edition 300

------------------------------

JANUARY 6, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - JANUARY 6, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

------------------------------

JANUARY 7, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS [Aisne, Picardie - South-East of Reims] - JANUARY 7, 1915 [Machine Gun Company]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

JANUARY 9, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - JANUARY 9, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/439060 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 23, 1915, Page 4469, B. 141 - S. 97, Edition 338

------------------------------

JANUARY 16, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FEBRUARY 3, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - JANUARY 16, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1390508 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 3, 1915, Page 4667, S. 102, Edition 352

------------------------------

JANUARY 18, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FEBRUARY 3, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • LA VILLE-AUX-BOIS  [Aisne, Picardie - South-East of Reims] - JANUARY 18, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1390508 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 3, 1915, Page 4667, S. 102, Edition 352

------------------------------

JANUARY 20 - 21, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUVINCOURT

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FEBRUARY 3, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • JUVINCOURT [Aisne - North of Reims] - JANUARY 20 - 21, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1390508 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 3, 1915, Page 4667, S. 102, Edition 352

------------------------------

JANUARY 25-26, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

HURTEBISE

CHEMIN DES DAMES

Mais les combats des 25 et 26 janvier 1915 ont été particulièrement meurtriers : plus de 2 000 tués (au moins 850 Allemands, 1 000 à 1 500 Français, en comptant les blessés qui n’ont pas survécu à leurs blessures). De source allemande, 1 100 Français ont été faits prisonniers ...

Saxon troops belonging at the 32nd division of the Twelfth army ... I.R. 159 ... I.R. 182 ... Chemin des Dames ...

[NOTE: The 23rd Division, on mobilization, was a part of the 12th Army Corps with the 32d Division (2d Army,Von Hausen)]

http://www.chemindesdames.fr/photos_ftp/contenus/lettre_6.pdf

-------------------------

JANUARY 25, 1915 - JANUARY 27, 1915

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

23. INFANTERIE-DIVISION (Sächsisch)

25.01.–27.01.1915 Gefecht bei Hurtebise

[JANUARY 25, 1915 - JANUARY 27, 1915: Battle of Hurtebise]

http://www.militaerpass.net/23id.htm -
German infantry divisions 1914–1918 at http://www.militaerpass.net/inf_div.htm

-------------------------

FEBRUARY ?, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 2, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • BATTLE - ?

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1563717 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 2, 1915, Page 5077, S. 114, Edition 383

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 8, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 2, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • BATTLE - February 8, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1563717 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 2, 1915, Page 5077, S. 114, Edition 383

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 9 TO 7, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 2, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • BATTLE - February 9 to 17, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1563717 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 2, 1915, Page 5077, S. 114, Edition 383

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 11, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 2, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • BATTLE - February 11, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1563717 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 2, 1915, Page 5077, S. 114, Edition 383

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 15, 1915

        LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

  • 15.02.1915 Bataillons-Adjutant im Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

    • Battalion adjutant in the Infantry Regiment No. 182

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 24, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 13, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • Gefecht 24. II 15. - BATTLE - FEBRUARY 24, 1915

  • Gestorben Infolge Krankheit - DIED DUE TO ILLNESS

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1682334 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 13, 1915, Page 5264, S. 119, Edition 400

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 25, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 2, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

  • BATTLE - February 25, 1915

  • BATTLE - February 25, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1563717 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 2, 1915, Page 5077, S. 114, Edition 383


(IV)

FRANCE: CHAMPAGNE

(March 1915 - c. September 1915)

Return To Index

23 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

MARCH - 1915

CHAMPAGNE

AINSE

In March, 1915, some of its [23d Division] were in Champagne for a short time ....

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

APRIL 1, 1915 - JUNE 15, 1915:

245. Infanterie-Brigade / 123. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182

--------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUNE 15, 1915 - JUNE 25, 1915:

123. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182 

--------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JUNE 26, 1915 - JULY 10, 1915:

245. Infanterie-Brigade / 117. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182

--------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

JULY 11, 1915 - SEPTEMBER 8, 1916:

245. Infanterie-Brigade / 123. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

123 DIVISION

123d DIVISION (1915 - 1916)

(INDEPENDENT DIVISION)

123 INFANTRY DIVISION (SAXON),
245TH INFANTRY BRIGADE,
16 ROYAL SAXON, 182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622  - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

Grenadier for " Royal Saxon 16th Infantry Regiment No. 182 " , the so-called " Freiberger

1915 and 1916 Battle of the Somme (Lightly Wounded: August 8, 1916)

------------------------

1915 -1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION, 182 INFANTRY REGIMENT, 345 [45?] INFANTRY BRIGADE, 

 

Company 9, 3 fer

Feldpostbrief S.B. VIII KOMP. 182

"Foto 1917 Musiker vom Kgl. Sächs. 16. Infanterie Regiment Nr. 182 im 1 WK" - Error: the 182 was no with the 123 in 1917
"
Photo 1917 Musicians from the Kgl. Sachs. 16. Infantry Regiment No. 182 in the 1 WK"

http://www.ebay.pl/itm/Foto-1917-Musiker-vom-Kgl-Sachs-16-Infanterie-Regiment-Nr-182-im-1-WK-/152368187039?hash=item2379da069f:g:FroAAOSwiDFYPtm2

-------------------------

APRIL, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

186 INFANTRY REGIMENT

[1915]

AINSE

In April, the 182d Infantry Regiment was taken [from the 23 Division] for the 123d Division (a new formation) ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 333-336. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

BRIGADE 245

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

APRIL, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY INVASION

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

APRIL 1, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

-------------------------

FIRST HALF OF APRIL, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

ROZOY-SUR-SERRE

-------------------------

APRIL 1, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

245 INFANTRY BRIGADE

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

-------------------------

MID-APRIL, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

245 INFANTRY BRIGADE

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AISNE REGION

APRIL 20, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

MAY 15, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 15, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

  • BATTLE - APRIL 20, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1918915 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, May 15, 1915, Page 6379, S. 146, Edition 489

-------------------------

APRIL 27, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

MAY 15, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 15, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

  • BATTLE - APRIL 27

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1918915 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, May 15, 1915, Page 6379, S. 146, Edition 489

-------------------------

APRIL 27, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

MAY, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

CHAMPAGNE

RHEIMS

CHAMPAGNE

1. In May, 1915, the 123d Division occupied the region northwest of Rheims ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

MAY 1, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 15, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

  • BATTLE - I MAY, 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1918915 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, May 15, 1915, Page 6379, S. 146, Edition 489

-------------------------

MAY 1, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 1, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182. Berichtigung, Früherer Angaben

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1820939 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, May 1, 1915, Page 6180, S. 141, Edition 474

-------------------------

END OF MAY MAY, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

LILLE

2. At the end of May it was transported to Lille, where it seems to have been transferred as a reserve ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

APRIL 27, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

MAY 30, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

MAY 31, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

JUNE 8, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

MIDDLE OF JUNE, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

ARRAS

2. At the end of May it was transported to Lille, where it seems to have been transferred as a reserve; in the middle of June it was in the vicinity of Arras ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

JUNE 23, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

JULY 6, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JULY 6, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2289047 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, July 6, 1915, Page 7434, B. 199 - S. 166, Edition 574

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JULY 17, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JULY 17, 1915

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2386881 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, July 17, 1915, Page 7675, B. 202 - S. 171, Edition 593

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2414494  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, July 17, 1915, Page 7676, B. 202 - S. 171, Edition 593

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JULY 25, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JULY 25, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2517403 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, July 25, 1915, Page 7816, S. 174, Edition 605

-------------------------

JULY 27, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JULY 27, 1915

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2505397 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, July 27, 1915, Page 7860, S. 175, Edition 609

-------------------------

AUGUST 5, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF AUGUST 5, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/499493 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 5, 1915, Page 8028, S. 178 - W. 235, Edition 623

AUGUST 5, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

AUGUST 18 - AUGUST 19, 1915

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

-------------------------

AUGUST 27, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

ARTOIS

 LENS (LORETTOHÖHE - LORETTO HEIGHTS)

West of Lens

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_World_War_I_memorials_and_cemeteries_in_Artois

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 11, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF SEPTEMBER 11, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2773597 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, September 11, 1915, Page 8713, S. 198, Edition 681

----------------------------

SEPTEMBER 27, 1915

        LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950]
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

  • 27.09.1915 verwundet

    • wounded

----------------------------

SEPTEMBER 28, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF SEPTEMBER 28, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2580002 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, September 28, 1915, S. 199, Page 9063, Edition 709

SEPTEMBER 29, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

Regimentsgeschichte; 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182 was at Lens on September 29, 1915

Fighting the Kaiser's War: The Saxons in Flanders 1914-1918, By Andrew Lucas, Jurgen Schmieschek, p. 89


FRANCE: BATTLE OF SECOND ARTOIS

(c. September, 1915 - mid-October, 1915)

Return To Index

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

3. It next occupied different sectors in Artois.
4. In September it held the Souchez front ... and left Artois in the middle of that month ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

OCTOBER 3, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------


(VI)

FRANCE: BATTLE OF LOOS

Return To Index

Autumn, 1915

  • FAR 245 (123.ID), a unit known to have shelled the 9th East Surreys at St. Eloi in autumn 1915. This regiment was raised from the depots of my great-grandad’s FAR 48 in Dresden, and my display included the Militärpass of a fellow who served (among others) both with FAR 48 and with FAR 245 - including the period in question at St. Eloi ..

[Battle of Loos, September 25, 1915- October 14, 1915]

HILL 70

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Jagger_Cambrai.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Loos

OCTOBER 8, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

OCTOBER 8, 1915

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

--------------------------

245 INFANTRY BRIGADE (Morgenstern–Döring)

This series of articles grew from material collected for two chapters, regarding a Saxon division which opposed the British 24th Division both at the Battle of Loos and subsequently at St Eloi in the Ypres Salient. Jürgen and I share a particular interest in the Royal Saxon Army, and we were able to provide additional insight from unpublished sources, including personal diaries and correspondence ...

After some thought, it was decided that the most immediately promising subject was the Royal Saxon 123rd Infantry Division (123 Inf Div). In Autumn 1915, two of its battalions played a critical part in the Battle of Loos, where they participated in the recapture of Hill 70 and the bloody repulse of the British 24th Division's assault (during which 9/East Surrey, on the British right flank, passed directly across their frontage);...

Several derive from an album (in Jürgen's collection) of over 200 photos by members of IR 178, covering the whole of 1915 and compiled with the approval of the regimental commander; with the exception of fifteen specifically censored pictures (depicting front–line positions, POWs, aircraft and artillery) the remainder were offered as postcards by a Dresden publisher for fifteen pfennigs each

This article then – the first in a series of three concerning 123 Inf Div on the Western Front in 1915 – briefly introduces the Royal Saxon Army and concisely describes the experiences of the division from its formation in April 1915 until the eve of the Anglo–French offensive on 25 September ...

'Triangularisation'
 
In Spring 1915, the Germans were reorganising their divisions on the basis of a single brigade of three infantry regiments (nine battalions) instead of the traditional two brigades of two regiments each (twelve battalions); establishments of battalions and companies remained initially unchanged, since many reserve divisions needed to be brought up to the 'active' standard of one machine-gun company per infantry regiment before any increase in that standard could be considered. This 'triangularisation' process produced a pool of 'surplus' regiments and brigade staffs, which were used to form the new (likewise 'triangular') divisions of the 'fifties' (50, 52, 54, 56 and 58) and 'hundreds' (101, 103, 105, 107–109, 113, 115, 117, 121 and 123) series. As far as artillery was concerned, the adoption, since December 1914, of the four–gun battery (instead of six) as standard in the field artillery provided a pool of men and materiel for the formation of one ('hundreds' series) or two ('fifties' series) new regiments (some highly heterogeneous) for each division.

In the Royal Saxon Army, this process produced 58 Infanterie–Division (from XIX Armeekorps and non–Saxon XIV Reservekorps) at the beginning of March, initially as a 'mixed' division containing Württemberg units but exclusively Saxon from January 1917. It was followed on 1 April by the purely Saxon 123 Infanterie-Division (from XII Armeekorps and XII Reservekorps). No further Saxon divisions would be formed until 1916; the under-trained 53 Reserve-Division and incomplete 19 Ersatz-Division would not be triangularised until 1917.

Formation
  
123 Infanterie–Division was assembled in the area around Rozoy-sur-Serre (17 miles northwest of Rethel) during the first half of April 1915. At its head was a newly-formed divisional staff under Generalmajor Karl Lucius, former commander of the elite 45 Infanterie-Brigade (Saxon Grenadiers) in 23 Infanterie–Division.

The 'new' 245 Infanterie-Brigade was headed by Generalmajor Max Morgenstern–Döring and his staff from the dissolved 64 Infanterie–Brigade, taken from 32 Inf Div together with 3 Kgl Sächs Infanterie-Regiment Nr 178 (IR 178), formed in April 1897 and garrisoned at Kamenz in north–eastern Saxony. The elite 23 Inf Div had donated its only line regiment, 16 Kgl Sächs Infanterie-Regiment Nr 182 (IR 182), the youngest and highest-numbered in the Prussian peacetime sequence, garrisoned since October 1912 at Freiberg in southern Saxony. Both regiments had been copiously replenished after severe losses in 1914 (which had seen IR 178 reduced to five officers and 493 ORs organised as two provisional companies), and had experienced no significant action since the German capture of Hurtebise and La Creute farms west of Craonne between 25 and 27 January. The 'new' brigade was completed by Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr 106 (RIR 106), raised at mobilisation in the north–western towns of Glauchau, Wurzen and Borna and originally part of 24 Reserve-Division. They too had suffered heavily; on 26 September 1914 alone their 4 Kompanie lost all of its officers, whilst on the following day the regimental commander Oberstlt Graf von Mandesloh was shot through the arm and rendered hors de combat until November. Hundreds of replacements had arrived since October, but the arrival of 400 more as late as 6 May 1915 suggests that RIR 106 was still rebuilding when it joined the new division. Consequently the original differences between the two active regiments (mainly young conscripts and full–time soldiers) and the reserve regiment (overwhelmingly reservists in their late 20s or 30s) were already increasingly blurred, and would later disappear completely.

Upon arrival in the concentration area, all three regiments were dismayed to be rearmed with old 1888 commission rifles in place of the trusty 1898 Mausers they had left with their old divisions. The following week was spent in re-familiarisation and practice with the 'new' weapon; although normally serviceable, its Mannlicher–derived action would prove insufficiently robust in the appalling conditions at Souchez that autumn.

Initially the division possessed only one regiment of field artillery, Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr 245 (FAR 245), comprising one Abteilung each from Reserve-Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr 23 and 24 (XII Reservekorps); each Abteilung consisted of three, four-gun batteries, all with the standard 7.7 cm field gun. By Autumn 1915 this rather meagre force would gradually increase to a brigade of two regiments, including several 10.5 cm light field howitzer batteries. Like the rest of the 'independent' divisions of the 'fifties' and 'hundreds' series 123 Inf Div was also formed with organic heavy artillery (ordinarily a corps asset), specifically a battery of four 15 cm howitzers. This was 3 Battr/ Reserve-Fußartillerie-Bataillon Nr 19, the only divisional element taken from the Eastern Front (where its parent battalion was still engaged); in autumn 1915 it was redesignated Fußartillerie-Batterie Nr 123.

With the exception of the two squadrons of Kavallerie-Abteilung 123 (1 Eskadron/Kgl Sächs 1 Husaren–Regiment 'König Albert' Nr 18 and 5 Eskadron/Kgl Sächs 3 Husaren-Regiment Nr 20, both from XII Armeekorps), the division's remaining units all had new numbers. However the medical (Sanitäts) and supply (Train) formations were simply existing units renumbered. Engineering assets were limited, comprising a single field company (Pionier–Kompagnie Nr 245) and a searchlight platoon (Scheinwerferzug Nr 123); a second field company would be added in the Autumn.

Into the line

The new division first went into the line in mid-April to the left of XII Armeekorps, holding the still largely intact villages of Loivre and Courcy on the west bank of the Aisne-Marne Canal, two to three miles north of Reims. With observation from Fort de Brimont and the adjacent Batterie de Loivre, the German artillery was dominant; according to the regimental history of RIR 106, 'a couple of 21 cm howitzer rounds', fired at Reims sufficed to halt any French shelling, ensuring that this remained an extremely quiet sector. Regimental histories, photos and correspondence all depict this as an idyllic period, punctuated by bathing in the canal and inter–company football tournaments. Nevertheless, the regimental history of IR 178 lists fourteen dead for this tour, including illness and accidents; IR 182 lost three men dead, one officer and eight men wounded and one man with 'nervous shock'.

On 18-19 May 1915 this comfortable existence came to an abrupt end with designation as a 'fliegende division' and transportation to the Lille area, there to form a reserve for reinforcements and reliefs on the Flanders and Artois fronts. Here too life was still quite pleasant, with opportunities to catch up with family and friends in XIX Armeekorps. It was expected that, as part of the meagre German reserve in the West (efforts then being focused in the East), 123 Inf Div would be an object of major interest for Entente espionage. Consequently the regimental history of IR 178 – quartered in the suburb of Hellemes – describes numerous railway embarkation exercises leading to 'day trips' for training in the countryside, also intended to keep any spies guessing. For similar reasons there were frequent parades through the centre of Lille, with the regimental band playing and battalion flags flying. This was useful practice for the formal celebration of the King of Saxony's birthday on 25 May, and for an even grander exhibition of Saxon military pageantry on 12 June when the amiable monarch visited the city. In a contrastingly modern addition to the traditional pomp, the leading Saxon aviator Oberlt Max Immelmann gave an aerobatic display. At this time the future ace was still flying two-seaters, and had narrowly survived being shot down behind German lines on 3 June; by the end of 1915 he would gain fame flying the Fokker Eindecker as the 'Eagle of Lille'. Barely a year later he would be shot down and killed at Sallaumines on 18 June 1916, aged 25.

This parade also marked the end of the first period at Lille for IR 178. On 13 June it was transported to Loison near Lens, where RIR 106 had arrived the previous day. IR 182 and half of FAR 245 had already left the Lille area on the night of 6-7 June, but had travelled further south to Chauny as reinforcements for IX Armeekorps. The division would not be reunited until mid-July.

Facing the British

IR 178 and RIR 106 were now temporarily subordinated to the Silesian 117 Inf Div as relief for its own infantry, all 'fought out' as reinforcements in the major battle still raging on Vimy Ridge. Consequently the Saxons now held the front where the British would overrun the luckless Silesians on 25 September. IR 178 was on the left at Cité St Pierre holding the Double Crassier, and RIR 106 in the centre to the west and northwest of Loos. Following a brief rest at Lille from 23-25 June after their deployment at Chauny, which had cost them Fähnrich Jungandreas and 20 men dead, plus 65 wounded, IR 182 joined them on 26 June, to the right of RIR 106. [Note: On this date IR 182 joined Silesian 117 Inf Div until July 10, 1915]

This experience would later prove invaluable to the Saxons during the Battle of Loos. They now faced the British for the first time, although evidently seeing very little of them. In the front line they found 'model' trenches as yet unaffected by any experience of major fighting:

The position was well excavated in chalky soil, the trench walls extensively faced with wood; this later proved to result in the blocking of all traffic through the trenches when under heavy bombardment. In every platoon sector stood a basin of lime solution, in which the protective pad worn on the left shoulder was to be dipped in the event of an enemy gas attack. (2)

This rudimentary pad mask and (chlorine–neutralising) hyposulphite solution were still in front-line use at the Battle of Loos; despite the numerous shortcomings of their PH 'smoke helmets', the British would actually enjoy superior protection for their first gas attack. Issue of the advanced Gummimaske began in September, but was not complete on the Western Front until the winter.

In June 1915 the future battlefield was still quiet. For the first few days the Second Battle of Artois was still audibly and visibly raging on the heights further south. The only direct consequence in the Loos area was a modest increase in artillery fire when the French resumed their offensive on 16 June. After the unsuccessful attack at Aubers Ridge in May, the British gunners could ill afford to be lavish with ammunition, and little damage was inflicted.

The three Saxon regiments were relieved over the successive nights of 8-11 July by the Silesians and returned to Lille; the 123 Inf Div would now be deployed at the front together for the first time in two months. In the interim, the divisional artillery had been significantly reinforced. On 31 May Hptm Faber had arrived from the Saxon training ground at Königsbrück with a new III Abteilung for FAR 245, comprising two batteries (7 and 8) of 10.5 cm howitzers. However, until 23 July, when the I Abteilung and 8 Batterie returned from Chauny, the division remained badly under-gunned.

Over the successive nights of 13-16 July, the three infantry regiments replaced fellow Saxons of 53 Reserve-Division at St Eloi, where the latter had spent the past month anxiously awaiting a British attack which never came; they now returned to their usual sectors north of the Menin Road. First to arrive was IR 178 in the centre, followed by IR 182 on the left at Wytschaete and finally RIR 106 on the right at the Ypres-Comines Canal. 123 Inf Div now formed the extreme right flank of 6 Armee, facing the British for the second time; within a week it was relieved by Bavarians. This brief tour was chiefly memorable for a German mine detonation on 17 July; it is unlikely that the divisional engineers were seriously involved. The division would return to St Eloi after the Battle of Loos, when the three regiments would occupy exactly the same sub–sectors.

For the rest of the summer 123 Inf Div remained in OHL reserve in the Lille-Roubaix area, where the troops were kept busy with tactical exercises and working parties, resulting in a steady trickle of casualties, ten dead and thirty–nine wounded from IR 182 alone. These tasks took individual units further afield than in May, with IR 178 detached from 6-11 August to work on the defences as far south as Arras. However, there were also welcome opportunities for open-air bathing and sightseeing in the pretty Flemish towns in the rear areas. Best of all, home leave was finally granted to those who had been longest in the field – for the first time, at least in IR 178.

Wretched conditions

As noted earlier, the division suffered from a shortage of engineers, an endemic problem on the Western Front even before its formation. Since the onset of trench warfare the services of the Pioniere had been in unprecedented and overwhelming demand, and measures taken to address this in 123 Inf Div were typical. During the summer each infantry regiment sent a contingent (from IR 178: 3 officers and 125 ORs) to Hem for a three-week training course conducted by Pionier-Kompagnie 245. Upon their return each contingent formed a quasi–official regimental 'Infanterie Pionier Kompagnie', semi-skilled 'pioneers' (in the British sense) who worked under Pionier (engineer) direction. This stop-gap system would be phased out in the first half of 1916 – by which time such formerly specialist skills as construction of field fortifications and use of hand grenades had been promulgated throughout the infantry, whilst provision of actual Pioniere and of unarmed labour units had greatly increased.

During the night of 11-12 August, RIR 106 temporarily held the devastated Vimy sector opposite Neuville St Vaast, where the French onslaught had ground to a bloody halt in late July; it relieved Saxon IR 134 'borrowed' from XIX Armeekorps earlier that summer. During the night of 18-19 August, RIR 106 was relieved by IR 182, in turn relieved during the night of 23-24 August, and returned to Roubaix; for two days (24-25 August) IR 178 was also attached to 11 Inf Div/VI Armeekorps near Vimy.

On 26 August, the entire division was assembled at Lens, where it was subordinated to the Prussian IV Armeekorps from 'Prussian Saxony', mostly former Saxon territory annexed after the Napoleonic Wars. At this time IV Armeekorps held the front from Souchez in the south to Hulluch in the north, with (south to north) its own 8 and 7 Inf Div and the aforementioned 117 Inf Div. Heavily engaged against the final French push in late July, 8 Inf Div was in serious need of rest and was relieved by the Saxons during the course of 26-27 August, it replaced them as OHL reserve at Douai. The resulting divisional dispositions remained unchanged until the Battle of Loos.

123 Inf Div had seen virtually no action since its formation, and many of the men had never fought in an actual battle; the regimental history of IR 178 lists a total of 'only' twenty dead for the entire period between 1 April and 26 August 1915. Now their luck had run out, for the new sector would have been one of the worst on the Western Front even without the threat of an impending offensive. The loss of Ablain and Carency to the French in the previous battle meant that the front line around Souchez now constituted a precarious salient on dangerously low ground, under clear observation from multiple sides – most acutely, from the commanding heights of the Lorettohöhe, better known perhaps as Notre Dame de Lorette. This tenuous position was anchored by German possession of the Giesslerhöhe, a long wooded hill between Souchez and Givenchy which constituted the only remaining high ground between the front and the vital communications hub of Lens, where corps and divisional headquarters were located. Thus there was no question of voluntarily ceding any ground here, even though traffic between front and rear was suicidal by day and fraught with peril by night; the approach routes for all regimental sectors ran along the valley of the Souchez stream from Angres, clearly overlooked from the heights to the southwest. This ran diagonal or roughly parallel to the front, so that IR 178 (in the centre) and IR 182 (on the left) had to pass uncomfortably close behind their neighbour's front line – often over open ground – to reach their own. The trenches had been hastily constructed in battle and maintained with extreme difficulty under constant artillery harassment, so that there was no proper system of successive defensive lines and not even one continuous line along the entire divisional frontage. Only a proportion of the wretched dug-outs were proof against the lightest artillery fire, and many trenches lacked even the basic protection of traverses; effective wire obstacles were largely absent.

The divisional front was narrow, with each regimental sector held by a single battalion; regiments operated a three-day cycle of battalion reliefs between the front line, support and rest in the Lens area. RIR 106 on the right was in the least invidious position; as well as the safest approach route to their rear, they had the widest stretch of no man's land to their front and the 'luxury' of telephone cables that ran as far as the front line. In the centre IR 178, holding the Hexenkessel ('witches' cauldron', the name of several dangerous spots on the Western Front) and the Torgauer Graben, was mostly 80-150 metres from the enemy, dwindling to as little as 30 metres at two places marked by incessant hand grenade exchanges. By far the worst off was IR 182 on the western edge of the ruins of Souchez; the opposing lines were uncomfortably close and the ground especially wet, tending towards outright swamp in the south. A front-line tour here was a scarcely imaginable 72-hour ordeal, standing in waist–high water or crouching on sandbag islands, constantly tormented by the merciless attentions of bombing parties, snipers and artillery observers.

The Saxons knew that a major offensive was imminent, and that the armies in the west would have to withstand it with minimal reserves. From mid-September the French bombardment steadily increased, while aircraft roamed largely unmolested over the German hinterland directing artillery and dropping bombs. Consequently the division worked feverishly to improve inadequate defences with vast numbers of sandbags brought up nightly from the Pionierpark at the Angres crossroads. A major construction effort was required every night merely to rectify the damage inflicted during the day; somehow, however, a continuous front line was established, except in the swamp on the far left.

The main Allied bombardment began on 20 September, increasing to overwhelming 'drum fire' on 24 September. By this time the date of the offensive had been discovered from a deserter and, in accordance with contemporary doctrine, the front line packed with troops; probing attacks on 24 September were easily repelled. Little did the Saxons suspect that the following day would bring not only the anticipated frontal assault, but also a breakthrough further north which would threaten their rear in Lens – and pit them simultaneously against the British and French Armies ...

FUTURE LINKS

-------------------------

OCTOBER 14, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 14, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3021441 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 14, 1915, Page 9350, S. 206, Edition 733

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1410277 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 14, 1915, Page 9351, S. 266 - W. 283, Edition 733

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OCTOBER 19, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 19, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3075894 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 19, 1915, Page 9463, S. 208, Edition 741.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3063877 -  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 19, 1915, Page 9464, S. 208, Edition 741.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3088163  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 19, 1915, Page 9465, S. 208, Edition 741.

----------------------------

OCTOBER 21, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OCTOBER 21, 1915

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3102538  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 21, 1915, Page 9516, S. 209, Edition 745.

----------------------------

OCTOBER 26, 1915

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OCTOBER 26, 1915

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2979168   - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 26, 1915, Page 9629, S. 212, Edition 753.

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OCTOBER 26, 1915

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths


(VII)

BELGIUM: FLANDERS

(November, 1915 - July 5, 1916)

Return To Index

5. ... the division went to Flanders (November), where it held a sector south of the canal from Ypres to Comines ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up \

-------------------------

NOVEMBER, 1915

123 INFANTRY REGIMENT

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NOVEMBER 10, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER 10, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1458344DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 10, 1915, Page 10029, S. 223 - W. 296, Edition 780

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NOVEMBER 11, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER 11, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2963435 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 11, 1915, Nr. 377 - S. 223, Page 10061, Edition 782.

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November 18, 1915

Namen der Gefallenen:

1. Weltkrieg:

Dienstgrad

Name

Vorname

Todesdatum & Ort

Einheit

Bemerkungen

Soldat SPARSCHUH Kurt Erich 18.11.1915 Comines in Belgien 16. IR 182 Artillerietreffer in Unterkunft

Limbach-Oberfrohna (OT Kändler), Landkreis Zwickau, Sachsen: - http://www.denkmalprojekt.org/dkm_deutschland/limbach-oberfrohna_
kaendler_7jk_1870-71_wk1_sachs.htm

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NOVEMBER 23, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER 23, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3374261 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 23, 1915, Page 10329, S. 288, Edition 802.

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NOVEMBER 28, 1915

        LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

  • 28.11.1915 Kompanie-Führer im Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

    • Company leader in the Infantry Regiment No. 182

 

DECEMBER 6, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER 6, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 [12 Company - complete?]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2923521 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 6, 1915, Page 10577, B 239 - S 233, Edition 822

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DECEMBER 18, 1915

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER 6, 1915

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182 [12 Company - complete?]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3332563 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 18, 1915, Page 10762, S. 238, Edition 835.

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1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

BRIGADE 245

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

German 2nd army
1 July 1916

245th Brigade
          178th Infantry Regiment
                    1 Machine Regiment

182nd Infantry Regiment
           1 Machine Gun Company
           195th Machine Gun Sharpshooter Troop

106th Reserve Regiment
          1 Machine Gun Company

Organization of German Divisions 1916, p. 63 - http://carl.army.mil/nafziger/916GXIA.pdf

-------------------------

JANUARY 15, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JANUARY 15, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3400044 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, January 15, 1916, Page 11026, S. 244, Edition 857

-------------------------

JANUARY 18, 1916

BERRY AU BEC

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 10, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FEBRUARY 10, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2760761 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 10, 1916, Page 11280, S. 252, Edition 878

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1538830 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 10, 1916, Page 11281, S. 252, Edition 878

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 15, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FEBRUARY 15, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3449687  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 15, 1916, Page 11326, S. 253, Edition 882

-------------------------

FEBRUARY 19, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF FBRUARY 19, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3470078 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, February 19, 1916, Page 11372, S. 255, Edition 886

-------------------------

1. In the middle of March, 1916, the 123d Division was put at rest near Bruges.
2. It was temporarily in line about April 9 at St. Eloi; then remained as a reserve to the armies in the vicinity of Menin and Courtrai until July 5 ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

MARCH 2, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 2, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

  • 1. Kompagnie

    • names listed

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1549042  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 2, 1916, Page 11498, S. 258 - W. 350, Edition 896

-------------------------

MARCH 9, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 9, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3519437 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 9, 1916, Page 11570, S. 261, Edition 902

-------------------------

MARCH 15, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 15, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1555012  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 15, 1916, Page 11637, S. 262 - w. 356, Edition 907

-------------------------

MARCH 17, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 17, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MARCH 28, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3735031 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, March 28, 1916, Page 11785, Nr. 491 - S. 266, Edition 918

-------------------------

APRIL=- MAY, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

  • Meanwhile the infantry regiments of the 123. ID were in quarters south of Bruges in 4. Armee reserve; due to the attack their rifle companies were placed at the disposal of 46. Reserve-Division on 3 April and returned to their previous rear area. Here they were mainly employed for several weeks in constructing new defences behind the '1B' line, and incurred significant losses from artillery fire. II./IR 182 however was put back into the front line from 3 to 9 April; their commander Hptm. Max Bunde was awarded the MStHO(R) on 12 May, having remained at his post throughout although wounded. After the successful counter-attack at the craters on 6 April by RIR 216, RIR 106 was used to relieve RIR 215 in the left flank sector (8-25 April) and did not rejoin 123, ID until 22 May ... [MStHO(R) is the Military St. Henry Order or Militär-St. Heinrichs-Orden]

On 20 May, 4. Armee decreed that XXIII. RK would have continued use of one battalion from the division (II./IR 182, then I. and II./RIR 106) on a fortnightly relief cycle. From 25 May a further battalion (II./IR 178 until 5 June, then III./RIR 106 until 24 June) served in the front line with 4. Ersatz-Division, facing the inundations near Woumen south of Diksmuide (see map on p. 124). IR 178 was reunited at Kortriik on 5 June at the disposal  of XII. AK, leading to dangerous working parties on the Menin Road. During this period the elements in reserve south of Bruges were fully occupied with tactical exercises an the training of newly arrived placements ...

On 27 June the reassembled division was placed on alert to entrain at six hours' notice. The fateful order came on 5 July, and the division departed for Cambrai to take part in the Battle of the Somme ....

-------------------------

APRIL 6, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF APRIL 6, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3443377 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, April 6, 1916, Page 11929, S. 269, Edition 930

-------------------------

APRIL 17, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF APRIL 17, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3699091  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, April 17, 1916, Page 12094, S. 273, Edition 944

-------------------------

APRIL 27, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AGUILCOURT

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

MAY 2, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 2, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3827692 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, May 2, 1916, Page 12285, Br. 519 - S. 276, Edition 959

-------------------------

MAY 8, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 8, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3806786 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE. May 8, 1916, Page 12374, S. 278, Edition 966.

-------------------------

MAY 16, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF MAY 16, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3490385  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, May 16, 1916, Page 12525, B. 267 - S. 282, Edition 980

JUNE 11, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

WHITSUN

Andrew Lucas, Jurgen Schmieschek, Fighting the Kaiser's War: The Saxons in Flanders 1914-1918, p. 99 - The Year 1916. 123. INFANTERIE-DIVISION - https://books.google.ca/books?isbn=1473848008

-------------------------

JUNE 12, 1916

LA VILLE AUX BOIS

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------


(VIII)

FRANCE: SOMME

(July 5, 1916 - July 22, 1916)

Return To Index

JULY 5, 1916 - JULY 22, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

SOMME

Somme : la prise du Bois des Trônes

– Suite à la contre-attaque manquée de von Stein et von Kehl contre Montauban le 2 juillet, von Falkenhayn décide d’envoyer des renforts à la II. Armee afin de tenir le front de la Somme. Par conséquent, le Gossler-Gruppe (123. ID, avec des éléments des 11. et 12. RD) est envoyé d’urgence renforcer le secteur de Longueval.

 

At this date [July 5, 1916) it was transferred to the Somme and fought near Hardecourt and Maurepas until July 22, losing more than 6,000 men ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

JULY 5, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

BATTLE OF THE SOMME

JULY 8, 1916 - JULY 9, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

II BATTALION, INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE OF THE SOMME

TRÖNES WOOD

« Z-Day ». Le 6 juillet, Henry Rawlinson et Emile Fayolle se retrouvent pour dresser les plans d’attaque. L’attaque doit donc s’effectuer le 8 juillet, en coopération avec le XXe Corps Français. Recevant ses ordres, Congreve ordonne à la 30th Division de Stanley, déjà éprouvée lors du « Z-Day », de s’emparer du Bois des Trônes. La 30th Divsion doit agir de concert avec la 39e DI française du Général Nourrisson, l’objectif et jointure des deux divisions étant la Ferme « Maltz Horn ». Du côté allemand, ce sont les RIR. Nr 38 et 51 (12. RD) et les restes de l’IR. Nr. 62. Et les premiers éléments de la 123. ID (Karl Lucius) arrivent dans le secteur de Guillemont dans la matinée du 8 juillet ...

Mais le II/Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 183 arrive en renfort depuis le secteur de Ginchy – ....

JULY 9, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

II BATTALION, INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE OF THE SOMME

TRÖNES WOOD

JULY 10, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

II BATTALION, INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE OF THE SOMME

TRÖNES WOOD

JULY 12, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

I BATTALION, INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

BATTLE OF THE SOMME

TRÖNES WOOD

JULY 18, 1916

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

BATTLE OF THE SOMME

Can you provide his name? I want to see if I have the Verlustlisten for this period and regiment, thanks ....

THE PICTURE WAS UNAVAILABLE

Typical Iron Cross

Iron Cross, Ist Class, received in 1918.
Awarded, on August 17, 1916, to Lieutenant Theodor Günther , Infantry Regiment 182

http://www.kaiserscross.com/60401/90001.html

-------------------------

JULY 24, 1916

MISSERY

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

JULY 25, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF JULY 25, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4100178 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, July 25, 1916, Page 13561, S. 307, Edition 1064

JULY 25, 1916

BELLOYS

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

JULY 27, 1916

BELLOYS

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg - Action and Deaths

-------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

HEM, NORD DEPRTMENT

  1. The second map is from the History of Infantry Regiment 182, a Saxon regiment, at that time part of 23rd Infantry Division (I am fairly sure). This action took place while piecemeal reinforcement was almost the norm, as the German army attempted to fight fires on the Somme. So, whilst the 1st and 3rd Bns IR 182 were deployed down near Hem, the 2nd Bn was deployed forward under command of 12th Res Div, to reinforce the severely depleted RIR 51 and assist in the 9 Jul 16 counter-attack against Trones Wood , which had had to be evacuated the previous night due to the immense weight of shelling to which it was being subjected. The actual attack seems to have been preceded by a very effective German barrage and the wood was taken relatively easily. A number of prisoners were captured. According to the history of IR 182, they were from 16th and 17th Bns Manchester Regiment ...

    NOTE:

    AUGUST 22, 1916 - OCTOBER 10, 1918

    AT THIS POINT JÄGER-BATAILLON, NR. 12, COMPANY 3 LEAVES THE SOMME BUT DOES NOT GO TO THE RUSSIAN FRONT AND LATER TO GALICIA/TRANSYLVANIA/ROMANIA/MOLDAVIA WITH REGIMENT 182

Instead:

ACTION OF: AUGUST 22, 1916; AUGUST 23, 1916; AUGUST 24, 1916; SEPTEMBER 4, 1916; SEPTEMBER 5, 1916; SEPTEMBER 6

 ACTION OF: SEPTEMBER 22, 1916

ACTION OF: NOVEMBER 14, 1916

ACTIONS OF: NOVEMBER 18, 1916; NOVEMBER 25, 1916; NOVEMBER 27, 1916

(5) BEI ARMATUS HILL 1050, NORTH OF MONASTIR, MACEDONIA

ACTIONS OF: NOVEMBER 28, 1916; NOVEMBER 29, 1916; DECEMBER 5, 1916; DECEMBER 6, 1916; DECEMBER 9, 1916; DECEMBER 10, 1916; DECEMBER 11, 1916; DECEMBER 16, 1916; DECEMBER 20, 1916

ACTIONS OF: MARCH [ 2 ?], 1917; MARCH 11, 1917; MARCH 12, 1917; MARCH 13, 1917; MARCH 15, 1917; MARCH 16, 1917; MARCH 17, 1917; MARCH 18, 1917

ACTIONS OF: MARCH 18, 1917

ACTIONS OF: MAY 3, 1917; MAY 7, 1917; MAY 8, 1917; MAY 10, 1917; MAY 13, 1917; MAY 15, 1917; MAY 16, 1917

(9) STRAVANJ, MACEDONIA

ACTIONS OF: OCTOBER 21, 1917; OCTOBER 30, 1917

ACTION OF: MARCH 26, 1918

ACTION OF: SEPTEMBER 19, 1918

ACTION OF: OCTOBER 10, 1918

NOTE:

The records for Friedrich Wilhelm Krause indicate that
he was in the Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12, Company 3, Freiberg,
for the period between October 1, 1915 and March 31, 1918.
However, for all of 1917 he was in and out of hospital,
and on February 11, 1918 he returned to his Infantry Regiment 182 in Romania.

-------------------------


(D)

REGIMENT 182 ON THE RUSSIAN FRONT

Return To Index

1916

AUGUST - OCTOBER, 1916

RUSSIA

123 INFANTRY DIVISION

AUGUST 8, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF AUGUST  8, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4239057  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 8, 1916, Page 13890, S. 312, Edition 1088.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4227108  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 8, 1916, Page 13891, S. 312, Edition 1088.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2743920 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 8, 1916, Page 13892, S. 312, Edition 1088.

ERNST BAUCH:

AUGUST 8, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

Bauch, Ernst, Ort Dresden-A. - 1 Compagnie, Leicht verwundet (slightly wounded) [In Russia?]

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4239057  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 8, 1916, Page 13890, S. 312, Edition 1088

Note: He died in Galicia on October 16, 1916

Namen der Gefallenen

[Names of the Fallen]

Name

[Name]

Vorname

[First Name]

Todesdatum & Ort

[Death Date and Place]

Einheit

[Unit]

Bemerkungen

[Comments]

BAUCH

Ernst

16.10.1916 Galizien [Galicia]

I.R.182

 

Dresden-Laubegast, Sachsen: Säulenhalle inmitten des Kirchplatzes in Dresden-Laubegast -
[Dresden-Laubegast, Saxony: portico in the middle of the church square in Dresden-Laubegast]

 http://www.denkmalprojekt.org/dkm_deutschland/dresden-laubegast_wk1_sachs.htm

-------------------------

AUGUST 12, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF AUGUST 12, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3643382 - - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 12, 1916, Page 14007, S. 314, Edition 1096

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3664021 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 12, 1916, Page 14008, S. 314, Edition 1096

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2269919  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 12, 1916, Page 14009, S. 314, Edition 1096

-------------------------

AUGUST 23, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF AUGUST 23, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4317813 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 23, 1916, Page 14295, S. 319, Edition 1118.

-------------------------

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 1 - 2, 1916

  • Two large German Armies, one commanded by General von Falkenhayn, a former Chief of Staff, the other by General Mackensen, a mighty strategist who had compelled the Russian retreat during the previous winter, were dispatched to the scene. Falkenhayn was to operate from the north, driving the Romanians back across the Carpathians, while Mackensen was to assault the Romanians from the south with the aid of Bulgarian, German and Turkish forces operating along the line of the Danube. They hoped to crush the Romanians between them as in a vice ...

SEPTEMBER 6, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF SEPTEMBER 6, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4477105  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, September 6, 1916, Page 14635, [S. 325?], Edition 1142

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER 8, 1916 - JANUARY 29, 1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

COMMANDER

FRANZ SAMUEL LUDWIG FRANKE

Kommandeure

Generalmajor Franz Franke 8. September 1916 bis 29. Januar 1918
 

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/212._Division_%289._
K%C3%B6niglich_S%C3%A4chsische%29

SEPTEMBER 29, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF SEPTEMBER 29, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/2675612  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, September 29, 1916, Page 15174, S. 334, Edition 1182


(E)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

SEPTEMBER 8, 1916 - APRIL 22, 1917:

177. Infanterie-Brigade / 216. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182

177. Infanterie-Brigade (war vorher die Brigade Zenker)

16. Kgl. Sächs. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182 - 08.09.1916 - 22.04.1917

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/216._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

--------------------------
INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

APRIL 22, 1917 - AUGUST 20, 1917:

86. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade / 216. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

216 DIVISION

------------------------

REGIMENT 182 ON THE EASTERN FRONT

Return To Index

REGIMENT 182 WITH 216 DIVISION BEGINNING OF OCTOBER, 1916 UNTIL SEPTEMBER, 1917

1916 - 1921

216th DIVISION (1916-1917)

(INDEPENDENT DIVISION)

216 INFANTRY DIVISION, 16 ROYAL SAXON, 182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 684-686 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

  • 216th Infantry Division-Glacia-Transylvania (1916); Roumania (1916-1918). [Independent Division]

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which participated in the War (1914-1918) (Washington Government Printing Office, 1920)- http://www.archive.org/details/historiesoftwohu00unit

  • 216th Division: (formed July 1916)

Brigade:
          182nd Infantry Regiment [Note: It went to the 216th Division in October 1916 following tour in Russia]
          354th Infantry Regiment
          21st Reserve Regiment

Calvary:
           Unknown

Artillery Brigade:
          54th Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers:
          2nd Guard Landwehr Pioneer

Organization of German Divisions 1916, p. 68 - http://carl.army.mil/nafziger/916GXIA.pdf


(I)

216 DIVISION

------------------------

GALICIA - TRANSYLVANIA - ROMANIA (ROUMANIA)

BEGINNING OF OCTOBER, 1916 - SEPTEMBER, 1917

Return To Index

INTRODUCTION TO GALICIA, TRANSLVANIA AND ROMANIA (ROUMANIA)

1916-1918

According to 251 Division book IR182 was in:

216 Division in 1916 Galicia-Transylvania/Roumania
212 Division in 1917-1918 Roumania/Ukraine

http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=24278 and http://www.1914-18.info/

GALICIA [Now South western Ukraine]  (1916)

TRANSYLVANIA / RUMANIA (September, 1916 - December 6, 1916)

----------------------

216  DIVISION

1916

Army Group Mackensen (Romania)

AUGUST 29, 1916 - NOVEMBER 10, 1918

[Anton Ludwig August von Mackensen]

Army Group Mackensen (Romania) later occupation army Romania
  29.08.1916
- 10.11.1918: Army Group Mackensen (Romania)

Heeresgruppe Mackensen (Rumänien)
später Besatzungsheer Rumänien
29.08.1916 - 10.11.1918:
Heeresgruppe Mackensen (Rumänien)

[He followed this up in 1916 with a successful campaign against
Romania (under the overall command of General Erich von Falkenhayn).
He was in command of a multi-national army
of Bulgarians, Ottoman Turks, and Germans. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_von_Mackensen ]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

1916 Rumänien

9th Army Falkenhayn/Mackensen - August 27, 1916 - September 18, 1916

http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/romanian_campaign_01.htm

AUGUST 27, 1916

Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary

  • 27.08.1916: Kriegserklärung Rumäniens an Österreich-Ungarn

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

-------------------------------------

  • Pour le merite mit Eichenlaub ...

  • 7. September 1916 Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen ...

  • Blue Max Recipients: ...

Gen. Lt. Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen awarded on - 7 Sept. 1916. He was awarded Oakleaves on 11 Dec. 1916 ...

http://www.hotlinecy.com/KCPix/BlueMaxRecipients.pdf  and http://www.pourlemerite.org/

AUGUST 28, 1916

Formation of the Army Group Mackensen and the army of the Danube

  • 28.08.1916: Bildung der Heeresgruppe Mackensen und der Donauarmee.

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

SEPTEMBER 1, 1916

  • Bulgaria declared war on Roumania on 1 September. General von Mackensen commanded the force in Bulgaria, which consisted of three Bulgarian divisions, four brigades of cavalry, and part of a German division. He moved at once against the Roumanian forces in Dobrudja in order to create a diversion away from the Transylvanian theater, where additional forces (5 German and 2 Austrian divisions) were meanwhile to be concentrated ...

SEPTEMBER 6, 1917

BRZEZANY

SEPTEMBER 20, 1916

BRZEZANY

   

Brusilov Offensive, June 4, 1916 - September 30, 1916

books.google.ca/books?isbn=1851096728
A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle ... edited by Spencer C. Tucker - p. 1622

http://www.worldwar1.com/tgws/big/romap1.jpg

OCTOBER 2, 1916
  • On the morning of October 2, 1916, a Romanian division, planning a surprise attack on Mackensen's rear, laid a pontoon bridge across the Danube River, between Silistria and Tutrakan. After crossing the Danube, the Romanians seized several villages, but they quickly retreated across the river when an Austrian monitor began shelling the bridge ....

OCTOBER 5, 1916

   

LONDON, October 5 .... In view of the lull on the Somme, interest is now concentrated
on the Balkan situation, particularly the positions in Rumania ...

LONDON, October 6 ... the Rumanians surprised Marshal von Mackenson by unexpectedly crossing the Danube marshes ...
Petrograd reports that a great battle is proceeding in the Dobrudja ...

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=NOT19161007.2.28 -
TRAPPING MACKENSEN North Otago Times, Volume CIV, Issue 13693, 7 October 1916, Page 5

["Rumanians Flank Mackenson by Crossing Danube"[29 September and 5 October 1916,] - http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F1071EFD3D5412738FDDAA0894D8415B868DF1D3 - NY Times, October 3, 1916]

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 (2)

216 DIVISION

------------------------

GALICIA

BEGINNING OF OCTOBER, 1916 TO NOVEMBER 8, 1916

Return To Index

Galicia

http://www.dirkbilland.de/Reisen/Galizien%202007/index.htm

Galicia

http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/Ukraine/1918_ukr.jpg

216 DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

  • 216th Division ... Composition ... 1916 ... Infantry .... Brigade .... [No listing] .... Regiment .... 182
    [Note: The 182 Infantry Regiment is not listed in the 1917 account]
     

  • In October, 1916, the 182d Regiment was transferred [from the 123rd] to the 216th Division ... [Independent Division]

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 620-622 http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

OCTOBER 1, 1916

 RICHARD HEIDRICH
(1 October 1916-
15 May 1920: Platoon and Company Leader in the Royal Saxon 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182.)

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

  • Richard Heidrich ... Leutnant ... COMMANDS AND ASSIGNMENTS ... 1 October 1916-15 May 1920: Platoon and Company Leader in the Royal Saxon 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182 ...

 OCTOBER 1, 1916

RICHARD HEIDRICH
(1 October 1916-
15 May 1920: Platoon and Company Leader in the Royal Saxon 16. Infanterie-Regiment Nr.182.)

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

  • GLACIA ...

1. In Galicia (Brzezany) beginning of October [1916], the 216th Division [Independent Division] ....

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

OCTOBER 9, 1916  

---------------------------------

OCTOBER 13, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 13, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4826341 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 13, 1916, Page 15517, S. 342, Edition 1206

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4818698 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 13, 1916, Page 15518, S. 342, Edition 1206

-------------------------

OCTOBER 14, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 14, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4827701 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 14, 1916, Page 15547, S. 342, Edition 1208

-------------------------

OCTOBER 16, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF OCTOBER 16, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4961936 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 16, 1916, Page 15843, B 311 - S. 348, Edition 1230

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4883507  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, October 16, 1916, Page 15844, B 311 - S. 348, Edition 1230

-------------------------

OCTOBER 16, 1916

GALICIA

Namen der Gefallenen

[Names of the Fallen]

Name

[Name]

Vorname

[First Name]

Todesdatum & Ort

[Death Date and Place]

Einheit

[Unit]

Bemerkungen

[Comments]

BAUCH

Ernst

16.10.1916 Galizien [Galicia]

I.R.182

 

Dresden-Laubegast, Sachsen: Säulenhalle inmitten des Kirchplatzes in Dresden-Laubegast -
[Dresden-Laubegast, Saxony: portico in the middle of the church square in Dresden-Laubegast]

 http://www.denkmalprojekt.org/dkm_deutschland/dresden-laubegast_wk1_sachs.htm

NOTE RE ERNST BAUCH:

AUGUST 8, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182

Bauch, Ernst, Ort Dresden-A. - 1 Compagnie, Leicht verwundet (slightly wounded)

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/4239057  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, August 8, 1916, Page 13890, S. 312, Edition 1088

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 2, 1916

        LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

  • 02.11.1916 Führer des II. Bataillons des Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 182

    • Leader of the Second Battalion of Infantry Regiment No. 182


 (3)

216 DIVISION

TRANSLVANIA

NOVEMBER 8, 1916 - EARLY NOVEMBER, 1916

Return To Index

9TH ARMY

FALKENHAYN

216 DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

NOVEMBER 8, 1916

TRANSYLVANIA

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

VALLEY OF THE OLT

  • ... TRANSYLVANIA [Then in Eastern Austria-Hungary]

... the 216th Division [Independent Division] was transferred to the Transylvanian front (Valley of the Olt) on November 8

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

NOVEMBER, 1916

[COUNTY] OLT

Germaine ...

[9th Army - 216 Division - Krafft Group]

3) Sectorul Olt Grupul Kraftt ]Krafft Group]

Corp alpin bavarez (Tuschek)
Divizia 216 infanterie (Veit) [Vett]
Divizia 2 Cavalerie (Etzl)

http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=124744&st=175

NOVEMBER 10, 1916

  • On 10 November, General von Falkenhayn, having received reinforcements of 5 infantry and 2 cavalry divisions, launched an attack against the Roumanian First Army, with the decisive effort through Szurduk and Vulcan Passes ...

  • http://www.worldwar1.com/tgws/rel006.htm 

NOVEMBER, 1916

[VALLEY OF THE ALT - ALUTA (also called OLT)]


 (4)

216 DIVISION

------------------------

ROMANIA (ROUMANIA) 1916

EARLY NOVEMBER, 1916 - DECEMBER, 1916

Return To Index

9TH ARMY

FALKENHAYN

GROUP KRAFFT

216 DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

9th Army - The War in Rumania (November 1, 1916 - December 31, 1916)

Romanian Front - 1 November - 31 December 1916 (Master Cartographer Larry Hoffman)
http://www.warchron.com/imagePages/maps/hoffman/Romania/Romania-1November1916.htm

  • ROUMANIA

2. It took part in the Roumanian campaign

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up 

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

ROYAL SAXON, 16TH INFANTRY REGIMENT 182, 12TH COMPANY

ROMANIA

Fritz Gebelein

 

LATE NOVEMBER, 1916

Crossing of the Danube

[The Danube remained a barrier to military operations until half of Mackensen's army crossed it in late November, 1916 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fl%C4%83m%C3%A2nda_Offensive ]

 

  • Donauübergang

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

EARLY NOVEMBER, 1916 - NOVEMBER 23, 1916

9TH ARMY

GROUP KRAFFT (Krafft von Dellmensingen)

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

Meanwhile, Groups Morgen and Staabs were engaged in fierce battles with Romanian 2nd Army at the Kronstadt Passes. Here the Romanians resisted on the southern side of the mountain passes with nearly 100,000 soldiers.[224] Once Group Krafft advanced into the Wallachia plain, however, 2nd Army’s left flank became exposed. The Romanians withdrew the bulk of their forces south and established a concentric position northwest of Bucharest ... Groups Morgen and Staabs reached Campolung and Sinaia by November 25. The Romanians had abandoned every major mountain pass along the Transylvanian Alps. Falkenhayn’s feints the previous month, as well as the skillful use of Group Kühne to endanger the Romanian left wing, had borne fruit as the entire 9th Army stood inside Wallachia in late November ...

Still, all was not perfect with the German dispositions. On the one hand, Schmettow’s Corps and the 109th Division crossed the Alt River and threatened the Romanian 1st Army’s left wing . Groups Staabs, Morgen, and Krafft linked up and positioned themselves along the line Pitesti-Sinaia ...

http://www.michiganwarstudiesreview.com/2005/20050501.asp / http://www.michiganwarstudiesreview.com/2005/downloads/20050501.pdf

2. It took part in the Roumanian campaign ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up 

NOVEMBER, 1916

GROUP KRAFFT (Krafft von Dellmensingen)

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

Austrian Army Romanian and Russian Theater Beginning of November 1916

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 1, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER 1, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/5004227 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 1, 1916, Page 15983, S. 350, Edition 1240

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 9, 1916

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF NOVEMBER 9, 1916

1. Jäger-Bataillon, Nr. 12

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/5011747  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, November 9, 1916, Page 16154, S. 352, Edition 1253

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 23, 1916

NOVEMBER 25, 1916

Received November 26 .... LONDON, November 25 ... A Russian communique says: In the Alt Valley the enemy energetically attacked and pressed back the Roumanians towards the south of Kalimanesht and Moldarosh ... Germans crossed the Danube near Zimnita ... A German evening communique says: A force of Mackensen's army crossed the Danube at several points ...

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=WC19161127.2.28.1 - Wanganui Chronicle, 27 November 1916, Page 6, MACKENSEN ACROSS THE DANUBE.

NOVEMBER 25, 1916

LONDON. November 25 ... A German communiqué says: - ..."General von Mackensen's army is likewise engaged at other points ... "We have captured Orsova and Turnu-Severin on the Danube in Western Roumania". ...

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=CHP19161127.2.47 - A BLACK HOUR. Press, Volume LII, Issue 15758, 27 November 1916, Page 7

-------------------------

NOVEMBER 26, 1916

http://www.worldwar1.com/tgws/big/romap2.jpg

  • 26 November ... Von Mackensen's force, now across the Danube, was drawing close to the important city of Bucharest; however, he was isolated and too far advanced for support from the Ninth Army ...

  • Within a few days von Falkenhayn could move two cavalry divisions (6th and 7th) and two to four infantry divisions (109th, 11th, 41st and 115th) into this gap ...

NOVEMBER 27, 1916 - DECEMBER 3, 1916

KRAFFT GROUP

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

NORTH-WEST OF BUCHAREST

  • At 27th of November, Olt line has fallen at North, the enemy has taken Curtea de Arges( Arges Court) and the line of Topolog; at South the line Rosiori de Vede -Alexandria -Giurgiu was in his hand. The three enemy Armies, Kraftt [Krafft], Kuhne and Kosch, formed now an unique Front, drawing a vast arch of circle, of which left was Curtea de Arges, the center at Slatina, and the right at Giurgiu ...

At 29th of November, the line of the German Front advanced like an invasion wave. The circle arch have diminished its ray. At North-East, Kraftt Group [Krafft Group] has occupied Pitesti and was advancing along the driveway with railways towards Golesti-Titu. The Group was now made of three Divisions of Infantry: the Bavarian Alpine Corps , the 216th German Division and the 73rd Austro-Hungarian Division ...

The three Armies: Kraft, Kuhne and Kosch, represented with this face a force of 12 Divisions of Infantry and four Cavalry Divisions ...

For the systematization of the description of the fights given in the days of 30th of November-3rd of December, the battle theatre may be separated in three Sectors ...

On the side of the enemy operated in this direction [Krafft Army]  Kraftt Army von Delmensiengen, made out of the Bavarian Alpine Corps, the 73rd Austro-Hungarian Division, the 216th Division the 2nd German Cavalry Division, as well as two Divisions: 301st and 41st of Kuhne Army ...

The plan for the battle of Bucharest ... After the informations of the Great Romanian Headquarter, the enemy was advancing in to two Groups: a Northern Group-Kraftt Army [Krafft Army] -was in Pitesti-Costesti region, and a Southern group -Kosch Army, along the driveway Alexandria -Bucharest .....

She had in front the four Divisions of Kraftt Army [Krafft Army] ...

NOVEMBER 30, 1916 - DECEMBER 3, 1916

GROUP KRAFFT

The Battle of Neajlov and Arges, 1916
[Battle for Bucharest]

 Grupul Krafft

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/45558714  

-------------------------

9th Army - November 26, 1916 - January 7, 1916

Kraftt Army von Delmensiengen

http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/romanian_campaign_03.htm

Final Operations - November 26, 1916 - January 7, 1917

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Romania-WW1-3.jpg

DECEMBER, 1916

Orders of Battle:  Roumania, November 1916
Immediately following the defeat of Roumania

Army Front Erzherzog Karl, Generaloberst Karl Franz Josef
IX. Deutsch Armee, Gen. d. Inf. von Falkenhayn
     K.u.K. Group Szivo, Oberst von Szivo
     LIV. Deutsch Korps, Genlt. Kühne
          XI. Bayerisch inf. div., Genlt. Kneußl
          CCCI. inf. div., Genmj. von Busse
     Schmettow kav. Korps, Genlt. Schmettow
          VI. Deutsch kav. div., Genmj. Sägner
          VII. Deutsch kav. div., Genmj. von Mutius
          XLI. Deutsch inf. div., Genmj. von Knobelsdorf
     Krafft Group, Genlt. Krafft von Dellmensingen
          LXXIII. K.u.K. inf. div., Feldmlt. Goiginger
          Alpine Korps div., Genmj. von Tutschek
          CCXVI. Deutsch inf. div., Genmj. Vett
     I. Deutsch res. Korps, Genlt. von Morgen
          XII. Bayerisch inf. div., Genlt. Huller
          LXXVI. Deutsch res. div., Genlt. Elstermann
          XXXIX. Deutsch res. Korps, Genlt. von Staabs
          LI. Honved inf. div., Genmj. Tanarky

9th Army - 216 Division - Krafft Group

http://www.oocities.org/veldes1/falkenhayn.html

-----------------------
DECEMBER, 1916 - JANUARY, 1917

War theatre at Casin, Vrancea
and Focsani,

Grupul Morgen and Grupul Krafft

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/45558714

 

-------------------------

DECEMBER 1, 1916 - DECEMBER 5, 1916

Battle of the Arges

  • 01.12.1916 - 05.12.1916: Schlacht am Arges

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

 

DECEMBER 1, 1916

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg

REPORT OF DECEMBER 1, 1916

16. Infanterie-Regiment, Nr. 182, Freiberg

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/3202819 - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, December 1, 1916, Page 16652, S. 363, Edition 1290

-------------------------

DECEMBER, 1916

  • Battle of the Arcos River

    On December 3, 1916, was fought the battle of the Arges River, which decided the fate of Romania. For an entire day, though outnumbered three to one, the Romanians held back the hordes of Bulgarians, Turks. Germans, Austrians and Hungarians that encompassed them in on three sides. Then they gradually gave way and withdrew eastward to the Sereth-Putna line. Before retreating, they destroyed the famous oil wells at Ploechti, and the wheat fields as well. In this ill-fated campaign of 100 days the Romanians lost 200,000 men.

    Bucharest Evacuated

    Meanwhile, on December 6, 1916, the civilian population had evacuated the capital, Bucharest, wishing to save their chief city from bombardment by Mackensen's heavy howitzers. The garrison also had withdrawn to unite with the main army on the Sereth line. Mackensen's campaign had been wonderfully successful. Within four months after the declaration of war he had destroyed half the Romanian Army and conquered the provinces of Dobrudja and Wallachia. Early in January, 1917, the campaign in Romania was renewed ...

The battle at Cricov
8-11th of December

The enemy was advancing with the two Armies of his. The IXth Army had as axis of advance the railway Ploiesti-Buzau. On the left of her, in the mountainous region, has constituted a Group Kraftt [Krafft], composed of all the elements Alpine Germans and Austro-Hungarians; then followed Morgen Group, increased as number of Divisions, and at the right was Kuhne Army ...

The attack unfolds favorable in the beginning;at 10:30 [December 8] in the morning the 12th Division is at Albesti and the 23rd Division beyond Tomsani. In this moment, though, Morgen, which was holding the enemy Front with three Divisions, 12th,76th and 216th, pronounced a strong counterattack on the two wings of the Romanian Group of Attack ...

Early in the morning, the enemy attacks the entire line of the IInd Romanian Army with Kraftt [Krafft] and Morgen Corps ...

The battle of Rimnicu Sarat ...

The battle at Rimnicu Sarat has been engaged by the Germans with the totality of their forces, existing between Carpathian Mountains and Danube : 17 Divisions. At the left , the IXth Army, under the Command of General Falkenhayn , had to execute the principal mission with the mass of the 10 Divisions from Infantry of his . The advancing axis of the IXth Army was the driveway and railway Buzau-Rimnicu Sarat; his operational field was the region of hills and mountains in the North of Buzau County and Rimnicu Sarat County, until Buzau River. When the Romanian-Russian position will be broke through , will begin the action also the Danube Army, Commanded by General Kosch, made out of five Divisions of Infantry German-Turk-Bulgarian and two Cavalry Divisions. She will operate in the flat region between Buzau River and Danube River, with the direction towards Braila. ...

The battle at Rimnicu Sarat has lasted six days, from 22nd to 27th of December and it was the greatest battle in the retreat times. The Germans name her also "Weihnachtsschlacht"-Christmassbattle , because her decissive action was given in the days of Chatolic Cristmass. General Falkenhayn , of which IXth Army, will carry the weight of the battle, has set to its left wing Kraftt Group [Krafft Group], made out of the totality of its mountain troops; this one would operate against the Group of Romanian Divisions in the mountaineous region and of hills; its mission was to operate a turning of the Romanian flank in Dumitresti region . Mounted on Buzau-Rimnic driveway was Morgen Group; its mission was to breakthrough the Russian lines and conquer Rimnicu Sarat city.

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/45558714

Siret line

After the victory at Rimnicu Sarat , Falkenhayn had a moment of hesitation. The hardships of the winter, which was announcing more and more threatening , the exhaustion of his troops and the resistance of the enemy showed him the continuation of the advance as a risky bussiness. At 31st of December however, the Great German Headquarter ordered the continuation of the operations ;the IXth German Army and the Danube Army have to occupy line Focsani -lower Siretului Valley ...

The Front of the two Armies was descending thus , from Oituz mountains and of Vrancei ,along Milcov River , continuing then with Putna Valley and at the Sout of Siret until Braila region, occupied by the enemy at 4th of January. [1917] The grouping of the enemy forces was the following: in Oituz-Vrancea Sector was operating ,just as until now, Gerock Group, from the Army of Archduke Iosif ; in Odobesti Sector, against Vaitoianu Group, was operating Kraftt Group[Krafft Group] made out of the Divisions of German Alpiners and Austro-Hungarians; in Focsani and Putna Sector, against the right of the IVth Russian Army, was operating Morgen Group; Kuhne and Kosch Army were operating in Siret Sector ...

For the conquer of Magura-Odobestilor, Falkenhayn destined to Kraftt Group ]Krafft Group] two more Divisions from the left of Morgen Group, which will make a veiling attack. At 5th of January, the Bavarian Alpine Corps has attacked at the junction point of Rimnic Group and Mannerheim Divisions 12th and 1st Romanians ...

Romanian Campaign of 1916.The Invasion History of the War for Wholing Romania/Constantin Kiritescu  - http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/

  • Pour le merite mit Eichenlaub ...

Generalleutnant Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen 11.12.1916 .    24.11.1862-22.08.1953 ...

  • ROUMANIA

....
3. At the end of December it was south of Rimmieu-Sarat. [Rimnicu Sarat]

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317

https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up 


(5)

216 DIVISION

------------------------

1917

IR 182, 11th Company

1917 Recruits -
Zur Erinnerung an die Rekrutenzeit 1917

http://imgur.com/a/9mhEj

https://www.reddit.com/r/history/comments/
3kygo5/my_grandmother_found_some_old_images_of_my_great/

(D) ROMANIA (ROUMANIA) 1917

JANUARY, 1917 - AUGUST, 1917

MACKENSEN ARMY GROUP

9TH ARMY I (GERMAN) RESERVE CORPS: VON MORGAN

216 DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

JANUARY, 1917
 
 
182nd Infantry Regiment, 216th Infantry Division
 
standard overcoat, with field-grey covers ...
 
Nigel Thomas, The German Army in World War I (2): 1915-17, p. 47
 
 
JANUARY, 1917
  • ROUMANIA

1. In January, 1917, the 216th Division [Independent Division] was in line east of Foesani [Focsani], where it remained until August.

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

[1917]

War of Position

  • Stellungskrieg

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

-----------------

JANUARY 10, 1917

177. Infanterie-Brigade / 216. Infanterie-Division

177. (Kgl. Sächs.) Infanterie-Brigade 

Kriegsgliederung am 10.01.1917 - War division on 01.10.1917

16. Kgl. Sächs. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182
Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 354
Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 21
Kavallerie-Eskadron 205
Neumärkisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 54
Stab und IV. Bataillon Reserve-Fußartillerie-Regiment Nr. 14
2. Kompanie/Garde-Landwehr-Pionier-Scheinwerferzug Nr. 262
Gebirgs-MG-Kompanie Nr. 170
Fernsprech-Doppelzug Nr. 416
Feldsignal-Zug Nr. 438
Feldsignal-Zug Nr. 439

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/177._Infanterie-Brigade

http://www.linkfang.de/wiki/216._Division_%28Deutsches_Kaiserreich%29

--------------------

1917 [Rumänien]

[From 1917 on, Mackensen was the military governor
of the parts of Romania (mainly Wallachia) controlled by the Central Powers
 -
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_von_Mackensen ]

JANUARY 12, 1917

Annexation of the Military Administration in Romania

  • 12.01.1917: Angliederung der Militärverwaltung in Rumänien.

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

MACKENSEN ARMY GROUP

9TH ARMY I (GERMAN) RESERVE CORPS: VON MORGAN (May, 1917: Robert Paul Theodor Kosch)

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

January 1917 - June 1917

ROUMANIA / SOUTHERN MOLDAVIA

  • The 'Mackensen' Army Group had occupied Wallachia, western and southern Moldavia since January 1917. In June 1917 there were 11 divisions in southern Moldavia in German 9th Army's 1st Reserve Corps (89, 212, 216) ...

The German army in World War I.: 1917-18, Volume 3 By Nigel Thomas, Ramiro Bujeiro, p. 14 -
http://books.google.ca/books?id=AodiUXZo5R0C&pg=
PA7&lpg=PA7&dq=%22september
+1917%22+%22rumania22&source=bl&ots=QqrGdoPxzO&sig=
tZG8V1CF0FayklzWrn3fGsI0Ijk&hl=en&ei=MhETeapBIOC8gbOsZGzAQ&sa
=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAw#v=snippet&q=212&f=false

http://books.google.ca/books?id=_1PJ4GwRSKUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:
1780965753&hl=en&sa=X&ei=4v-XUpCEL7PQsATbg4GIBg&ved
=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
- Page 14

................................

JÄGER KRAUSE LIGHTLY WOUNDED, C. APRIL 20, 1917

APRIL 20, 1917 - APRIL 30, 1917

20/04/1917   Hospital Activity: "Jäger Batallion 12", Company 3
22/04/1917   Hospital Activity
28/04/1917   Hospital Activity: Jäger Batallion 12, Company 3
30/04/1917   Hospital Activity

Probably wounded in either Wallachia, or in western or southern Moldavia

[NOTE: Romania signs an armistice with the Central Powers on April 20, 1917, ending Romanian involvement in World War I
http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Russian_Surrender_%28WW_I_Central_Powers_Victory%29 ]

INJURIES REPORTED JUNE 4, 1917

REPORT OF JUNE 4, 1917

WW 1 CASUALTY LIST - Verlustlisten 1. Weltkrieg
[They appeared as an appendix to the Army Gazette
and were also published in the German Empire Gazette as well as the Prussian State Gazette]

REPORT OF JUNE 4, 1917

DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE

1917-06-04, Krause, Wilhelm, Bischofswerda, Bautzen

Page Number 18853
Ausgabe 1483
Datum 1917-06-04
Last name Krause
First name Wilhelm
Ort Bischofswerda, Auerbach
[NOTE: Auerbach is the birth place for another soldier listed directly below Wilhelm Krause]
Liste Sachsen 412
Reg. o.ä.

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/5986836  - DEUTSCHE BESTENLISTE, June 4, 1917, Page 18853, S. 412, Edition 1483.

.....................

APRIL, 1917 - MAY, 1917

LIGHT INFANTRY (Jäger) BATTALIONS - 12 SAXON

The German Army in World War I (3): 1917-18, Volume 3 By Nigel Thomas, p. 21

books.google.ca/books?isbn=1780965753  

KRAUSE IN HOSPITAL - FÜRTH, GERMANY

MAY 1, 1917 - MAY 20, 1917

Jäger Friedrich Wilhelm Krause

01/05/1917 - 20/05/1917 K. Reservelazarett Fürth : [Hospital] K. Reserve Hospital Fürth, From May 1, 1917 to May 20, 1917
15/05/1917   Hospital Activity: "Jäger Battalion 12", Company 3 - Bischofswerda mentioned
[JULY]

JULY 19 - MID-AUGUST

https://fedora.e-book.fwf.ac.at/fedora/get/o:850/bdef:Content/get#page=36&zoom=auto,-12,657  -
Wolfram Dornik, The Emergence of Ukraine. Self-Determination, Occupation, and War in Ukraine, 1917-1922. (2015), Chapter 1A, p. 5.

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY DIVISION

JULY 22, 1917 - SEPTEMBER 3, 1917

Romanian Front - 22 July - 3 September 1917 (Master Cartographer Larry Hoffman)
http://www.warchron.com/imagePages/maps/hoffman/Romania/Romania-22July1917.htm

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY DIVISION

JULY 22, 1917 - SEPTEMBER 3, 1917

Romanian Front - 22 July - 3 September 1917 (Master Cartographer Larry Hoffman)
http://www.warchron.com/imagePages/maps/hoffman/Romania/Romania-22July1917.htm

216 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA

JULY 23, 1917

Austrian Army Russo - Romanian Theater 23 July 1917

 

[AUGUST, 1916 - Ist Corps - I. Korps - I. Armeekorps]

a) Sector I reserve Corps, stretching from Suraia to a line which would cut Putna valley and Susita, with south-north direction, between Ivancesti village and Satu Nou village. The terrain is flat with gorges, some of them with water some of them dry, with the west –east direction and and cut across by the road and railway Focsani –Marasesti, of which direction is north-south. General von Morgen, the commander of the Ist reserve Corps, had in this sector, without counting the divisions, 89 prusian, 12 bavarian and 216 saxon, which were making the Ist Corps, of two more divisions: reserve 76 and 115. To have the troops concentrated in the attack zone itself, Divission 12th Bavarian, which previously occupied the shore of Siret, between Biliesti and Suraia, was withdraw and taken south of Padurea Neagra (black forrest), between Paraipan and Biliesti. In the place of this division was created a new one, Divission 303 commnded by General Wehmer-made out of seven infantry battalions de Landsturm, taken from the occupation force of Muntenia. this subsector will have a pure defensive and observation role ...

As a reserve for the IXth army there were: german Division 12 at Focsani ...

AUGUST, 1917

216 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY DIVISION

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

AUGUST ENGAGEMENTS

RUMANIA

  • Engagements North of Fogani [Focsani] and South of Ocna ...

  • On 6 August [1917], on the Romanian Front, von Mackensen's counter-offensive north of Focsani halted the Russian-Romanian drive ...

  • [August 20, 1917] On the Romanian Front, Romanian troops gained some ground north of Focsani ...

  • [August 28, 1917[ On the Romanian Front, the Germans renewed attacks in Focsani region. There was heavy fighting in the Ocna Valley ...

  • [August 29, 1917] On the Romanian Front, heavy fighting continued in the Focsani region ...

AUGUST 6, 1917 - AUGUST 19, 1917

[AUGUST]

The Breakthrough of the Russian Front.

In the night of 5-6 August the german artillery started a strong bombardment over the line Faurei-Siret and over the eastern shore of Siret river, south of Movileni. Shells of different calibers, grenades, shrapnel, machinguning, they were all falling like the rain over the Russian lines between the railway and Siret river, and also over the Romanian positions across the river. Towards morning, waves of axfixiant gass emerged from the enemy lines especially over Padurea Neagra( Black Forrest), chocking the air into a dense fog. Between the clocks 4 and 7 in the morning the bombardment reached an extreme of violence.

General von Morgen had the order to execute with the Ist german Corps the breakthrough of the Russian front. He had thus aligned on the first line of the front three divisions: 12th Division on the right side leaned over Siret river, 89th Division on the left ,at Faureni; 76th Division in the middle, between the other two. Behind 12th Division he sat 216th Division, and in the reserve he kept the 115th Division.

Like a restrained resort, which unstrains instantly, he then started the attack at 7:30 in the morning, the infantery of the three german divisions against the russian lines. It wasn’t even needed so much power. The Russians are leaving, one by one their strong positions. Till midday they lose three lines of defence, which was one in front of the other. The germans cross Putna river on the northern shore, then they cross Sovarga valley and finally Putna-Seaca valley. The 12th german Division occupied the village Radulesti, Padurea-Neagra,and then Ciuslea village ....

At the left wing of the Ist german Corps, the 76th Division and the left wing of the 89th Division conquered the forrest Balta-Ratei (The Duck_Pond), pushing the left wing of the 13th Russian Division, neighbor with the 34th Russian Division, captured thus ten cannons positioning themselves in the front of Bizighesti village. Between the two wings which were going to left and right, Morgen pushed the  216th Division, which was in reserve till then, and by nightfall occupied Strajescu village without fight. The village has been evacuated by the Russians in their hasty run.

In the night of that day, the german victory seemed complete. The Russian front has been broken on a length of 10km at right, along the Siret river and with 3km along the railway Focsani-Marasesti. The Russian forces were blown away, some of them crossed on the left side of the Siret shore, under the protection of the Romanian artillery, and the big chunk was running disorderly to the north, leaving their strongholds one after the other, without putting up the slightest of fights. It was after the expression of a Russian historyograph “the first act of cowardice made by the Russians on the Romanian front”. Many will follow ...

Mackensen renounces at the plan of crossing Siret. After not being able to do “the surprise crossing”, von Eben reports that neither the plan of “crossing the river by force” has more of a chance. The front shore of the river is well fortified with Romanian troops and artillery,and this artillery is wonderfully shooting making heavy losses in the day to 12th bavarian Division. Today the german attack would have in the ribs also the 5th romanian Division, which is on the righy shore of Siret. This enterprise will be risky and exposed to a bloody failure. So the plan of crossing the SIret is renounced altogether: the 12th Bavarian Division is let to rest and observe on the shore of the river, and Morgen receives the order to push with full strength the other three divisions -216,76,89 - and to put in to the fighting line also the 115th Division, which was kept in reserve. Morgen attacks with full power the front of the 5th romanian Division. The german artillery starts to bobard the Russian-romanian lines, mostly the points Bizichesti, Moara-Alba, Moara –Rosie and Doaga village; the artillery of the 5th romanian divisions responds with”shot by shot” The germans have discovered the vulnerable point of the Romanian front At the right wing of the romanians are the leftovers of the 34th russian Division. One column of the 89th german Division attacks this very spot. The russians don’t hesitate much and run off their positions, leaving the right Romanian flank uncovered. Through this breach, storms the thick of the 76th german division, to turn the Romanian position. It is a critical moment. General Razu, the commander of the 5th Romanian Division, sends two battalions of the 7th Regiment, which he kept till then in reserve, behind the 32th Regiment. The romanians arrive in a hurry, they attack in point 77 the enemy, which was coming from Bizighesti, managing to stop the “stream of germans “and to fill the breach.

The preparations for the final german attack are finished around 11 o’clock. All the artillery has been brought near the new front,and the troops of the three german divisions: 89,76 and 216 are ready to throw themselves over the line occupied by the for Romanian regiments:7,32,3 and 8.At half past eleven, the german bombardment, ignited from cannons of all kind of calibers, especially 105 caliber and 150, becomes frightening. Our positions( romanian) organized in haste, during the night, by the troops tiered by marching all day, are carefully distroied. The german artillery aimings, goes over and beyond our lines to the reserves. In Jugastru valley,a company of 32 Regiment, gathered here, without trenches is completely destroyed-amongst the dead is also their commander, Captain Andreescu. The bridge over Siret, from Cosmest i, is bombed with 210mm shells ....

The attack of the 8th of August was combined with the attack of the Gerock Group, on the mountaineous front of the west ...The attack will be commenced by the 115th german Division, which was kept in reserve, at Faurei; she was elongated by 89th and 76th divisions, on a line from Ivancesti, on Putna-the south of Calin forrest, in the Susita elbow. The right flank of the german attack front was defended by the 212th Division along Siret, in the region Ciuslea-Radulesti, replacing thus the 12th bavarian Division which was taken out and brought back to Faureni ...

With all the yesterday’s succes on the Russian Front, the german commandment has no reason to be pleased: the target proposed by the new offensive to north-west has not been touched and the line Clipicesti-Diocheti was still far away. So the action wil continue doday with power in the same direction and by the same units, as yesterday, by the 115th, 89th and 78th divisions, from east to west. In the left of the german attack sector, the 62nd austro-hungarian Division will join the fight, as far as the circumstances will permit, and on the right side, the  216th german division will attack the positon occupied by the 5th romanian Division. Along Siret, in Ciuslea sector, the 212th and 303rd german divisions will maintain their resistance positions, facing east. The main blow will be received by the 71th Russian Division, seated in front of 76th and 89th german divisions, as well as the 13th russian Division, disposed in font of the 115th german Division and 62nd Austrian. The germans were following consecvent their tactic program: attacking only the Russian troops ...

All the gain made by the germns, with heavy losses, is now lost. Towards east, the artillery on the left shore of Siret violently bombards in flank the german lines, making big losses to  216th, 212th and 303rd divisions. At the center, in the middle of the duel of the two artilleries adversary, which does not weakens the strength, german troops attack the front ...The commander of the Romanian battalion takes measures for defence, by rising a wall of dead bodies in the driveway trench; the germans ar doing the same on the other side and, sheltered by this double dead bodies wall  ...

The offensive action wil be given on the whole front of 5th and 9th Divisions, with the involvement of the Russian divisions from the right. As the Romanian command was taking measures ,the german commandment, was measuring himself for a great offensive which he has also planned for the same day. Under the impression of the success obtained yesterday on the Russian front, Mackensen was sure that he will be able to give today a major blow. This was supposed to be made out of two attacks: one attack wil be given at the left side of the IXth german Army, in the sector of XVIIIth Wenninger Corps, which was inactive up until now. The concentrations of forces of this Corps was now complete. The Alpine Corps was now in position, over imposed between 62nd Austrian Division, which has gathered her front- and 115th German Division. The 13th Austrian Division was in the Corps reserve, and the 217th Division was taken from Gallawitz Army, and passed under the orders of XVIIIth Corps. Wenninger wil attack with the Alpine Corps, leaned on the right, by 1st german Corps: Morgen will attack wit 76th and 12th Bavarian Divisions - the las one taken again into front, after rest and recovery. He will hit the Russian troops, made out from the remains of the 71st and 34th Divisions, along the driveway and railway Focsani-Marasesti-Adjud,in the right flank of the 9th Romanian Division. So ,a double offensive, both hitting the Russian troops. The day of 11th August was announced to be a bloody one, filled with high hopes, both sides. The German offensive has started in the morning in Wenninger sector. The Alpine Corps attacks fith full strength the 15th Russian Division, assaulting Poiana village, advancing all the way in to Susita valley. At the left the Austrians have occupied the village Sirb. The German front has made in this way an important advance; he mastered Susita valley,Putna valley up to Vitanesti....

The Germans confess that their divisions,  216th and 76th have sufferd this day great losses, because of the Romanian artillery fire on the eastern shore of Siret river ....

on the left shore of Siret river, in front of the 212th and 303rd German Divisions. ...

The 9th day, 14th of August

The Germans have concentrated against the Romanian position of Prisaca Forest the whole 216th Division, which has been given to dispose of a very powerful artillery of all calibers, especially a lot of heavy artillery. The bombardment have started during the previous night and continued all morning. In the afternoon it has reached an intensity almost unknown till then. Shells of big caliber ,especially 150 mm, explosives mines, bombards, grenades, shrapnels, are beating like stonerain over the defensive workings. The terrain being weak in this sandy field of Siret River, the works are easily destroyed. The sticks of the wire nets are pulled altogether, the trenches are undone, burring alive the defenders. Clouds of smoke, of axfixiant gas and tear gas unfolds then everything in thick veil black-redish. It is complete blackness. It is an Inferno. At 5 in the afternoon the bombardment has reached paroxysm. Their effects are crushing. The entires of the first and the second Romanian defensive lines does not exist anymore; the strongholds of the third line are turned over as well. The phone lines, between battalions, artillery and commandments are destroyed. The soldiers in the trenches are killed by bombardment or axfixiated by gas and covered by the blowing Earth. The enemy artillery is elongating its aiming; She hits Cosmesti village, the bridge over Siret and the opposite shore, to stop any attempt of help. A cloud of axfixiant gas is waved down over the artillery of the 14th Division; all servants of a battery (four cannons) are out of service. At 7:45 in the evening ,under the protection of a cloud of dust and smoke, the Germans are beginning their attack. One column, in the power of almost two regiments, attacks in the connection point of 8th and 9th Romanian Regiments. The defenders are few and weak. It is the 9th day since the 5th Romanian Division is in the first line of fire, receiving blow after blow; the effectives of the Division are reduced at one third of what was in the beginning, and the man , unexchanged, are torn with exhaust at body and soul. The strongholds workings, destroyed cannot oppose any resistance; the soldiers of the Ist Battalion of the 8yh Regiment are pushed back and the front is broken. The enemy flow is pouring more and more and the breach is widened .The Germans open in three columns: one towards the left ...

15th-18th of August.

Mackensen has choose for applying the decisive blow, the Romanian portion of front between Panciu and Marasesti. The position was occupied in this sector by 13th Romanian Division and what was left from the heavy trialed 9th Division. On the map it draws an oblique line north-west-south –east, stretched from east of Dumbrava Village, where it was connected with the 10th Division, passing then south-west of the Razoare Forest, cutting the railway Marasesti-Panciu close to the height point 100,cutting the railways Focsani-Marasesti and Marasesti-Tecuci one half kilometer south of the Fabrica de Zahar(sugar factory) to link with the 14th Romanian Division near an arm of Siret River, one km or so further fromn the estern corner of Marasesti Village . In this sector, Mackensen proceeded in the days of 17th-18th of August to a new grouping of forces of infantry and artillery. Five infantry Divisions have constituted the attack group, which command has been given to Commander von Morgen. It was ,starting from north –west towards south-east, the 13th Austro-Hungarian Division, in the right angle of the railway Marasesti-Panciu; The 115th German Division , in continuation, south –east of the first one; the 76th German Division , south of Marasesti; in reserve has been brought the 89th German Division and set behind 115th and 12th Divisions.I n the left side of the attack group was XVIIIth German Corps; at the right Divisions 216th, 212th and 303rd;they will sustain with all their infantry and artillery the primer blow, which will be given by the attack group. The five Divisions of this, aimed against two Romanian Divisions were making, of course , a crushing superiority. The Marshall was sure that the day of 19th will bring him the so long waited success ...

The battle has begun at 6th of August by attacking the front, made exclusively by Russian troops. The Russian position of Iresti to Siret River, which constituted the fighting zone itself, was occupied by three Russian divisions The Austro Germans were opposing, on the same stretch, seven divisions. In the attack zone, between Siret and the railway, three German Divisions-76th,  216th and 12th have attacked the 34th Russian Division. The unfolding of the battle constituted then a double manoeuvre .On one side, the Germans have stretched , step by step the fighting zone westward, until the Muncelu plateau , in constant search of points of lesser resistance, represented by the Russian sectors ...

For the attack [August 6, 1917] which was to start from Focpni [Focsani] the following were placed in readiness under the command of Lt.-Gen. von Morgen (I. Res. Corps): the 12th Bavarian Inf. Div., 76th Res. Inf. Div., and the 89th Inf. Div., to be followed in second line by the 216th Inf. Div. As army reserve there stood at Focpni  [Focsani] the 212th and 115th Inf. Divs. On Aug. 6 the attack began, and had indeed the desired success on the first day in a N.W. direction. The attempt to cross to the E. bank of the Sereth, however, failed ...

A bridge-head on the W. bank of the Sereth threatening the German flank, held by the Rumanian 5th Div., was stormed by the 216th Inf. Div. of the I. Res. Corps on Aug. 14, severe losses being inflicted on the Rumanians. The further attempts of the I. Res. Corps, under which was placed the newly arrived 13th Rifle Div., to advance over the line Marasesti - Panciu, failed through Russian and Rumanian counter-attacks ...

On Aug. 28 the XVIII. Res. Corps, with the 216th Inf. Div. and the Alpine Corps, attacked from the line Panciu - N. edge of the Mt. Odobeshti in a N.W. direction, to gain the upper course of the Susita. After stubborn engagements lasting for many days against the Rumanian II. Corps, Jresci and the heights S. of the Susita were captured, upon which practically the old line, as it stood before the Rumanian attack, was reached. On Sept. 3 attacks from the German side were again suspended.

http://www.armyacademy.ro/e-learning/working/capitol_6.html

AUGUST, 1917

Battle of Marasesti (August-September 1917) ...

Both Divisions 216 Infantry and 212 Infantry Locations Can Be Seen near Focsani

http://www.worldwar2.ro/foto/?id=274&section=9&article=117

AUGUST, 1917

VALUE - 1917 ESTIMATE

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  


 (6)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

AUGUST 21, 1917 - FEBRUARY 28, 1919:

408. Infanterie-Brigade / 212. Infanterie-Division

wiki-de.genealogy.net/IR_182

Übergeordnete Einheiten - Parent Units

ab 12.01.1917: 212. Infanterie-Division - From 12.01.1917: 212 Infanterie-Division

Untergeordnete Einheiten - Subordinate Units

(kgl. Sächs.) Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 415: 13.01.1917 - 28.02.1919
(kgl. Sächs.) Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 416: 13.01.1917 - Jan. 1919
16. Kgl. Sächs. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182:  21.08.1917 - 28.02.1919

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/408._Infanterie-Brigade

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

212 DIVISION

------------------------

ROMANIA (ROUMANIA) 1917-1918

SEPTEMBER, 1917 - FEBRUARY 18, 1918

MACKENSEN ARMY GROUP

9TH ARMY I (GERMAN) RESERVE CORPS: VON MORGAN
(Robert von Kosch: Commander On 1 May 1917 replacing Erich von Falkenhayn)

212 DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

212th DIVISION (1917-1918)

(INDEPENDENT DIVISION)

212 INFANTRY DIVISION (SAXON), 408TH (SAXON) INFANTRY BRIGADE, 16 ROYAL SAXON, 182 INFANTRY REGIMENT, 9TH COMPANY

JANUARY, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

  • The 212th Division [Independent Division]...

In January 1917, the division was reorganized ... Later its infantry composition was completely changed until the Division from being Prussian became entirely Saxon ...

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  674-676. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up 

-------------------------

-------------------------

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY

MARCH 25, 1917 - SEPTEMBER, 1917

  • 212th Division ... Composition ... 1917 ... Infantry ... Brigade ... 212 ........ Regiment .... 182 ...
  • 212th Division ... Composition ... 1918 ... Infantry ... Brigade .... [No listing]  ... Infantry ....... 182 ...

[SEPTEMBER, 1917]

3. Relieved about March 25 [1917], before the attacks [in France] began and sent to Roumania.
The 415th and 416th [Saxon regiments] were sent to the Russian-Roumanian front (region of Braila in July, then Focsani-Tecucin). The division was brought up to three regiments by the assignment of the 182d (from the 216th Division - [An Independent Division]), a Saxon regiment. The division suffered heavy losses, especially the 182d Infantry, on September 9.

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), p.  675. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

MARCH 21, 1917 - MARCH 31, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION TRANSPORT TO RUMANIA

  • 21.03.1917 - 31.03.1917: Transport nach dem Osten (Rumänien) [Transport to the East (Romania)]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

-------------------------

MARCH 27, 1917 - MAY 30, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA - ARMY GROUP MACKENSEN

Rumänien

  • 27.03.1917 - 30.05.1917: Reserve der Heeresgruppe Mackensen (Rumänien) [Reserve of the Army Group Mackensen (Romania)]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

-------------------------

MAY 30, 1917 - AUGUST 5, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA - WAR OF POSITION

  • 30.05.1917 - 05.08.1917: Stellungskrieg an Putna und Sereth [War of position at Putna and Siret]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

-------------------------

JULY 22 - JULY 25, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA - DEFENSIVE BATTLES

  • 22.07.1917 - 25.07.1917: Abwehrkämpfe am Sereth [Defensive battles on Sereth]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

-------------------------

JULY 23, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA

Austrian Army Russo - Romanian Theater 23 July 1917

MACKENSEN ARMY GROUP

-------------------------

JULY 26 - AUGUST 5, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA - BREAKTHROUGH BATTLE

  • 26.07.1917 - 05.08.1917: Durchbruchsschlacht am Putna und Susita [Breakthrough Battle at Putna and Susita]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

-------------------------

AUGUST 21, 1917

Battle of Marasesti (July 24 - August 21, 1917)

Division 212 Infantry Location Can Be Seen near Focsani
(Note: D. 216 not indicated on this version below D. 12 Bav.)

http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?523075-WIP-The-WW1-mappack-%28-
New-map-video-GALICIA-p-27-new-map-Easternfront-p29-fort-de-Vaux-p31%29/page4

-----------------

BY SEPTEMBER, 1914

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp. 674-675  - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER, 1917

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT TRANSFERRED
FROM THE 216 INFANTRY DIVISION TO THE 212 INFANTRY DIVISION

SEPTEMBER, 1917

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  684-686. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

Max von Hausen

ON THE MACEDONIAN FRONT

-----------------------

BATTLE OF MARASESTI [RUMANIA]

Battle of Marasesti (August-September 1917) ...

Both Divisions 216 Infantry and 212 Infantry Locations Can Be Seen near Focsani

http://www.worldwar2.ro/foto/?id=274&section=9&article=117

-------------------------

SEPTEMBER ENGAGEMENTS

RUMANIA

SEPTEMBER 9, 1917

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

SEPTEMBER 20 - OCTOBER 12, 1917

KRAUSE IN HOSPITAL - FREIBERG, GERMANY
20/09/1917   Hospital Activity: "Jäger Battalion 12", Company 3: Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen
06/10/1917 - 07/10/1917 Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen
12/10/1917   Hospital Activity: Hospital, "St. Johannis", Freiberg, Sachsen

OCTOBER 15, 1917

        LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918) - DISTRICT VIII

  • 15.10.1917 im Generalstab der 19. Ersatz-Division

    • the General Staff of the 19th Replacement Division

NOVEMBER 28, 1917

EGON VON NEINDORFF

http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Personenregister/N/NeindorffEv.htm

DECEMBER 10, 1917 - MAY 7, 1918

TRUCE ON THE ROMANIAN FRONT

212 DIVISION

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/212._Division_%289._
K%C3%B6niglich_S%C3%A4chsische%29


DECEMBER 9, 1917

RUMANIA

DECEMBER, 1917 - DECEMBER 20, 1917- BEGINNING OF 1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

4. In December the division was relieved from the sector west of Tecutin. The 415th and 416th were identified southeast of Panciu December 14; the 182d, northwest of Namoloasa, on the 20th.

RECRUITING

The division at the end of 1917 was entirely Saxon.

VALUE - 1917 ESTIMATE

Remained on the Roumanian front during a part of 1917 and the beginning of 1918. Moderate fighting value.

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  674-676. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

DECEMBER 21, 1917 - DECEMBER 31, 1917

KRAUSE ON THE EASTERN FRONT - TRANSYLVANIA

21/12/1917 31/12/1917 Hospital Activity: Auskunftsnebenstelle Kronstadt [Information Extension Kronstad  (Brasov) [Rumania] in Southern Transylvania?)]

DECEMBER 10, 1917 - MAY 7, 1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN RUMANIA

  • 10.12.1917 - 07.05.1918: Waffenstillstand an der rumänischen Front [Ceasefire on the Rumanian front]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

DECEMBER 9, 1917

Truce of Focsani

  • 09.12.1917: Waffenstillstand von Focşani

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

1918

212th DIVISION (INDEPENDENT DIVISION)
212 INFANTRY DIVISION (SAXON), 408TH (SAXON) INFANTRY BRIGADE,
16 ROYAL SAXON, 182 INFANTRY REGIMENT, 9TH COMPANY

1918

The German Forces in the Field, 6th Revision, April 1918, Independent Divisions, p. 151 - http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027944838

JANUARY 30, 1918

MAX MORGENSTERN-DÖRING (Replaced Franz Francke]

COMMANDER - 212 INFANTRY DIVISION

http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/army/id3.htm

JANUARY 30, 1918 - MARCH, 1919

MAX MORGENSTERN-DÖRING

DIVISION COMMANDER

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

JANUARY 30, 1918 - MARCH, 1919

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

DIVISION COMMANDER

Kommandeure

Generalmajor Max Morgenstern-Döring 30. Januar 1918 bis März 1919

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/212._Division_%289._
K%C3%B6niglich_S%C3%A4chsische%29

FEBRUARY 9, 1918

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

GERMAN EAST ARMY

VOLHYNIA, KIEV, KHARKOV

FEBRUARY 11, 16 - 24, 28, 1918

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

Jäger Friedrich Wilhelm Krause

11/02/1918   16. Infantry, Regiment No. 182, 9 Company: In Braila, Rumania?
16/02/1918 - 24/02/1918 1. Ersatz-Batl. 16. Inf.- Regt. No. 182 1. Garn.-Komp: In Braila, Rumania
17/02/1918   16. Infantry, Regiment No. 182, 9 Company: In Braila, Rumania
28/02/1918   16. Infantry, Regiment No. 182, 9 Company: In Braila, Rumania?

Brăila

http://content.answcdn.com/main/content/img/factbook/maps/ro-map.gif

ROUMANIA

APRIL 15, 1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), pp.  674-676. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027835317 - https://archive.org/stream/historiesoftwohu00unit#page/n5/mode/2up  

MAY 7, 1918

Treaty of Bucharest

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

MAY, 1918

MACKENSEN GROUP AND 9TH ARMY 1ST RESERVE

May - June, 1918

9th Army - Transferred to western Front: June 19, 1918
Group Mackenson Group: Retreated from Rumania: November 10, 1918

The German army in World War I.: 1917-18, Volume 3 By Nigel Thomas, Ramiro Bujeiro, p. 14 -
http://books.google.ca/books?id=AodiUXZo5R0C&pg=
PA7&lpg=PA7&dq=%22september
+1917%22+%22rumania22&source=bl&ots=QqrGdoPxzO&sig=
tZG8V1CF0FayklzWrn3fGsI0Ijk&hl=en&ei=MhETeapBIOC8gbOsZGzAQ&sa
=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAw#v=snippet&q=212&f=false

http://books.google.ca/books?id=_1PJ4GwRSKUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:
1780965753&hl=en&sa=X&ei=4v-XUpCEL7PQsATbg4GIBg&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v
=onepage&q&f=false
- Page 14

JULY 1, 1918

Renamed Occupation Army Romania

  • 01.07.1918: Umbenennung in Besatzungsheer Rumänien.

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

OCTOBER 10, 1918

Collapse of the Bulgarian front, Re-declaration of war Romania

  • 10.10.1918: Zusammenbruch der bulgarischen Front, Erneute Kriegserklärung Rumäniens.

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29

 NOVEMBER 10, 1918

The Army Group was Disbanded

  • 10.11.1918: Die Heeresgruppe wurde aufgelöst.

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/HGr._Mackensen_%28Rum%C3%A4nien%29


(II)

212 DIVISION

------------------------

 TAURIDA

FEBRUARY 18, 1918 - 1922

Return To Index

I Reserve Corp - General Kosch

212 DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

TAURIDA

1918 - 1921

(1)

INTRODUCTION TO TAURIDA

Return To Index

According to 251 Division book IR182 was in:

212 Division in 1917-1918 Roumania/Ukraine

http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=24278 and http://www.1914-18.info/

PRE-GERMAN OCCUPATION INTRODUCTION

http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/russia/xgovtaurida.html 

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Terretory_given_away_after_Brest-Litovsk.jpg

http://www.traveltoukraine.org/images/ukraine_map_big.jpg

 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c5/Taurida_Governornate_Map.jpg

http://www.acpasion.net/foro/showthread.php?t=26761&page=128

http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/russia/xgovtaurida.html

http://cryptojews.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/800px-
Gubernia_de_Podolia_-_Imperio_ruso-580x398.png

PODOLIA / KIEV / POLOTAVA / KHERSON / EKATERINOSLAV / TAURIA / [CRIMEA]

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GERMAN OCCUPATION INTRODUCTION

1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

 
In 1918, the 16. Royal Saxon Infantry Regiment 182 was now within the 212th Division (Saxon) ... [Independent Division]
INDEPENDENT DIVISION

212 INFANTRY DIVISION
 

212th DIVISION (SAXON) - (Field Post No. 757.)
(Maj.-Gen. Francke) [Command of the 212th]
408th (Saxon) Infantry Brigade.
(Maj.-Gen. De Vaux)
182nd (16th Saxon) Infantry Regt.
XII Corps District

[1918: That is, the 16. Royal Saxon Infantry Regiment 182 had been incorporated into the 212th Division (Saxon)]

Great Britain. War Office. General Staff, The German forces in the field (1918), pp. 51-54, 151

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027944838

  • 16. Royal Saxon Infantry Regiment 182 now within the 212th Division (Saxon). [Independent Division]

    Great Britain. War Office. General Staff, The German forces in the field (1918), p 151 - http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924027944838 

     

  • The German troops, including the Bavarian Cavalry Division, had been deployed to southern Ukraine from Romania with an order from the 9th Army that did not encourage moderation: “All troops being sent into Ukraine are to be instructed about the conditions there, which are reminiscent of the invasion of Belgium in the summer of 1914. They are also to be instructed about the nature of irregular warfare, with special attention to fighting in built-up areas.... Weapons are to be used ruthlessly against an armed enemy. Insurgencies are to be nipped in the bud before they can grow.... A friendly reception and peaceful behavior of the population by light of day should not lead to carelessness.”70 But the first reports from the Bavarian Cavalry Division did not have anything negative to say about the country. ...

FEBRUARY, 1918 - NOVEMBER, 1918

German Occupation: February, 1918 - November, 1918

http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/Ukraine/1918_ukr.jpg

MARCH, 1918 - NOVEMBER, 1918

March, 1918 to November, 1918

http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/Ukraine/UKR%201918.JPG

MARCH, 1918 - NOVEMBER, 1918

As of March, 1918 - November 1918

Central Powers Occupation Force in the Ukraine - 1918

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8a/
Armisticebrestlitovsk.jpg/350px-Armisticebrestlitovsk.jpg


(2)

212 DIVISION

------------------------

THE BATTLES TO OCCUPY TAURIDA

FEBRUARY 18 - MARCH 3, 1918 - MAY 10, 1918

Return To Index

 

https://fedora.e-book.fwf.ac.at/fedora/get/o:850/bdef:Content/get - the emergence of ukraine self-determination, occupation, and war in ukraine, 1917–1922, p. 159

  • On February 17, the Central Rada appealed to the Central Powers far assistance in repelling the Bolshevik invasion ... A day later, the Germans under Field Marshal von Eichhorn [Hermann von Eichhorn - German 8th Army] advanced into the Ukraine. Meeting no resistance from the fleeing Soviet armies, they took Lutsk on February 19, and Zhitamir on February 24. By March 2, Kiev was in German hands and other points in southern Ukraine were held by Austrian troops ...

    •  Josephine Chipman, The Mennonite Selbstschutz  in the Ukraine: 1918-1919. MA Thesis (University of Manitoba, March, 1988), p. 97.

FEBRUARY 18, 1918

OCCUPATION OF THE UKRAINE

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

  • In the first echelon of the advancing occupational forces were the I Reserve Corps [Ist Reserve Corps] and the group of southern divisions: the 10th, 7th, 212th, and 214th. The rest of the corps were moved up in proportion as the territory was occupied. The German forces began their advance on the 18th of February;* [The Austrian corps launched their offensive on the 28th of February] ...

  • German troops began an offensive along the whole eastern front on 18 February 1918 and advanced 250 km in five days. They met with no resistance, as the Russian army had actually disintegrated. The Germans invaded Ukraine, followed ten days later by Austro- Hungarian troops ... Confronted with the German advance, the Bolsheviks reluctantly accepted the severe peace conditions set down by the Central Powers. On 3 March 1918, both parties signed a peace treaty in Brest-Litovsk ...

FEBRUARY 18, 1918 - APRIL 8, 1918

  • By 18 February 1918, the Russians had evacuated the last zone occupied by them in Eastern Galicia (Western Ukraine), which was immediately reoccupied by the Austrians. There began on the same day a rapid movement by the Germans eastward along the railway lines. The southern wing (Lisingen) went via Rovno/Rivne [Ukraine] and Zhitomir [Ukraine], such that, by the end of February, it was before Kiev [Ukraine], which was occupied on 3rd March. The Germans then occupied Odessa on the 13th [March], Nikolaev/Mykolaiv [Ukraine] on the 17th [March] and Khar'kov/Kharkiv [Eastern Ukraine] on 8 April 1918 ...

-The Austro-Hungarian Army in the Ukraine: March-November 1918 by Dan Grecu, pp. 74-75 - http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00041/76j , http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00041/78j and http://membres.multimania.fr/dgrecu/AUtxt.html

  • In the situation at the time, it was only assistance from the Central Powers that could have rescued the Central Rada and its government. On the night of 8–9 February, a peace treaty was signed between the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the Central Powers. On 18 February, after a formal request for military assistance from the UNR, German troops began to advance into Ukrainian territory. They were followed ten days later by Austro-Hungarian units. On 8 May 1918 German troops occupied Rostov on the Don, having crossed the Ukrainian border and driven the Bolsheviks from Ukrainian territory. Earlier, on 28 March 1918, an agreement was signed on establishing the “zones of influence” of the “occupying powers.”49 All this was portrayed as military assistance for an ally. In the initial period the occupying troops were forbidden to take military action against the local population in the event of “unfriendly actions” (which rarely occurred

  • The Invasion of Ukraine by the Central Powers, February to May 1918 ...

Throughout the campaign, the Germans had to improvise in order to make up for inadequate military preparations. At the beginning of March, the troops were increased to nine divisions, later to twelve, organized in three army corps: Korps Gronau (later renamed the XXXXI Reserve Corps) in the north covered the border with Soviet Russia; Groener’s I Army Corps in the center was to advance on Poltava and Kharkiv; in the south, Korps Knoerzer was to advance in the direction of the Sea of Azov and later into the Donets Basin.7 The Germans wanted in particular to gain control of the fertile agricultural land in the Crimea, while providing the new Ukrainian state with a solid economic foundation by taking the coal reserves of the Donets Basin. In the far south, from 6 March, the 52nd Corps advanced from Romania toward the Black Sea ports with two infantry divisions, the Bavarian Cavalry Division, and the Austro-Hungarian 145th Infantry Brigade, which all came from the 9th Army (Army Group Mackensen).8 ...

AFTER FEBRUARY 18, 1918

PODOLIA

AUSTRIAN ARMY

  • [After February 18 and February 28, 1918] On the coasts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and in Podolia, the Germans were already operating jointly with the Austrians: three Austrian corps - the XII, XVII, and XXV with a total number of 11 1/2 divisions (15th, 59th, 34th, 11th, 30th, 31st, 32rd, 54th, and 154th infantry divisions and the 2nd and 7th cavalry divisions and the 145th Infantry Brigade) were marching preparatory to the occupation of Podolia and the Odessa area (XXV Corps), the Kherson area (XII Corps), and Yekaterinoslav area (XIII Corps).

FEBRUARY 20, 1918

BATTLE STATUS

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

212. Division (9. Königlich Sächsische)

Kriegsgliederung vom 20. Februar 1918

  • 408. Infanterie-Brigade

    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 182

    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 415

    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 416

    • 1. Eskadron/1. Königlich Sächsisches Husaren-Regiment „König Albert“ Nr. 18

  • Artillerie-Kommandeur Nr. 212

    • Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 279

    • II. Abteilung/1. Garde-Reserve-Fußartillerie-Regiment

  • Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 212

  • Divisions-Nachrichten-Kommandeur Nr. 212

MARCH, 1918

UKRAINE

  • The French inherited a most dangerous situation, which required a political finesse. On the one hand, the Austrian- German troops stationed in Russia were part of the armistice (about a million people). The Germans were reluctant to help the French and Bolsheviks attacked and sabotaged wherever they could.

The Austrian\German forces had been in the area since March 1918. .... The Germans could have easily caused way more problems than they did, so in that sense, the French were lucky! After the French units arrived [1918-1919], the 15th German division moved to Nikolaïeff and the idle time proved damaging to some Germans who were influenced by the Reds. Its officers, lacking in all authority, failed to control some men. The Germans delayed sending delegates to Kharkov, to negotiate with the commissioner of Moscow. Vice-Admiral Hopman (the former commander of the German fleet of the Black Sea), was sent to delay the implementation of armistice in South Russia, and to apprise the French authorities of the state of affairs and to await instructions. Fortunately, General d'Anselme received information on the arrival of a couple of battalions from the 7th Greek Regiment hurried from Salonica. Destined for Nikolaïeff, Anselme invited Admiral Hopman to prepare for the relief of German soldiers according to the armistice. Hopman, dragged his feet about this, allowing his men to be disruptive to its implementation. Nearby, there was close danger from an attack by red forces. Gregorieff , controlled Red forces near Ekaterinoslav and threatened Nikolaïeff and Kherson. The Reds entered Kiev and advanced towards Kharkov opposed by White Forces near the Sea of Azov. His military equipment came from the older Austrian-Hungarian stockpiles, they were no substitute for German soldiers ...

MARCH, 1918

  • With the dissolution of the Donau-Armee in March 1918, Kosch and his GenKdo 52 [52nd Corps - Army of the Danube] troops were tasked with the occupation of Ukraine ...

  • However, in spite of these rivalries and mutual dislike, military comradeship functioned more or less at the regional level, as, for instance, in southern Ukraine, with the 52nd Corps under General Robert Kosch

MARCH, 1918

OCCUPATION OF THE UKRAINE

KOSCH

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

MARCH, 1918

KOSH

GENERAL COMMAND 52 [52nd Corps]

  • Nach Auflösung der Donau-Armee im März 1918 nahm Kosch als Führer des Generalkommandos 52 an der Besetzung der Ukraine und der Kämpfe gegen die Rote Armee teil ...

    • After dissolution of the Danube Army in March 1918 Kosch took part in the occupation of the Ukraine and the fighting against the Red Army as a leader of the General Command 52 ...

MARCH 2, 1918

KIEV ENTERED

  • on March 2nd the German troops entered Kiev ...

MARCH 3, 1918

  • Following the terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, on 3 March, "Linsingen" (later 'Eichhorn-Kiew') commenced a brutal occupation of the Chernihiv, Kharkov, Kiev, Poltava, Taurida, and Volhynia provinces of northern and eastern Ukraine ...

  • [ Thomas Nigel Thomas and Ramiro Bujeiro, German Army in World War I, 1917-18: 1917-1918 (Published by Osprey Publishing, 2004), p. 13] - [Baron Mumm von Schwarzenstein was the ambassador]

MARCH 3, 1918

KIEV SEIZED

  • German Ukrainian Offensive To clear the Bolsheviks out of the Ukraine, the Germans and Austrians dispatched an expeditionary force into the Ukraine. They seized Kiev on March 3rd ... The Ukraine became a critical granary for the Central Powers, which faced severe food shortages due to the Allied blockade ...

MARCH 3, 1918

IN ZHMERINKA

  • and on the 3rd of March they were in Zhmerinka [Central Ukraine] ....

MARCH 3, 1918

  • On 3 March 1918 Trotskii and his fellow delegates at Brest Litovsk negotiated a treaty between the new Lenin government and the Central powers which would cede Ukraine to its nationalist claimants and their German-Austrian allies who controlled the key portions of the region by now. Viewed as hated foreign invaders by most Ukrainians, the Austro-German forces arrived in die south Ukrainian Mennonite colonies as liberators from their Bolshevik over-lords, and much needed force for order and stability ....

MARCH 3, 1918 

I. ARMEEKORPS

  • The railway campaign, February-May 1918 ... German troops occupied the Ukraine in a Blitzkrieg-style campaign, although the quality of the army in the East was rather poor. Most of the younger ranks and the best officers had been transferred to units on the Western Front. ...

The forces initially designated for this mission were relatively small in numbers: only six infantry and Landwehr divisions as well as one cavalry brigade. Yet, the campaign quickly gained momentum due to various unforeseen factors.

The Germans soon realized that they had to rely on speed and surprise in order to achieve their mission. Hence, only two days after the start of the campaign they decided to advance not on roads, but largely on railway lines instead. Even though Ukrainian public life lay in a state of anarchy, the railways remained functional and the personnel supported the Germans ... Instead of advancing on a broad front the Germans concentrated on key terrain, mostly communication centres. German troops advanced on trains to the next major station, took Bolsheviks or Red Guards prisoner, jumped onto the trains again, and moved further east. The operation in the Ukraine became the 'railway campaign'.  

The Korps Knoerzer, which served as the spearhead in the campaign noted: 'Taking into account the strength of our forces it is not possible to occupy the whole Ukraine. It is about to take quickly the provincial capitals and economic centres' ... ... In this sense General Wilhelm Groener, in March/April 1918 Commander of I Armee-Korps, wrote to Ludendorff on 22 March, 'We urgently need more troops for the vast areas; otherwise we will lose our authority'....

 On 3 March the first German troops arrived in Kiev ... This meant they needed only two weeks to cross 340 miles from Kovel [North West Ukraine] on the armistice line to the Ukrainian capital ... From early March 1918 on, however, the campaign slowed down, as the Bolsheviks started to destroy parts of the infrastructure ...  Yet the onslaught to Rostov for another 560 miles did not take longer than another two months [early May]...

Dr. Peter Lieb, Chapter 13 - The German Occupation of the Ukraine, 1918 in World War I Companion, By Matthias Strohn http://books.google.ca/books?id=TZ65AQAAQBAJ&pg=PT219&lpg
=PT219&dq=%22I.+Armeekorps%22+1918&source=
bl&ots=O0Sz_u6rgs&sig=
LP8-PrI0lRJovn3xcHFwVDmVwSI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=
E8IIU6elGMfuyAGp_IGwDA&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q
=%22I.%20Armeekorps%22%201918&f=false

MARCH 7-14, 1918 [Seized March 13, 1918]

ODESSA

German Battle Locations in the Ukraine

February 18, 1918 - November, 1918

Ballantine's History of the First World War - http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=23191APRIL 20, 1918

MARCH 13, 1918

ODESSA SEIZED

  • German Ukrainian Offensive To clear the Bolsheviks out of the Ukraine, the Germans and Austrians dispatched an expeditionary force into the Ukraine. They seized ... Odessa on March 13th ...

MARCH 13, 1918

ODESSA

212 INFANTRY DIVISION
 

MARCH 17, 1918

NICOLAIEV SEIZED [NICOLAEV, NIKOLAYEZ, NIKOLAEV]

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

27th Jäger Battalion [of the Austro-Hungarian Army]: Subordinate to the 16th Infantry Brigade of the 30th Infantry Division on 28 February 1918. It was in Nikolaev/Mykoläiv on 1st June (in Odessa, according to other sources) with the German 212th Infantry Division [Independent Division] of the [Austro-Hungarian] 17th Army Corps. It was subordinate on 15th June to the 60th Brigade of the 30th Infantry Division; on 30th August with the German 42nd Infantry Division in Nikolaev, directly subordinate to the Ostarmee [German and Austo-Hungarian Eastern Army of occupation]. Under the 2nd Cavalry Division on 15th October ...

-The Austro-Hungarian Army in the Ukraine: March-November 1918 by Dan Grecu, pp. 74-75 - http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00041/76j , http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00041/78j and http://membres.multimania.fr/dgrecu/AUtxt.html

NOTE:

  • Only now I have learned that the 1800 Finnish volunteers - 27th Jäger Battalion - were trained in Germany ...

27th Jäger Battalion became a strong unit, which consisted of four infantry divisions, two machine guns and a sapper mouth, artillery battery, communications platoon and the cavalry unit. He was well-trained and gained military experience on the eastern front. For us it is vital to use the rangers as trainers and commanders of the units that will soon be formed of conscripts, especially as the huntsman, who has arrived in Finland and became commanders and teachers, a proven [102] training. The return of the battalion is welcome, even with pressure - every day was very expensive ...

MARCH 17, 1918

NICOLAIEV SEIZED [NICOLAEV, NIKOLAYEZ, NIKOLAEV]

http://tneua.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/ukraine_nikolaev.jpg

MARCH 20-APRIL 5, 1918

KHERSON

  • From mid-March the advance of the Central Powers slowed, especially in the cities along the Black Sea coast and in the eastern industrial region of Ukraine.23 The retreating Bolsheviks blew up bridges and railway lines. Heavy losses were sustained in battles for important railway junctions and towns.24 The advancing troops had to go forward on foot in some places. In some regions there were even major setbacks. In Mykolaiv, for instance, a few days after the German and Austro-Hungarian troops had captured the city, an uprising began that lasted from 22 to 25 March: the staff of 52nd Corps briefly found themselves in the midst of a full-fledged battle.25 Kherson had to be evacuated on 20 March because of an uprising that began on the day after the city was occupied, and it was not retaken until 5 April. There were also heavy battles in Kharkiv at the beginning of April and in Rostov in early May.26 ...

MARCH 21, 1918

KHERSON

  • They were followed by Austro-Hungarian troops coming from Zhmerinka.” Still farther the Austro-Germans pushed on. Kherson fell on March 21, 1918 ...

    • books.google.ca/books?id=D0w4AQAAMAAJ - The Story of the Great War ..., Volume 14, P. 4331.
       

  • In Mykolaiv, for instance, a few days after the German and Austro-Hungarian troops had captured the city, an uprising began that lasted from 22 to 25 March: the staff of 52nd Corps briefly found themselves in the midst of a full-fledged battle ... Kherson had to be evacuated on 20 March because of an uprising that began on the day after the city was occupied, and it was not retaken until 5 April. There were also heavy battles in Kharkiv at the beginning of April and in Rostov in early May  ....

MARCH 22-25, 1918 [Fell March 21, 1918]

KHERSON

German Battle Locations in the Ukraine

February 18, 1918 - November, 1918

Ballantine's History of the First World War - http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=23191APRIL 20, 1918

MARCH 29, 1918

  • On March 29, 1918, in an agreement with Austro-Hungary, Germany decided to include the Crimea within her Ukrainian and Southern Russian areas of control ...

    • The Crimean Tatars By Alan W. Fisher - books.google.ca/books?isbn=0817966625

LATE MARCH, 1918

SOUTH RUSSIA

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

MARCH 31, 1918

POLTAVA FALLS

  • Poltava on March 31, 1918 [fell]. The German advance into the Ukraine continued in spite ...

    • books.google.ca/books?id=D0w4AQAAMAAJ - The Story of the Great War ..., Volume 14, P. 4331.

 

APRIL 4, 1918 [Captured May 1, 1918]

SEVASTOPOL, CRIMEA

German Battle Locations in the Ukraine

February 18, 1918 - November, 1918

Ballantine's History of the First World War - http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=23191 , April 20, 1918

APRIL 5, 1918

EKATERINOSLAV

  • The German forces quickly occupied western Ukraine as far as the Dnieper River and beyond. By 5 April Ekaterinoslav was in their hands ...

    • History and Mission in Europe: Continuing the Conversation, pp. 50-51 - books.google.ca/books?isbn=3937896988

APRIL 5

EKATERINOSLAV SEIZED

APRIL 8, 1918

KHARKOV AND ROSTOV SEIZED

  • German Ukrainian Offensive To clear the Bolsheviks out of the Ukraine, the Germans and Austrians dispatched an expeditionary force into the Ukraine. They seized ..., Kharkov and Rostov on April 8th ...

APRIL 15, 1918

ALEXANDROVSK

  • Alexandrovsk fell ten days later [April 15, 1918[ ...

    • History and Mission in Europe: Continuing the Conversation, pp. 50-51 - books.google.ca/books?isbn=3937896988

APRIL 15

ALEXANDROVSK FELL

APRIL 16, 1918 or APRIL 17, 1918

MELITOPOL

  • and Melitopol a few days later [fell after] after that ...

    • History and Mission in Europe: Continuing the Conversation, pp. 50-51 - books.google.ca/books?isbn=3937896988

APRIL 16 OR 17, 1918

MELITOPOL AND NORTHERN PORTION OF SOUTH RUSSIA

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

APRIL 17

MELITOPOL FELL

  •  and Melitopol two days later [17 April] ...

APRIL 19, 1918

MOLOTSCHNA

  • [Hierschau] ... April 19, 1918   German troops occupied the area ...

    The German Occupation

    On Friday, April 19, 1918 German troops arrived in the Molotschna ...

  • Hierschau: an example of Russian Mennonite life By Helmut Huebert, pp. xxi, 238, 240-241, 250, 261

http://books.google.ca/books?id=vlCs3O2cTxkC&printsec=frontcover&dq
=Hierschau:+an+example+of+Russian+Mennonite+life+By+Helmut+Huebert&source
=bl&ots=5xREDuIh3G&sig=UlCoutAhvd4jwShGrQXYuvUW6f4&hl=en&ei=CKdITYjcEcG78gbY-pjjBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

APRIL 19, 1918

APRIL 19, 1918

APRIL 19, 1918

  • The arrival of German troops caught the Mennonites by surprise. The Mennonite world had isolated itself from the mainstream of events and existed within a sort of vacuum, relying to a great extent on rumours for information. Feelings of disbelief and then of relief swept through the colonies:

    Then [with the German occupation] came a short respite, during which tears and repentance were turned into expressions of gratitude and joy ....This was a most welcome period of peace, a breathing space sent by God ...

    Never in the history of the colonies had there been such celebration and expression of joy as on the day of the coming of the German armies ...

    Hurrah! Our liberators have finally arrived not quite, actually, but Melitopol, the neighboring town, has been taken. This time it's the truth.,..But we want to thank God for our liberation ...

    About 5 o'clock a long train of Prussians arrived in Halbstadt. They were greeted joyfully by the populace. It was such an up-lifting sight that one's eyes filled with tears ...

    On April 19 the first trainload of German troops arrived at the Lichtenau Station in Molotschna ... One observer described the atmosphere of mystery and excitement that preceeded the arrival of the troop train ...."big things are happening. Our tormentors have suddenly disappeared .... People are rushing to the railway depot"... Apparently there were no Russians or Ukrainians among this group, only Mennonites and a few Germans from nearby Prishib. "Tables were brought and set up on the platform; and as if by magic coffee and cookies and other foods appeared. Mennonite girls stood behind the tables ready to serve ....A train slowly approached. Soldiers in German uniform stood on the locomotive."... Then an incident occurred which shocked many of those present. Three prisoners, well-known bandits and murderers, were brought forward from one of the coaches and shot by the Germans in sight of everybody. To be sure, they were murderers, but they were also Ukrainians and they were being shot by German invaders in a town populated by German-speaking people who were welcoming them with joy and celebration ... The Mennonites thus firmly identified themselves with their "liberators". Had the Mennonites known, or even suspected, that the Germans would be forced to evacuate the Ukraine within nine months, they might have behaved quite differently ...

    Non-Mennonites were aware of the fact that some students were involved with the Selbstschutz. A. Reinmaris, for example, writes that, "Already on the second day after the "liberation", armed students from the Halbstadt Kommerzschule [Commerce School] were standing at their posts at the railway station". He is scornful of these "mennonitischer Bourgeois-Soehnehen" (little sons of the Mennonite Bourgeoisis ...

    • Josephine Chipman, The Mennonite Selbstschutz  in the Ukraine: 1918-1919. MA Thesis (University of Manitoba, March, 1988), pp. 98-99, 127-128.

APRIL 19, 1918

  • In April of 1918, the German troops arrived in the Molotschna colony and with them they brought a semblance of peace and security to the Ukraine. The Mennonites were sympathetic to the German occupation, since it offered them relief from the brutality of the Bolsheviks and the anarchistic robber bands. Some of the Mennonites even loaned funds to the German occupation government ...

APRIL 19, 1918

  • 19. April [NS] 1918 - German troops enter Halbstadt and are welcomed as deliverers- thanks to God (!?) ...

14. April [1918], Sunday - Soldiers and sailors requisitioned meat, bread, eggs, etc. at various places in Halbstadt and Muntau ...

- Berdjansk - battles between Whites and Reds - end on 18. April [1918] with victory of Whites- Charkow - occupied by Ukrainians and Germans on 8. April
- Alexandrowsk - fell to Whites on 15. Apirl [1918]
- Melitopol - fell to Whites on 16. April [1918]
- Ukraine, Kiev - 6.April: ]1918] negotiations between Germans and Ukrainians on export of food and grain products ...

APRIL 19, 1918

APRIL 19, 1918

  • Then, in the morning of 17 April, both the Reds and the anarchists had fled the scene in utter disarray ... Finally, on the nineteenth, the first Germans had appeared ... our [train] station has never - even during the first days of mobilization - seen a gathering of people as on that 19 April ... The entire cohort - some 700 to 800 men - was put up for night [in private homes] in Halbstadt, Neuhalbstadt, and Muntau ... No sooner had the German troops moved into the Molotschna colony than Peter Braun, on 24 April, 1918, wrote his brother Abraham in Germany ... The last German troops left on 27 November, 1918 ...

[http://books.google.com/books?id=CnA-xZ1vEswC&pg=
PA278&lpg=PA278&dq=%22german+troops%22+Ukraine+
1918&source=web&ots=WTdufIyLhM&sig=
9lEcXWy8X9SUr0LrmEUwtvbdSzo&hl=
en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=
result#PPA277,M1 - In Defense of Privilege: Russian Mennonites and the State Before and During World War I By Abraham Friesen Published by Kindred Productions, 2006 ISBN 189479107X, 9781894791076 520 pages]

APRIL 19, 1918

LINDEMEIER

HOAR

  •  On 19 April at 1:30 p.m. two officers, Lindemeier  and Hoar, entered Halbstadt in the Molotschna Mennonite settlement to announce that a company of soldiers would be arriving by train momentarily.2

Large crowds had gathered at the train station to greet the new arrivals, delayed for several hours, they learned, by a tumultuous welcome and an abundant meal for the German troops at the  Lichtenau station. When the train did appear in Halbstadt at 5:30 p.m., cheering onlookers waved an overjoyed welcome3.

Several hundred or more soldiers and their officers remained to be lodged in Halbstadt, as well as Neuhalbstadt and Muntau. Two hundred horses were brought to Halbstadt, presumably for the use of the new occupiers during their stay in the colony4,

3 The arrival of the German troops put an immediate end to the excavation of Chortitza over the Dnieper bridge already begun by the Russians forces with efforts to remove livestock and other goods from the villages there, The assembly of families to leave was also well underway ...

  • History and Mission in Europe: Continuing the Conversation, pp. 50-51 - books.google.ca/books?isbn=3937896988

APRIL 19, 1918

LINDEMEIER

HOAR

  • On 19 April at 1:30 p.m. two officers, Lindemeier and Hoer, entered Halbstadt in the Molotschna colony to announce that a company of German soldiers would be arriving by train momentarily2. Large crowds had gathered at the train station to greet the new arrivals, delayed for several hours, they learned, by a tumultuous welcome and a meal of abundance in the village of Lichtenau. When the train did arrive in Halbstadt at 5:30 p.m., cheering onlookers waved an overjoyed welcome. As one reporter put it, “The greeting at the arrival itself is hard to describe. One had to be present there”3. Several hundred soldiers and their officers remained to be lodged in Halbstadt, as well as Neuhalbstadt and Muntau. Two hundred horses were brought to Halbstadt, presumably for the use of the Germans during their stay in the colony4 ...

    • Notes

2 A first-hand account of the reception of the Germans among the Mennonites was given in “Erste Ankunft der deutschen Truppen in Halbstadt”, Volksfreund (Vfrd). 20. April 1918, 1. See also J.G.Dyck’s letter to B.B.Janz, dated 15 September 1956 in the B.B. Janz papers, Centre for Mennonite Brethren Studies Archives (CMBSA) File l, d. See also Gerhard P. Schroeder, Miracles of Grace and Judgment: A Family Strives for Survival in the Russian Revolution (Lodi, CA: by the author, 1974), 28 ff. and the Peter Dyck diary entry for 19. April 1918 in John P. Dyck ed., Troubles and Triumphs 1914-1924: Excerpts from the Diary of Peter J Dyck, Ladekapp, Molotschna Colony, Ukraine (Springstein, MB: by the editor, 1981), 46. All entries in this diary are New Style dates.

3 Kroeker, “Erste Ankunft,“ 1.

4 B.H. Unruh, „Tatsachen,“ Der Bote (DB), 15. September 1937, 2. See also a letter from Neuhalbstadt dated 21. April 1918, printed in Mennonitische Rundschau (Menn Rund), 9.Oktober 1918, 11-12. It mentions a group of 700-800 German soldiers appearing in the first contingent at Halbstadt ...

APRIL 17, 1918 AND 19 APRIL, 1918

CRIMEA

  • In the fighting at Perekop between 17 and 19 April 1918, the Germans made a breakthrough to the Crimea. According to German reports, about two thousand Bolsheviks were defending the isthmus. The 217th Infantry Division should have led the attack ..  but was unable to arrive in time in sufficient numbers. The commander of the Bavarian Cavalry Division, Major General Moritz Freiherr von Egloffstein, requested that 52nd Corps allow his division to begin the attack immediately. Permission was granted and, in a single day, the Bavarian Cavalry, with the 9th Jäger Battalion and the 29th Bavarian Jäger Regiment, broke through the Bolshevik defense lines ...

APRIL 19, 1918

CRIMEA

------------------------------

1918 OR 1919

Foto 28. Меннонитский отряд самообороны 1918 или 1919 г. Selbstschutz 1918 oder 1919. Mitglieder aus Blumenort, Tiege, und Ohrloff, Molotschna Kolonie.

Self-protection in 1918 or 1919. Members of Blumenort , Tiege , and Ohrloff , Molotschna colony .

http://chort.square7.ch/FB/2/Y723.jpg - Fotos und Informationen von Н.В. Крылов (Мелитопольский педуниверситет).

------------------------------

APRIL 19, 1918 - MARCH 16, 1919

  • The German occupation of the Ukraine was welcomed by most Mennonites and by most Ukranians who wanted independence and those who were not enthused by the Bolshevik philosophy. The Mennonites especially benefitted under the German occupation. The Germans restored the old volost system. Land and property was restored in most cases and the bandits were routed. The Ukranian peasant was often resentful of having to return 'stolen' property. The German occupation troops were not only Germans, but also soldiers from the Austrian Hungarian Empire. Among these were Slavs who often identified with the Ukranians who were also of Slavic descent; they were usually the poorest paid soldiers. Many of them had little loyalty to their Kaiser or Emperor. Where these battalions were stationed they often were sympathetic with the Bolshevik cause. The time was now 1918 and on the Western front Germany and Austria were suffering huge losses. Many of the latter mentioned soldiers saw little future in returning to their home land and secretly and even openly joined the bands of bandits. The Schoenfeld Volost was under Austrian-Hungarian protection and Makhno and his bands were more or less allowed to operate freely. The Molotschna was under a German battalion and they fared much better. WWI ended on Nov. 11,1918 and Germany and her Allies were defeated. Their armies were called home from the Ukraine. Ukrainian independence, so proudly proclaimed earlier that year was no more. The Bolsheviks in Moscow were now firmly entrenched and with their newly created Red Army systematically set about fighting the White Army to regain control of the Ukraine. While the official armies were fighting the bandit gangs roamed at will. The Mennonites were especially targeted. Firstly, because they had the greatest wealth in land and property; 'and secondly because they had so arrogantly cooperated with the Germans ...

  • Helen Koop Johnson, Tapestry of Ancestral Footprints (1995), p. 123.

KHERSON

Kherson To Molotshna

http://home.ica.net/~walterunger/S-Russia.htm

 

APRIL 1918 PLUS

-----------------------------------------

April 19, 1918 - DECEMBER 14, 1918

GERMAN-BACKED ANTI-SOCIALIST HETMANATE (UKRAINIAN STATE)

DISTRICT VIII - EKATERINOSLAV -
TAURIDA SELBSTSCHUTZ WOULD WEAR THEIR NUMBER ON THEIR EPAULETTES

AS OF FEBRUARY 17, 1918, PRIOR TO THE CREATION OF THE UKRAINIAN STATE THAT WOULD INCLUDE TAURIDA

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dismembered_Russia_%E2%80%94_
Some_Fragments_%28NYT_article,_Feb._17,_1918%29.png

AFTER APRIL 19, 1918

TAVRIA OKRUHA  ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT

Administrative division of the Ukrainian State.
The green line indicates the extent of the State's territorial claims.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Ukrainian_State_1918_divisions.png

Administrative division

Unit Central city Starosta
  Volhynian Governorate
Zhytomyr Dmytro Andro
  Katerynoslav Governorate
Katerynoslav Ivan Chernikov
  Kiev Governorate
Kiev Ivan Chartoryzhski
  Podolia Governorate
Kamyanets Serhii Kyselov
  Poltava Governorate
Poltava Serhii Ivanenko
  Kharkiv Governorate
Kharkiv Petro Zaleski
  Kherson Governorate
Kherson Semen Pyshchevych
  Kholm Governorate
Brest Olexandr Skoropys-Yoltukhovski
  Chernihiv Governorate
Chernihiv Mykola Savicki
  Polissya Okruha
Mozyr  
  Tavria Okruha
Berdiansk  
  Crimean Regional Government
Simferopol  

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukrainian_State

---------------------------------------

APRIL 20, 1918

CRIMEA

APRIL 20, 1918

Melitopol - German and Austrian Soldiers - 1918

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d2/German_parade_in_Melitopol_%281918%29.jpg

APRIL 22, 1918

http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Ukraine.html 

[APRIL 22 OR 23, 1918] AND LATER

I first encountered the German troops in Khortitsa [Chortitza] on 2 or 3 April [1918]. A large contingent of wagons had been sent from [the village of[ Neider Khortitsa [Neider Chortitza] to transport troops and their equipment back to that village to rout the Nikiforovites and Red Army units that still controlled the Dnieper River boat crossing between the Neider Khortitsa [Neider Chortitza]  and Alexandrovsk ... I cut classes, hopped aboard his wagon ...

When we got to Nieder Khortitsa [Neider Chortitza], a German soldier signalled us into the yard of Peter Unger ...we noticed the German soldiers' fatigue. Mounted on an ancient Oldenburger horse an officer rode by while two disgruntled soldiers were unloading our wagon. With a nod to the officer, one soldier grumbled under his breath to the other, "Comes the day, then he is one of the first whom we beat to death' (Kommt der Tag, dann ist er einer der Ersten, den wir totschlagen). Clearly, revolutionary sentiment had infected the German troops, just as it had earlier swept through the Russian Imperial Army.

I recall a more pleasant experience some weeks later at the teachers. seminary. Many of the students and staff were out on the school's verandah, meeting with several German officers, most wearing uniforms, although one or two were in mufti [ordinary clothes]. Earlier, these Germans had visited Halbstadt and several other villages in the Molochna Settlement. The attractive, prosperous appearance impressed the soldiers tremendously, although the men indicated some dismay at the monotonous uniformity of the villages, with their broad main streets flanked by homes and farm buildings of nearly identical architecture and almost military placement. The Germans preferred Khortisa [Chortitza] and Rosental [a Mennonite village of the Chortitza settlement] with their irregular streets, and more diverse architecture of new brick facades, together with aged thatched structures  and the surrounding rolling, wooded countryside.

Our school's barren courtyard did not impress the Germans. The Russian government had requisitioned the buildings for a hospital when war broke out, just months after construction was complete, and in the intervening years the villages had had little money to landscape the grounds. Commenting on the bleakness, one German waxed ecstatically on what the same courtyard would look like at home, with every corner planted with salable flowers and vegetables ...

German authorities, however, did not favour our emigration [to Germany]. Nor did they want to grant us German citizenship. During the last week in April, the German consul, meeting with Mennonite representatives in Khortisa [Chortitza], recommended that we remain in Ukraine, retain its citizenship, and continue to grow grain ...Not content with this response, several private delegations of Mennonites went to Germany to explore other possibilities ...

Heinrich Epp of Khortitsa went to Berlin at least once ... Evidently, Epp received the same response - that we should remain where we were ...

A Mennonite family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, 1789-1923 By David G. Rempel, Cornelia Rempel Carlson. pp. 191-195, 199. http://books.google.ca/books?id=AYlBYi3Ndi8C&pg=PA193&lpg=PA193&dq=
Tavrida+ukraine++1918+mennonites&source=bl&ots=fDIoiowNUi&sig=
Er3AkCLUuzGzcwTaT3o9T0uJyWk&hl=en&ei=
7AQpTfy4H86s8AbL6ZC6AQ&
sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=
3&ved=0CB8Q6AEwAg#v
=onepage&q=Tavrida%20ukraine%20%201918%20mennonites&f
=false

APRIL 24, 1918 and APRIL 26, 1918

APRIL 24, 1918 - MAY 9, 1918

APRIL 26, 1918

END OF APRIL, 1918

MAY 1, 1918

SEVASTOPOL, CRIMEA

MAY 1, 1918

SEVASTOPOL, CRIMEA

MAY 1, 1918

KOSCH

COMMANDER OF THE TROOPS [52nd Corps]

SOUTH RUSSIA

MAY, 1918

AUSTRIA ARMY

X11 CORPS

ODESSA AND KHERSON

commander: Gen. d. Inf Alfred Krauss

composition:
XXV. Korps
- 155th Honved Division
- 54th Schützen divivision

XVII. Korps
-7. coffees. Div.
-11. inf. Div.

XII. Corps (sector Odessa; Governor Feldmlt. von Boltz)
-5. Honved coffees. Div.
-15. inf. Div.
-2. coffees. Div.

- IV. Generalkommando
Gruppe Siebenbürgen
-1. coffees. Div.
Oberkommando Mackenstein

- XVI Generalkommando
-62. inf. Div.

------------------

-----------------

In May 1918 moved from Galicia to Ukraine. Headquarters was located until the end of November 1918 in Jekatěrinaslavi.

----------------

MAY 8, 1918

GERMAN UKRAINE CAMPAIGN ENDS

 

(3)

212 DIVISION

------------------------

THE STRUGGLES TO SUPPORT TAURIDA

MAY 11, 1918 - JUNE 21, 1918

Return To Index

  • UKRAINE

212 DIVISION IN THE UKRAINE

212. Infanterie-Division (9. Kgl. Sächs.)

11.05.1918 - 21.06.1918: Kämpfe zur Unterstützung der Ukraine

[Struggles to support Ukraine: May 11, 1918 - June 21, 1918]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

MID MAY 1918

GENERAL COMMAND SPECIAL FORCES 52 ADMINISTRATIVE AREA [52 CORPS]

NOTE: 212 DIVISION - 212 ID NOT YET INDICATED

 

https://fedora.e-book.fwf.ac.at/fedora/get/o:850/bdef:Content/get - the emergence of ukraine self-determination, occupation, and war in ukraine, 1917–1922, p. 193

MAY 11 - JUNE 21, 1918

STRUGGLES IN SUPPORT OF THE UKRAINE

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

END OF MAY, 1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

VALUE - 1918 ESTIMATE

The division was rated as fourth class.

212th Infantry Division-Ukraine, Kherson (May 1918). [Independent Division]

http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=23191 - See also: Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which participated in the War (1914-1918) (Washington Government Printing Office, 1920)- http://www.archive.org/details/historiesoftwohu00unit]

 MIDDLE OF MAY, 1918

UKRAINE


(4)

212 DIVISION

------------------------

THE OCCUPATION OF TAURIDA

JUNE 22, 1918 - NOVEMBER 15, 1918

Return To Index

212 INFANTRY DIVISION IN THE UKRAINE

212. Infanterie-Division (9. Kgl. Sächs.)

22.06.1918 - 15.11.1918: Besetzung der Ukraine

[Occupation of the Ukraine: June 22, 1918 - November 15, 1918]

http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/212._Infanterie-Division_%28WK1%29

JUNE 22 TO NOVEMBER 15, 1918

OCCUPATION OF THE UKRAINE

212 DIVISION

(i)

212 DIVISION

GENERAL

SUMMER OF 1918

JUNE, 1918

JULY, 1918

COMMANDER MAX BUNDE - CAPTAIN MAX BUNDE

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

  • [July, 1918]

Hauptmann Bunde, ”An die Bewohner der mennonitischen und andern deutschen Dörfer” [Captain Bunde, "To the inhabitants of the Mennonite and other German towns"]

  • - under Bolshevik rule many of the poor villagers were forced (often at gunpoint) to gather “contributions” from the wealthier villagers; these goods were then distributed among the poor
    - now the former owners [most often wealthier individuals] are making demands for return of their property, often with angry threats
    - Hetman Skoropadskii issued decree on ownership, allowing people to reclaim their rightful possessions - but only if such possessions still exist, e.g. property, fields, forests, gardens, cattle, furniture, machines, etc. - it is not right to demand articles that were taken under “force” - such as butter, eggs, flour, chickens, etc.
    - it is everyone’s responsibility to be fair, sensible and maintain order - the actions of the “wealthy class” versus the “poorer class” are unacceptable, and contribute only to feelings of revenge on part of poor
    - it is a mistake for the wealthy to assume that German troops have come to protect and to reclaim their property ...

Hauptmann Bunde, “Bekanntmachung” [Notice]
- regional command centres opened to handle questions and concerns
- all judges and village officials in place before Bolsheviks are hereby restored to their official positions
- all village leaders have responsibility to let all inhabitants know of these regulations ...

AUGUST, 1918

  • [August, 1918]

“Finderlohn.” - auction sale, with proceeds going to families of German soldiers killed in action in Einlage

- short summary of events of 12 April N.S. - German entry into Einlage [Chortitza] - Reds blew up Dnieper bridge
- bombardment of Einlage from opposite shore - 6 German soldiers killed during attack ...

AS OF AUGUST 30, 1918

212 INFANTRY DIVISION

KHERSON

  • ["Report No. 12 from the trip Moscow – Tula – Oryol – Kursk – Voronezh – Gryazi – Kozlov – Moscow from 18 – 30 August [1918]]

    • According to the report by this same individual, the following information concerning German and Austrian forces on the Russian front and in the Ukraine in general was gathered from the staff of one of the Soviet armies:

      “German landwehr infantry division No. 3 – in Gomyol, 4 in Bakhmach [Battle: March 8 to March 13, 1918], 7 in Taganrog [Occupied: May–August 1918], 11 in Rylsk, Korenev, and Sudzh, 15 in Melitopol [Fell April 16 or 17 - 212 Division there then or later], 16 in Khar'kov (Occupied April 8] , 17 in Polotsk, 18 in Shklov [Finland: May, 1918], Mogilyov and Rogachyov, 19 in Pernov and Valk, 20 in Zhitomir and Berdichev, 22 in Zhitomir, 23 in Polotsk, 24 in Ostrov and Krasniy, 29 in Revel, 35 reserve in Romodan, 45 landwehr in Khar'kov, 47 in Starodub and Klintsy, 85 in Polotsk, 91 in Khar'kov, 92 and 93 in Kiev [March 1, 1918], 94 in Yur'eve, 95 in Mikhailovskiy khutor (Bryansk front), 2nd Bavarian in Vandeka, 54 and 152 Austrian in Mogilyov, 5th, 11th, 31st and 59th Austrian in Yekaterinoslav, 3rd German landwehr in Rezhits, 212 in Kherson [March 21, 1918], 221 in Belgorod, 12th Bavarian in Rostov-na-Donu, 127 Austrian in Taganrog, 30, 34 and 151 Austrian in Odessa [March 13, 1918].

      Cavalry: 9th Austrian cavalry division in Khar'kov, 7 Austrian cavalry in Odessa, German guards cavalry regiment in Orsha, 2 German cav. div. in Lugansk, 8th Ger. cav. Finlandia, 9th Germ. cav. in Mogilyov, 2nd Bavarian cav. in Khar'kov, 16 Germ. cav. in Polotsk.
      VIII Army staff at Yur'ev, front from the sea (from the Baltic to Yur'ev), 11th Army front from Yur'ev to Orsha, Xth Army from Orsha to Novoselok.

      In Finland are the following armies: Western – staff at Tammersfors with a force of 8-10 thousand. Eastern at Vyborg with 20-25 thous, Cavalry detachment – staff at Serdobol', 10-12 thous. In Helsingfors is 3 division and infantry as well as one cavalry division. In total, there are 40-50 thous. infantry, 1500 machine guns, 3600 cavalry and 55 batteries in Finland.”

AUGUST 27, 1918

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Krause was awarded the German Iron Cross, in the field, August 27, 1918.

SEPTEMBER, 1918

  • [September 1918]

Mennozentrum: Mitteilung - Germany to provide travel support for young men wanting to study in German High Schools ...

Mitteilung: announcement that various German universities and high schools willing to accept German “Kolonisten” ...

OCTOBER, 1918

  • [October 1918]

- J. Willms and Abr. Friesen sent as delegates to Berlin to inquire into possibility of Mennonite emigration to Reich
- no large land tracts available; no possibility of settling in German colonies in Africa
- other lands need to be explored ...

Gedicht: “Behüt Dich Gott!” - dedicated to German soldiers, who are now returning to Germany ...

- all rumours of troop withdrawal are groundless - enough troops will remain in Ukraine ...

- “Brief aus der Krim.” - reports on meeting of Germans regarding emigration ...

NOVEMBER, 1918

  • [November, 1918]

- 23 October - Interior Minister denies rumours that German troops are to be withdrawn and that chaos will ensue ...

- “Das Konzert in Ohrloff.” - Zentralschule, 9 Nov - classical music performed by quartet of German soldiers playing violin, cello, flute and piano; songs sung by Fr. A. Dück and by student choir; piano pices played by Frl. L. Friesen. . . value of music! ...

- David Matthies - workers also stood up for him, calling him the best employer ...

NOVEMBER, 1918

CRIMEA

GENERALKOMMANDO 52 [52 Corps]

212 DIVISION

  • Das Generalkommando 52 (zeitweilig auch als Donau-Armee bezeichnet) war ein Großverband der Armee des Deutschen Kaiserreiches im Ersten Weltkrieg. ....  Nach Auflösung der Donau-Armee im März 1918 nahm das Generalkommando 52 an der Besetzung der südlichen Ukraine und der Kämpfe gegen die Rote Armee teil. Die unterstellte 212. Division und 15. Landwehr-Division sicherten dabei Anfang November 1918 die Halbinsel Krim ... - General Command 52 ( temporarily referred to as the Danube Army ) was a major unit of the army of the German Empire in the First World War . ....

    After the dissolution of the Danube Army in March 1918, the General Command 52 took 52 the occupation of the southern Ukraine and the battles against the Red Army in part. The assigned 212th Division and the 15th Landwehr Division secured here in early November 1918, the Crimean peninsula  ...

  • The 52nd Corps took part in the Romanian Campaign. From the time it was raised, up until January 1918, 52nd Corps was also known as the Army of the Danube (German: Donau-Amee) ... though it never reached the strength of an Army... The 52nd Corps was commanded throughout its existence by General der Infanterie Robert Kosch ...

ROBERT KOSCH

GENERALKOMMANDO 52 - The 52nd Corps

  • Nach Auflösung der Donau-Armee im März 1918 nahm Kosch als Führer des Generalkommandos 52 an der Besetzung der Ukraine und der Kämpfe gegen die Rote Armee teil. Am 1. Mai 1918 erfolgte die Ernennung zum Oberbefehlshaber aller Truppen in Taurien und der Krim. Nach Kriegsende übernahm er das Kommando über den Grenzschutz Ost, bevor er am 10. Januar 1919 aus der Armee ausschied ...

After dissolution of the Danube Army in March 1918 Kosh took part in the occupation of the Ukraine and the battles against the Red Army as a leader of the General Command 52nd. On 1 May 1918 the appointment as commander of all the troops in the Crimea and Taurien occurred . After the war, he took over command of the Border Guard East [i.e. Germany's Eastern Boundary] before he retired from the Army on January 10, 1919 ...

NOVEMBER 1, 1918

GENERAL COMMAND SPECIAL FORCES 52 ADMINISTRATIVE AREA [52 CORPS]

212 DIVISION - 212 ID

  

https://fedora.e-book.fwf.ac.at/fedora/get/o:850/bdef:Content/get - the emergence of ukraine self-determination, occupation, and war in ukraine, 1917–1922, p. 193

------------------------------------------

(ii)

212 DIVISION

SELBSTSCHUTZ:

DURING THE GERMAN OCCUPATION ENDING NOVEMBER, 1918

APRIL 23, 1918

CAPTAIN MÜLLER [MUELLER] - Assistant to Leroux, District VIII

  • [April 23, 1918] ... When the Molotschna volost zemstvo committee met on 23 April under the chairmanship of H.H.Schroeder, delegates agreed that a self-defense organization for the colony had become an absolute necessity. A proposal by the German Captain Mueller found unanimous support, and leadership of such a unit was placed in the hands of J.F.Sudermann and two assistants, M.J.Sekerinsky and A.K.Tichonov ....

-----------------------------------------------

INFANTRY REGIMENT 182

ROYAL SAXON, 16TH INFANTRY REGIMENT 182, 12TH COMPANY

1915

RUSSIA, BREST-LITOVSK

ASOWSCHES MEER [SEA OF AZOV]

Fritz Gebelein

-----------------------------------------------

MAY 16, 1918

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

  • Hierschau: an example of Russian Mennonite life By Helmut Huebert, pp. xxi, 238, 240-241, 250, 261

http://books.google.ca/books?id=vlCs3O2cTxkC&printsec=frontcover&dq
=Hierschau:+an+example+of+Russian+Mennonite+life+By+Helmut+Huebert&source
=bl&ots=5xREDuIh3G&sig=UlCoutAhvd4jwShGrQXYuvUW6f4&hl=en&ei=CKdITYjcEcG78gbY-pjjBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

JULY, 1918

- J. Fast, “Bericht von Sagradowka” - have formed a Selbstschutz for protection when German troops leave 60 men divided into companies of 10 - alternate in standing watch ...

When the German troops were withdrawn in November ...

Molotschna Historical Atlas By Helmut Huebert, p. 95 - http://books.google.ca/books?id=l7ALpfZUYhkC&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=Gnadenfeld+Selbstschutz&source=bl&ots=
QPYkWGtCS1&sig=I9CifsEYKF0u_EIadHd8YgB977E&hl=
en&ei=Q1IqTdqJMsKB8gaOx-jsAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=
7&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=Gnadenfeld%20Selbstschutz&f=false

---------------------------------

JULY, 1918 - AUGUST, 1918

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT, STATIONED HALBSTADT

HERR FREIHERR (Baron) VON STAUFENBERG - District Commander, Halbstadt - District VIII

[Freiherr von Stauffenberg?]

LIEUTENANT LEROUX [Leutenant Maximilian Leroux, München ?] - Director of the Self-Defense forces, District VIII

CAPTAIN MÜLLER [MUELLER] - Assistant to Leroux, District VIII

By early summer regular defense units had been established in the Mennonite villages of Gnadenfeld, Tiegenhagen and others, as well as in the German Lutheran community of Prischib. Military exercises continued throughout July and August under the direction of Lieutenant Leroux of the 182nd Saxon Infantry Regiment headquartered at Halbstadt. Some of the Mennonite units performed gymnastic feats at the soldiers’ celebrations known as Ludendorffeste held in Halbstadt and other centres during the time of the German presence.16

Mennonite recruits saw little action while the Germans remained in the colonies during the summer and early fall of the year ...

[Notes]

10 .... Fast identified the military leaders of the self-defense program as “the German District Commander of Halbstadt Herr Freiherr von Staufenberg [District VIII], and the directors of the self-defense forces, Lieutenant Leroux with his assistant, Sergeant Mueller, Training , district VIII, in “Erinnerungen,” 6. ... [Peter Fast, “Erinnerungen aus der Zeit des Russischen Biirgerkrieges 1918-1920]

16 See also H.H. Schroeder in "Unser Kampf gegen die Banden Makhnos 1918-1919,“ Deutsche Post aus dem Osten (Maerz, 1938), 6, and Dyck‘s diary entries for 3 July and 8 August 1918. On one occasion a mock battle was fought between Mennonite contingents from Muntau and Tiegenhagen, and the Swabian units of Prischib-Durlach. The Ludendorffeste seemed to draw the Mennonites to a stronger identification with their German cultural background, and also heightened enthusiasm for military drills. Dyck, with many other villages, viewed the total celebration as being mainly a drinking party which with the dancing involved, could only have a demoralizing effect on Mennonite youth. See his diary entry for 4 July 1918..

NOTE: This Halbstadt District VIII system was part of a larger military system scheme for the occupied area:

----------------------------

JULY, 1918 - AUGUST, 1918 - c. POST NOVEMBER 21, 1918

LIEUTENANT LEROUX [Leutenant Maximilian Leroux, München ?] - Director of the Self-Defense forces, District VIII

CAPTAIN MÜLLER [MUELLER] - Assistant to Leroux, District VIII

(LIEUTENANT) SERGEANT MAJOR RICHARD SONNTAG (led the I and II companies of the Halbstadt Stosstrupp) -
 COMMANDER RICHARD SONNTAG, CALVARY

LIEUTENANT BISCHLER
[HELMUT BERNHARD FRANZ BECHLER -
Company-Leader in the 182nd Infantry-Regiment (06 Aug 1918-14 Aug 1918);
Adjutant of the 1. Battalion of the 182nd Infantry-Regiment (04 Dec 1918-19 Feb 1919)]

GOEBBEL [GOEBBLE]

A proposal by the German Captain Mueller received unanimous support ...

July and August under the direction of Lieutenant Leroux of the 182nd Saxon Infantry Regiment headquartered at Halbstadt .....

The German troops began to withdraw in late November and early December after the 11 November armistice agreement called for the withdrawal of all Central Powers from Eastern Europe ...

Makhno's initial attacks against the German units shifted to include local Mennonite farms and villages at least as early as October 1918 ....

[c. post November 21, 1918:] A 300-man cavalry force ... deployed its strength ... They supported about twenty companies of infantry. a total of 2700 men in all ... Leading officers included personnel left behind by the retreating Germans and Austrians, including Major Sonntag, Lieutenant Bischler, Goebble, Müller, and others ...

  • History and Mission in Europe: Continuing the Conversation, pp. 53-54, 59, 65 - books.google.ca/books?isbn=3937896988

AUTUMN, 1918

  • The German soldiers were to organize these [Selbstschutz] and furnish both weapons and training ...

the self-defence movement never gained much strength in the Khortitsa Settlement [Chortitza Settlement],... In contrast, a strong self-defence movement arose in the more pro-German Molochna Settlement ...

As autumn approached, however, apprehensiveness about the future returned. The disciplined German troops, whom no one dared disobey, were replaced with squads of poorly disciplined Austro-Hungarians ...

A Mennonite family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, 1789-1923 By David G. Rempel, Cornelia Rempel Carlson. pp. 191-195, 199. http://books.google.ca/books?id=AYlBYi3Ndi8C&pg=PA193&lpg=PA193&dq=
Tavrida+ukraine++1918+mennonites&source=bl&ots=fDIoiowNUi&sig=
Er3AkCLUuzGzcwTaT3o9T0uJyWk&hl=en&ei=7AQpTfy4H86s8AbL6ZC6AQ&
sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CB8Q6AEwAg#v
=onepage&q=Tavrida%20ukraine%20%201918%20mennonites&f=false

 

The Molotschna Selbstschutz proved to be the only one of any military significance. As the largest and wealthiest Mennonite colony, Molotschna had the most to lose from terrorist depredations. Fear of imminent disaster grew as local acts of looting and murder multiplied and refugees from nearby Schönfeld-Brazol reported harrowing experiences. The more militant Mennonites were further influenced by the glamorous presence of German troops and by the militancy of nearby non-Mennonite German colonists. They also welcomed the compromise resolution approved at the Lichtenau Allgemeine Mennonitische Bundeskonferenz (July 1918) which affirmed the ideal of nonresistance but refused to condemn Mennonites who took up arms. The centuries-old principle of nonresistance seemed suddenly irrelevant in a life-and-death crisis.

http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/S444ME.html/

CAPTAIN MÜLLER [MUELLER] - Assistant to Leroux, District VIII

"Did you hear the cannons thunder this morning?" asked fine neighbor of another. "Yes, they say it is the German army which is coming closer to our vicinity. Our storekeeper came from the city last night, and he brought us the news that the Germans are only about twenty miles from here." "That is great. We will get all our property back from these thieves and let them feel how wrong it is to steal and plunder." "If only the German army would come a little bit faster," said the next neighbor. "Don't you think we should send a delegation secretly and tell them that we will help them if only they will help us to get back our property?" "I think it is very risky to do, since you cannot tell how things will. turn out. I prefer to wait." ...

But the attitude of the local peasants was quite different:

They wished they would have the chance to keep everything they had gotten from their wealthier neighbors. It was so nice to sleep on these cozy pillows, the like of which they had never had before. It was so bright by the light of these good kerosene lamps, the like of which they had never possessed previously. And these good horses ...It was such a pleasure to work the fields with them ....the most bitter anger he [the peasant] felt was when the former rich landowner came accompanied with foreign soldiers and demanded his property back ....Not only the livestock, but all other articles had to be returned. It seemed funny at times to see and hear how these rich women went to the houses of the poor and demanded back their pillows, lamps, chickens, pets and jars. Here is where the real hatred was engendered ....We, including myself, did not realize that by being tolerant and willing to part with some of our earthly possessions, would perhaps have saved many lives later on ...

Not all of the Mennonites pursued the return of their stolen property and for this reason, some sources argue, these people escaped the retribution which followed on the heels of the German withdrawal ... It is difficult to assess just how much collaboration there actually was between the Mennonites and the occupation armies, but it seems to have been considerable. There is even reference to Mennonites loaning funds to the German occupation government ... Certainly in the eyes of the Ukrainian peasant, Mennonite behavior during the German occupation proved that their loyalties lay with the Germans and that they were actually collaborating with them. It has been pointed out that for some time before the arrival of German troops, Mennonites had been organizing at the local level to deal with the pillaging and daylight robbery which had become so commonplace throughout the region. The German presence not only allowed the Mennonites to organize openly but encouraged them to do so by providing arms and leadership. According to one participant:

We had the attitude before, but then they [the Germans] trained us. We young boys had to go out to Halbstadt, which was about 6, 7 kilometers away. We had to get up at about 3 or 4 o'clock in the morning when it was dark yet in summer and were trained there three hours, come back and sleep in the afternoon and then take in for faspa [afternoon coffee], after lunchtime in the afternoon , after coffee, we had to go for another three hours. For six hours they would train us ...

Whether participation in the drilling exercises was voluntary is unclear. In the above quotation the phrase "we had to" is used repeatedly giving the impression that they had no choice. Other sources use similar expressions such as they were "required to" and they were "conscripted"... One historian, on the other hand, uses terms such as "urged to join" and "standard policy", implying that there was freedom of choice ... Two of the more objective primary sources suggest that, although the Mennonites were not conscripted, there was considerable pressure on them to organize. The Germans, for reasons of their own, encouraged them in every possible way, even resorting to threats. [...German officers, and to a lesser extent, Austrian officers, strongly encouraged the institution of such self-defense units in part because of the dangers of bandit attack on their own small garrisons and lines of communication ...]  Impetus seems also to have come from the Mennonites themselves:

The German occupation also gave a tremendous impetus to translate into reality plans which a number of young Mennonites, with the support from prosperous farmers, had recommended in various Mennonite colonies even prior to the arrival of foreign troops. Their contemplated plans, strongly resisted by the Mennonite clergy and many of the elder servicemen of World War I, urged the organization of a Selbstschutz ...

It would, of course, have been in their own best interests for the wealthier landowners to encourage formation of a self-defence organization. Schroeder expresses the view that the Mennonites had become far too materialistic and that protection of property was probably the chief motive behind the self-defence movement ... Dyck is of the same opinion and claims, moreover, that the participants in self-defence were paid:

As of today, the drill will take place in our meadow. A German lance-corporal has been assigned to them as drillmaster. In payment, the participants in the Selbstschutz have been promised Stiefelgeld  [boot or pocket money] ... by the village.

And in an entry eleven days later:

In the evening, there was a village meeting at our house, regarding the Stiefelgeld. Actually, the promise of 250 rubles Stiefelegeld was made too hastily. As a result, some of them joined the Selbstschutz merely For money. Such Stiefelgelden ..are unreliable and unwanted. It would have been best to draft men of a certain age for the guard. Then there would have been no accusations by the farmers and those that do not own land, and no Stiefelgeld would have been needed ...

And two months later:

At the village meeting today it was decided to cover the costs for the Stiefelgeld, as well as other costs, by collecting two-thirds as a property tax, and one-third as a head tax ...

It would seem then that-participation in the Selbstschutz was voluntary, but was encouraged by landowners who were willing to pay others (the less wealthy among them) for protection.

The idea of self-defence gained momentum and its proponents became increasingly bold. On April 23 at a district meeting at Halbstadt [District VIII] delegates agreed that a self-defense organization for the colony had become an absolute necessity. A proposal by the German Captain Mueller found unanimous support. The security force of the volost was set at 32 men and leadership of the unit was placed in the hands of J. F. Sudermann ... By May 18 Selbstschutz units had been formed in Halbstadt, Gnadenfeld, Tiege, and Tiegenhagen in the Molotschna Colony. Some Mennonite villages, however, decided against organizing. At Grigorievka [160 km. northeast of Chortitza] a majority of men, led by Jacob Krahn and the minister Jacob Berg, successfully withstood the efforts of the local German commander to create self-defense units ...

And so as the War neared its end in the autumn of 1918, the young Mennonites were happily participating in military "games", while their elders were meeting to organize self-defense units, all with the help and encouragement of the German officers. A question which comes to mind is, if the Selbstschutz was purely defensive in character, as many Mennonites claimed, why was it necessary to begin organizing and training it during the German Occupation? Given the welcome they extended to the Occupation troops, it would seem that many, if not most, of the Mennonites believed the Germans were in the Ukraine to stay. Why then the need for "self-defense"?

  • Josephine Chipman, The Mennonite Selbstschutz  in the Ukraine: 1918-1919. MA Thesis (University of Manitoba, March, 1988), pp. 99-104, 106.

1918 - 1919

182 INFANTRY REGIMENT

(LIEUTENANT) SERGEANT MAJOR RICHARD SONNTAG (led the I and II companies of the Halbstadt Stosstrupp) -
 COMMANDER RICHARD SONNTAG, CALVARY

1918

(LIEUTENANT) SERGEANT MAJOR RICHARD SONNTAG (led the I and II companies of the Halbstadt Stosstrupp) -
 COMMANDER RICHARD SONNTAG, CALVARY

Because of the revolutionary unrest in Germany itself, the German military was recalled from Russia and we were now exposed to new terrors at the hands of the [Nestor] Makhno bandits. The time had come for the establishment and organization of the Selbstschutz ...

The German officers who had remained behind and a few Russian [officers] who had ample weapons (urged us to act) ...

Yet the officers [of the White Army] in Berdjansk, who were prepared to help us, waited anxiously for more definite answers from the conference and from the Mennonite community generally. The eight Lutheran villages (Prischieb) lying north of the Molochnaya, were wholly united and without any pangs of conscience were prepared to join our Selbstschutz, pressing and urging us to make up our minds ...

Then, at special meetings in the villages of Rueckenau, Gnadenfeld, Halbstadt, Alexanderthal and others, the Selbstschutz was organized, often with assistance from German officers ...

When I got home that day, I hitched two fresh horses to the wagon and drove to Gnadenfeld (about 18 versts away) to see [Sergeant] Sonntag, one of the men at the headquarters of the Selbstschutz, about the same matter. I told him also about my mental distress. But this German military man showed absolutely no understanding for my attitude toward nonresistance ...

Bernhard J. Dick, Something About the Selbstschutz of the Mennonites in South Russia (July, 1918-March, 1919), Written September, 1978  - http://jms.uwinnipeg.ca/index.php/jms/article/viewFile/238/238

1918

LIEUTENANT HANS WOLFGANG REINHARD [11 December 1888 – 6 October 1950],
COMPANY COMMANDER / DISTRICT COMMANDER (1918)
- DISTRICT VIII

... family lived on the beautiful plains of the Ukraine on an estate called Apanlee [Taurida Uezd, Berdyansk district - near the Molotschna Colony] ...

In the spring of 1918 the German army occupied the Ukraine and restored law and order. However small bands of terrorists frequently attacked isolated places and murdered whole families. A German officer, Lieutenant Reinhard, the commander of our district [District VIII], visited  and offered us as many army rifles as we wanted for our protection. Father thanked him for the offer but refused it,...

That fall the Germans had to leave, and the civil war began with all its horror ...

[Source: http://fistfulofeuros.net/pedantry/archives/000190.html ]

During WWI he served as a medic (Sanitaeter) on board a medical train as the Russians fought the Germans. In 1915 he volunteered for a post at the front to be known as the "Flying Column". Now he wore a uniform and was the only non-Russian in the whole command working with the wounded. One night in May 1915 the unit came under heavy fire but he continued to work at serving the wounded. For this he and his unit received the St. George's medal 4th grade for bravery. In 1916 he was appointed "Officer in Time of War" with the rank of Lieutenant. He was responsible for record keeping and had others under his command.

Hoemsen was wounded in 1918 and returned to Halbstadt where he became an interpreter for the German occupying forces. With the rise of anarchy in the area while living in Waldheim he joined the Gnadenfeld Selbstschutz or self defense unit under the command of German officers. The German forces left in the fall of 1918 and the Machno forces and other bandits took over the area ...

Hoemsen, Jacob, 1879-1969 - http://www.mennonitechurch.ca/programs/
archives/holdings/papers/Hoemsen,%20Jacob%20fonds.htm

The Selbstchutz [Selbstschutz]

(1) The treaty of Brest-Litovsk in April 1918 led to the occupation of Southern Russia by German and Austrian troops ... Since the Russian revolution had already broken out in the previous year, anarchy and destruction by bandits and revolutionaries in South Russia was already in progress when the German troops arrived ... They [Mennonite estate owners] armed themselves under German army guidance and together with other estate owners organized posse-like groups, which attacked the estates seized by rebels and retook them. Interrogating those whom they captured, they searched out the rebel leaders, whom the occupation army then executed summarily ...

The presence of the Austro-German army, often quartered in Mennonite homes in the colonies ...some accounts speak of Mennonite youth voluntarily participating in German  army drilling ...

When the Austro-German army withdrew, the officers and  soldiers did not all leave. Some stayed behind, and with them remained vast quantities of arms and ammunition . These men were most eager to organize the settlers into a defense force and were able to provide both training and weapons ....

Thus, the Selbstchutz was organized ...

Anabaptist/Mennonite faith and economics By Calvin Wall Redekop, Victor A. Krahn, Samuel J. Steiner, Institute for Anabaptist and Mennonite Studies, pp. 61-63 - http://books.google.ca/books?id=-mArVVlO02MC&pg=
PA62&lpg=PA62&dq=%22south+
russia%22+%22Selbstschutz%22+1918&source=bl&ots=
aRlcdK8wHg&sig=aLq_c1mKYqx7xsmJ9GzeUbvaA0I&hl=
en&ei=SGknTeP4EYus8AbMq9WBAg&sa=X&oi=book_
result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCAQ6AEwAg#v=
onepage&q=%22south%20russia%22%20%22Selbstschutz%22%201918&f
=false

Lost Fatherland, the story of the Mennonite emigration from Soviet Russia, By John B. Toews, p. 28 - http://books.google.ca/books?id=tnJhx2cnT70C&pg=PA31&lpg=
PA31&dq=Prischib+1918+Molotschna&source
=bl&ots=9TtKWnBp27&sig=erKwXqpBoELmlJ4zI
_mWHlJMLD4&hl=en&ei=
1OYpTe_hGMT48AbH6pCdAQ&sa
=X&oi=book_result&ct
=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCIQ6AEwAg#v
=onepage&q=german&f=false

On the village green there were drills in German fashion: the various weapons which could be found were shouldered. German officers, non-commissioned officers, sergeants and other adventurers drilled our lads to their heart's content whereby the German anthem was sung with great enthusiasm ...

And from P. J. Dyck's diary:

The Selbstschutz from Ladekopp, Halbstadt, Muntau and Tiegenhagen held war maneuvers [sic] in the meadows, roads and woods of Tiegenhagen. The Bayerische [Austrian] cavalry practiced on their big Oldenburgern [breed of horses] ...

In Zagradovka colony, in the village of Tiege:

In the month of May, on the village meadow, the first big target practice by Mennonite youth took place. But there was no work for this Selbstschutz. Why, the Germans were there. Over the summer it stayed peaceful ...

Leadership seems to have come from German Army officers but there is evidence of considerable Mennonite participation at subordinate levels ... A cavalry unit of 10-12 men and a machine gun unit stood on guard in every village with the Germans supplying the guns and ammunition ... Some of the Mennonite units performed gymnastic feats at the Ludendorffeste in Halbstadt and other centres. These festivals, named in honour of the German Field Marshal Eric van Ludendorff, were patriotic celebrations organized by the German Army in various places populated by German settlers. Festivities included patriotic speeches and dancing to a military band. The social implications of participation in these events disturbed many Mennonites. J.P. Epp cites the "tactless familiarity with the occupation army through the Ludendorffeste and the moral surrender of our youth to the military by our fathers" as contributing factors to the emergence of the Selbstschutz ... Excerpts from diaries tend to support this view:

The civilians [Mennonites] took part in these festivities enthusiastically ....l am not aware that any cultural activities took piece. The most important thing was to drink beer, which our youth were thoroughly introduced to ....The whole affair demoralized our society. It got in touch with the outside world and W of our isolation, much to cur detriment ...

What must the Germans think of us? A number of important people have already criticized the conduct of our girls with the German officers. The noble and true womanly pride seems to have been lost in this generation of women ....That has been proven by the latest "ludendorf" (sic) festival (At present there are a great many of these so-called Ludendorf festivals in Russia, given by the German soldiers in order to raise spirits. Their success has been enormous. The major ingredients of these festivals are marching music, soccer, and dancing.) There are probably a lot of Mennonite women who don't take part, and perhaps the above mentioned are only the sad exceptions. Nevertheless, the disgrace seems to fall on all ...

On Tuesday when the assembly convened, the members found that a German-speaking officer, a non-Mennonite, had been invited to the meeting and had been made chairman. The officer shouted:

You farmers destroy the weeds among your grain, without pangs of conscience. Who is Makhno? A weed that is wars: than weeds, and he must be destroyed. Furthermore if a rabbit destroys a young tree in your garden, you shoot without further consideration. Who is Makhno? An animal, worse than an animal who must be shot dawn. If there is someone here who for conscience' sake does not wish to take a gun and shoot Makhno, please identify yourself ...

Meanwhile individual churches in villages like Alexandertal, Halbstadt, Rueckenau, Tiegenhagen, Sparrau, and Waldheim held special meetings to clarify their pos