ERIC KRAUSE

In business since 1996
- © Krause House Info-Research Solutions -

62 Woodill Street, Sydney, NS,
Canada, B1P 4N9

krausehouse@krausehouse.ca
 

ERIC KRAUSE REPORTS

MY HISTORICAL REPORTS
PUBLISHED ON THE INTERNET

BACK TO KRAUSE REPORTS  or BACK TO KRAUSE RESEARCH TRIPS


MY MAJOR RESEARCH TRIPS

UNITED STATES RESEARCH 

Research Trip November 1, 2002 - March 14, 2003 ~ 
East of the Mississippi

Miscellaneous Other  Institutions Visited/Not Visited - Fortress of Louisbourg Research  

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR UNITED STATES REPORTS

During the period 1 November 2002-14 March 2003 the contractor will research and provide a written report which will outline and summarize the documentation related to 18th century Louisbourg, found in four archives/libraries in the United States, in the following areas:

1. Business and Merchant History with an emphasis on American colonial construction materials shipped/used at Louisbourg (1713-1758) 

2. Comparative wooden buildings history, e.g. piquet construction and charpente construction used in former French colonies that are part of the United States

3. Other topics relevant to Louisbourg that the researcher may find

The institutions that will be visited for research will include:

Eric Krause, 
Krause-House Info-Research Solutions,
December 30, 2002 
(Revised April 1, 2003)

INSTITUTIONS AT OTHER LOCATIONS

While researching the above institutions mentioned in the Terms of Reference, the contractor identified a number of institutions at other locations which hold research material of either direct or possible interest to the Fortress of Louisbourg.

(1) Visited in person:

(A) Louisiana State Archives (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)

(B) Louisiana State Museum (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(C) South Carolina Archives and History Centre (Columbia, South Carolina)

(D) South Carolina Historical Society (Charleston, South Carolina)

(E) Southeastern Architectural Archive (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(F) Village Acadien/Acadian Village (Lafayette, Louisiana)

(G) Williams Research Center (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(2) Not Visited in person:

(A) District of Columbia, Department of the Navy - Naval Historical Center (Washington, D.C.)

(B) Harper's New Monthly Magazine (New York, New York)

(C) The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens (San Marino, California)

(D) Newberry Library (Chicago, Illinois)

(E) New Orleans City Hall (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(F) University of Rochester Library (Rochester, New York)

(G) Virginia Historical Society (Richmond, Virginia)

(H) Virginia Historical Society (Richmond, Virginia)

(3) HIGHLIGHTS

(A) SUGGESTED ORDERS (MICROFILM/PHOTOCOPIES/PUBLICATIONS)

(I) All of the research findings listed below.

----------------------

District of Columbia, Department of the Navy - Naval Historical Center, 
805 Kidder Breese Se - Washington Naval Yard, 
First floor of Building 44. 
Washington DC, 
20374-5060

This institution has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(1) Louisbourg Expedition, 1745

Saunders (Sanders), Thomas, Captain

Letters to Captain Thomas Saunders, and other documents, related to the conduct of the Lewisburg (Louisbourg) Campaign of 1745. Includes:

(A) DS dated 29 October 1730, Boston. To Thomas Saunders, Jr. Jonathan Belcher, "Captain General and Governour in Chief in and over His Magisties Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New- England, etc." Appoints Saunders Captain of the sloop Endeavor.

(B) Transcription of notes of a conference between Governor William Shirley and the Chiefs of the Penobscot Indians, 3 and 8 December 1741 (3 small, folio sheets).

(C) ALS dated 1 May 1745, Chapeaurouge Bay. From William Pepperrell to Captain Saunders. Directing Saunders to take command of all the transports in the bay.

(D) ALS dated 2 May 1745, in Camp, on Cape Breton Island. From B. Green to Captain Saunders. Ordering a vessel to come to the island, and directing Saunders to land cannon ashore.

(E) ALS dated 22 May 1745, Royall Battery. From S. Waldo to Captain Saunders. Requesting brown sugar and materials for cartridges.

(F) LS dated 31 May 1745, Camp, Louisbourg. From William Pepperrell to Captain Saunders. Instructions as to guarding the prisoners.

(G) LS dated 1 June 1745, Chapeaurouge Bay. From James Douglas to Captain Saunders. Requesting 50 barrels of powder and a cask of water.

(H) ALS dated 2 June 1745, Camp. From B. Green to Captain Saunders. Directing a sloop be sent to carry messages to Boston.

(I) ALS dated 2 June 1745, on board HMS Superb, off Louisbourg. From Captain Richard Tiddeman to Captain Saunders. Relaying Commodore Warren's request for water and wood.

(J) ALS dated 8 June 1745, on board Superb, off Louisbourg. From Captain Tiddeman to Captain Saunders. Requesting oakum for barricades.

(K) ALS dated 11 June 1745, Camp. From B. Green to Captain Saunders. Asking Saunders to comply with enclosed orders (not present) from Commodore Warren.

(L) ALS dated 12 June 1745, Camp. From William Pepperrell to Captain Saunders. Regarding ship operations in support of Louisbourg campaign.

(M) LS dated 14 June 1745, on board HMS Superb. From Commodore Peter Warren, Commanding His Majesty's Ships in the North Atlantic to Captain Saunders. Directing Saunders to take charge of the ships and attack Louisbourg.

(N) ALS dated 16 July 1745, Boston. From William Shirley to Captain Saunders. Instructing him to sail in the sloop Massachusetts for the St. George River.

(O) ALS dated 20 July 1745, Boston. From William Shirley to Captain Saunders. Urging him to hasten to St. George's where 70 Indians have been attacked.

(P) ALS dated October 1780, Salem. From Elias H. Derby to Saunders. Concerning sailing out of Salem, and danger from British frigates.

(Q) DS (undated). Instructions for the "betterkeeping company with each other." Signals to be used by the vessels sailing against Louisbourg. Signed by William Pepperrell.

(R) Saunders's accounts for the Louisbourg campaign; provisions, etc.

(S) Draft of a letter by Ensign William Scoots to William Allen of St. George's. About accounts.

(T) ADS (undated). Signals delivered in Canso Harbour. Signed by Saunders.

(U) ALS (undated). From Captain Clark Gayton to Captain Saunders. Regarding the shipment of powder and prisoners.

----------------------

Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 
Mailing Address, 
Harper's Magazine, 
666 Broadway, 
New York, NY, 
10012

This institution has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(1) Louisbourg has one item from this magazine [Harper's New Monthly Magazine with the June 1850 issue. It changed its name to Harper's Monthly Magazine for the Christmas 1900 issue, and to Harper's Magazine for the March 1913 issue. The magazine is still published today.]. However, an issue by issue examination will reveal numerous articles that refer to either Louisbourg or to Cape Breton Island. How important these references are is yet to be determined.

Some examples:

(A) LOUISBOURG [NOTE: Some of these may not be Louisbourg, Nova Scotia]

(I) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 18, Issue 107 (April 1859)

(II) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 28, Issue 165 (February, 1864) [NOTE: J. T. Headley The Siege of Louisburg]

(III) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 32, Issue 188 (January 1866)

(IV) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 49, Issue 294 (November 1874)

(V) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 51, Issue 305 (October 1875)

(VI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 92, Issue 550 (March, 1896)

(VII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 95, Issue 570 (November, 1897)

(VIII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 98, Issue 583 (December, 1898)

(IX) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 98, Issue 584 (January, 1899)

(X) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 98, Issue 585 (February, 1899)

(XI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 98, Issue 586 (March, 1899)

(B) CAPE BRETON [NOTE: Some of these may not be Louisbourg related]

(I) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 11, Issue 62 (July 1855)

(II) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 12, Issue 67 (December 1855)

(III) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 14, Issue 81 (February 1857)

(IV) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 17, Issue 101 (October 1858)

(V) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 18, Issue 108 (May 1859)

(VI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 20, Issue 119 (April 1860)

(VII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 22, Issue 130 (March 1861)

(VIII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 25, Issue 150 (November, 1862)

(IX) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 29, Issue 170 (July, 1864)

(X) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 36, Issue 214 (March 1868)

(XI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 43, Issue 256 (September 1871)

(XII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 45, Issue 267 (August 1872)

(XIII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 47, Issue 282 (November, 1873)

(XIV) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 51, Issue 301 (June 1875)

(XV) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 51, Issue 304 (September 1875)

(XVI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 52, Issue 308 (January 1876)

(XVII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 53, Issue 316 (September 1876)

(XVIII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 61, Issue 364 (September 1880)

(XIX) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 65, Issue 385 (June 1882)

(XX) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 66, Issue 392 (January 1883)

(XXI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 68, Issue 404 (January 1884)

(XXII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 69, Issue 414 (November 1884)

(XXIII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 70, Issue 417 (February 1885)

(XXIV) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 72, Issue 427 (December 1885)

(XXV) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 72, Issue 430 (March 1886)

(XXVI) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 73, Issue 433 (June 1886)

(XXVII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 73, Issue 434 (July 1886)

(XXVIII) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 78, Issue 466 (March, 1889)

(XXIX) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 86, Issue 515 (April, 1893)

(XXX) Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 92, Issue 547 (December, 1895)

----------------------

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, 
1151 Oxford Road, 
San Marino, CA , 
91108

This institution has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(1) Gordon, Robert, Sir, d. 1627? Encouragements. For such as shall have intention to bee vnder-takers in the new plantation of Cape Briton, now New Galloway in America, by mee Lochinvar· Imprint Edinburgh : Printed by Iohn Wreittoun, Anno Dom. 1625

[Var title: Encouragements. For such as shall have intention to bee under-takers in the new plantation of Cape Briton, now New Galloway in America Encouragements for New Galloway Encouragements. For such as shall have intention to bee under-takers in the new plantation of Cape Briton, now New Galloway in America]

(2) Zatta, Antonio, fl. 1757-1797 Le isole di Terra Nuova e Capo Breton di nuova projezione [map] Imprint Venezia : Presso Antonio Zatta, 1778

----------------------

Louisiana State Archives, 
Department of State, 
Division of Archives, 
Records Management and History, 
3851 Essen Lane, 
P.O. Box 94125 
Baton Rouge, LA, 
70804-9125

This institution (which the contractor visited) has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as follows:

(1) RESEARCH FINDINGS

(A) PUBLICATIONS/MANUSCRIPTS

(I) An examination of its reference material (which institution revealed a series of materials which the Fortress should purchase):

(i) Calendar of the Natchez Trace Collection Provincial & Territorial Documents, 1759-1813
Compiled by Judy Riffel, 
Le Comité des Archives de la Louisiane, 
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1999

- The research material in question includes documents which are evocative of the same descriptive records found in the Louisbourg G2 and G3 series which Louisbourg’s historians have used extensively as research fodder for reconstructing the domestic buildings of the town. This is a sub-collection (civil records such as marriage contracts, conveyances, probates, land surveys, receipts, letters, journals) of the Natchez Trace Collection which is owned by the University of Texas which was microfilmed by the Louisiana State Archives as Accession Number N1999-1.

- Both the published calendar and the microfilm should be obtained

(ii) Archives of the Spanish Government of West Florida. A Series of Eighteen Bound Volumes of Written Documents, Mostly in the Spanish Language Deposited in the Record Room of the Nineteenth Judicial District Court, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Survey of Federal Archives, Dr. P.M. Hamer, Volumes 1-18, 1937-1939.

- This area, that included Baton Rouge, was known as West Florida for the period 1753-1810

- The research material in question includes documents which are evocative of the same descriptive records found in the Louisbourg G2 and G3 series which Louisbourg’s historians have used extensively as research fodder for reconstructing the domestic buildings of the town.

- The Louisiana State Archives held only volumes 1-4 and 18 of the published translations of the original manuscripts (which have been microfilmed) which the contractor was able to examine

- If the microfilm is purchased, a zerox of the publication will be required as an essential finding aid

- Some examples from the translated manuscripts:

(a) Inventory of the property of the deceased, Pierre Avare [Written in French, Baton Rouge, District Post of Pointe Coupée]

[p. 334 of the original] "... The habitation where the deceased resided, about five [p. 335 of the original] arpents of land front, with a little storehouse, and a bad little house of posts in earth making a red wall [potteaux en terre bousillee], estimated without the house at two hundred piastres, as above .... 200 ..." [Volume 1, pp. 129-131]

(b) Inventory of Jacob Nash [Written in Spanish, Baton Rouge District, December 17, 1789]

[p. 482 of the original] "... Item: last by the habitation was inventoried in which the said deceased died of ten arpents front cleared about seventy arpents [p. 483 of the original] with sufficient fences for cultivating, with the edifices of one little house, all of wood twenty-five feet long and fifteen wide, set on pillars of the same, a kitchen of stakes in earth [Estacas en tierra], two small store storerooms of rough timber construction in the English fashion [de palos sin labrar, contruida a la ynglesa] ..."

[Volume 1, pp. 189-195]

(c) Inventory and Estimation [John Joyce and John Turnbull, May 5, 1800]

[p. 739 of the original] " ... upon which land is built the principal house, raised about three feet high, mud walls between stakes, about forty-seven feet long by twenty feet wide, roofed with shingles, with a gallery ten and one-half-feet long, the said house having a double brick chimney and divided into four rooms, two of them in good condition, together with its doors and windows ..."

[Volume 3, p. 311]

(iii) Mississippi Valley Mélange, 
A Collection of Notes and Documents for the Genealogy and History of the Province of Louisiana and the Territory of Orleans
, by Winston de Ville (Ville Platte, Louisiana)

- Xeroxes of the following articles should be ordered in their complete form. Extracts from the said articles are as follows:

(1) Volume 1, 1995

"Building Fort Miro in the Ouachita Valley of Spanish Louisiana: 1790-1791", pp. 48-51

[Translation of a letter by Jean Filhiol. Original at: Papeles Procedentes de Cuba, General Archives of the Indies, Seville, legajo 204, ff. 637-639, 642] "... was debated that this fort should be made of poteaux de bout [upright posts, actually small logs] I was [however] compelled to change its form, Considering that the habitants informed me that their axes were not effective against the chêne à gland sucré [a red oak], and other wood that resists rot, and that, having no blacksmith here [to repair broken axes apparently] work would come to a halt. I allowed them to construct the horizontal pieces from cypress, sassafras, and oaks of all kinds. So that they would not be less durable, I had them made with 3-inch grooves. The [vertical] parts of the chêne à gland sucré are three feet into the ground [with the] bottoms [made more impervious to rot] by [charring in] fire, and all the mainpieces are of white-oak ...."

(2) Volume 3, 1998

"Constructing A Future Cathedral: The Fabric of the New Orleans Church in 1724, With a Glossary by Malcolm Lionel Miller", pp. 27-32.

----------------------

Louisiana State Museum, 
Old US Mint, 
Louisiana Historical Centre, 
400 Esplanade Avenue, 
New Orleans, LA

(1) RESEARCH FINDINGS

This institution (which the contractor visited) has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(A) The research material in question are the 18th-century "Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana" and the "Spanish Judicial Records of Louisiana" which exist in French and Spanish and include house/land sales, inventories, wills, marriage contracts, etc. which are evocative of the same descriptive records found in the Louisbourg G2 and G3 series which Louisbourg’s historians have used extensively as research fodder for reconstructing the domestic buildings of the town.

Fortunately, the Mormon Church (Utah) has microfilmed this series and it is available for sale. The procedure is as follows: Write the Mormons to obtain the form for purchasing this series; Send the form to the Old US Mint for authorization which will then mail the forms back to the Fortress; Re-send the forms to the Mormon Church.

To show the importance of this series, the contractor has reproduced some examples of the English transcriptions/translations of these records which the Louisiana Historical Quarterly has produced over the years [See "Williams Research Center" in this section "Institutions at other Locations."] However, it must be pointed out that these transcriptions/translations are neither complete, nor entirely accurate, thus underlining the importance of obtaining the originals on microfilm.

----------------------

Newberry Library, 
60 W. Walton St., 
Chicago, IL, 
60610-3305

This institution has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(1) Edward E. Ayer Collection:

(A) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 476 Author-Personal Kilby, Thomas, 1699-1746. Title Rec[eive]d into His Majesties stores of provisions for this garrison of Mr. Jacob Sheafe commissary to the province of New Hampshire the several provisions hereafter mentioned ... Louisbourg, [N.S.], receipt, 1746 May 29. [manuscript] receipt, Physical Desc. 1 item (1 leaf) ; 31 cm. Historical Note Canso, N.S., merchant and justice of the peace; commissary at Louisbourg. A Boston, Mass., native educated at Harvard, Kilby moved in 1729 to Canso, where he had been granted land, and served as agent for Boston merchant, Peter Faneuil. In 1742, Kilby investigated the strength of the French garrison at Louisbourg for his cousin, Massachusetts' London agent, Christopher Kilby, and wrote a report which provided the details for the latter's 1744 proposal for the capture of Louisbourg. Kilby was rewarded in 1745 with an appointment as commissary of the Louisbourg royal stores, a position ill health prevented him from assuming until the late spring of 1746. He died soon after. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note For more information, consult the Special Collections Info. File. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 476 Summary Note Contemporary copy of a May 29, 1746, receipt for the delivery of provisions, issued by Thomas Kilby to Jacob Sheafe, the commissary of the New Hampshire regiment stationed at Louisbourg. Included in the shipment were peas, beans, Indian meal, candles, sugar, butter, beef, pork, etc. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(B) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 583 Author-Personal Shirley, William, 1694-1771. Title New York, [N.Y.], to Henry Fox, [England], Letter 1756 Jan. 14. [manuscript] : Letter Variant Title LS Physical Desc. 1 item (1 folded sheet (4 p.)) ; 32 cm. Historical Note Colonial governor of Massachusetts and military commander. Following the death of Edward Braddock in July, 1755, Shirley was appointed commander-in-chief of British forces in North America. In March, 1756, Shirley was recalled to England and was succeeded in command by Lord Loudoun. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note For more information, consult the Special Collections Info. File. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 583 Summary Note January 14, 1756, letter from William Shirley, then commanding British forces engaged in the war against the French and Indians, to Henry Fox, British secretary of state, proposing that the British take French Canada and keep it. To appease Spain, Shirley suggests additions to that country's American colonies. He also notes that even if Canada were to be returned to the French, a lasting boundary could be set and the fort at Louisbourg destroyed. There are also observations on the need for more British troops and the positive aspects of the recently concluded Lake Ontario and Nova Scotia campaigns. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(C) [NOTE: Louisbourg has the following: Copied in 1962 from the original in the Royal United Service Institution, England ..... Journal of David Gordon, 1758.]

Shelf Location * Call Number Ayer MS 3080 Author-Personal Gordon, David. Title Journal of the siege of Louisbourg in 1758 [between 1772 and 1791] [manuscript], Physical Desc. 1 item (47 leaves) ; 33 cm. Historical Note David Gordon, an officer of the Royal Highland Infantry, was engaged in the siege of Louisbourg in 1758. One of the strongest French bases in North America, Louisbourg guarded the entrance to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. However, on July 26, 1758 it was captured from the French by a British combined force under Admiral Boscawen and General Amherst. Note Inscribed note signed by Sir J.H. Lefroy regarding the provenance of this copy of David Gordon's manuscript. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note Formerly known as Ayer MS 333a. Note For more information, consult the Special Collections Info. File. Note Original manuscript held in the Royal United Service Institution, London. Note Manuscript published in the Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society (vol. 5, 1887). Note Some water damage to the text especially in upper left corners. Note In full leather binding prepared by Zaehnsdorf Firm, London. Summary Note Copy of the original journal made sometime later by Gordon's son, William Augustus Gordon. During the siege of the fortress of Louisbourg, located on the southern coast of Cape Breton Island, Gordon kept this detailed account of the British military operations. The contents of the journal include a description of the British forces and fleet, names of officers, a daily account of the military activities and orders given, the final capture of Louisbourg and the British terms of surrender followed by a list of casualties and losses of naval equipment. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(D) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 28 Author-Personal Apthorp, Charles, 1698-1758. Title provisions sent to Louisbourg in 5 sloops, Bills of lading 1746 Aug. 26. [manuscript] : Bills of lading Variant Title ADS Physical Desc. 1 item (1 leaf) ; 24 x 39 cm. folded to 24 x 20 cm. Historical Note Charles Apthorp was born in England in 1698 and educated at Eton College. He was later appointed by the English government as paymaster and commissary of the land and naval forces quartered in Boston. Apthorp also became one of the most distinguished merchants in Boston during the 1730's until his death in 1758. Note Signed: Boston Aug 26 1746, Error accepted, per[?] Ch. Apthrop. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) References Butler, R.L. Check list of the mss. in the Ayer Coll., 28 Summary Note Bill of lading written and signed by Apthrop listing provisions sent to Fort Louisbourg, Nova Scotia in August 1746. This important French fort was captured in 1745 by troops from New England supported by the Royal Navy during King George's War, 1744-1748. This document records the names of five ships sent to Louisbourg and their cargo. The provisions included bread, rum, beef, pork, peas, rice, butter, oil, and vinegar. Originals/Duplicates Location of original: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(E) Shelf Location * Call Number Ayer MS 615 Author-Personal Nevill, Valentine, fl. 1758. Title The reduction of Louisbourg a poem : inscribed to the hon[ora]ble Edward Boscawen : wrote on board his majesty's ship Orford in Louisbourg Harbour / by Valentine Nevill Esqr. of Greenwich in Kent, Secretary to the hon[ora]ble Admiral Townshend, 1758 Aug. 7. [manuscript] : Edition Revised & corrected, V.N. Physical Desc. 1 v. (9 p.) ; 23 cm. Historical Note One of the strongest French bases in North America, Fort Louisbourg, Nova Scotia guarded the entrance to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. During the Seven Years' War, it was captured from the French by a British combined force in July 1758. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note Published: Portsmouth (England) : Printed for J. Wilkinson, and sold by T. Osbourne and W. Owen, near Temple Bar, London, 1758. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 615 Summary Note Poem written by Valentine Nevill, Secretary to Admiral George Townshend, while on board the British ship Orford during the siege of Fort Louisbourg, July 1758. In this poem Nevill celebrates the British victory over the French and Admiral Boscawen's role in the battle. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(F) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 619 Author-Corporate New Hampshire. General Assembly. Title province of New Hampshire in New England, to John Thomlinson, esqr., Letter 1747 June 4. [manuscript] : Letter Physical Desc. 1 item (1 folded sheet (4 p.)) ; 31 cm. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note Contemporary copy signed: Geo. Jaffrey, for the committe. Note For more information, consult the Special Collections Info. File. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 619 Summary Note Copy of a letter dated June 4, 1747 from the New Hampshire General Assembly to John Thomlinson, the province's agent in London. In this letter the treasurer, George Jaffrey, writes to Thomlinson requesting reimbursement for provisions used by the New Hampshire forces who participated in the expedition against Louisbourg, Nova Scotia (1745). Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(G) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 619 Author-Corporate New Hampshire. General Assembly. Title province of New Hampshire in New England, to John Thomlinson, esqr., Letter 1747 June 4. [manuscript] : Letter Physical Desc. 1 item (1 folded sheet (4 p.)) ; 31 cm. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note Contemporary copy signed: Geo. Jaffrey, for the committee. Note For more information, consult the Special Collections Info. File. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 619 Summary Note Copy of a letter dated June 4, 1747 from the New Hampshire General Assembly to John Thomlinson, the province's agent in London. In this letter the treasurer, George Jaffrey, writes to Thomlinson requesting reimbursement for provisions used by the New Hampshire forces who participated in the expedition against Louisbourg, Nova Scotia (1745). Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(H) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 620 Author-Corporate New Hampshire. General Assembly. Title province of New Hampshire, clauses from four acts, Proceedings 1749 June 13-1749 Aug. 22. [manuscript] : Proceedings Physical Desc. 2 items (2 folders) ; 32 cm. or smaller. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note Certification letters, signed: B. Wentworth. Note Documents signed: Copy Examd., Theodore Atkinson, Secy. Note For more information, consult the Special Collections Info. File. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 620 Summary Note Two contemporary copies of clauses from four acts passed by the New Hampshire General Assembly in Feb. 16, 1744, July 6 and Oct. 5, 1745, and July 12, 1746. The documents relate to the allocation of funds for the Louisbourg, Nova Scotia expedition. Both copies are accompanied by certification letters from June 13 and Aug. 22 1749 that have been signed by Governor Wentworth and are affixed with the official seal of the province. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(I) Shelf Location * Call Number Ayer MS 733 Author-Personal Pote, William, 1718-1755. Title Journal 1745 May 17-1747 Aug. 8. [manuscript], Journal Variant Title Journal of Captain William Pote, Jr. Physical Desc. 1 item (234 p.) ; 18 cm. Historical Note Falmouth, Maine, surveyor and seaman. While master of a schooner engaged in carrying supplies and men to Fort Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia, Pote was captured May 17, 1745, along with his crew and that of another vessel by a party of French and Indians in Annapolis Basin near the fort. He was alloted to the Huron Indians and taken by them and French troops to Quebec, where he was imprisoned by the French at Cazarnes and at a camp until July 30, 1747. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note In box with title: Captain Pote's journal. Note On cover: 1747 Wm. Pote's Journal. J.H. Bastide. Note Signed on flyleaf by J.H. Bastide, Pote's employer and the chief engineer of Nova Scotia. Note Signed by Pote on p. [234] Note Previously owned by John Fletcher Hurst, editor of the printed copy of Pote's journal: Pote, William. The journal of Captain William Pote, Jr. during his captivity in the French and Indian War from May, 1745, to August, 1747. New York : Dodd, Mead & Co., 1896. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 733 Summary Note Journal kept by William Pote, May 17, 1745-Aug. 8, 1747, describing his capture by the French and Indians, journey to Canada, prison experiences, and return voyage to Louisbourg. En route to French Canada through what is now New Brunswick, Pote notes daily distances, food supplies, means of travel, and his own treatment at the hands of his Huron captors, the neutral French, and the local Indians. Also recorded is the unsuccessful attempt of the French and Indian forces with whom he travelled to reinforce Louisbourg and news of its fall to the English. The second half of the journal, kept while Pote was imprisoned at Cazarnes, is an account of the arrival of new prisoners of war from the English colonies, the circumstances of their capture, and their illnesses, marriages, deaths, etc. There are also periodic tallies of the total number imprisoned and hospitalized. The volume concludes with a list of all prisoners who died while Pote was in Quebec. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(J) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 754 Title Reports in the summer of the year 1757 [to July 10, 1758] 1757-1758. [manuscript], Physical Desc. 1 item (2 p.) ; 33 cm. Note Caption title. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 754 Summary Note Anonymous report, probably written in New Jersey, regarding the 1757 siege, fall, and massacre at Fort William Henry, N.Y., and the actions of Gen. Daniel Webb, then commanding at Fort Edward, in response to events. Report discusses Webb's expresses to neighboring governors requesting assistance for Fort William Henry, Gov. Pownall's proposal upon receipt of Webb's letter to evacuate Massachusetts west of the Connecticut River, and Webb's own plan to abandon Fort Edward. Following this report are short entries (Jan.-July 10, 1758) concerning the billeting of troops in Hunterdon County, N.J., and the siege and surrender at Louisbourg. Originals/Duplicates Location of originals: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(K) Shelf Location * box Call Number Ayer MS 898 Author-Personal Townsend, Isaac, ca. 1685-1765. Title Kingston in Louisbourg Harbour, [N.S.], to [Charles] Apthorp, [Boston, Mass.], Letter 1746 June 24. [manuscript] : Letter Physical Desc. 1 item (1 folded sheet (4 p.)) ; 30 cm. Historical Note British naval officer commanding (May-Nov., 1746) the garrison at Louisbourg, which had been captured from the French the previous year by New England provincial forces and the Royal Navy. Note Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) Note Text of letter on p. [1]-[2]; endorsement on p. [4] Note At head of p. [1]: Duplicate. References Butler, R.L. Checklist of Mss. in the Ayer Coll., 898 Summary Note Duplicate copy of a June 24, 1746, letter from Townsend to Charles Apthorp, a Boston merchant and paymaster and commissary to British land and naval forces at Boston, regarding the victualling of British ships at Louisbourg. Townsend notes that although Apthorp had already supplied a considerable quantity of provisions under the instructions of John Thomlinson, more were needed for the large convoy that was expected. Originals/Duplicates Location of original: Newberry Library, Special Collections, 60 W. Walton St., Chicago, IL 60610.

(L) [NOTE: Louisbourg may have this plan] . Shelf Location * Call Number Case MS 5191 Author-Personal Le Rouge, Georges-Louis. Title Recueil des fortifications, forts, et ports de mer de France [between 1750 and 1760?]. [manuscript], Cartographic Data Scales differ. Physical Desc. 1 ms. atlas ([2] leaves, [89] leaves of plates, bound) : 131 hand-col. maps ; 19 cm. Language(s) In French. Note Possible date suggested by publication date of 1755, and by Le Rouge's years of activity. Note Maps, arranged one or two to a page and hand-colored in watercolors--green, pink, aqua, gray, and red; titles and borders in pen-and-ink, in red. Note Includes index. Note Published in Paris in 1755 by Le Rouge, with title: Recueil des fortifications, forts, et ports de mer de France lavé de pinceau. Note Imperfect: plate 42 [Besançon, France] wanting. Note Contemporary dark red morocco; upper and lower boards bordered with double rules and dog tooth roll pattern in gold, with gold-stamped floral ornament in center panels; raised bands on spine; spine compartments outlined in gold, and filled with small gold-stamped tools around a center lozenge; brown morroco spine label, with gold-stamped binder's title "Villes de France"; inner dentelles and all edges gilt; front and back pastedowns are metallic gold paper. Note Ownership stamp of Hauptmann Grieninger on second front endpaper; Grieninger's inscription on t.p. contains his full military title: "Grieninger, Capitain de l'etat major general." Note Inkstamp of the Státni Pamatkova Spriva Knizni Fond on verso of front endpaper. Summary Note Unsigned, undated ms. compilation of plans by George-Louis Le Rouge of the forts, fortifications, and harbors of various cities of France, and French colonies in Canada, Louisiana, Haiti, and French Guiana, probably produced sometime between 1750 and 1760. Eleven plates are plans of forts, including Forts Barreau, Dauphin, Dauphin en Amerique (Fort Liberté, Haiti), Medoc, Socoa, Scarpe, Nieulet, l'Echise, Louis, Ste. Croix, and Ste. Marguerite. Most of the ports which are mapped are French, such as Port-Louis, Belle-Isle (Belle-Ile-en-Mer), Brest, Caen, Cherbourg, St.-Malo, Havre de Grace (Le Havre), and Dieppe; although some colonial ports, such as Québec City, Ville Marie (Québec), Louisbourg (Nova Scotia), New Orleans (Louisiana), and Cayenne (French Guiana) are also included. Plans are included for French cities such as Amiens, Calais, Douay, Cambray, Dunquerque, Mezières, Metz, Verdun, Dijon, Grenoble, Strasbourg, and others.

---------------------

New Orleans City Hall, 
Amico Building, 
1340 Poydras St., Suite 360, 
New Orleans, La

(1) The original "Plan Books" (150 volumes) from the New Orleans Notarial Archives can be consulted at the New Orleans City Hall. These are detailed elevations of any building that was to be sold at public auction by the City for the period 1802-1918. Examples of these the consultant has seen in several published works, and they have proven invaluable for interpreting New Orleans buildings of 18th century vintage that still existed in the 19th-20th centuries.

Unfortunately, these drawings are not available in microform or copied format and would need to be visited in person, a task not possible for the consultant during this trip owing to the extent of the collection in question. Their usefulness to the Fortress would also appear, at first blush, to be generally marginal, but their may be some particular exceptions.

----------------------

South Carolina Archives and History Centre, 
8301 Parklane Road, 
Columbia, South Carolina, 
29223-4905

(1) RESEARCH FINDINGS

This institution (which the contractor visited) has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(A) GR 002 
Great Britain 
Board of Trade 
Shipping lists for South Carolina 
CO5/510-511 
1735-1767

Microfilm B 800101 [Microfilmed by Micro Methods Limited Film - NOTE: Do not order the BMP series which is difficult to read]

- Ships are identified from London, New Providence, Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Rhode Island etc.

- The accounts jumped from 1739 to 1752

- Scanned quickly, but besides the ones reproduced below, Louisbourg is mentioned for January 5, 1760, April 6, 1760, etc, but perhaps few other ones

- "Hallifax" is mentioned for the year’s quarters below and for other later quarters and years

- The accounts are rich with general building materials descriptions (boards, shingles, etc.) with numerous Boston references

(I) "Port of Charles Town So. Carolina Continued A List of All Ships & Vessells that have Enter’d Inwards in Sady Day Quarter ending 5th April 1759"

"Time of Entry" 
"[Mar] 5"

"Ship or Vessels Names" 
"Polly"

"Masters Names" 
"George Noarth"

"Kind of Built" 
"Sch[oonr]"

"Tons" 
"200"

"Guns" 
"8"

"Men" 
"15"

"where & when Built" 
"afr: Prize this War"

"where & when Registered" 
"Louisbourg 
27th Decr 1758" 


"The Owners 
Names" 
"Gilbert Berelay, Jno Hay & s:d Masvr: of Louisbourg"

"The General Cargo ... " 
- 700 buss Salt 
- 36 barrels flour

"The General Cargo ... "  
"The Package & contents 
of Other Goods" 
[None mentioned]

"From whence Arrived" 
"Louisbourg"

"where & when Bond Given" 
[None mentioned]

[CO 5/510, ff. 65-66]

(II) "Port of Charles Town So. Carolina A list of all Ships & Vessells that have enter’d Inwards in Mich’mas [Michaelmas] Quarter ending 10th October 1759"

"Time of Entry" 
"1759 Julyth"

"Ship or Vessels Names" 
"Bower"

"Masters Names" 
"John Cobb"

"Kind of Built" 
"Brig.r"

"Tons" 
"70"

"Guns" 
"0"

"Men" 
"6"

"where & when Built" 
"A Prize this War"

"where & when Registered" 
"London 
22 January 
1759"

"The Owners 
Names" 
"John Webster & Dav.d [Att]ingham 
of London"

"The General Cargo ... " 
[None mentioned]

"The General Cargo ... " 
"The Package & contents 
of Other Goods" 
"Ballast Only"

"From whence Arrived" 
"Louisbourg"

where & when Bond Given" 
[None mentioned]

[CO 5/510, ff. 67v-68]

(III) GR 018 (BMP D430-32) 
Great Britain, 
Board of Trade, 
Original South Carolina correspondence from the governors and others 
CO 5/368-370, Vol. G, No 33 thru Vol H No. 48 (1740-1744), B 800106

- 1744 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(IV) GR 019 (BMP D433-34) 
Great Britain, 
Board of Trade, 
Original South Carolina correspondence from the governors and others 
CO 5/371-372, Vol. H, No 49 thru Vol I (1745-1751), B 800106

- 1744-1745 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(V) GR 022 (BMP D438-39) 
Great Britain, 
Board of Trade, 
Original South Carolina correspondence from the governors and others 
CO 5/376-377, Vol. I thru M (1757-1764), B 800106

- 1758 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(VI) GR 029 (BMP D464-65) 
Great Britain, 
Board of Trade, 
South Carolina entry Books 
CO 5/402-403, Books C and D, (1739-1760), B 800110

- 1744-1745 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- 1758-1760 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(VII) GR 026 (BMP D447-48) 
Great Britain, 
Secretary of State, 
South Carolina correspondence and other papers 
CO 5/385-386, (1744-1776), B 800108

- 1744-1745 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- 1758 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(VIII) GR 035 (BMP D451-52) 
Great Britain, 
Secretary of State, 
Original correspondence and papers from the governors of South Carolina 
CO 5/389-390, (1748-1767), B 800119

- 1745 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- 1758 checked: Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(IX) South Carolina Gazette

(i) ORIGINALS OF THE GAZETTE - (1743-1751), P 900040 and (1758-1763), P 900040

- The original papers on microfilm were consulted for only the periods 1745 and 1758, and then only partially. 1758 was not complete on the microfilm.

- There are numerous references to Louisbourg, Halifax, etc. which we may have under the bylines of other cities (Boston, New York, London, etc.) but those under the Charles Town byline would be new to Louisbourg. Various ship captains (like Barnes - See below - and Capt. Bickford of Salem, New England (Friday, August 4, 1758), etc. visited Charles Town and the Gazette interviewed them for news about Louisbourg.

- News accounts on the expedition to Cape Breton began in the Gazette on Monday, May 13, 1745 - Charles Town, May 13 (Number 581)

- News accounts of the surrender of Louisbourg was reported on Monday, August 19, 1745 - Boston, July 8 (Number 595)

(a) "Capt. Barnes, just arrived [apparently in Charleston (the paper is damaged)] from Halifax, left that Port with Admiral Boscowen, the 28th ult. when a very valuable Store-ship, and a (French King’s) Frigate had been carried in. He informs us, that the troops employed against Louisbourg amount to about 11,000 Men ...." [The list of the fleet follows]  [Friday, June 30, 1758]

- [NOTE: See also Friday, July 14, 1758: " For LONDON, to sail with Convoy, the Brigantine HALIFAX-PACKET, JOHN BARNES Master: (A Prime Sailor.) For Freight or Passage, apply to DA COASTA & FARR"]

(ii) PUBLISHED INDEX TO THE GAZETTE (1745-1749; 1758-1766) - John H. Wilson & Gary S. Wilson, The Early South Carolina Newspapers Eson Database Reports South Carolina Gazette

- Examined 1745-1749; 1758-1762

(a) 1745

(1) Louisbourg (Sloop) Entered in from Boston, Customs House Notice 11/11/1745, Shipmaster: James Robins

(2) Louisbourg (Sloop) entered out for Boston, Customs House Notice 11/18/1745, Louisbourg (Sloop) cleared for Departure to Boston, Shipmaster: James Robins

(b) 1746

(1) HMS Aldborough (Warship), Departed to Louisbourg, Local News Article, 07/28/1746

(2) HMS Aldborough (Warship), Departed to Cape Breton, Local News Article, 08/11/1746, Naval Ship Commander: Michael Everett

(c) 1748

(1) Duke of Bedford (Ship), Entered in from Cape Breton, Custom House Notice, 12/07/1748, Shipmaster: Eva Deverson

(2) Mediterranean (Brigantine), Entered in from Cape Breton, Custom House Notice, 09/06/1748, Shipmaster John Norris

(d) 1758

(1) Halifax Packet is mentioned several times

(2) Hertford (Ship) Entered into Customs from Halifax

(3) Lindo Packet (Schooner) Cleared for departure to Halifax

(4) Polly (Snow) Entered into Customs from Halifax

(e) 1759

(1) Bowers (Brigantine), Shipmaster Cobb, Entered into Customs from Louisbourg, Customs House Notice, 07/07/1759

(2) Elizabeth (Ship), Shipmaster Thompson, Entered into Customs from Louisbourg, Custom House Notice, 01/01/1759

(3) Elizabeth (Ship), Shipmaster Thompson, Entered into Customs from Louisbourg, Custom House Notice, 01/05/1759

(4) Hopewell (Ship), Shipmaster Rutherford, Reported as arrived from Louisbourg, Marine Intelligence, 09/29/1759

(5) Two Brothers (Snow), Shipmaster, Le Mesurier. Entered into Customs from Louisbourg, Customs House Notice, 12/29/1759

(f) 1760

(1) Elizabeth (Sloop), Shipmaster Alexander, Sailed since last to Louisbourg, Customs House Notice, 06/07/1760

(2) Jane & Mary (Snow), Shipmaster Withall, Entered into Customs from Louisbourg, Customs House Notice, 01/26/1760

(X) William L Saunders, editor, The Colonial Records of North Carolina (Raleigh: Josephus Daniels, 1890), Volume VIII, 1769 to 1771

(i) Tryon’s order book in Campaign against the Regulators (pp. 574-607) provide a curious reference to Louisbourg as follows:

"Sandy Creek Camp Tuesday May 20th 1771. 
Parole - Cape Britain. Countersign - Louisbourg ..."

----------------------

South Carolina Historical Society, 
100 Meeting St., 
Charleston, SC, 
29401

(1) RESEARCH FINDINGS

This institution (which the contractor visited) has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(A)

" Addressed: To 
Mr. Henry Laurens, 
To be left at the Carolina 
Coffe House in Birchen 
Lane 
per his                            London 
majs. Ship 
Kingsale

Aldborh. [Ship Aldborough] in Louishbourgh Harbr
                                                        11th Septr. 1746

Dear Harry

The inclosed Letter I recd. from your Father when I came from Carolina to deliver you in Boston where I thought we shou’d have touch’d, We arrived here the 26th ult. - To morrow we are to Sail to New Yorke to convoy some Vessels bound there & from thence we are to proceed as soon as possible to our Station agn. I left [paper worn - "I rec’d"?] from you & reminded [recommended?] your Business there in mentioned to Jo Pickering when I left Charles Town.

As this Letter will come wth the Fleet, it will be needless to write you any News, or indeed do I know of any worth mentioning. This is a very pretty Place but a bitter cold one - The Kingsale & Hind brot. in 7th. Inst a ship they took in Canada River £ 10,000 Sterg. We have a Rumour here that the French Fleet & Transports are on this Coast, if so, we stand a fine Chance for a Golden Chain or a Wodden Legg, for we can’t well miss them in our Passage to New Yorke.

A little before I left Carolina I remitted Mr. Crockatt on my own acct. an undoubted good Bill for one hundred pounds Sterlg. wch trouble my Intimacy wth you induced me to give him; I have wrote to [missing] by this oppy. I believe I shall have Occasion to draw on him for twenty or thirty Pounds when I get to New Yorke wch. I begg you’ll acquaint him of.

Dear Harry

I am out of your Class, for I was married, a few Days before I left Carolina to miss Jenny Godrey, but never before more than at Present

                                           Your sincere Friends & most 
                                            Humble Ser 
                                                Christ Gadsden.

I begg you’ll informe me in yours the Prizes of Goods from Time to Time of Carolina Produce, or of Prize Goods, I may Sometimes have opportunity to purchase some to advantage"

[The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Volume IX, Number 4, October, 1908, pp. 228-229]

(B) Death Notices from the South Carolina And American General Gazette, and its Continuation the Royal Gazette

"[Died.] Lieutenant Thomas Pinkney, late of the 60th or Royal American Regiment, a brave and gallant officer. He was in most Battles fought in America during the last War. He served at the Siege of Louisbourg, and in the successful Expedition against Martinico, at the Siege of Havana. He received a dangerous Wound on the Plains of Abraham, fighting against the French, when General Murray attacked them in order to raise the Siege of Quebeck." [Monday, February 19, 1770] [The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Volume XVI, Number 3, July, 1915, p. 129]

(C) Philip M. Hamer, editor, et al, The Papers of Henry Laurens (South Carolina Historical Society, 1972)

(I) Same as the "Addressed: To Mr. Henry Laurens, To be left at the Carolina Coffe House in Birchen Lane per majs. Ship" letter already transcribed above. [NOTE: The HMS Aldborough had been on the Carolina station] [Volume I, September 11, 1746-October 31, 1755, pp. 1-2]

(II) To Gidney Clarke, Charles Town, 1 January 1756

" ... we are very much oblig’d both to you & our good Friend Mr. Knight for the Spirits you have been so kind to send us. We dare say its such stuff as does not often Appear in this Quarter. We shall reserve it for high days & holy days. Wish [We] may have occation to expand it on some advantages his Majesty may gain over the French in America but really there is very small hopes of it by our latest advices from the Northwood which bring that the thoulone Squadron consisting of 18 Sail of the Line & 6,000 Land Forces on board was got into Louisbourg. This we very much feart will turn Affairs in that quarter upside down ... " [Volume 2: November 1, 1755-December 31, 1758, p. 57]

(III) "John Watts wrote Moses Frank, May 12, 1762, recommending Joshua Howell as "a clever little experienc’d Quaker" who could "execute the more knotty part of the Business" of transporting troops to Halifax and Louisbourg. Letter Book of John Watts, p. 50." [Volume 3: January 1, 1759-August 31, 1763, p. 20, footnote 6]

---------------------

Southeastern Architectural Archive / Louisiana Collection / Manuscripts, 
Jones Hall, 
Tulane University Libraries, 
New Orleans, LA, 
70118

(1) RESEARCH FINDINGS

(A) MANUSCRIPTS

(I) This institution (which the contractor visited) had some research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution. In particular, the Samuel Wilson, Jr. Archives could prove useful. However, this extensive collection will need to be examined closely to determine what documents may need to be photocopied. Since Mr. Wilson relied heavily on original manuscript materials such as the "Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana" and the "Spanish Judicial Records of Louisiana" which the contractor has recommended for purchase (See "Louisiana State Museum" in this section "Institutions at other Locations."), the contractor determined that this examination would be delayed until after the Superior Council and Spanish Judicial manuscripts were first researched.

(B) PUBLICATIONS

(I) An examination of its reference material revealed a series of unique, scholarly publications (still in print) which the Fortress should purchase:

(i) New Orleans Architecture, 
Gretna: Pelican Publishing Company, 1971-1997

Volume 1: The Lower Garden District

Volume 2: The American Sector

Volume 3: The Cemeteries

Volume 4: The Creole Faubourgs

Volume 5: The Esplanade Ridge

Volume 6: Faubourg Themé and the Bayou Road

Volume 7: Jefferson City

Volume 8: The University Section

This series relies heavily on original manuscript materials such as the "Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana" and the "Spanish Judicial Records of Louisiana" which the contractor has recommended for purchase (See "Louisiana State Museum" in this section "Institutions at other Locations.")

One example from Volume 6:

(a) Sale of land, Michel Brosset to Etiènne de Benac, March 26, 1738, Superior Council Records, translated by Ghislaine Pleasanton

"... On March 26, 1738, Michel Brosset sold to "M. Etienne ded Benac, Captain in the Louisiana troops and Chevalier of the Order of St. Louis, twelve lots of ground situated outside of the city on the way to Bayou St. Jean." These grounds were described as being "enclosed by poles with a house sur solle thirty feet in width, the ‘covered’ walls of brick, between posts surrounding a gallery." Included in the property was a "pigonnier" twenty by nine feet," with a "room above covered with shingles on timber blocks, of posts and bricks, cost 2,000 livres." This contract was signed, "Comte de Comtois, L. Renaudais, Jacoton, Louis Cheval ..."

[Louisiana Historical Centre Archives, "Preserved in the French Superior Council Records"]

(ii) Although the Fortress has the microfilms for the series "Série C13A: Correspondance Générale, Louisiana" and has several indexes to it, it does not own a copy of its published comprehensive index (in 2 Volumes) which should be obtained (as a photocopy (not necessarily from the University of Tulane) or from a book dealer):

(a) Archives Nationales - Inventaire Des Archives Colonials - Correspondence à l’arrivé en provenance de la Louisiana - Tome 1 - (Articles C13A 1 à 37) - Paris, Archives Nationales - 1976

(b) Archives Nationales - Inventaire Des Archives Colonials - Correspondence à l’arrivé en provenance de la Louisiana - Tome I1 - (Articles C13A 38 à 54; C13B1, C13C 1 à 5) - Paris, Archives Nationales - 1983

Several examples from this series:

(1) [C13A6 (1720-1722)]

- fo. 428 (vo]. - 8 décembre, La Nouvelle-Orléans. La Tour. État du matériel nécessaire pour commencer les constructions de l’Ile de la Balise. Annotations du Conseil.

(2) [C13A 17 (1733)]

1733

- fo 302 - 15 janvier, La Nouvelle-Orlèans. Broutin, ingénieur. Plan de l’enceinte exécutée en 1732 autour de la poudrière.

- fo. 303 - 15 janvier, La Nouvelle-Orléans. Broutin. Elévation d’un Bâtiment voûté construit près de l’intendance et plan de l’étage

- fo.304 - 15 janvier. La Nouvelle-Orléans. Broutin. Coupe d’un bâtiment construit près de l’intendance et plan de la cave

- fo. 305 - Acadie. Plan et profile d’un magasin pour les vivres et d’un bâtiment pour les officiers à construire à Port-la-Joye. Ile du Cap Breton

(3) [etc.]

----------------------

University of Rochester Library, 
Department of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, 
Rush Rhees Library, 
Rochester, NY, 
14627-0055

This institution has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows: 

[NOTE: Louisbourg also holds Maurepas material from Cornell University and these should be checked against those of Rochester. Rochester purchased its manuscripts at the Parke-Bernet Auction of March 6, 1962 and by gift of Robert F. Metzdorf.]

(1) D. 10 Jean Frederic Phelypeaux, Compte de Maurepas Papers, 1739-1747 
The Cod and Herring Catch, Canada, 1739-1746

(A) Folder:

- Petition of cod-fishers. 8p., folio, in clerk's hand.

- Printed petition of cod-fishers. 9p., folio.

- Letter from Vincent (Merchant) to Maurepas. 3.5p., folio, A.L.S.

- Statistical table of herring catch, 1741. 1p., folio, in clerk's hand.

- Instruction of French Naval Cadets

- Manual for Naval Officers. 49p., quarto, M.S.

- Canadian Ironworks, 1743

- Report on the ironworks of Saint-Maurice Canada, 1743. 3.5p., folio.

- The Acadian Expedition of 1746; Attempt to Recapture Louisbourg

- Jean-Baptiste-Louis-Frédéric de la Rochefoucauld, Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 6 October 1745. 1p., octavo.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 18 January 1746. 2p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 28 January 1746. 3.5p., octavo.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, n.d. 3.5p., octavo.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, n.d. 3.5p., octavo.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 14 February 1746. 3.5p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, n.d. 3p., octavo.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 25 February 1746. 3p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 28 February [1746]. 1p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 21 March [1746]. 3p., octavo.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 8 April 1746. 1p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 18 April [1746]. 2p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, n.d. 1p., quarto.

- Duc d'Enville to Louis XV. 2p., folio

- De Montlouet to Maurepas, 22 October 1746. 3p., folio.

- Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, 16 April 1746. 1.5p., folio

- "Escadre de M. le Duc d'Enville." (Report on the expedition, issued by Maurepas' Office.) 11.5p., folio, in clerk's hand.

- De Montlouet to Maurepas, [22 October 1746]. 2p., folio.

- Louis de Nouailles D'Aymé to Maurepas. 5p., folio.

- The Loss of Louisbourg, 1745-1747

- Plans to retake Acadia and Newfoundland and to defend the Isle Royale (Cape Breton). [January 1745]. 13p., folio, in clerk's hand.

- [How Louisbourg was lost.] Report of François Bigot to Maurepas, with the Minister's annotations. [15 August 1745.] 10p., folio, in clerk's hand.

- Louisiana Campaign, 1739-1740

----------------------

Village Acadien/Acadian Village, 
200 Greenleaf Drive, 
Lafayette, Louisiana, 
70506

The Acadien Village "is a replica of a latter 1800 Acadian Village." Some of the buildings are modern reconstructions; others are original buildings moved to the site. Of most interest to the Fortress are the Aurelie Bernard House ("Constructed in St. Martinville, the Bernard House is the oldest structure in the Village. The section on the left was built first (circa 1800) while that on the right is an addition, (1840)"); the Thibodeaux House ("The house dates to circa 1820 and came to Acadian Village from the Breaux area"); and the Castille Home ("This historic landmark at the Village was built for Dorsene Castille (circa 1860) in Breaux Bridge by a European of whom little is known ...").

Of greatest interest are the horizontal bevelled board sidings on the ground floor fronts of the Bernard (1800 section) and Castille wood-frame houses. In both cases, the sidings exist under a protective gallery, while the remaining exposed walls are clapboarded. On the Bernard house, the bevelled siding was nailed to the uprights with cut-nails.

All three buildings were also in-filled with "bousillage entre poteaux." In particular, the Bernard fill was described as earth and spanish moss mixed together and applied to braces ("barreaux") set between the framing posts:

"The houses which are built of mud is mix’d with moss, with which every tree is nearly cover’d. it is put up by hand, without the use of a trowel, on shelves placed from one frame to the other, and becomes very hard and strong when thoroughly dry. Some plaster over, some white wash only, and the poorer class leave them in their original state, owing to the scarcity of lime. then only resource being to bring clam shells from the lakes, or oyster shells from the sea shore to make it of "[Diary of James Leander Cathcart upon his visit to Acadian Country - 1819 - NOTE: An attempt should be made to obtain a loan copy of this diary to determine if it contains other references of use to the Fortress]

----------------------

Virginia Historical Society, 
428 North Boulevard, 
P.O. Box 7311, 
Richmond, VA, 
23221-0311

This institution has research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution as follows:

(1) Harrison Gray, 1712-1794. Papers, 1745-1773. Call Number: Manuscripts Mss2 G7927 c Description 4 items.

(A) Summary Note:

- Include letter, 1745, of William Winslow (of Louisburg, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia) to Harrison Gray (of Boston, Mass.);

- deed of trust, 1750, of Fortesque Vernon to Harrison Gray and John Hunt for the ship, "Kingston," (for the benefit of William Dennie);

- and accounts, 1758-1773, of Harrison Gray with Stephen Parker and Thomas Parker. Provenance - Note: Provenance not known.

----------------------

Williams Research Center, 
410 Chartres St., 
New Orleans, LA, 
70130

(1) RESEARCH FINDINGS

This institution (which the contractor visited) did not have research material which Louisbourg does not hold as a copied manuscript from any other institution. However, an examination of its reference material revealed the series "The Louisiana Historical Quarterly" (1917-1918 to near present). The general usefulness of this Quarterly was its long term project to abstract (in English) the French and Spanish documents concerning the early history of Louisiana. In particular, the extensive abstracts / translations of the "Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana" and the "Spanish Judicial Records of Louisiana" are valuable as a useful English index to the original manuscripts (in French and Spanish) which are located at the Louisiana Historical Center (See "Louisiana State Museum" in this section "Institutions at other Locations.") Because many of these records provide building and other details of an 18th-century French colonial flavour, it would prove useful to the Fortress if this series (or at least the English abstracts of these French/Spanish records) could be obtained on microfilm (if available) or in other format.

In addition to abstracts/translations, the Quarterly also has a number of interesting articles which the Fortress should obtain.

(A) MANUSCRIPTS ABSTRACTED / TRANSLATED

Some examples from the Louisiana Historical Quarterly are as follows [NOTE the bevel reference at October 2, 1762]:

(I) Volume 2, Number 1, January, 1919

(i) Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana 
Filed No. 79. 
[p. 107]

Sale of House: Bienville to Dutisné. January 30, 1725. Monsieur De Bienville conveys a house and appurtenances to Mr. Dutisné, captain and commander in Illinois (now represented by Madame D. and by Mr. Roquet), for 4000 francs; 1058 francs being paid down, residue 2940 francs payable in a year; mortgage security. House about 32 feet long by 21 wide, with floors above and below; partitions, doors and windows, locks and hinges, front gallery; kitchen of stakes covered with bark. Lot of about 12 fathoms front by 25 deep, facing the Mississippi.

House of timber with shingle roof. ....

(II) Volume 3, Number 4, October, 1920

(i) [pp. 557-561]

Contract for Building the Hospital of the Poor, Passed Between Sr. Joseph Villars Dubreuil and Sieur Paquet. 1736. June 10. Both a translation and and a transcription of the original were produced.

(III) Volume 21, Number 4, October, 1938

(i) [pp. 979-994]

(a) Inventory of the Paris Duvernay Concession in Louisiana, 1726, edited by Walter Prichard. Translation of the Inventory, March 8, 1726.

"Inventory 
P.D. 
P. Duvernay 
(2359) 
No. 729

Inventory of the buildings...

[Example] ... A negro cabin with cypress posts squared on two sides covered with palmettos and with mud walls, 30 feet long by 18 wide, ...

An idem [a building] serving as a forge with posts in earth about 15 feet long by twelve wide covered partly with bark and the rest with palmetto in very bad condition enclosed with mud walls, ..."

(IV) Volume 24, Number 1, January, 1941

Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana, LXXXVI 
July - September, 1762 
By G. Lugano 
Revised by Walter Prichard

(i) [p. 241]

"August 9, 1762. -- Inventory of the Plantation of Philippe Frederic (Matisse), widower of the late Catherine Antony (Bernard), concerning furniture, utensils, horned cattle, sheep, hogs, fowls, made in the presence of Sieur Louis Falgous, Pierre Antoine Brou and André Fredericq, viz:

One plantation adjoining the property of his mother on the upper side, and the property of Sieur Vergille on the lower side, measuring three arpents frontage by a depth of forty arpents, together with improvements consisting of one frame house, twenty-four feet long by sixteen feet in width, furnished with a brick chimney;

One warehouse, twenty feet long and nine feet wide;

One rice-mill; One small cabin, one brick oven; one cattle pen; ...."

(V) Volume 25, Number 4, October, 1942

(i) October 1, 1763 - The Inventory of the assets of the Laforest succession was taken at the residence of the said deceased on October 1, 1763, as follows:

[p. 1157]

" ...Item, on said ground stands a house of brick between posts, with a double chimney, with ceilings and floors, with iron-trimmed doors and windows, with a gallery in the rear and one closet on the gallery , the said house measuring thirty feet in length by eighteen feet in width; on same ground stands also a kitchen in bad condition - for memorandum -- "

(VI) Volume 24, Number 2, April, 1941

Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana, LXXXVII 

(i) October - December, 1762 
By G. Lugano 
Revised by Walter Prichard

(a) October 2, 1762. 
No. 8271. 2 pp. 
[p. 545]

"Contract for the sale of lumber passed before the Royal Notary of the Province of Louisiana, residing in New Orleans. Appearers. Sieur Francois Roquigny, resident of this city; and Monsieur Augustin Chantalou, Councillor Assessor of the Superior Council of the Province of Louisiana.

Sr. Francois Roquigny promised, bound and obligated himself to deliver to Sr. Chantalou, during the month of December next, five hundred pieces of mill lumber, beveled on two sides, measuring from ten to twelve feet in length and one foot in width, sound, fine and marketable merchandise of good quality, for which Sr. Chantalou promised and obligated himself to pay at the rate of forty sols per linear foot, ... "

(VII) Volume 26, Number 3, July, 1943

(i) Index to the Spanish Judicial Records of Louisiana, LXXVII 
February, 1785 
By Laura L. Porteous 

(a) [p. 873]

"... Incidents. Santiago Le Duc vs. the Succession of the late Francisca Plazan, to collect a debt for professional services. ... 1779 ... 1780 ... 1781 ...1782 ..." [This is a detailed accounting of a surgeon’s bill and pages 876-892 at the very least should be photocopied]

(VIII) Volume 28, Number 3, July, 1945

(i) Southern Louisiana and Southern Alabama in 1819: The Journal of James Leander Cathcart 
Edited by Walter Prichard, Fred B. Kniffen, and Clair A. Brown, [pp. 735-921]

(a) Example from this Journal:

"The houses which are built of Mud, ... is mix’d with moss, with which every tree is nearly cover’d, it is put up by hand, without the use of the trowels on shelves places [sic] from one frame to the other, & becomes very hard & strong, when thoroughly dry, some plaster over, some white wash ... only, & the poorer class leave them in their original state, owing to the Scarcity of lime, their only resource being to bring clam shells from the Lakes, or Oister shells from the Sea shore to make it of; ... their doors & joiners work are done in the crudest manner, ... & few houses of the last description have any glass in their windows, in the whole extent of this country which we have visited, neither is there a single stone of any description, from the Balize to this place but what is brought here from other places ... -- "

- Also mentioned in this journal are street descriptions, class distinctions, tree descriptions (with their Latin names), other house descriptions, quarries, etc.

(IX) Volume 28, Number 4, October, 1945

(i) Index to the Spanish Judicial Records of Louisiana, LXXXI 
May, 1785 
By Laura L. Porteous (with marginal notes by Walter Prichard)

(a) [pp. 1301-1305]

August 17, 1785

"Account of expenses and supplies furnished for the careening of the Brigantine, the June Joseph, Jean Batailhey, Captain, and consists of the following, according to the receipts, namely: ..." 
[What follows is a detailed account of careening a Brigantine ship - an excellent description]

(B) ARTICLES

Some examples from the Louisiana Historical Quarterly are as follows:

(I) Volume 26, Number 3, July , 1943 
[pp. 722-754] 
H. Mortimer Favrot, "Colonial Forts of Louisiana"

(II) Volume 29, Number 3, July , 1946 
[pp. 559-659] 
Samuel Wilson, Jr., "An Architectural History of the Royal Hospital and the Ursuline Convent of New Orleans"