ERIC KRAUSE

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ERIC KRAUSE REPORTS

MY HISTORICAL REPORTS
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MY MAJOR RESEARCH TRIPS

UNITED STATES RESEARCH 

Research Trip November 1, 2002 - March 14, 2003 ~ 
East of the Mississippi

Massachusetts Historical Society (Boston, Massachusetts) ~
Fortress of Louisbourg Research

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR UNITED STATES REPORTS

During the period 1 November 2002-14 March 2003 the contractor will research and provide a written report which will outline and summarize the documentation related to 18th century Louisbourg, found in four archives/libraries in the United States, in the following areas:

1. Business and Merchant History with an emphasis on American colonial construction materials shipped/used at Louisbourg (1713-1758) 

2. Comparative wooden buildings history, e.g. piquet construction and charpente construction used in former French colonies that are part of the United States

3. Other topics relevant to Louisbourg that the researcher may find

The institutions that will be visited for research will include:

Eric Krause, 
Krause-House Info-Research Solutions, 
December 30, 2002 
(Revised April 1, 2003)

----------------------

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY 
1154 Boylston Street, 
Boston, 
Massachusetts,
02215

(1) HIGHLIGHTS

(A) The Nathaniel Wheelwright Journal contains new Louisbourg details.

(B) The Benjamin Eustis Account Book (1748-1757) is one of the finest journals I have seen left by an American craftsman of the Louisbourg era. It is unusually legible, and would serve as an excellent interpretative tool for explaining the tasks of English and French artisans alike.

(C) SUGGESTED MICROFILM ORDERS

(I) Benjamin Bangs Diary which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 1. This diary has Louisbourg references but Louisbourg does not own a copy.

(II) Dudley Bradstreet Diary which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 2. Notwithstanding that a portion of this journal has been transcribed and published, and Louisbourg has a copy, in principle, the Fortress should attempt to obtain a microfilm or photocopy of any source which reproduces 18th century manuscripts that contain numerous period references to Louisbourg.

(III) Joseph Emerson Diaries which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 3. Notwithstanding that a portion of this journal has been transcribed and published, and Louisbourg has a copy, in principle, the Fortress should attempt to obtain a microfilm or photocopy of any source which reproduces 18th century manuscripts that contain numerous period references to Louisbourg.

(IV) Benjamin Stearns Diary which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 9. Notwithstanding that a portion of this journal has been transcribed and published, and Louisbourg has a copy, in principle, the Fortress should attempt to obtain a microfilm or photocopy of any source which reproduces 18th century manuscripts that contain numerous period references to Louisbourg.

(V) Benjamin Walker Diary, 1743-1749 which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries , P-363, Reel 10.

(VI) Nathaniel Wheelwright Journal, Montreal (1753-1754) which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries , P-363, Reel 11. Wheelwright discusses Louisbourg and eventually arrives in Louisbourg Harbour prior to his return to New England. However, he is forced to stay in Louisbourg for a month.

(VII) The Stephen Williams Diary, 1745-1749 which is contained in Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 11 (Note: Same reel as VI above). Notwithstanding that a portion of this journal has been transcribed and published, and Louisbourg has a copy, in principle, the Fortress should attempt to obtain a microfilm or photocopy of any source which reproduces 18th century manuscripts that contain numerous period references to Louisbourg.

(VIII) Arrangements should be made between the Fortress of Louisbourg and the Massachusetts Historical Society to have the Benjamin Eustis Account book [See Original Manuscripts section] microfilmed to the mutual benefit of both parties. This very legible book measures approximately 8"x6"x3 inches thick and is still in relatively excellent condition. If the account book should ever be stolen or destroyed by accident, a valuable research tool would be lost forever. The Fortress should make it clear that publication is not its intent, and that the MHS would retain all rights to sell/not sell copies of the microfilm.

(D) SUGGESTED PHOTOCOPY ORDERS

(I) The William Clarke Journal which mentions Louisbourg.

(2) RESEARCH FINDINGS

(A) MANUSCRIPTS ON MICROFILM

(I) Benjamin Greene Account Books 1734-1805. 3 Reels, P-489

(i) Reel One

(a) Waste Book 1755-1763

- Excellent for clothing materials - very legible

- Numerous names of prominent Boston merchants

- Some but very few construction materials mentioned

(b) Waste Book 1763-1799

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(c) Waste Book 1760-1773

- Excellent for clothing materials - very legible

- Numerous names of prominent Boston merchants

- Some but very few construction materials mentioned

(ii) Reel Two

(a) Waste Book 1771-1799

- Excellent for clothing materials - very legible

- Numerous names of prominent Boston merchants

- Some but very few construction materials mentioned

(iii) Reel Three

(a) Ledger for 1734-1756

- Numerous Boston names with their professions in play during the Louisbourg period

- Very few building materials mentioned

(b) Ledger for 1760-1782

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(c) Ledger for 1778-1805

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

----------------------

(II) James Murray Papers 1732-1781. 2 Reels, P-141

(i) Reel One (Letterbooks (1732-1769))

(a) Letterbooks (1732-1769)

- Letters 1732-1740 - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- Letterbook 1745-1747 - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- Letterbook 1735-1760 - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- Letterbook 1760-1761 - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- Letterbook 1764-1769 - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(ii) Reel Two (Account Books of James Murray, Loyalist 1766-1781)

- Account Book 1766-1779 - Some building materials mentioned

- References to his Halifax House

-Account Book 1766-1781 - Some building materials mentioned

- Halifax mentioned

- Receipt Book 1767-1768 - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- Invoice Book 1771-1775 [1785] - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

- Account Book 1732-1749 and Catalogue of Books - Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

----------------------

(III) Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 10

(i) Benjamin Wadsworth Diary 1692-1737 - Poor readability, scanned quickly, and apparently nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(ii) Benjamin Walker Diary, Boston, Volume 1, 1726-1734 

- Poor readability, scanned quickly, and apparently nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(iii) Benjamin Walker Diary, Boston, Volume 2, 1735-1742 

- Poor readability, scanned quickly, and apparently nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(iv) Benjamin Walker Miscellaneous Leaves from Diary , undated 

- 1742 - Poor readability, scanned quickly, and apparently nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(v) Benjamin Walker Diary, 1743-1749

- Poor readability, and scanned quickly

- Some building materials examples:

(a) After June 6, 1744, there is a list following "1743" and "1743 July"

"... boards 7 £ pr m Shingles fro: 40s /to 3 £ pr.r m ... 
... Lumber Boards 7/10s p.r m ... 
... Shingles 40s./to 50 pr. m: Timber & Oak & plank deal ..."

(b) after Saturday March 31

"This month of march ... Lumber Boards 7/10s ... Shingles 40s to 50 pr. m ..."

(c) 1744 In Boston

"For ye Month of April ... Lumber board / [?]. 26 pr. Shingle 40/to 45pr/ ..."

- 1744 War proclamation Against France was read; Annapolis Royal mentioned in June, 1744; Captain Edward Tyng mentioned June 25, 1744; "Lewisburgh" mentioned on June 25; June 26, 1744 French prisoners of war taken by Captain Tyng; July 2, 1744 flag of truce arrived [from?] Cape Breton; etc.

----------------------

(III) Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 11

(i) Samuel Ward

- Diary, Worcester, Massachusetts 1759

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(ii) John and Eleazer Ware

- Military Journal, 1689-1725

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(iii) Benjamin Webb, Sr.

- Diary in Holyoke’s Almanac (1715)

- Several recipes

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(iv) Benjamin Webb

- Diary in Robies’ Almanac (1716)

- Several recipes

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(v) Benjamin Webb

- Diary in Robies’ Almanac (1717)

- Recipe

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(vi) Benjamin Webb Jr.

- Journal 1748-1761

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(vii) Nathan P. West

- Diary in Almanac (1744)

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(viii) Samuel West

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1766)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(ix) Samuel West

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1767)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(x) Samuel West

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1767)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xi) Samuel West

- Diary in Mein and Fleming’s Register (1768)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xii) Samuel West

- Diary in Mein and Fleming’s Register (1769)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xiii) Samuel West

- Diary in Bickerstaff’s Almanac (1772)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xiv) Nathaniel Wheelwright

- Journal, Montreal (1753-1754)

Selections from the Journal:

(a) "The inhabitants in general [in generals?] are good Livers and have comfortable Stone houses with sash windows, and every one has a Stove which are very convenient for the Climate these Stoves are made in the Country, at a Furnace three leagues back in the Country from three Rivers, they are very good Iron made out of bog Ore ..."

(b) April 20, 1754

"... I waited on the General for his dispatch=es as I intended for Quebec the next morning. he gave me a passport to re=turn to New England Via Louisbourg in any Vessell I pleased and gave orders to the Captain of the garde to see that I had Soloman Mitchell deliver’d to me and promised me he would send Noble’s Child to Louisbourg this Summer and address her to the care of Monsr. Prevost the Intendant there ..." [more details follow]

(xv) Rev. Joseph Whipple

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1731)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xvi) Rev. Joseph Whipple

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1733)

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(xvii) Rev. Joseph Whipple

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1734)

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(xviii) Rev. Joseph Whipple

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1736)

- Excellent daily weather/environmental reports

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg other than possible weather/environmental comparisons

(xix) Michael Wigglesworth

- Diary (1652-1657)

- Before the Louisbourg period and not examined

(xx) Dr. Aaron Wright

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1769)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xxi) Dr. Aaron Wright

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Diary in Low’s Almanac (1770)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xxii) Dr. Aaron Wright

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1771)

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xxiii) Dr. Aaron Wright

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Diary in Massachusetts Almanac (1772)

- Assorted sketches of houses, horses, etc.

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xxiv) Dr. Aaron Wright

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Diary in Ames’ Almanac (1773)

- Assorted sketches of houses, horses, etc.

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xxv) Dr. Aaron Wright

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Diary in Stearn’s Almanac (1774)

- Assorted sketches of people.

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(xxvi) Rev. Stephen Williams

- Louisbourg Diary 1745-1749

- Not examined since Louisbourg holds a copy

(xxvii) Jonathan Willis

- Medway, Massachusetts

- Journal (1744-1747)

- Poor readability, scanned quickly, and apparently nothing of interest for Louisbourg

----------------------

(IV) Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 1.19-22

- Benjamin Bangs Diary

- A Louisbourg Diary not examined

- Louisbourg does not hold a copy

----------------------

(V) Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 2.23

- Dudley Bradstreet Diary

- A Louisbourg Diary not examined

- Louisbourg holds a copy

----------------------

(VI) Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 3.3

- Joseph Emerson Diaries

- A Louisbourg Diary not examined

- Louisbourg holds a copy

----------------------

(VII) Pre-Revolutionary War Diaries, P-363, Reel 9.2

- Benjamin Stearns Diary

- A Louisbourg Diary not examined

- Louisbourg holds a copy

----------------------

(VIII) Ezekial Price Papers, 1754-1785, P-43 (One reel)

[pp. 175-178] 

"Account of Lumber and Fish Exported from the Port of Boston to the West Indies from 1 Jany 1762-1 Jany 1763"

- Quantities of boards and shingles are given

- Raises the question whether earlier accounts exist for the Louisbourg period

- 3037 m. feet of boards were exported that year

- 2332 m. shingles were exported that year

- Lumber statistics consists of boards [etc?], shingles, staves, hoops, and shook [hhd.?]

(B) ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPTS

(I) The United States Customs House (Salem Massachusetts)

- Orders, 1769-1775 

- "Copy of orders &c to the Land Waiters &e of the Port of Salem £ Marblehead fm. 27 April 1769 to [March 10, 1775] "

- [Salem & Marblehead Custom House]

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

----------------------

(II) John Quimby Account Book 1781-1801

(i) [Account Book without Tabs]

- Some building materials examples:

(a) "by 7000 Shingles @ 8/6 ..."

(b) "By making Bar & Staple for window ..." [May 14, 1785]

(c) "By 5000 Shingles @ 5/6 ..." [No Date]

(d) "By 486 feet Board 42/ ..." [No Date]

(e) "By 3500 Shingles @ 9/6 Tousand ..." [March 26, 1785]

(f) "By 1131 feet Merchto Board @ 33/... " [No Date]

(g) " By 289 feet Merd Boards @ 48/ ..." [September 22, 1784]

(h) "By 2000 feet Board @ 30 f pr thousand ..." [August 24, 1785]

(i) "By 56 feet Joice @ 30 l ..." [August 24, 1785]

(j) "By 1000 Shingles - 0 - 8 - 0 ..." [No Date]

(k) "By 1065 feet Clearboards @ ... 72/pr M ..." [December 24, 1784]

(l) "By 206 feet timber ... 0-6-0 ..." [No Date]

(m) "By 550 feet Board @ 45/ ..." [March 5, 1805]

(n) "By 1050 feet Boards @ 42/ ... " [March 11, 1805]

(o) "By 7000 Shingles @ 8/..."

(ii) [Account Book with Tabs]

- Some building materials examples:

(a) "... feet of 1 1/2 inch Plank ... " [John Archer]

(b) "... to pine Plank as inch ..." [January 5, 1781]

(c) "... Clear boards at 48/Per thousd ..." [October 22, 1781]

(d) "... 1782 may 31 to 295 feet of [Rufe] Boards & mill /1-10-0 ..."

----------------------

(III) Account Book kept in Brookfield and Russell, Massachusetts, 1785-1811 (ms SBd-6))

- Some building materials examples:

(i) "... Colonal Shoper Dr to six lights of sashes and setting the glas to 6 lights of sashes 0 2 0 ..." [November 24, 1791]

(ii) 

" by twenty four Lites of window Sashes 0  6 0 
" To twelve Lites of window Sashes        › 3 0 ..." [November 9, 1789]

(iii) 

"to fifteen window frames at 2s - 6 
Eac .... 
to 2 hundred & Eighty lights of Sashes 
at 2 1/2 per Light ...." [March 1793]

(iv) 

"by Seven Window frames 0 17 6 
by forty window Lites        0 10 0 ..." [1790]

(v) 

"to makeing a window frame and 
Sash ---- 0 5 6" [August 1790]

(vi) "... to making six window frames 0 15 0 ..." [October 5, 1788]

(vii) "to Seven hundred and thirty feet of pine Boards 1 2 9 ..." [June 18, 1789]

----------------------

(IV) Benjamin Waterman account book, [1759] 1768-1842 (B. Waterman)

- Some building materials examples:

(i) "... to seven feet pine Bords best [trimd?] 0 1 0 ... " [March 3, 1791]

(ii) "... to Part of a Load of pine wood for his mill ..." [June 25, 1777]

(iii) " ... to one thousand and two hundred of Shilingels jointed Delivered to David Crooker ... 1 0 6 ...." [p. 71, January 15, 1793]

(iv) " ... by one Day of shaving Shingles - 0 2 6 ..." [p. 72, January 4, 1789]

(v) " ... By one thousand one Hundred and teen Shingles Not [jinled?] ... [0] 16 6 ..." [p. 72, November 23, 1793]

(vi] "... By one Day of Sheving Shingles --- 0 - 4 - 0 ..." [p. 76, October 4, 1791]

(vii) "... By one hundred of Drebelstone Boards ..." [p. 92, December 10, 1794]

----------------------

[V] William Clarke Journal in the Dolbeare Papers

- Not examined although it refers to Louisbourg

- Louisbourg does not hold a copy

----------------------

(VI) Rand Family Accounts 1721-1780 (22.31)

(i) Benjamin Rand’s Accounts, March 25, 1721-March 16, 1726

- Weights and measures formulas

- Some building materials examples:

(a) Taking down a house

(b) "helping me hu the barn timber one day ..."

(ii) Thomas Rand "His Book" Accounts; and MS Fragments

(a) Thomas Rand’s Accounts 1752 to 1763

- Rand has some dealings in Boston (e.g. sending his cart to Boston)

- Many building materials (hewing timber, framing houses, white pine boards, window frames and sashes, planing timber). Some examples:

(1) "To sawing pineboards 5576 at £ 7-2-6 pn - 1000£ 6-5-4" [Between pp. 7-8, 1731]

(2) " Mr Ebenezor Cuther Dr to sawing pine boards 160/0-3-6 "[Between pp. 7-8, 1731]

(3) "To sawing 4783 of pineboards - - - £ 5-7-4" [Between pp. 7-8, 1731]

(4) 

"Credit 
to five hundred of white pine 
Slitwork - - - £ 13-5-- ..." [p. 13, Not Dated]

(5) "1758 to fore window frames and sashes fifteen squares in a window and fore more of twelve squares in a window and thre of eight squares in a window" [p. 30, 1758]

(6) 

"to four winder frames and sashes 16 squares in a windo ----- 10 -  0 - 0 
four frames with 12 squares in a windo                               ----- 9 -  0 - 0 
one frame with 6 squares in it                                            ------  0 - 18 - 0 
one frame without sashes                                                  ------- 1 -   3 - 0 ..." [p. 31, 1756]

(7) "1758 ... to ... Making winder frame and sashes and putting up the same and casing the sashes ..." [p. 37, 1758]

(8) " to a winder frame & casement and putting up the Same and obtaining som of the seets and som nails and some spik ..." [p. 47]

(b) "Thomas Rand his Book" August 25, 1762 to May, 1780

- Some building materials examples:

(1) "November 1766 to Seven window frames, and Sashes to them 15 Lights in a winder fifty Shilings a winder ..." [p. 17, 1766]

(2) "August 29 to 28 feet of white pine timber for window Caps at one Shilings and five pence a feet ..." [p 44 [45], 1766]

(iii) MS, fragments ca. 1763; and other pieces nd, 1758-1774

- Some building materials examples:

(a) Planed doors

----------------------

(VII) British North America Customs Papers. Gt. Britain Commissioner of Customs in America. Custom Papers, 1765-1774 (151.1.47)

(i) [Items 1-3]

"An Account of the Number of Vessels on an average entered Inwards and Cleared Outwards annually at the Several Ports in America"

- Several tables like this for the 1770s and includes Halifax

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(ii) [Item 4]

"An Account of what Has been Imported into Boston since the year 1768 ..."

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(iii) [Item 5]

(a) Exports To Great Britain between the 5.th day of Janry 1771 & the 5.th day of January 1772

- Only New York and Philadelphia exported more oak boards and Planks to Great Britain than Boston

- Only Piscataqua exported more pine boards and planks to Great Britain than Boston

- Examples from the Table:

 

                  ---Lumber ---

 

                      ---Timber --

 

               Boards and Planks

    Lathwood

 

 

                         (feet) 

      (Cords) 

                       (Tons and Feet)

 

Cedar 

Oak 

Pine 

 

Cedar 

Oak

 Pine 

Birch

Newfoundland 

   

  40,313 

   

    12 T

   
           

    37 F

   

 

 

 

           

St. Johns 

         

    97 T

   
           

    34 F

   
                 

Halifax     

   

  51,296

    20

  23 F

  532 T   757 T 57 T
           

      5 1/2 F

    15 F   5 F
                 

Pascataqua    

    68,000 674,500         35 T    256 T 18 T
                  8 F    
                 
Falmouth          32,750 361,750   148   1223 T 3261 T  
                 

Salem & MarbleHead  

      80,000        8         60 T  
                 

Boston      

  187,368 477,847     24     384 T   427 T  22 T
                20 F     20 F 30 F
                 
Rhode Island                
                 

New York     

  230,000 143,000       2 T     19 T       8 T  
            24 T      
                 

Philadelphia    

3096p13 214,215   76,805   261 T      
            16 F      

[p. 8]

(b) Exports to Ireland from the several Ports under the Commissioners in No. America between the 5th day of January 1771, & the 5th day of January 1772

- Boston is not mentioned

- Examples from the Table:

 

                  ---Lumber ---

                      ---Timber --

 

               Boards and Planks

 

 

                         (feet) 

                       (Tons and Feet)

 

Cedar 

Oak 

Pine 

Cedar 

Oak

 Pine 

Piscataqua             2,000        
             
Rhode Island   

20,000

       
             
New York   

10,500 

   7,750               4 T  
         

20 F

 
Philadelphia   

52,279 

12,200 

 

19 T

 
         

24 F

 

[p. 10]

(c) Exports to the Southern Parts of Europe & the Wine Islands from the several Ports in America under the Commissioners at Boston between the 5th. day of January 1771 & the 5th January 1772

- Examples from the Table:

 

                  ---Lumber ---

 

 

               Boards and Planks

Shingles

 

                         (feet) 

(Number)

 

Oak 

Pine 

 
Newfoundland      
       
Halifax      
       
Piscataqua   

110,000 

15,000

       
Salem & Marblehead   

268,000

 
       
Boston                 45,500  
       
New York                 47,000  
       
Philadelphia 

42,000

   
       
Rhode Island      

[pp. 12-13]

(d) Exports to Africa from the several Ports in No America between the 5th. day of Jany. 1771 to the 5th. day of January 1772

- Examples from the Table:

 

---Lumber ---

 

Boards and Planks

 

(feet) 

 

(Pine) 

   
Boston 

  7,500

   
New York 

  6,500

   
Philadelphia 

12,900

   
Rhode Island 

15,000

[p. 16]

(e) Exports to the British Foreign West Indies from the Several Ports under the Hon’ble Board of Commissioners in No America, between the 5.th day of January 1771 & the 5th. of Janry 1772

- Examples from the Table:

 

 ---Lumber ---

 

                 

   

------- Timber ------

 

Boards and Planks

Clapboards

House 

Laths 

Shingles

 

 

(feet) 

     (#)

Frames

(#)

(#)

(Tons and Feet)

     

(#)

     
 

Oak

Pine

 

 

 

 

Oak

Pine

Newfoundland         25,000       

    15,000

   
                 
Halifax         68,000       

     20,000 

 

     4 T

                 
Pascataqua   7,000  13,197,360

11,000 

  12 

  6,092,000

  4 T

 
             

10 F

 
                 

Falmouth 

  3,000    4,527,250 

  3,000 

115 

  2,032,000 

25 T 

  66 T

             

24 F

 
                 
Salem & MarbleHead     3,918,809  

    1

  2,911,120

    4 T

 
             

    2 F

 
                 
Boston      3,933,200 

12,500 

    1 

  2,127,700    
                 
Rhode Island      2,080,000        1,972,250

    2 T

 
             

16 F

 
New York    7,000    1,151,351   

    3 

34,625     785,750 

41 T 

111 T

                 
Philadelphia  88,600       896,623 

    209 

    1 

  1,672,700    

[p. 19]

(iv) [Item 6]

Vessels out & in, Oct 10, 1765 - Oct 10, 1766

"An Account of the Number of Vessels ..."

- Nova Scotia mentioned

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

(v) [Item 7]

"An Account of the Goods & produce Imported into & Exported from the Several Ports on the continent of North America, the Islands of Newfoundland, Bahamas & Bermuda between the 5th of January 1769 & the 5th of January 1770"

- Halifax listed

- If desired, a table similar to Item 5 for Boards and Planks, Timber, etc. could be created

- Some Examples from the Table:

   

Imported 

Exported

       

Boston 

Bricks

  13,000

356,036

       

Halifax

Bricks

  46,300

 

(vi) [Item 8]

"An Account of the Goods & produce ..."

- The Table is similar to the previous ones

(vii) [Item 9]

Salaries of the Custom House officers in the various Ports of America - 1768

Some Examples:

- Port of Boston ...

- Newfoundland ...

- Quebec ...

- Halifax, Nova Scotia

"Henry Newton Collector ... 
James Burrow Comptroller ... 
John Newton Surveyor of Searches ... 
Mathew Winnet Preventive Officier ... at Annapolis ... 
[Crossed out: Jona [Berring?] Do at Charlotte Town ...] 
George Cottnam ~ Do at Louisbourg ... 
Iaac Deshapts ~~ Do at Windsor ... 
John Binney ~~~ Do at Canso ... 
Joshua Winslow ~~ Do at Cumberland ... 
William Johnstone do at Liverpoole ..."

----------------------

(VIII) John Tudor papers, 1732-1793

(i) Diary, 1732-1793 (Photocopy of the original manuscript)

- Excellent journal for comet sightings, earthquakes, weather, fires

(a) "Account of the Takeing Cape Breton

1745 Cape Breton was taken 17th June 1745 under the command of Lieutenant General Pepperrell by Land, and Commodore Warren sea; A City exceeding strong; According to the French Accounts after the English had taken it, was found 9000 - Shot, 4600 Bombs. 148 ports in the Walls. 83 - Cannon, 5 fine Brass Morters, & 1 Iron one ..." [p. 16]

(b) "1758 July 26 ... Cape Breton was given up to the English General Amhust [sic] commanded by Land, and Admeral Boscowin [sic] by Sea ----"

(ii) Diary, 1732-1793 (Transcript of the original manuscript)

- See above

(iii) Account Book 1752-1768

-Many names with their residency and profession

- Assorted building details mentioned

- Some building materials examples:

(a) "By making a new spoute 25 feet @ 8d ---- [0] 16 8 ..." [f. 17v, May 26, 1757]

(b) "To cash paid E: Wentworth for 54 feet of Gutters ... 
To 300 Duble Tens 4/9 1/2 & 250 Single Tens 2/8 ... 
To 5 Ceder posts for the Fence @ 2/.... 
To 276 feet Merchanable Bords ... 
To 60 feet Clear D.o 5/ & 2.lb deck Nails 1/4 ... 
To one Stinge for a Gaite 8.d, to Drink 8d. ... 
To Dog’s for the Spouts p Barkers Bill ..." [f. 220, March 31, 1760. Note: Except for the omitted price totals, this listing is a complete account]

(iv) Account Book 1772 - 1791

- Assorted building details mentioned

- Some building materials examples:

(a)

"1774 May & June ... not 1/3 so large as the Great Barn ... 
The cost of my Chais[e] or Barn 
To May’s Bill for Boards, Shingles &c --------------      111 3 ~ 
To Hooks & hinges ---------------------------------------      7 ~ ~ 
To Joice &c ------------------------------------------------   15 3 ~ 
To the Charges at Raiseing -----------------------------    15 ~ ~ 
To clear Boards for the front & Doors ---------------      23 5 2 
To Mr. Dana for som Stuff &c -------------------------      8 ~ ~ 
To dittos Bill for Building &c -------------------------     140 ~ ~ 
To Nails for all Sorts ------------------------------------     14 9 4 
To Mr. Bryants Bill for Carting -----------------------        6 18 ~ 
To Stones for under pinning to do. -------------------         7  4 ~ 
To do, Accts for Timber, Sills &c --------------------         64 13 ~ 
To 1/2m. Shingles, & Nails to finish------------------          3 11 9 
To painting the front ------------------------------------         6 15 ~ 
To a Rack for the Horses, partitions}                                  ~ ~ ~ 
& for 2 Cows } -----------------------------------------           8 10 
Acct .............       424 16 9 old tenor                                 431 11 9 
great cornr stone      1   5  
O tenor                426    1 9 deducted the painting             6 15 ~                                                                                            424 16 9"
[no f. number, this is a loose account]

(b) "... By 60 feet Boards @ 7d 35/, working a Gutter 30/ 3 ‘ 5 ~ " [f. 105v, March 25, 1777]

(c) "By twice primeing the Gutters or Spouts for my House ~[0] ~ 12 ~ [0] ..." [f. 108v, September 27, 1781]

(d) "By clearing & putting up one Spout &c 6/8 ... [f. 124v, May 2 & 3, [1787]

----------------------

[IX] Hutchinson family papers 1673-1769 (E. Hutchinson)

(i) 1673-1754

- Some general building details such as house description, sawmill, bricks, properties, timber

- Some building materials examples:

(a) "To Sawing of 873 Feet at 0 5: 4 per hundred Lawfull money £ 2: 6: 7 ..." [June 2, 1753]

(b) "To 40 feet pine plank for wall 9 feet ..." [April 23, 1754]

(c) "Mr. Hutchison @ Boston ...

Mr. Hutchison Sir I Desire to Inform you About your sawmill Down here [Georgetown] ... let me have her and I’ll give you A hundred Pound old tenor in merchantable Bords or Else get her saws and other tackling And Keep her in Repair out of her Earings ..." [signed] Daniel Savage

(ii) 1755-1769

(a) "To Work &csa done at house you dwell 
in laying Floor Jobs ... 
To 556 ft Clear board ------------ £ 1,, 17,, 4 ..." [July 12, 1758]

(b) "July [1759] [?] To 1 thousand of cedar 
Shingles and 1 Thousand half of pine 10"19"0 ..." [July, [1759]]

(c) "March y 8 1759 Mr. Edward Hutinson dr to the Estate of Mr. Mr [sic] Jonathan Vose late decsed Ballanc due ... 
to carting boards from Boston ----------- 1.0.0 ..."

(d) "1759 Mr Edward Hutchinson to Ebn Swift Dr 
March 19th to Carting Boards from Boston                                                  £ 1:  2:6 ... 
12 [July 1759] To Carting Slit work from Boston -----                                   1:10:0 ...
[July 12, 1759] To Carting Shingles from Braintree -------                           0:18:0 ...
15 [August 1759] To Carting Bricks from Boston ----------                           2:00:0 ...
22 [August 1759] To Carting Bricks from Boston ----------                           2:00:0 ...
28 [September 1759] To Carting Boards & Shingles from Boston ---------- 2:00:0 ...
Novr 13 To Carting Lime from Boston -----------------------------------------  0:10:0 ...
26 [Novr] To Carting Boards from Boston ------------------------------------- 0:15:0 ...
1759"

----------------------

[X] Winslow Warren Papers, 1691-1898, W. Warren

- Nothing of interest for Louisbourg

----------------------

[XI] Phillips and Apthorp Accounts, 1755-1768, Phillips & Apthorp

(i) Box 1

- Original and not to be used

(ii) Box 2

- photocopies

- Very few building materials mentioned

[XII] Benjamin Eustis Account Book (1749-1757), B. Eustis

(i) "Boston Nervengland and 1748 
Benja Eustis Jun
His Book"

- Halifax mentioned

- Many building materials and details mentioned; too many to list here and the beginning of the book was examined somewhat closely, then the book was quickly scanned for the period from December, 1750 to November, 1751, then the book was skipped to the end and examined again.

- Some building materials examples from the book:

(a) "... George Searle Cr By 9 feet of marchantable plank ..." [July 24, 1749]

(b) " ... Abriham Ingersull dr to 17 feet of Clere bords @ 10d ... " [August 2, 1749]

(c) " of  Mr Breed 426 feet of maple planks ..." [August 3, 1749]

(d) " ... frances Welse dr to 30 feet Refuge bord 0-12-6 ..." [September 7, 1749]

(e) "to 21 feet of Slab plank @ 9d ..." [April 10, 1750]

(f) "... John Eustis Cr By makeing 16 Light of plane Sashes" [June 9, 1750]

(g) "to 16 feet of thick bord for Sashes @ 1 1/2 - 2 - 0 for Still hous 16 Light of plain Sashes 0-4-10 3/4" [June 21, 1750]

(h) "to hanging Window Shuter & nailing Box caseing in ye frunt Chamber ---------- 0-0-8" [August 13, 1750]

(i)

"Ebenezer Storer dr 
to 20 feet of Clere bords @ 1d 1/4 
to makeing 17 feet of 2 paniel windows d 1d 1/4 Shutters        0-10 -3 1/4 
to 1 hanging Stile ------------------------------------------------- 0- 1 - 0 
to Iron to fasen to ------------------------------------------------- 0- 0 - 5 
for ye house Smith Lives in" [August 16, 1750]

(j) Waldows that hires olivers Shop dr to [space] feet of Inch & 1/4 bord" [October 17, 1750]

(k)

"Jacob Wendel Dr. to 21 feet of Clere 
bords @ 9d old tenor                                          15-9 
to plaining & nailing bord top ye house    } 
1/2 day Selfe & boy to -------------------- } -- 1- 8-0" [November 15, 1750]

(l)

"Mrs Welstid widon Jr old ten 
to 10 feet of timber @ 1s/6
to 4 feet of bord @ 1d clere 
to Riseing up Litel house & putting under timber } 
& mending fence & Casement & toles                 } 1-5-0" [December 8, 1750]

(m) "to 6 feet clere bord & 9d [?] planeing d to 6 £[?] / 0-10-6" [March 8, 1750]

(n)

"Benja Eustis Dr old ten for Sashes ... 
to 7 feet of Inch to 1/4 bord feet to 
12 ------ 0-7-0 .... " [March 13, 1750]

(o)

" ... to Laying 7500 Shingles @ 45s/       16-17-6 
60 feet of Hips & gutters @ 4s/               12-  0-0 
to 38 feet of trunks with bords @ 5s/         9-10-0 
to 67 feet of Cornish guter @ 5s/             16-15-0 
to 6 feet of trunk over kitchen ------           1-10-0 
mending bording on kitchen --------           1-  0-0" [July 13, 1751]

(p)

William Welsted Jr to 19 feet of Spout @ 2         1-18- 0 
to 4 Large Spikes for gutters                                 0-14- 0 
to 104 feet of marchantabel                                   2- 7-10 
Laying 125 Clapbords bords ea @ 46s@             2-10- 0 
to 63 feet of Scribeing to @ 6d --------------        1-  1- 6 
mending ye Coucing ---------------------------       1-  0- 0 
to 17 feet of watherbords @ @ 1/6 ---------         1-  5- 6 
to 39 feet of Gussboard & Back bords d to           2-18- 6 [July 27, 1751] 

(q) "Jacob Wendel Dr to 12 feet of Joyce for heads of trunks @ 9d ...." [July 30, 1751]

(r)

"Samuel Barot Dr dd John Bacon 
to 24 feet of Cand for guter @ 2/9d 3-6-0 
to 104 feet of Cler bord pied @ 9d 4-1-0 [August 12, 1751]

(s) Benja Eustis Jr Paid Mr John Rogers for Lumber dd ye Selfe in ye year 1749 December 30 for to make window fraims & Sashes for Halifax 21-6-6" [October 10, 1751]

(t)

"John Scolley d
to 223 feet of bords @ 6d ------------------- 5 - 11 - 6 
to 15 yards of pland partion } 
of both Sids @ -12s --          }                      9 -  0 - 0 
to takeing down old partion          } 
& putting up d to 1/2 day 2 hands }              1 - 15- 0 ... " [November 22, 1751]

- At the end of the Book there were some rules. Some examples:

(a) "Rule for the head of a trunk is to make it 2 feet from the top of the Cornish to the uper part of the holon & the holon to be 5 Inches So thee blocks are 2 feet & 5 inches Long"

(b) "1751 price of Dorick Cornish Guter inCluded 35s pr foot old ten for one pilaster 12 £oit charged for Sheleye House"

(c) "muldiloun Cornis [Crossed out] Coueing guter inCluded at ye town house 20£/ a foot"