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Researching the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada
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This is a select reading list. For a more comprehensive bibliography 
on 18th century Louisbourg, consult the following:

  • Donovan, Kenneth, ed., The Island: New Perspectives on Cape Breton History 1713-1990. Fredericton and Sydney: Acadiensis Press and the University College of Cape Breton Press, 1990, pp. 299-325.
  • Donovan, Kenneth, ed., Cape Breton at 200: Historical Essays in Honour of the Island's Bicentennial, Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press, 1985, pp. 247-61.
  • Researching  The Fortress of Louisbourg Web Site


Many of the following books and articles are available 
at the Beaton Institute. If not available at the University 
Library or at the Beaton Institute, these materials may be 
obtained at the Fortress of Louisbourg Library.

  • Adams, Blain, The Construction and Occupation of the Barracks of the King's Bastion at Louisbourg, Parks Canada, Canadian Historic Sites, No. 18, 1978.
  • Anderson, Fred. A People's Army: Massachusetts Soldiers and Society in the Seven Years War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
  • -----, Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America,1754-1766. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.
  • Anderson, Karen, Chain Her by One Foot: The Subjugation of Women in 17th-Century New France, London & New York: Routledge, 1991.
  • Aries, Phillipe, Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life, Translation by Robert Baldick, New York: Vintage Books, 1962.
  • Baker, Raymond, F., A Campaign of Amateurs: The Siege of Louisbourg. Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1995 (originally published 1978). Also available in French.
  • Balcom, B.A., The Cod fishery of Isle Royale, 1713-1758, Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1984. Part of this book re-published in Aspects of Louisbourg.
  • -----, "The Cod Fishery of Ile Royale, 1713-1758"in Eric Krause, Carol Corbin and William O'Shea, eds., Aspects of Louisbourg, Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press, 1995, pp. 169-97.
  • -----, "Defending Unama'Ki: Mi'Kmaq Resistance in Cape Breton, 1745", 1992, unpublished manuscript. (Micmac Defense of Cape Breton Island during the New England expedition).
  • -----, "Louisbourg", American history, Vol. 30, No. 3 (July, 1995), pp. 42-47, 60. (Article on 1745 siege).
  • -----, & David L. Schmidt, "The Reglements of 1739: A Note on Micmac Literacy", Acadiensis, Vol. XXIII, No. 1 (Autumn, 1993), pp. 110-27.
  • Blanchette, Jean Francois, The Role of Artifacts in the Study of Foodways in New France, 1720-1760, Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1981.
  • Brasseaux, Carl A., The Founding of New Acadia. The Beginnings of Acadian Life in Louisiana, 1765-1803. Baton Rouge & London, 1987.
  • Braudel, Fernand, Capitalism and Material Life, 1400-1800, Trans. By Miriam Kochan, New York: Harper & Row, 1973.
  • Brun, Josette, "Des femmes d'affaires a Louisbourg, 1713 - 1745," M.A. Thesis, Universite de Moncton, 1994.
  • -----, "L'activite commerciale des femmes de familles marchandes à Louisbourg au XVIII siècle" in Johnston, ed., Essays in French Colonial History, pp. 55-74
  • Burns, George, "Smallpox at Louisbourg, 1713-1758", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 2 (December 1990), pp. 31-44.
  • Chard, Don, "The Impact of Ile Royale on New England, 1713-1763," University of Ottawa, Ph.d thesis, 1977
  • -----, "The Price and Profits of Accommodation: Massachusetts -Louisbourg Trade, 1713-1744," in Seafaring in Colonial Massachusetts..., Boston: Colonial Society of Mass., 1980, pp. 131-55. (Re-published in Aspects of Louisbourg).
  • Choquette, Leslie, "Compagnonnage in 18th-Century New France" in Johnston, ed., Essays in French Colonial History, pp. 75-91.
  • Clark, Andrew Hill, Acadia, The Geography of Early Nova Scotia to 1760, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968.
  • Cohen, William B., The French Encounter with Africans: White Response to Blacks, 1530-1880. Bloomington & London: Indiana University Press, 1980.
  • Couzet, F., "England and France in the Eighteenth Century: A Comparative Analysis of Two Economic Growths," in R.M.Hartwell, ed., The Causes of the Industrial Revolution in England, London: Metheun & Co., 1967, pp. 139-74.
  • Crowley, T.A., "Government and Interests: French Colonial Administration at Louisbourg, 1713-1758," Duke University, Ph.D. dissertation, 1975.
  • -----, "Privileged Entrepreneurs: The Louisbourg Officer Corps and Commerce."
  • -----, "The Forgotten Soldiers of New France: The Louisbourg Example", Proceedings of the Third Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society (Montreal: Concordia University, 1977), pp. 52-69.
  • -----, "The Inroads of Secularization in Eighteenth-Century New France: Church and People at Louisbourg," in Canadian Catholic Historical Association, Study Sessions, 1984, pp. 5-27.
  • -----, "Louisbourg: Atlantic Fortress and Seaport", The Canadian Historical Association (Ottawa, 1990), No. 48.
  • -----, "Religion in New France: Church and State at Louisbourg," in Philip B. Boucher, ed., Proceedings of the Tenth Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society, Lantham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1985, pp. 139-60.
  • Daigle, Jean, "Acadian Marshland Settlement," Plate 29, Historical Atlas of Canada, Vol. 1, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.
  • Daigle, Jean and Robert LeBlanc, "Acadian Deportation & Return", Plate 30, Historical Atlas of Canada, Vol. 1, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.
  • Dawson, Joan. "Beyond the Bastions: French Mapping of Cape Breton Island", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 2 (1990), pp. 6-29.
  • Dechene, Louise, Habitants and Merchants in 17th-Century Montreal (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press), 1992. (Available in French).
  • Dickason, Olive P., "Louisbourg and the Indians: A Study in Imperial Race Relations, 1713-50," Ottawa: History & Archaeology, Parks Canada, pp. 4-206.
  • -----, The Myth of the Savage and the Beginnings of French Colonialism in the Americas, Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1984.
  • -----, "La 'guerre navale' des Micmacs contre les Britanniques, 1713-1763". Dan Les Micmacs et la mer. Sous la direction de Charles Martijn. Montreal: Recherches amerindiennes au Quebec, 1986, pp. 233-48. ill. (Signes des Ameriques).
  • -----, "Frontiers in Transition: Nova Scotia, 1713-1763 Compared to the North West, 1869-1885". 1885 and After: Native Society in Transition. F. Laruei Barron & James B. Waldram. Regina: Univeristy of Regina, 1976, pp. 205-10.
  • -----, "Amerindians Between French and English in Nova Scotia, 1713-1763", in J.R. Miller, ed., Sweet Promises: A Reader on Indian-White Relations in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991, pp. 45-67.
  • -----, Canada's First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples from Earliest Times, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1992.
  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Vols. II, III, IV, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Donovan, Kenneth, "Canada's first Lighthouse Keeper: Jean Grenard Dit Belair 1674-1744, "The Lightkeeper, vol. 6 no. 4 (December, 1999), pp. 3- 5.
  • -----, Cape Breton at 200: Historical Essays in Honour of the Island's Bicentennial, 1785-1985. Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press, 1985.
  • -----, "Communities and Families: Family Life and Living Conditions in Eighteenth-Century Louisbourg," Material History Bulletin, Ottawa: National Museum of Man, No. 15, 1982, pp. 33-47. (Re-published in Aspects of Louisbourg).
  • -----, "Debauchery and Libertinage: Games, Pastimes and Popular Activities in Eighteenth-Century Louisbourg". Unpublished manuscript. 155 pages.
  • -----, "Family Life in 18th Century Louisbourg," Ottawa: Manuscript Report No. 271, Parks Canada, 1977.
  • -----, "Canada's First Astronomical Observatory, 1750," Canadian Geographic, Vol. 100, No. 6, December 1980-January 1981, pp 36-43.
  • -----, "A Letter from Louisbourg," Acadiensis, Vol. X, No. 1, Autumn 1980, pp. 113-30.
  • -----, "A Nominal List of Slaves and Their Owners in Ile Royale, 1713-1760", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 16, No. 1 (June, 1996), pp. 151-62.
  • -----, "Ile Royale, 18th Century," Plate 24 in Cole Harris, ed., Historical Atlas of Canada, Vol. 1, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.
  • -----, "Inflation at Louisbourg, 1757," Canadian Collector, Vol. 18, No. 1, January-February 1983, pp. 20-22.
  • ------, "Louisbourg," an 800-word entry in Encarta Deluxe 98 Encyclopaedia: The Ultimate Learning Resource, CD-ROM, published by Microsoft (Washington, 1998).
  • -----, "Louisbourg Gaming: Lotteries were popular in Cape Breton 250 Years Ago," Canadian Collector, Vol. 20, No. 2, March-April 1985, pp. 30-33.
  • -----, Life in Louisbourg's Public Houses, Fortress of Louisbourg, 1981.
  • -----, "Mary Grace Barron and the Irish of Ingonish, Cape Breton, 1822-1999," The Nashwaak Review, Fredericton, New Brunswick, St. Thomas University, No. 6-7 (Fall, 1999), pp. 177-237.Contains material on the French and Irish in 18th Century Cape Breton.)
  • ------, "Paying One's Way: Dining and Drinking in Louisbourg's Cabarets and Auberges," Ottawa: Research Bulletin No. 135, Parks Canada, August 1980, pp. 1-16.
  • -----, "Rearing Children in Louisbourg: A Colonial Seaport and Garrison Town, 1713-1758," Paper presented at the Atlantic Society for l8th Century Studies, Mt. St.Vincent University, 28-30 April 1979.
  • -----, "Reflections on Cape Breton Culture: An Introduction" in Kenneth Donovan, ed., The Island, 1990, pp. 1-29.
  • -----, "Slaves and their Owners in Ile Royale: A Perspective from the Atlantic Coast of New France, 1713-1760" Acadiensis, Vol. XXV, No. 1 (Autumn, 1995), pp. 3-32.
  • -----, "'There is no doubt of my Cape Breton Allegiance': Remembering Father R. J. MacSween", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 13, No. 2 (December 1994), pp. 31-42.
  • -----, "Tattered Clothes and Powdered Wigs: Case Studies of the Poor and Well-to-do in Eighteenth-Century Louisbourg," in Cape Breton at 200, Kenneth Donovan, ed., Sydney: U.C.C.B. Press, 1985, pp. 1-20.
  • -----, The Island: New Perspectives on Cape Breton History 1713-1990. Fredericton & Sydney: Acadiensis Press & University College of Cape Breton Press, 1990. 325 pages.
  • -----, "The Marquis de Chabert and the Louisbourg Observatory in the 1750's," American Neptune, Vol. XLIV, No. 3 (Summer 1984), pp. 186-97.
  • -----, "'We Danced Until Daylight': Music, Song and Dance in Louisbourg, 1713-1758,"
  • Paper delivered at the Southeastern American Society for 18th-Century Studies, Atlantic, Georgia, 5-7 March 1998.
  • Dunton, Hope. From the Hearth: Recipes from the World of 18th Century Louisbourg. Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press, 1986.
  • Eccles, W. J., "The Social, Economic and Political Significance of the Military Establishment in New France," Canadian Historical Review, Vol. LII, No. 1, March 1971, pp. 1-22
  • -----, France in America, New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • -----, Essays on New France, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1987.
  • Fortier, John & Owen Fitzgerald, Fortress of Louisbourg, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1979.
  • Fortier, John, "The Fortress of Louisbourg and its Cartographic Evidence," Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology, Vol. IV, Nos. l and 2, 1972.
  • Fortier, Margaret, "The Development of the Fortifications of Louisbourg," Canada, An Historical Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 4, June 1974, pp. 16-31.
  • -----, "The Cultural Landscape of 18th Century Louisbourg," Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1983. Microfiche Report No. 83 (photocopy available).
  • -----, "Fortress Security and Military Justice at Louisbourg, 1720-45," Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1980, Microfiche Report No. 66 (photocopy available).
  • -----, The Ile Royale Garrison, 1713-45. Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1981. Microfiche No. 67 (photocopy available).
  • Fry, Bruce, An Appearance of Strength. The Fortifications of Louisbourg, 2 Vols, Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1984.
  • Goubert, Pierre, "Legitimate Fecundity and Infant Mortality in France during the Eighteenth Century: A Comparison," Deadalus, Vol. 97, 1968.
  • Greer, Allan, "The Soldiers of Isle Royale, 1720-45," Ottawa: History and Archaeology No. 28, Parks Canada, 1979.
  • -----, "Mutiny at Louisbourg, December 1744", in Krause et al, eds., Aspects of Louisbourg (1995), pp. 70-109.
  • -----, "Another Soldier's Revolt in Ile Royale, June 1750", in Krause et al, eds., Aspects of Louisbourg (1995), pp. 110-14.
  • Griffiths, Naomi, The Contexts of Acadian History, 1686-1784, Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1992.
  • Gwynn, Julian, "French and British Naval Power at the Two Sieges of Louisbourg: 1745 and 1758", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 2, (December 1990), pp. 63-94.
  • -----, "War and Economic Change. Louisbourg and the New England Economy in the 1740's",
  • Revue de l'Université d'Ottawa \ University of Ottawa Quarterly, vol. 47, Nos. 1-2 (1977), pp. 114-31.
  • Head, C. Grant & Christopher Moore, "The Fishery in Atlantic Commerce," Plate 28, Historical Atlas of Canada.
  • Hoad, Linda M., Surgeons and Surgery in Isle Royale, Ottawa: National Historic Parks & Sites Branch, Parks Canada, 1976.
  • Hufton, Olwen, "Women and Family Economy in Eighteenth-Century France," French Historical Studies, Vol. IX, No. 1, Spring 1975.
  • Hunt, David, Parents and Children in History. The Psychology of Family Life in Early Modern France, New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Jaenen, Cornelius, J., The Role of the Church in New France, Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1976.
  • -----, "The Role of the Church in New France`", The Canadian Historical Association, Historical Booklet, No. 40, 1985, pp. 3-26.
  • Janzen, Olaf Uwe. "Une Grande Liaison: French Fishermen from Ile Royale on the Coast of Southwestern Newfoundland, 1714-1766, A Preliminary Survey", Newfoundland Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Fall, 1987), pp. 183-200.
  • Johnston, A.J.B. "Before the Loyalists: Acadians in the Sydney Area, 1749-1754", Cape Breton's Magazine, No. 48 (1988), pp. 59-64.
  • -----, Control and Order in French Colonial Louisbourg, 1713-1758, East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001.
  • -----, "Desertion, Treason and the concept of loyalty on the Frontier of New France", Proceedings of the Fifteenth Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society Martinique and Guadeloupe, May 1989/Actes Du Quinzième Colloque De La Société d'Histoire Coloniale Francaise Martinique et Guadeloupe, Mai 1989, ed. by Patricia Galloway and Philip P. Boucher (Lanham, Mass.: University Press of America, 1992), pp. 178-88.
  • -----, Editor, Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 2 (December, 1990). Special Issue on Cape Breton.
  • -----, ed., Essays in French Colonial History: Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1997.
  • -----, "From port de pêche to ville fortifiée: TheEvolution of Urban Louisbourg, 1713-1758", Proceedings of the Seventeenth Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society, ed. by Patricia Galloway (Lanham, Mass.: University Press of America),1993, pp.24-43. (Re-published in Aspects of Louisbourg).
  • -----, Officers of Isle Royale: Accommodations and Biographical Summaries. Manuscript Report No. 270, Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1977.
  • -----, Religion in Life at Louisbourg, 1713-1758, Montreal & Kinigston: McGill-Queen`s University Press, 1984.
  • -----, "Education and Female Literacy at Eighteenth Century Louisbourg: The Work of the Soeurs de la Congregation de Notre Dame,`in J. Donald Wilson, ed., An Imperfect Past. Education and Society in Canadian History, Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 1984, pp. 48-66
  • -----, "Formal Education at Colonial Louisbourg," Ottawa: Research Bulletin No. 136, Parks Canada, 1980, pp. 1-13.
  • -----, Louisbourg: The Summer of 1744: A Portrait of Life in 18th Century Louisbourg, Parks Canada, Ottawa, 1983. Revised Ed. 1991.
  • -----, Louisbourg, An 18th Century Town. Halifax: Nimbus Publishing, 1991.
  • -----, Louisbourg: The Phoenix Fortress. Halifax: Nimbus Publishing, 1990. (Photographs by Chris Reardon.
  • -----, "The Frères de la Charité and the Louisbourg Hôpital du Roi," in Canadian Catholic Historical Association Study Sessions 48, 1981, pp. 5-25.
  • -----, "The Fishermen of Eighteenth-Century Cape Breton: Numbers and Origins", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 9, No. 1 (1989), pp. 62-72.
  • -----, "The People of Eighteenth-Century Louisbourg", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 11, No. 2 (December 1991), 75-86. (Re-published in Aspects of Louisbourg).
  • -----, "The Early Days of the Lobster Fishery in Atlantic Canada", Material History Review, No. 33 (Spring, 1991), 56-60.
  • -----, "The Men of the Garrison: Soldiers and their Punishment at Louisbourg, 1871-53", Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 2, (1990), 45-62; and as an abstract in Proceedings of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Meetings of the French Colonial Historical Society, ed. by Philip Boucher (Lanham: University Press of America, 1990), 86-87.
  • -----, "Preserving History: The Commemoration of 18th century Louisbourg, 1895-1940," Acadiensis, Vol. XII, No. 2 (Spring 1983).
  • -----, "Louisbourg: The Twists of Time," The Beaver, Outfit 316:1 (Summer, 1985), pp. 4-12, ill
  • Jordan, Winthrop D. White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812. New York: W.W. Norton, 1977.
  • Kaplow, Jeffry, The Name of Kings. The Parisian Laboring Poor in the Eighteenth Century, New York: Basic Books, 1972.
  • Krause, Eric, "Private Buildings in Louisbourg, 1713-1758," Canada. An Historical Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 4, June 1974, pp. 32-46.
  • -----, "The Fortress of Louisbourg Archives: The First Twenty-Five Years," Archivaria, No. 26 (Summer, 1988), pp. 137-48.
  • Krause, Eric, Carol Corbin, William O'Shea, editors, Aspects of Louisbourg: Essays on the History of an Eighteenth-Century French Community in North America (Sydney: University College of Cape Breton), 1995.
  • Landry, Nicolas, "Culture matérielle et niveaux de richesse chez les pêcheurs de Plaisance et de L' île Royale, 1700-1758," Material History Review\ Revue d'histoire de la culture matérielle (Fall, 1998), pp. 101-22.
  • Lockridge, Kenneth A., A New England Town. The First Hundred years. Dedham, Massachusetts, 1636-1736, New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1970.
  • MacLean, Terry, "Historical Research at Louisbourg: A Case Study in Museum Research and Development," in Cape Breton at 200, Kenneth Donovan, ed., U.C.C.B. Press, 1985, pp. 21-39.
  • -----, Louisbourg Heritage: From Ruins to Reconstruction, Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press, 1995.
  • Main, Jackson Turner, The Social Structure of Revolutionary America, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976.
  • Mandou, Robert, Introduction to Modern France, 1500-1640: An Essay in Historical Psychology, Trans. By R. E. Hallmark, New York: Homes & Meier, 1976.
  • Mannion, John & Grant C. Head, "The Migratory Fisheries," Plate 21, Historical Atlas of Canada.
  • Mannion, John & Selma Barkham, "The 16th Century Fishery," Plate 22, Historical Atlas of Canada.
  • Mannion, John & Gordon Handcock, "The 17th Century Fishery," Plate 23, Historical Atlas of Canada.
  • McLennan, J.S. Louisbourg From Its Foundation To Its Fall. Sydney: Fortress Press, 1969. (Later editions). [orig. Published 1918]
  • McNeil, John Robert, Atlantic Empires of France and Spain: Louisbourg and Havana, 1700-1763, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1985.
  • Miquelon, Dale. New France 1701-1744. A Supplement to Europe. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1987, 345 pp.
  • Moogk, Peter N., La Nouvelle France: The Making of French Canada - A Cultural History. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2000.
  • -----, "Rank in New France: Reconstructing a Society from Notarial Documents," Histoire Sociale, Vol.VIII, No. 15, May 1975. 
  • -----, "Reluctant Exiles: The Problems of Colonization in French North America", William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. XLVI, No. 3 (July, 1989), pp. 463-505. 
  • -----, "'Thieving Buggers' and 'Stupid Sluts': Insults and Popular Culture in New France," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd. Series, Vol. XXXVI, October 1979, pp. 524-47. 
  • -----, "Les Petits Sauvages: The Children of Eighteenth -Century New France," in Joy Parr, ed., Childhood and Family in Canadian History, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1982, pp. 17-43. 
  • -----, "When Money Talks: Coinage in New France," The Canadian Numismatic Journal, Vol. 32, No.2 , (February 1987), pp. 54-75. 
  • -----, "Ile Royale: The Other New France," in A.J.B. Johnston, ed., Essays in French Colonial History, pp. 43-54.
  • Moore, Christopher. "Cape Breton and the North Atlantic World in the Eighteenth Century", in Kenneth Donovan, ed. The Island, pp. 31-48. 
  • -----, "Merchant Trade in Louisbourg, Ile Royale," University of Ottawa, M.A. Thesis, 1977. 
  • -----, Louisbourg Portraits: Life in an Eighteenth Century Garrison Town, Toronto: McMillan, 1982. [later editions] 
  • -----, "The Other Louisbourg: Merchant Trade and Enterprise in Ile Royale," Histoire Sociale, May 1979. (Available in Aspects of Louisbourg). 
  • -----, "How they Crossed the Ocean accurately in 1753," Canadian Geographic, Vol. 101, No. 6, December 1981-January 1982, pp. 60-63. 
  • -----, "Commodity Imports of Louisbourg," Ottawa: Manuscript Report No. 317, Parks Canada, 1978. 
  • -----, "Street Life and Public Activities in Louisbourg: Four Studies for Animators," Ottawa: Manuscript Report No. 317, Parks Canada, 1978. 
  • Plank, Geoffrey. An Unsettled Conquest: The British Campaign against the Peoples of Acadia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.
  • Pothier, Bernard, "Acadian Emigration to Ile Royale after the Conquest of Acadia," Histoire Sociale, No. 6, November 1970, pp. 116-32.
  • Proulx, Gilles, Between France and New France: Life Aboard the Tall Sailing Ships, Toronto & Charlottetown: Dundern Press in co-operation with Parks Canada, 1984. 
  • Razzolini, E.M., "Costume Research and Reproduction at Louisbourg," Material History Bulletin No. 14, Spring 1982, pp. 59-65. 
  • Roche, Daniel, A History of Everyday Things: The Birth of Consumption in France, 1600-1800, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 
  • -----, France in the Enlightenment, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998. 
  • Schmeisser, Barbara, "The Population of Louisbourg, 1713-1758," Ottawa: Manuscript Report No. 303, Parks Canada, 1976. 
  • Sosin, Jack M., "Louisbourg and the Peace of Aux-la-Chapelle, 1748," William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. XIV, No. 4 (October 1957), pp. 516-35.
  • Stein, Robert Louis. The French Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century. An Old Regime Business. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1979. 
  • -----, The French Sugar Business in the Eighteenth Century, Baton Rouge & London: Louisiana State University Press, 1988. 
  • Trudel, Marcel, Introduction to New France, 1968. 
  • -----, L'esclavage au Canada français: Histoire et conditions de l'esclavage. Quebec: Les Presses Universitaires Laval, 1960.
  • Turgeon, Laurier. "French Fishers, Fur Traders, and Amerindians During the Sixteenth Century: History and Archaeology," William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. LV, No. 4 (October, 1998), pp. 585-610. 
  • Upton, L.F.S., Indian-White Relations in the Maritimes, 1713-1867, University of British Columbia Press, 1979.
  • Wheaton, Robert & Tamara K. Hareven, eds., Family and Sexuality in French History, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1980.
  • Whitehead, Ruth Holmes, Micmac Quillwork: Micmac Indian Techniques in Porcupine Quill Decoration, 1600-1950, Halifax, Nova Scotia Museum, 1982.
  • Winks, Robin W. The Blacks in Canada, A History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971. 
  • Wyczynski, Michel. "The Expedition of the Second Battalion of the Cambis Regiment to Louisbourg, 1758", Nova Scotia Historical Review, vol. 10, No. 2 (1990), pp. 94-110.

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Aspects of Louisbourg

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