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Researching the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada
  Recherche sur la Forteresse-de-Louisbourg Lieu historique national du Canada

Selection List: Canadian Institutions ~  Manuscript Collections (Halifax Crown Grants Office; Nova Scotia Public Archives) and Published Collections (Literary and Historical Society of Quebec; New Brunswick Historical Society; Nova Scotia Historical Society Collections; Royal Society of Canada)


H J 39


Fortress of Louisbourg

Not Dated

Nova Scotia Public Archives

1. Document 3. Colonial Papers, Vol. 5, no. 41, Dec. 16, 1629. The Petition of Captain Humblie asking that restitution be made to the settlers at St. Anne, under Lord Ochiltrie. They had been captured by the French under Captain Daniel, and sent back to England, or to France as prisoners.

2. Documents 4 and 5. Colonial Papers, vol. 5 , no. 41, 1629. The first one is the Memorial of lord Ochiltrie asking for redress of his wrongs as in the previous document, and document 5 gives further information on the subject.

3. Document 8. Colonial Papers, vol. 5, September 9, 1630. Reasons given by the Scotch Adventurers for holding Port Royal.

4. Document 26. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada August 1665. A Concession made by Richard Denis to the church, of land at Ristigouche and in Cape Breton, on condition that a church or chapel with a priest, be established at each place.

5. Document 27. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, 1685. Extracts from 3 Memorials presented by the parties interested in the shore fishery of Acadia.

6. Document 31. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, January 21, 1696. A statement of the advantages of the settlement at Canseau as a centre of trade between France and Canada.

7. Document 74. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, January 27, 1699, Extracts from letters from the Fort on the River St. John complaining of the English fishing on the coasts of Acadia.

8. Document 35. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, December 20, 1708. A memoire from Governor Subercasse to Comte de Pontchartrain, describing Acadia and recommending settlements at certain places, such as Louisbourg.

9. Document 59. Selections from the Paris, Documents in the Archives of Canada, May 6, 1720. A letter from the Acadians to St. Ovide asking for counsel on their being required to swear allegiance to the King of England.

10. Document 63. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of

Canada, September 23, 1713. A letter from Felix Paim, Recollet missionary to Costebelle stating that the Acadians object to going to Cape Breton and taking the oath of allegiance.

11.. Document 64. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, September 27, 1713. A letter from Costebelle to the Minister praising St. Ames for its fishery and country side, but saying that Cape Breton must be fortified.

12. Document 67. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, November 14, 1715. Extract of a letter from Vaudreuil to the Minister, outlining the advantages and defects of English Harbour and St. Annes. The Indians are to be kept in the French interests.

13. Document 69. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, November 30, 1715. A letter from Costebelle to the Minister dealing with the settlement of Cape Breton and his distrust of the Acadians.

14. Document 70. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, 1713. A letter from La Ronde Denys to the Minister, explaining the relative advantages of English Harbour and St. Annes.

15. Document 71. Selections from the Paris Documents in-the Archives of Canada, approximately 1714, no date or signature. A memoire respecting the settlement of Cape Breton. It is necessary for the fishery, but a strong Fort is needed to resist the New Englanders.

16. Document 72. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, 1714. A letter from Sieur Bourdon to the Minister concerning the harbour and possible fortification of Louisbourg.

17. Document 73. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, 1714. A letter from Brandot to the Minister concerning Louisbourg and the strength of its possible fortification.

18. Document 74. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, November 5, 1714. A census of the people brought to Louisbourg for settlement, sent from Costebelle to the Ministers giving only the names of the owners of the Shallops and their number as 107.

19. Document 81. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, September 27, 1720. A reply by St. Ovide and Demesy to Governor Phillips' complaints of the pillaging by the Indians and the conduct of the French missionaries.

20. Document 94. Selections from the Paris Documents in the Archives of Canada, 1758. An account by a French officer in English "of what passed in Cape Breton from the beginning of the last war until the taking of Louisbourg by the English in the year 1758". Short extracts from this letter are given, of conditions before the siege, the siege, and afterwards.

21. , Document 13, "Memoire sur l'Isle du Cap Breton", 1709. This is a letter from an unknown writer to a Mr. Randot, telling why and how a colony should be established in Cape Breton.

22. Document 29. July 21, 1718. This is a letter from St. Ovide de Brouillan to Capt.. Doucett, Lieut-Governor at Annapolis, explaining that he is doing all in his power to keep the peace signed at Utrecht.

23. Documents 46 - 58. letters dealing with the state of the Religious Missions in Louisbourg for the period 1740-1751. They are from le Loutre, Maillard and various Sisters Superior.

24. Document 59. "Extracts from letters written to L'Abbe de L'Isle Dieu from the Colonies of New France at Quebec concerning the actual state of Acadie and Isle Royale. 1751.

25. A Proclamation of Governor Philipps, dated April 28, 1720, to the inhabitants of Minas, stating they were to be given freedom of religion in return for an oath of Allegiance to His Majesty.

26. Document dated Annapolis, April, 30, 1720. Governor Philipps to Father Durand. This notice concerns the reading of the Proclamation referred to in the previous document.

27. Document dated Annapolis Royal, October 24, 1726. Governor Philipps to the Governor at Boston. This concerns Clandestine Trade between Cape Breton and other French settlements to the prejudice of British Trade.

28.  Document dated Annapolis Royal, September 11, 1732. Lieut. Governor Armstrong to Governor Belcher. This letter deals with the danger to the British of the French influence over the Indians.

29. Extract from the Minutes of a Council held at the Court House at Halifax on Monday, August 31, 1752. This extract concerns a letter published among the Acadians concerning their move to French territory

30. Letter dated Halifax, November 13, 1754. Governor Lawrence to Capt. Murray at Piziquid. This letter concerns a parish being established by the inhabitants of the St. Croix River.

31. Document dated Halifax, February 4, 1758., from Governor Lawrence to William Foy, Provost Marshall of Nova Scotia. This document concerns the searching of the house of Thomas Poor, suspected of communication with the French at Louisbourg.

32. Meeting at the Council, Halifax, August 18, 1763. This extract concerns a letter circulating among the French Acadians, inviting them to go to France.

33. Extract from a letter of the Earl of Halifax to Montagu Wilmot, St. James's, February 9, 1765, This letter concerns M. D'Estaign's invitation to the Acadians to leave British territory and settle under the French rule.

34. Letter from Governor Michael Francklin, Halifax, to Hugh Palliser, Governor of Newfoundland, September 11, 1766. This letter concerns a gathering of the Indians on Cape Breton and their communication with the French priests, a situation endangering the British.

35. Document 32. 'Whitehall, December 9, 1712. This letter from Mr. Wilson to Secretary Popple requests proof of the claim of the Lords Commissioners of Trade that Cape Breton has always been part of Nova Scotia and included in that Government.

36. Document 40, Col. Vetch at Annapolis, November 24, 1714, to the Lords of Trade. This letter answers queries regarding the Acadian population of Nova Scotia, the consequences of the French moving to Cape Breton and the fortifications of Cape Breton.

37. This is a card on the theme of this volume, the difficulty of getting the French inhabitants to take the oath of allegiance. Several lists of French inhabitants of Nova Scotia who left for Cape Breton are mentioned but not listed. 

38. Document 7, 1714. This is a declaration of Denis and Berrard Godet who, when given permission to fish, went to Louisbourg and reported on the defenses and trade seen there. 

39. Document 13. Governor Philipps of Nova Scotia to the Lords of Trade, dated January 3, 1719. This letter claims that the French priests were encouraging the French and Indians to leave Nova Scotia for Cape Breton.

40. Document 3. London, January 3, 1710. This is a Memorial of Jeremy Dummer, Agent for the Province of Massachusetts, to Lord Dartmouth, concerning the rights of the British to Port Royal, now in British hands, where it should stay.

40A. We are told there is nothing in this volume relating to Louisbourg, but also read that in Document 47 there is an account of the voyage of Capt. Rouse to a point in Cape Breton, in order to salvage what he could of the wreck of H.M.S. Feversham.

41. Document 1. The Memorial of Capt. Paul Mascarene, commander of Annapolis Royal, to the Honourable Francis Nicholson,\, November 6, 1713. This is a letter of 30 pages giving an account of events at Annapolis from 1710 to 1713. None of it has been reproduced here

42. Document 16. The Private Letter Book and Journal of Major Paul Mascarene for the years 1742-1753. In a letter to John Bastide, Esq., Chief Engineer, June 4, 1744, Mascarene tells him of the capture of Canso.

43. Document 16. Letter from Mascarene to the Secretary of War, July 2, 1744, from Annapolis. This letter concerns an attack on Annapolis by the French and Indians after the surrender of Canso.

44. Document 16. Letter from Mascarene to Mr. King Gould in London., July 28, 1744, from Annapolis. This letter deals with the fear of attack from Louisbourg and reinforcements just arrived from Massachusetts.

45. Document l7. Copy of a Memorial concerning Cape Breton and the Newfoundland Fishery, delivered January 31, 1744, to Andrew Stone, Secretary to the Duke of Newcastle. This memorial tells of the need to protect British fishermen by English warships and how important it is to recover Cape Breton.

46. Document 37. Letter of Paul Mascarene to the Lords of Trade, from Annapolis, October 17, 1748. Mascarene in this long letter suggests ways to strengthen the province by settlement and fortifications; he is especially concerned with the activity of French Priests sent into the Province by the Bishop of Quebec.

Volume 1 1724-1744

47. Document 22. Governor Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, Boston, July 7, 1744. This letter concerns the reinforcements sent by Shirley to Annapolis Royal where he fears a French attack; and also deals with matters, concerning Canso and the Declaration of War. 

48. Document 23. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, July 25, 1744. This letter deals with the arrival of the reinforcements from Massachusetts at Annapolis, the exchange of prisoners at Louisbourg, and the Fishery at Canso.

49. Document 24. Governor Shirley to M. Duquesnel, Governor of Louisbourg, Boston, July 26,1744. This letter concerns the exchange of prisoners by both sides, and the molestation by the French of the English fishermen and their settlements.

50. Document 53. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, September 22, 1744. This letter concerns the arrival of the troops taken at Canso from Louisbourg, the possibility of capturing the India merchant ships, the danger of an attack on Annapolis, and the food shortage at Louisbourg, probably resulting in the return of the above troops to Boston.

51. Document 41. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, November 9, 1744. This is an account of the abortive attempt on the Fort at Annapolis, and Shirley has sent Newcastle plans of Cape Breton and Louisbourg Harbour, as well as an officer who knows this area, on the same ship.

52. Document 42. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, December 8, 1744. In this long letter, Shirley gives much news of Annapolis and affairs at Louisbourg. He writes of the death of Duquesnel, and his successor Duvivier, and a plan for a successful attack on Louisbourg where the Swiss are very discontented.

53. Document 1. Governor Shirley to Duke of Newcastle, Boston, April 30, 1745. This letter reports the safe arrival of the New-England Forces at Cape Breton, and, in a postscript dated May 1st, the expectation of an attack on Annapolis.

54. Document 2. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, May 12, 1745. In this long letter Shirley reports on the taking of Canso by Pepperell, English naval strength off Louisbourg, and the French defenses in the fortress.

55. Document 3. Col. Waldo to Governor Shirley, The Royal Battery, May 12, 1745. In this long report Waldo tells of the landing at Chappeaurouge Bay and the occupation and utilization of the Royal Battery by the American forces.

56. Document 4. General Pepperell to Governor Shirley, Camp Before Louisbourg, May 12, 1745. This is a report of the siege up to that date as found in Documents 1, 2, and 3. He judges it advisable not to attack the Town until reinforcements arrive.

57. Document 5. Commodore warren to Shirley. H.M.S. Superbe in Chappeaurouge Bay. May 12, 1745. Warren describes the capture of some French ships and the blocade plan of attack which has been decided on. He hopes for reinforcements from all provinces as far as Virginia in this attack, as they will all share in the good effects it will have.

58. Document 6. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, June 1, 1745. Shirley sends news of the progress of the siege at Louisbourg, the capture of the Vigilant, the prospect of vigorous action against the fortress and the need for 1000 reinforcements.

59. Document 9. Governor Shirley to Newcastle, Boston, July 10., 1745. In this lengthy account, Shirley tells of the final part of the siege and the great value of Louisbourg to the French in the cod fishery and French trade and privateering. It could be used by the English to maintain hold over the New England colonies, and sufficient troops must be left there.

60. Document 10. Governor Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, Louisbourg  Sept. 22, 1745. This letter concerns several prize ships taken by the British, and the problem of the rebellious New England troops who will be needed for garrison duty.

61. Document,12. Governor Shirley's, Declaration to the Garrison of Louisbourg, Aug. 23, 1745. Shirley commends the troops for their victory and says that he cannot release them until fresh troops arrive to relieve them, but will try to raise their pay.

62. Document 14. Governor Shirley to John Bastide, Louisbourg, Sept.17, 1745. In this letter Shirley orders a survey of all the fortifications, works and barracks. He is concerned especially about the latter, because of the ill health of the men.

63. Documents 15, 16, and 17. Bastide to Governor Shirley. Louisbourg, Sept. 21, 1745. These are replies to the Governor's request as given in Document 14. He tells where barracks can be erected, and where troops can be lodged in the town and Battery as well as the barracks.

64. Document 23. Governor Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, Boston., June 16, 1745. This letter concerns forces going to Louisbourg, and suggests that some might be used to remove the most obnoxious of the French Inhabitants of Nova Scotia from thence.

65. Document 24. Governor Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, Boston, August 24, 1746. This letter concerns the conjecture that Louisbourg is to be abandoned. Shirley suggests that St. Ann's would be just as satisfactory for the British to use.

66. Document 45. Governor Shirley to the Duke of Bedford. Boston, Feb. 18, 1748. This letter deals with the fortification of the province of Nova Scotia against the French, the importance of Canso and where forts and settlers should be established.

67. Document 2. Duke of Newcastle to Governors of New England, Whitehall, March 14, 1745/6. This letter deals with forces Sent to Louisbourg, and Knowles appointment in place of Warren, who will command a Naval Squadron to be used against the French if necessary.

68. Document 3. Duke of Newcastle to Governor Shirley, Whitehall, May 30, 1747. Newcastle writes that the expedition against Canada has been postponed and tells him the plans for defending Nova Scotia and Louisbourg. 

69. Document 4. Duke of Newcastle to Governor Shirley. Whitehall, May 30, 1747. Newcastle writes of Anson's capture of a French fleet loaded with arms and ammunition; Warren is to report on any French fleet he sees. 

70. Document 12. Governor Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. Boston, Aug. 15, 1746. Shirley writes of the importance of Nova Scotia and the danger of the attachment of the Indians and the Inhabitants to the French. He proposes a scheme for securing their better allegiance to the British by confiscating their property and building blockhouses to keep them in subjection.

71.Document 13. Governor Shirley to Admiral Townsend. Boston, Aug. 15, 1746. Shirley is worried that the French will attempt to seize Annapolis Royal as their first step in regaining Cape Breton.

72. There is a general card on these 33 letters, describing a few of them. They deal with the activities of the French and Indian against the British, Knowles appointment as Governor of Cape Breton and the postponement of the attack on Canada.

73. Document 6. Governor Philipps to Lord Cartaret, not dated. In this letter on the state of Nova Scotia, Philipps deals with the possibility of building a fort at Canso.

74. Document 9. Governor Philipps to Duke of Newcastle. Governor Philipps repeats his plea of the last letter for a fort at Canso.

75. Document 13. Lieut.-Governor Armstrong to Duke of Newcastle, Annapolis, Nov. 17, 1727. This letter concerns attacks by the Indians on the British near Canso. Armstrong is convinced the French are responsible for this action in order to discourage the Fishery.

76. Document 13 1/2, Governor Armstrong to Duke of Newcastle. Annapolis, July 9, 1728. Armstrong says that the French are not yet willing to swear allegiance, and he feels the British government has been too lenient in their punishment concerning this.

77. Document 16. Governor Philipps to the Duke of Newcastle. Canso, Oct. 2, 1729. This letter tells of the successful Fishery trade at Canso, and that many settlers would come if a fortification were built there to protect them from Cape Breton in time of war.

78. Document 18. Governor Philipps to the Duke of Newcastle. Canso., Sept. 2, 1730. Philipps reports that the Acadians around Annapolis and the Bay of Fundy have taken the Oath of Allegiance, but the Indians are still a source of trouble, and he requests once more the fortification for Canso.

79. Document 20. Governor Armstrong to Duke of Newcastle. Annapolis, Nov. 15, 1752. This letter concerns the refusal of the Acadians to take the Oath of Allegiance and the possibility of Canso falling into French hands.

80. Document 21. Governor Armstrong to Duke of Newcastle. Annapolis, Oct. 29, 1733. This letter concerned the whales caught and brought into Canso to make oil there. This is another reason requiring the fortification of Canso.

81. Document 30. Governor Philipps to the Duke of Newcastle. Annapolis, Sept. 50 1739. This letter deals with the weakness of Canso and the strength of Louisbourg. The soldiers are in poor shape at Canso due to lack of proper barracks and store houses.The place should be improved in case there is war with France.

82. Document 35. Paul Mascarene to the Duke of Newcastle. Annapolis, Nov. 23, 1741. This letter concerns the trade between the Acadians and Cape Breton, which is even attracting the English Traders because of their desire for grain.

83. No number given. Paul Mascarene to the Duke of Newcastle. Annapolis Royal, Oct. 29, 1748. This letter concerns several vessel loads of stores from Louisbourg.

84. Document 13. Governor Philipps to the Lords of Trade. Canso, Oct. 1, 1721. This letter concerns the importance of Canso, both for fishing and settlement. It should be encouraged by permitting it to be a Free Port for about 3 or 4 years.

85. Document 48. Governor Philipps to the Lords of Trade. London, Jan. 24, 1731/2. Philipps is telling the Lords of Trade the number of inhabitants and soldiers in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, including Louisbourg. 

86. Document 50. Governor Armstrong to the Lords of Trade. Annapolis, June 10, 1732. Armstrong complains that the French obey only the dictates of their Priests and the Bishop of Quebec. 

87. Document 65. Governor Armstrong to the Lords Of Trade. Annapolis, Dec, 8, 1735. This is another letter on the importance of Canso and its lack of defenses.

88. Document 78. Paul Mascarene to the Lords of Trade. Annapolis, no date but received in London on Nov. 19, 1740. Justices of the Peace have been appointed for Canso; the writer regrets that more British Protestant settlers have not been sent out to N.S. 

89. Document 86. Paul Mascarene to the Lords of Trade. Annapolis, Sept. 24, 1742. This is a Complaint about the provisions sent by the Acadians to Cape Breton, except for that they are well behaved.

90. There is a general index card for this Volume stating that it contains 2 excellent plans of Louisbourg. The 38 letters deal fully with life in Louisbourg and can be found in Public Archives of Canada,, Inventory Mss Group 11, PRO and CO Papers.

91. This contains no references to Louisbourg.,

92. There is a general index card for this volume; most of the letters are from Mascarene to the French authorities, and concern the Indians behaviour, supplies for Louisbourg and requests to Louisbourg for help against the French if needed.

93. There is a general index card for this volume, which contains one reference to Louisbourg, the sending of a priest from there to Pisiquid.

94. There is one reference to Louisbourg. In 1725 the Council decided that Mascarene and Hibbert Newton should visit St. Ovide to investigate charges that the French in Cape Breton were sending agents to stir up the Indians and the French in N.S.

95. There is a general index card  for the volume, and mention is made of several references to Louisbourg concerning action taken by the French against the British and supplies for Louisbourg.

96. There is only one reference to Louisbourg, a letter from Warren and Pepperell urging the necessity of a small tender to carry intelligence between the Garrisons at Louisbourg and Annapolis and the authorities in New England.

97. It has not been examined as it is very difficult to read.

98. There are 3 references to the illicit trade, mentioning Louisbourg in this volume. They are given on 1 index card dating from 1748 to 1752. 

99. In this volume we find on 1 index card the notice of the Declaration, of War against France, and a letter from Pitt to Lawrence saying that he will be in command of the forces for the Louisbourg siege if Whitmore were killed, until Amherst arrived in America.

100. This volume contains 4 references to Louisbourg, again on one index card. They deal with a survey that Whitmore ordered to make of Ile St John and Cape Breton, the granting of licenses to take coal in Cape Breton, the appointment of officials at Louisbourg, and observing the actions of the French by boat.

101. This volume contains 2 references to Louisbourg concerning the coal on Cape Breton and the difficulties created for the settlers by the Restrictions on cutting firewood on Crown lands.

102. There is a reference in this volume to the coal in Cape Breton, some of which is to be used in Newfoundland.

103. This is the first of 4 volumes, and deals mostly with the founding of Halifax, etc., so references are found to troops coming there from Louisbourg. There is also much about the illegal trade and smuggling, also food shortages at Louisbourg.

104. This volume of letters from Governor Lawrence contains various references to the illegal trade and naval action off Louisbourg during this period.

105. This volume contains several references to Cape Breton, the appointment of a missionary to that area, the question of ownership of land at Louisbourg and a description of the coal mines in Cape Breton.

106. These 12 letters deal with relations with the Indians and Acadians concerning the Oath of Allegiance. There are no references to Louisbourg.

107. In a letter from Halifax, Dec. 30 1785, to the Commissioners of the Navy, Wentworth tells of a visit to Cape Breton and what he did about laying out land allotments and surveying lands for timber and water supply.

108. In a letter from Halifax, Dec. 13, 1792, Governor Wentworth to John King, we find a long account of the colleries at Cape Breton, how they should be worked on a contract basis, and the roads, quay at Spanish River, and overseers needed, in order to produce both a profit and settlement of the Island.

109. In a letter from Halifax, May 28, 1793, to General Ogilvie from Governor Wentworth, we read of the surrender of St. Pierre and Miquelon and the question of settling them on Cape Breton.

110. In a letter from Halifax, Nov. 9, 1793, Governor Wentworth writes to the Secretary of State concerning the Miquelon emigrants. He hears that those in Cape Breton have been poisoning the minds of the Acadians with Democracy, but feels they will not be able to do such a thing in Nova Scotia.

111. In a letter to Governor Macarmick in Sydney, C.B., dated Halifax, Jan. 9, 1794, Wentworth writes that he cannot remove the St. Pierre and Miquelon settlers till the spring. Those who do not wish to become good settlers in his province will be shipped to Guernsey as prisoners until they are exchanged.

112. There is a general index card on this group of letters, from Shirley to the Duke of Bedford and from the Board of Trade to Governor Cornwallis, dating from 1748 to 1752 (?). Several letters are summarized, dealing with the Acadians, their way of life and the support they received from the French of Canada.

113. Halifax, Jan. 24 1764. Governor Wilmot to the Officer Commanding Louisbourg. This letter concerns the annexation of Cape Breton and Ile St. Jean to the government of Nova Scotia. Wilmot would like a survey of the islands and a list of the inhabitants and information about them. A license is required to sell rum and a collector, George Cottnam, has been appointed for this purpose.

114. April 10 1764, Secretary's Office Halifax. This is a letter from Richard Buckley to F.A. Strasburgher, William Russel and William Phipps, concerning their  appointment as Justices of Peace for Cape Breton. 

115. Halifax April 12 1761. Governor Wilmot to Colonel Tulliken or the Officer Commanding at Louisbourg. This letter concerns applications for Lands and Houses which Wilmot cannot handle without instructions from the King. Any other matters he will consider and grant if in his power.

116. Halifax, May 29 1764 Governor Wilmot to General Gage at New York. This letter concerns the coal mining in Cape Breton, it is only to be used for the Troops unless Wilmot has given his permission otherwise. 

Secretary's Office Halifax, Aug. 28 1764. Richard Bulkeley to George Cottnam.

117. This letter concerns the prosecution of inhabitants of Cape Breton who refuse to pay duties paid in Nova Scotia.

118. Halifax, June 2 1765. Governor Wilmot to Major Walters, OC Louisbourg, This letter concerns the payment for mining coal on Cape Breton. 

119. Halifax, Dec. 12 1765. Governor Wilmot to Col. Pringle, OC Louisbourg, This letter deals with the need for Courts of Justice at Louisbourg, the power of the O.C. there, and the question of settlement in Newfoundland. 

120. Secretary's Office Halifax, Aug. 26, 1766. Richard Bulkcley to William Foye, Provost Marshall. This letter concerns John Bath, Foye's deputy on Cape Breton, who has been remiss in his Duty and is to be replaced at once. 

121. Halifax, Oct. 23 1766. Governor Franklin to George Cottnam, Louisbourg. Franklin is sending forms to Cottnam which are to be filled in with the information the King desires. 

122. Halifax, April 18 1767. Governor Campbell to Major Milward, Louisbourg. This reference concerns the digging of coals anywhere on Cape Breton except were the Troops are employed, the profits of which are to be laid out on the Roads. 

123. Halifax, July 26 1768. Governor Francklin to George Cottnam, Louisbourg. As the Garrison is being withdrawn from Louisbourg, Cottnam is to be out in charge of the Fort and Fortifications, Barracks, and all other buildings and Stores. 

124. Halifax, Aug. 17 1768. Governor Francklin to the Customs Commissioners. This letter concerns the necessity of Customs Collectors at Canso, Louisbourg and Charlottetown, so that the vessels do not have to come to Halifax to enter and clear. 

125. Halifax, May 4 1770. Governor Campbell to Col. Leslie, OC Troops in NS. This letter concerns the prevention by the soldiers of coal being dug at Cow Bay, and they are to use the Barracks in that place. 

126. Secretary's Office Halifax, May 4 1770. Richard Bulkeley to Geo Cottnam. This is a letter giving the Governor's order that a party of soldiers be put into the barracks at Cow Bay, and they are not to allow any coals to be dug or carried away without the Governor's Orders in writing.

127. Secretary's Office Halifax 1772 (no month). R. Bulkeley to Geo Cottnam. This is an order that Lawrence Kavanagh is to be put in possession of a Store House at Louisbourg which he formerly occupied, and that he is also to have possession of other houses and land there.

128. Secretary's Office Halifax,, April 11 1772. Richd Bulkeley to Geo Cottnam. This is an order from the Commander-in-Chief that the inhabitants at Louisbourg shall not be disturbed in the use of any property they possessed in June 1771 until a ruling comes from the Governor.

129. Secretary's Office Halifax, Nov. 24 1774. Richard Bulkeley to Geo Cottnam. This is a letter enclosing an act concerning the preservation of Timber and the terms for occupying lands on the Island of Cape Breton.

130. Secretary's Office Halifax, Aug. 18 1777. Richd Bulkeley to G Cottnam. This is a notice from the Lieut-Governor about Kavanagh who is leaving Louisbourg. He is not to take any part of the buildings away and must take down any fences he has out up.

131. Secretary's Office Halifax, Sept. 17 1777. Richard Bulkely to George Kavanagh at Louisbourg. This is an order to George Kavanagh regarding the surrendering of his property when he leaves Louisbourg.

132. Secretary's Office Halifax, Sept. 19 1781. Richard Bulkeley to Mr. Russel at Louisbourg. This is an order from the Lieut-Governor that all public building, materials and lands belonging to the King on Cape Breton, are to be protected.

133. Secretary's Office Halifax, Sept. 1 1784. Richard Bulkeley to William Russel, Chief Magistrate of Cape Breton at Spanish River. This is an order that any persons sent from Newfoundland shall be free to dig whatever coal they need there.

134. Halifax, Dec. 7, 1784. Governor Parr to Governor Desbarres. There is to be an order to continue in force such laws of Nova Scotia as shall be necessary until the people of Cape Breton are ready to send Representatives to a General Assembly.

135. Halifax, April 29 1785. Governor Parr to Governor Desbarres. Parr says that his province can supply lumber if there is not enough of it in Cape Breton.

136. There are no references to Louisbourg in this volume.

137. The only reference to Louisbourg is a Commission from Governor Wilmot in 1765 to Cottnam, Townsend, and Russell as Justices of the Court of Common Pleas to meet in Louisbourg, 4 times a year.

138. Secretary's Office Halifax, May 19 1766. Instructions for George Cottnam Esq. These concern the care and rental of building at Louisbourg, also a wharfage charge to keep the wharves in repair. He is also given authority to grant passes to persons leaving Cape Breton.

139. Halifax, April 17 1767. A Proclamation of Governor Lord Wm. Campbell. This forbids anyone to dig coal anywhere in the Province without first obtaining a license.

140. Halifax, Sept. 14 1768. Governor Lord Campbell to George Cottnam. This is Cottnam's commission as Naval Officer for the County of Breton.

141. Halifax, Sept. 5 1771. Governor Lord Wm Campbell to George Cottnam, Esq. This is Cottnam's commission as Major Commandant of the Militia for the Isle of Breton.

142. Halifax, Aug. 4 1772. Governor Lord Wm Campbell to Arthur Gould Esq. So many complaints have come lately from Cape Breton that Gould is to go to Louisbourg for an inspection and do what he can to improve things.

143. The card states there are numerous licenses issued to individuals for digging coal in Cape Breton in this volume, and quotes one given to Wm. Phipps to dig coal for the use of the troops at Halifax.

144. Halifax July 13 1782. A License issued by Governor Hamond to James Townshend Esq. This gives Townshand permission to collect materials at the ruins of Louisbourg for the use of the Navy Hospital at Halifax.

145. Halifax, Sept. 14 1767. Governor Campbell to the Provincial Treasurer. This concerns payments to Monk, clerk to the Supreme Court, in Halifax, for charges involved in prosecuting people at Louisbourg.

146. There is one reference to Louisbourg in the volume, on page 210, concerning the letter circulated among the French settlers at Annapolis Royal, informing them that the Governor of Louisbourg proposed that they should repair to French territory, with his aid.

146. This volume deals with the enactment of laws; in 1759 a law was passed concerning persons harbouring deserters from the navy, in connection with the assembly of the Fleet for the expedition against Quebec.

An explanatory card states that extracts from volumes 219, 220 and 221 have been added later concerning the Expulsion of the Acadians and their relationship with Louisbourg.

149. There are so many references on one card for volumes 219 and 220, and they are not in the correct order, so they are listed briefly below to make locating the information more easy.

Document 1 Boston May 9 1749. Shirley to Count LeGallissonière. This deals with Mascarene's complaints about French conduct. 

Document 3 Halifax, Nov. 1 1749. Governor Cornwallis to Governor De la Jonquière at Quebec. Cornwallis insists all the coast of St. Johns is within N.S.

Document 4 Halifax, May 16 1753. The Disposition of Anthony Carsteel, taken prisoner by the Indians and examined harshly by the French before being released.

Document 9 Boston, Nov. 14 1754. Shirley to Lieut.-Governor Lawrence. An inquiry about what could be required of him to drive the French from the River St. John. 

Document 10 Boston, Dec. 14 1754. Shirley to Governor Lawrence. This deals with the project for driving the French out of Nova Scotia. It will not be able to proceed for the time being.

Document 11 Boston, Nov. 11 1754. Shirley to Sir Thomas Robinson. To inform Robinson of Monckton's proposed expedition against Fort Beausejour.

Document 45 Newyork, April 14 1759. Amherst to General Lawrence. This concerns the troops, transports, etc. for Louisbourg

Document 71 Newyork, April 23 1760 Amherst to Brigadier Whitmore. This concerns the demolition of the fortifications at Louisbourg and the transport of the Garrison and supplies to Halifax.

Document 74 Newyork, April 30 1760. Amherst to Governor Lawrence. This concerns the preservation of the houses at Louisbourg, and the sending of anything that might be used there, to Halifax. 

Document 95 Newyork, March 22 1761. Amherst to Mr. President Belcher at Halifax. This is a defense of the policy of leaving the Acadians in Nova Scotia. The latter part of the volume concerns the effect on Halifax of the French expedition to Newfoundland in 1762.

Document 111 Council of War, Halifax, July 30 1762. Col. Tulliken requested help with the defenses he is making at Louisbourg. The French Neutrals in the Province should be transported to Boston, was the unanimous opinion of the Council.

Document 115 Boston, August 1762. Amherst to Governor Belcher. He reports the arrival in Boston of the Acadian French. 

Letter 13 Boston, Jan. 6 1755. Shirley to Governor Lawrence. This letter deals in detail with the raising of troops in Boston for the expedition against the French in N.S. and the St. John River.

Letter 29 Halifax, Aug. 11 1755. Gvnr. Lawrence to Major Handfield. This letter contains instructions in detail for the removal of the Acadians.

Letter 30 Halifax, Aug. 11 1755. Gvnr. Lawrence to Col. Winslow at Minas,and Capt. Murray at Piziquid. Instructions are similar to those in card 29.

Letter 43-46 Newyork, Mar. 16 1759. Amherst to Brig. Gen. Lawrence. These letters concern preparations for the expedition against Quebec in detail.

Letter 50 Louisbourg, Oct. 1, 1759. Whitmore, Govnr of Louisbourg to Lawrence, announcing the capture of Quebec.

Letter 53 "Bason of Quebec, Aug. 1 1759. James Gibson to Govnr Lawrence. A Journal of the proceedings from May Ist to Aug. 10, 1759" A long letter, very descriptive and with references to Louisbourg.

Document 55 A general plan of Quebec and its neighbourhood. A pen and ink  sketch by James Gibson.

Letter 57 Louisbourg, Oct. 14 1759. General Whitmore to Lawrence. An account of the events at  Quebec.

Letter 81 Boston, May 18 1760. Governor Pownall to Govnr. Lawrence. He describes the dissatisfaction of the Provincials doing duty in N.S. Garrisons.

Letter 88 Louisbourg, June 20 1760. Gvnr Whitmore to Gvnr Lawrence. A report on the movement of the French neutrals.

Letter 91 Oswego, July 24 1760. Amherst to Govnr  Lawrence. This letter concerns payment for materials at the siege at Louisbourg.

Letter 93 Louisbourg, Aug. 13 1760. Genl. Whitmore to Govnr Lawrence. He reports the despatch of 5 vessels loaded with ordnance, Stores, etc.

Letter 94 Louisbourg, no date. Whitmore to Lawrence. This letter concerns a vessel loaded with lime for the use of the garrison at Louisbourg.

Document 111 Halifax, July 20 1762. Minutes of a Council of War. This concerns a demand for stores from the C.O. at Louisbourg. They were to be sent.

Document 118 This is a statement of the Settlements in N.S. in 1763. There were 18 settlements containing 1797 families.

150. Document 19. Halifax, Nov. 5 1754. Govnr. Lawrence to Govnr Shirley, Boston. Lawrence has heard that the French plan to attack Chignecto as soon as they have repaired Louisbourg. He asks for assistance in driving the French from the north side of the Bay of Fundy. 

151. Document 24. Halifax, Oct. 18 1755. Govnr Lawrence to Sir Thomas Robinson. This concerns the danger of French attack. Some French troops have escaped Boscawen's squadron and the 2000 New England troops cannot be discharged. The Governor of Louisbourg has written that he has no other claim for the French to Canso but its neutrality.

Letter 45. Halifax, Nov. 9. 1757. Govnr Lawrence to the Lords of Trade. Admiral Holburne's cruisers have brought news of the French squadron off Louisbourg, also of New England settlers at Cape Sable.

151. Documents 19 and 24 have been treated differently here, and it is stated that Documents 25 to 42 contain a complete list of all the ships used in the deportation of the Acadians.

This card contains 3 references, listed below.

152. Document 19. Halifax, July 26 1762. An Address of the House of Representatives to the Hon. Jonathan Belcher. This states that the Neutral inhabitants of the Province had been expelled after refusing allegiance to the Sovereign, that they returned in great numbers and attacked the English, when captured and treated leniently they were still insolent and should be removed from the Province.

Document 85. Halifax, Sept. 30 1778. A letter to Lord Germain in London from the Provincial Secretary, concerning the shipment of coal from Louisbourg to Newfoundland.

Document 133. Halifax, Sept. 1 1784. From the Provincial Secretary to William Russell, Chief Magistrate of Cape Breton. This also concerns permission to dig coals at Louisbourg for Newfoundland

153. Document 32. Halifax, Sept. 26 1766. Richard Bulkeley to G. Cottnam at Louisbourg, concerning repairs to the Town Goal.

Document 47. A description of the Island of Cape Breton and its Dependencies, believed to date about 1774.

Document 55. The Auditors Report of the Accounts of George Cottnam, Esq. Collector of Impost and Excise at Louisbourg, July 19 1775.

Document 69. August 19 1778. The Memorial of Jonathan Binney Esq., to the Lords of Trade, asking for a yearly salary as Chief Magistrate at Canso.

154. Document 50. Halifax, May 16 1766. A receipt by Benjamin Green to George Cottnam of Louisbourg concerning duties collected there.

155. Document 31. Halifax, Sept. 6 1766. Michael Francklin to George Cottnam, Louisbourg. This concerns payment for a cargo of coal, to be loaded at Louisbourg.

156. Document 32. Halifax, Sept. 26 1766. Secretary Bulkeley to George Cottnam, Louisbourg. This is an order to repair the Jail at once, if any repairs are needed to keep the prisoners in sufficient security.

157. Document 47. "A Short description of the Island of Cape Breton and its Dependencies.'' 1767(?) This document is 34 pages, giving a detailed description of the Island and the Fishery, reduced almost to nothing by this time.

158. It is stated that these volumes contain a total of 2459 Documents, with no reference to Louisbourg. A previous card contains references from volume 221, which raises doubt about this being the correct number as given above.

159. He mentions there are 29 volumes in the whole series, volumes 219-251, but these are not all catalogued as can be seen below.

160. In this volume we find 21 volumes catalogued, numbers 219 to 240 inclusive, omitting 237.

161. 2059 documents were examined with no mention found of Louisbourg.

Document 3. Memoire - Le Comte. de Raymond, Louisbourg, Isle Royale, le 10 Sbre 1753." This follows a description of N S and the Acadians, prepared by Brown. 

Document 25. Tamsel, Aug. 25 1758, Andrew Mitchell to the Earl of Holderness. News of the surrender of Louisbourg had been sent to the King of Prussia. Breslan, Feb. 25 1758. Andrew Mitchell to the Earl of Holderness, Whitehall. This deals with whether the war in America will keep France from pushing in Germany and bring peace soon. Tamsel. Andrew Mitchell to Mr. Keith, Aug. 29 1758. This is the report of the victory at Louisbourg.

163. There are no references to Louisbourg in this series.   

164. No reference to Louisbourg in this volume. 

Document 81. Halifax, Aug. 28 1832. The Report of Jas. Tidmarsh to Sir R. George.  This letter advocates the erection of a small wooden Pyramid on the east side of the entrance to the harbour of Louisbourg to point out the true passage to the harbour. On the same card we read: that volumes 312 to 314 have no references to Louisbourg in them.

166. There are several references on this card to Louisbourg.

Documents 71, Whitehall, May 5 1791, and 73. Letters  concerning the whereabouts of Louis and François Bigot who remained in Louisbourg to trade long after the British captured it. 

Document 77. Letter from the French Ambassador concerning Gilles Grondin, who lived at Petit Laurent le Bec, Feb. 19 1791. 

Document 84. Letter from the Council of Trade Office in London, March 12 1791, referring to Americans carrying on a clandestine trade in Plaister of Paris with Cape Breton. Many of these documents deal with the operating of the coal mines.

167. Document 10. From Lord Castlereagh to General Neapean relieving him of his duties as Administrator of Cape Breton. April 8 1809. 

Document 67. Dated July 10 1813. A report on the state of the Island submitted by General Swayne. 

Document 99. Dated Edinburgh April 11 1817 this advises that 324 souls would be embarking for Cape Breton about the. end of the month.

168. Mostly duplicates of volume 317, no references to Louisbourg.

169. There are scattered references to Louisbourg in this volume, all placed on one card and lettered:

(a) The appointment and Swearing in of new officials, Aug. 1786. 

(b) The problem of obtaining provisions for the civil population. 

(c) Jurisdictional disputes between the civil and military authorities and between the Lieut. Governor and Council

(d) Seizure of ships for irregularities in paying Customs duty, etc. April 10 1786.

(e) Many land grants and surveys, none near Louisbourg.

(f) A Petition concerning personal slander by Pierce Kennedy of Louisbourg refused by the Council Feb. 10 1786.

(g) A Proclamation requesting that complaints be laid before the Council, if about Civil administration April 25 1786. 

(h) 1785. Disputes between Civil and Military authorities referring to supplies for the civil  population, in great need. 

(i) Plans for a passable road between Sydney and Louisbourg, Dec. 14, 1785.

170. There do not seem to be any references to Louisbourg in the summary of this volume. There is much concerning land grants to loyalists.  

171. No references to Louisbourg in the volume.  

172. This volume contains many references, again on one card. This volume contains much information relating to the Coal mines. In the 14 years there are recorded less than a half dozen grants of Land at Louisbourg.

Nov. 1 1799. Edward Rowe was given power to dispossess squatters in the District of Louisbourg. 

Nov. 12 1799. A list of all persons given permission to occupy land at Cape Breton is given. 

Jan. 15 1601. The Governor reports Smallpox at Louisbourg, and a surgeon has gone there to inoculate people

March 2 1802. The Petition of Richard Lorway for a tract of land at Louisbourg. 

Nov. 18 1802. The Petition of John Townsend for a lot of land at Louisbourg.

April 1 1805. The Petition of the Roman Catholics in Sydney to erect a Chapel for their use. 

Aug. 31 1807. The Council urge the issuing of a Proclamation requiring the Oath of Allegiance from all male inhabitants above the age of 14. 

May 2 1809. The Petition of James Kennedy of Louisbourg for a grant of land. 

173. Here again we find 7 references with different dates on one card. They all concern land grants at Louisbourg except 2, which deal with he formation of a Militia Force on Cape Breton because of the American Privateers. 

174. Most of these minutes deal with the assignment of lots of land, only one is in the Louisbourg area, on Nov. 5 1818. 

175. Document 198. Sydney, June 5 1809. This concerns the completion of the Mira and Louisbourgh roads; several miles are still to be done on each. 

176. Document 17. 1818 Description of Reservations made for the use of the Crown in the Island of Cape Breton. A tract of land west of Louisbourgh Harbour is described, and marked number 5.

177. Document 17. 1818. A similar description of land, in the same area, marked number 6.

178. Document 102. Sydney, June 19, 1827. Surveyor General Crawley to Sir N.D. George. This document accompanied a sketch with references, showing that about 50 people possessed the land around the harbour of Louisbourg, which would have accommodated hundreds of families of fishermen. Even the road to Gabarus is closed off. No copy of the sketch was found.

179. Document 95. Statistical returns by the Sheriff of the County of Cape Breton of the Number of Inhabitants, and the quantity of land cultivated, taken in 1827. At Louisbourg, these were population, 141, land cultivated, 194 acres.

180. Document 60. Halifax, Aug. 28 1832. Jas. Tidmarsh to Sir Rupert George. This concerns the erection of a small wooden Pyramid on the east side of the entrance of the Harbour of Louisbourg, to point out the true passage to the harbour. .

181. Document 128. This card explains Document 128, which gives the reason for the legality of the re-annexation of Cape Breton Island to Nova Scotia. A commission, named by Lord Falkland, Governor of N.S., and dated July 30th 1844, was required to produce from the Archives evidence concerning the legality of the move. All of the documents produced that related to Louisbourg are given below.

182. Document 128, Page 5 Document 5. Halifax, July 2 1765. Enquiry was to be made whether there were enough people to summon a Jury at Louisbourg. 

183. Page 5, Document 6. Halifax, Sept. 26 1765. The Council ordered the Collector at Louisbourg to make up his account and send it to the Treasurer. 

184. Page 6, Document 9. Halifax, Aug. 13 1766. This deals with legal action against Rockett, who imported rum into Louisbourg illegally. Also, a memorial from James Monk who wished to be paid for 5 actions he had started in similar cases.

185. Page 7, Document 11. Halifax, Nov.. 12 1766. This concerns the appointment of a Water Bailiff to recover debts from people who stayed on board vessels in Louisbourg Harbour to avoid creditors.

186. Page 7, Document 12. Halifax, Feb. 9, 1767. This deals with paying the Solicitor General and Provost marshall for prosecution of persons indebted for Duties on Rum at Louisbourg.

187. Page 7, Document 13. Halifax, Sept. 24 1767. This is a Memorial of William Russell, who had been granted a good deal of land, relating his claim to it and asking for more, which was granted.

188. Page 7, Document 14. Halifax, Mar. 22 1768. This concerns a memorial about Alexander Lex who had illegally dug coal from Cow Bay.

189. Page 8, Document 16. Halifax, Aug. 16 1768. This is a resolution appointing George Cottnam to keep Peace and execute the Laws in 1768, for which he would be paid One Hundred Pounds.

190. Page 5, Document 1. Halifax, August 27, 1764. The Council voted that all persons in Cape Breton refusing to pay Duties should be sued.

191. Page 5, Document 2. Halifax, Sept. 28, 1764. The Governor told the Council he intended to use the Income from the Houses at Louisbourg to repair the roads.

192. Page 8, Document 17. Halifax, April 2 1770. The Council resolved that the Isle of Breton should be represented by the Members for the County of Halifax because of the lack of Freeholders to make an Election.

193. Page 8, Document 18. Halifax, May 4 1770. The Governor asked the Council what measures should be taken to prevent coal being dug at Cow Bay. They advised that Mr. Cottnam should go to Cow Bay and order all people them to depart, putting troops into the barracks at Cow Bay.

194. Page 8, Document 19. Halifax, Nov. 29 1773. This concerns charges against Lawrence Kavanagh that he had used material from the public buildings at Louisbourg for his own use. He replied that he had used the material to repair other Public Buildings, and the matter was referred to the Attorney General.

195. Page 9, Document 20. Halifax, Dec. 8 1773. This concerns a Memorial from Lawrence Kavanagh complaining that a naval officer had pressed seamen from his trading and fishing vessels, detained his trading and fishing vessels, and solicited assertions from people that would hurt his reputation.

196. Page 9, Document 21. Halifax, Nov. 7, 1774. Mr. Cottnam's complaint against Lawrence Kavanagh and a reference for further information on this affair were referred to the Attorney General.

197. Page 10, Document 24. Halifax, Nov. 5 1775. This concerns the appointment of Commissioners at Louisbourg for raising a Tax to pay the Milita of the province.

198. Page 18, Document 33. Governor Francklin to George Cottnam, Esq. 1766( ?). This concerns the appointment of Samuel Holland Esq. as Justice of the Peace for the county of Breton.

199. Page 26, Document 48. An extract from the Licence Book for the Occupation of Lands in the Province of Nova Scotia. July 8 1766. This describes a grant of 20,000 acres in the Harbour of Louisbourg to Le Sieur Gratian D'Arrigrand.

200. Page 31, Document 59. Governor Wilmot to the Officer Commanding, Louisbourg Jan. 24 1764. This concerns making a survey of Cape Breton and St. Johns Island after the annexation in order to establish the Civil Power and Authority.

201. This concerns applications for Grants of lots near Louisbourg. None are to be allowed near the Town, except that Licenses of Occupation revocable at the pleasure of the Crown may be given.

202. One of these 51 documents, known as Document D gives a description of Louisbourg in 1754. There is a comment on Pichon at the beginning of the Catalogue of the volumes, quoted on the card.

203. These 3 volumes are dealt with on one card. Only volume 343 contains a reference to Louisbourg, in a trial for Mutiny and Murder on the high seas in 1826.

204. These all relate to Government Officials but there is nothing relating to Louisbourg in them.

205. These are nearly all land grants and there is no mention of Louisbourg in them.

206. Volume I gives a detailed account of the capture of Fort Beausejour and also includes the orders etc. received for the Expulsion of the Acadians. 

207. This volume contains Winslow's Diary on the Expulsion of the Acadians, kept from Aug. 22 1755 to Jan. 22 1756. As well as other Journals and letters as late as 1758. There is a complete list of the Acadians, families, and possessions.

208. All documents in this book are covered by PAC Mss Group 21, Page 13 N S "E".

209. This gives the General State of the Revenue of the Province; in 1765 Louisbourg ranked next to Halifax as regards revenue, but as time went on there was no mention of the town for several years at a time. 

210. In a court held at Halifax Nov. 30 1749 we read of the "Sea Flower", seized for carrying contraband from Louisbourg, the only such reference in the volume.

211. This card contains 8 references to cases of illegal trade or Prize. Ships taken by the English during this period.

212. Most of this volume is taken up by the cases of French ships seized off Louisbourg. and sold in the Prize Court.

P.A. of Nova Scotia "Extracts from a Paper given before the Nova Scotia Historical Society, March 2, 1882, by Peter Lynch, Q.C., entitled "A Visit to Louisbourg" (This paper is filed in the Louisbourg Archives.)

213. There is a lengthy extract from the article describing the area as it now is, and telling of its importance in the past and to history- Louisbourg "Historic Sites of Acadia", by Pascal Poirier, Magazine "Acadiensis", Vol. 2, Oct. 1902.

214. This writer had been sent by the Royal Society to examine the fortress and report on it. He is appalled at the way materials have been sold, or carried away by tourists, and feels that the site should be preserved and a museum opened for what remains of the relies.

215. The Louisbourg Restoration Project has a Xeroxed form of this diary, kept during the siege of Louisbourg.

216. This fragile Log Book is now on display in the N.S. Public Archives. Letters of Marque were obtained by Malachi Salter and Robert Saunderson on Nov. 18 1757 to fit out their Schooner "Lawrence"as a Privateer. The Captain was Joseph Rous, important in connection with Louisbourg. The log was kept in 1757 when the vessel was not near Louisbourg. Acadiensis Vol. 2, July 1902, has an article on the logbook.

217. This tells what may be seen of the fortress among the ruins and suggests it should have been preserved.

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