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Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada
Recherche sur la Forteresse-de-Louisbourg Lieu historique national du Canada
THE ANCIEN MAGASIN AND THE ENGINEER'S HOUSE
(Fortress of Louisbourg
Report H D 09)
I would like to thank all those who have helped with the preparation of this report; in particular, Miss Helen Sutermeister who made many valuable suggestions, the Engineering and Draughting sections who kindly helped out with technical problems, and the rest of the Historical Section who relieved me of many responsibilities while this report was being written.
This report on the Ancien Magasin and Engineer's House was written a year after the excavation was carried out and several months after the archaeological report was prepared by Miss Helen Sutermeister. I have tried not to rely too heavily on this excellent report, but to consider the historical evidence on its own merit. I have, however, used as-found wall measurements to aid in the interpretation of the Toisés. In the sections on the First Engineer's House and the Ancien Magasin, I have made use of many of Miss Sutermeister's conclusions.
Part one of this report deals with the First Engineer's house and the Ancien Magasin, their chronology and structural details.
The second section deals with the Second Engineer's house, constructed in 1730 - 1733. Since the decision has already been made that the Engineer's house will be reconstructed to the period just after construction, and more specifically to the period 1732 - 1735 when Verrier's wife and family were in residence there, I have concentrated on the analysis of the Toisé définitif of 1734 which describes this structure in detail.
The final section of this report deals with the internal inconsistencies of the Toisé of 1734, the problems raised by the lack of historical or archaeological information, and also the conflict between historical and archaeological evidence.
I have also included Ganet's Marché of 1727 (Appendix A) which should supplement the Toisé and provide information concerning construction materials and techniques. Appendix B contains definitions of words which I have had difficulty translating, and words that have been left in the original in the text.