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Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada
Recherche sur la Forteresse-de-Louisbourg Lieu historique national du Canada
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Encampment ~ Rassemblement
Fortress of Louisbourg ~ Forteresse-de-Louisbourg
National Historic Site ~ Lieu Historique
August 11-13 ~ 2006 ~ 11-13
sheet was archived on August 14, 2006
FORTRESS OF LOUISBOURG NATIONAL HISTORIC
DEMONSTRATION AND BLACK POWDER RULES
**We will provide black powder. Groups
are not permitted to bring their own**
No misfires will be cleared in camps. All powder
to be dumped and muskets must be empty before leaving the demonstration
Keep empty cartridges after loading and return at
the end of the tactical. Unused cartridges to be returned prior to returning
to camp areas.
Must be properly and securely fitted into priming
pan. Mandatory for any demonstration involving firing in closed ranks.
- May be carried, but will not be used during the
For public safety, the field will be policed
immediately following the demonstration ensuring that no unspent cartridges
or papers were dropped. This must be done before units return to their
camps. Parks personnel will participate in and supervise this exercise.
While pistols may be carried in the encampment,
none shall be carried in tacticals or any black powder demonstrations.
Must be cleaned and of the proper size (i.e. worn
Must be of appropriate size for the gun.
Five (5) minutes minimum must elapse between a gun
firing and the introduction of powder in any form (including cartridge and
primer/quill) into the gun.
Artillery will only be fired at designated times
and in designated areas by full crews (appropriate to the size of gun but a
minimum of two fully trained persons are required)
All guns will be double sponged and double wormed
for all blank firings. There will be no live firings.
The danger zone is an area 45 meters (50 yards) to
the front of the muzzle and within a 60-degree angle emanating from the
muzzle. Artillery will not fire if opposing or supporting forces are within
If an opposing force enters the danger zone of a
loaded artillery piece the gunners will immediately cross the rammer and
sponge over the gun to signal the approaching force to HALT their advance
and withdraw until the piece is discharged.
No one should cross in front of the muzzle (when
on the demonstration field) during the cleaning, loading or firing
All persons must stay clear of the muzzle to a
45-meter (50 yard) distance until such time as the gun is discharged or the
During a tactical demonstration guns will not be
moved from their previously fixed location unless approved by the Site
Historic Weapons Supervisor. No gun is to be moved in a loaded condition for
All gun crews firing black powder artillery shall
wear only natural fibre (cotton, linen, wool, etc. no nylon or polyester)
long-sleeved outer garments or full uniforms and footwear, as a protection
against flash burns.
Hearing protection is required for all artillery
crew members and should be compatible with historic dress where possible.
Must be fully trained and proficient in their
This event is not an opportunity to train
Will be asked to demonstrate a ‘dry’ firing for
the Site Historic Weapons Supervisor prior to the event.
Artillery crews are not to be disturbed unless
pre-arranged scenario has been approved by the Site Historic Weapons
Field commanders will be informed by a member of
the gun crew when a gun is no longer participating in the demonstration.
No hand-to-hand combat or closing with edged
Knives, axes and cutting tools used for active
purposes (i.e. cutting wood, food, etc.) will not be used in tacticals or
During a tactical demonstration, bayonets may be
fixed upon approval of the Site Historic Weapons Supervisor and overall
event commander. Bayonets will be unfixed and sheathed prior to advancing
toward each other.
When appropriate (see #1 above) as per period
military practice, bayonets may be fixed and swords may be taken out of the
The throwing of tomahawks, axes, knives or fired
projectiles (such as arrows) is prohibited.
All edges weapons (swords, bayonets, etc.) used in
historic weapons demonstrations (I.e. battle re-enactments) will have dull
When showing edged weapons to the public, caution
must be used and the weapons should not be completely drawn from the
scabbards. The public will not be allowed to handle edged tools and weapons.
Pole arms should be carried in the vertical
position. Store in a safe position.
All edged weapons or tools must have sheaths or
covers when not in actual use, except for pole arms.
All edged weapons, when not in use, must be kept
in a safe, secure location, or under immediate supervision.
- Once cartridges are issued, they are the
responsibility of the individual and must remain on them. Cartridges will be
issued prior to a demonstration. Unused cartridges will be returned
immediately following a demonstration.
- Safety Officers may stop any black powder
demonstration at any point if safety is compromised. They may also request
the removal of unsafe weapons or persons from the demonstration area.
- The random discharge of firearms is prohibited.
Weapons will be discharged only in designated areas. All firing must be done
on the approved range and only with the prior approval of the Site Historic
Weapons Supervisor. They will not be fired in camp.
- The public may handle unloaded firearms as part of
an interpretive program only if the re-enactor maintains physical control
over the weapon.
- Only cartridges (musket and artillery) issued by
the Fortress of Louisbourg will be allowed for demonstrations.
- The making of cartridges is strictly forbidden on
the site unless pre-approved by the Site Historic Weapons Supervisor. All
cartridge-making will be done in the Site laboratory.
- When two opposing forces close to less than 45
meters (50 yards), the weaker force, as detailed in the tactical briefing,
WILL GIVE GROUND and re-establish itself to at least 45 meters (50 yards)
difference. NO PHYSICAL CONTACT IS PERMITTED.
- No smoking at any time within the demonstration
area, or at any location where powder is present.
- No black powder in bulk is allowed on the site.
- All powder horns are to be empty at all times
whether carried or not.
- Modern firearms are strictly prohibited
- There will be no demonstration of ‘rapid-firing’.
- Wargaming is strictly forbidden.
- Each individual is responsible and accountable in
regards to being aware of procedures, locations and conduct of all
- Any participant who shows an unsafe attitude or
endangers the public or other participants in any way may be expelled from
the site. The same rule applies for a whole unit. Unit commanders are
responsible and accountable for the behaviour of the members of their unit.
- At the conclusion of any demonstration, individual
unit commanders will verify that all weapons are cleared prior to that unit
being allowed to leave the field (following the field ‘sweep’). Misfires
shall be cleared in a duly designated ‘safe’ area.
- In order to make the event enjoyable, educational,
and safe it is imperative that ALL participants be willing to abide by the
rulings on the field and co-operate with the chain of command.
- Once powder has been distributed, participants
should not mingle with the public and must not enter the site buildings with
cartridges on their person.
- No firing must take place closer than 5 meters (16
feet) from the security ropes to ensure that the audience is protected.
- No grenades, carcasses or petards, or
miscellaneous other explosives or fireworks or simulations of grenades,
carcasses or petards are to be employed.
- USE COMMON SENSE. Remind the other person if he is
doing something unsafe. Apply these and other safety rules, treat all
weapons as if they were loaded with ball and had a ‘hair’ trigger.
- Projectile ammunition (ball, shot) is not to be
carried on the person when firing or during historic weapons demonstrations.
- Never smoke while loading, shooting or handling
- Black powder will be kept at least 8 meters (25
feet) away from campfires.
- Children under 16 years of age are not permitted
to take part in the tacticals or historic weapons demonstrations. Children
between the ages of 16 and 18 who plan to be part of the tacticals or
historic weapons demonstrations must be accompanied by an adult.