ERIC KRAUSE

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BACKGROUND GENEALOGY


SAXON ARMY IN 1866

AUSTRIAN PRUSSIAN WAR, 1866

The Saxon Army 1866:

All infantry were organised in single battalions (not regiments) of between 900-980 actual field strength. There were 16 line battalions (numbered 1st through 16th) and 4 Schutzen or Rifle battalions (1st through 4th). The 13th through 16th line battalions were designated the Leib Brigade. All four cavalry regiments were Reiter and should be classed as lights (they all performed extensive patrolling and scouting during the retreat), with 4 field sqns per Regt of 160 per sq. In peacetime one sqn (not necessarily numbered the 5th) acted as a depot upon mobilisation and handed it's horses over to the other four, so is not shown in the orbats. The Reiter Regts were designated 1st, 2nd, 3rd and Garde. The artillery had nine batteries with 6 guns and one with 4, eight of them foot, two horse. Four foot batteries and the two horse batteries were equipped with 12pdr smoothbore shell guns, the other four foot batteries with 6pdr Krupp rifles. Thus all Saxon artillery is heavy (ouch!). I have ignored the 2 gun deficit in one of the batteries so that the Saxons get 5 2SP battalion equivalents of artillery. The cavalry division had a single 6 gun horse battery attached, the other horse battery being with the army reserve. This is fine when gaming a smallish battle like Gitschin but at Koniggratz I would suggest giving the cavalry a 2-5 horse battalion and scrapping the 1SP battery stands. On 20th May (the day of mobilisation) the strength of the army was about 23,940 men. On 15th June (when Prussia declared war) the strength was 26,265.

http://home.paradise.net.nz/mcnelly/vb/oob/SaxonBavarian1866.htm

Ordre de Bataille of the Royal Saxon Army in the Campaign of 1866:

Commander: Kronprinz Albert, Gen. d. Inf.

1st. Infantry-Division: Gen.Lt. Schimpf

2. Inf.-Brigade: Obst. v. Hake
5. Inf. Battalion
6. Inf. Battalion
7. Inf. Battalion
8. Inf. Battalion
2. Jaeger Battalion

3. Inf.-Brigade: Gen.Mjr. v. Carlowitz
9. Inf. Battalion
10. Inf. Battalion
11. Inf. Battalion
12. Inf. Battalion
3. Jaeger Battalion

Div. Artillery: Obst.Lt. Weigel
2. gez. 6pdr. Battery
1. 12pdr 'Granatkanonen' Battery
3. Ambulance

2nd. Infantry-Division: Gen.Lt. v. Stieglitz

4. (Leib-) Inf.-Brigade: Obst v. Hausen
13. Inf. Battalion
14. Inf. Battalion
15. Inf. Battalion
16. Inf. Battalion
4. Jaeger Battalion

1. Inf.-Brigade: Obst. v. Borberg
1. Inf. Battalion
2. Inf. Battalion
3. Inf. Battalion
4. Inf. Battalion
1. Jaeger Battalion

Div. Artillery: Obst.Lt. v. Gruenwald
4. gez. 6pdr Battery
2. 12pdr 'Granatkanonen' Battery
2. Ambulance
Pioneers

Reiter-Division: Gen.Lt. v. Fritsch

1. Reiter-Brigade: Gen.Mjr. Prinz Georg
Garde-Reiterregiment (1.-4. Squadron)
1. Reiterregiment "Kronprinz" (2.-5. Squadron)

2. Reiter-Brigade: Gen.Mjr. v. Biedermann
2. Reiterregiment (1.,2.,4., 5. Squadron)
3. Reiterregiment (1.-4. Squadron)

Div. Artillery: Oblt. v. Planitz
1. 12pdr Horse 'Granatkanonen' Battery
1. Ambulance

Reserve-Artillery: Obst. Koehler(Hauptzeughaus)
1. gez. 6pdr Battery
2. gez. 6pdr Battery
3. 12pdr 'Granatkanonen' Battery
4. 12pdr 'Granatkanonen' Battery
2. 12pdr Horse 'Granatkanonen' Battery
1. Ammo- Coloumn
2. Ammo- Coloumn

http://www.leagueofaugsburg.com/fightingtalk/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=3848&start=15

Order of Battle of the Royal Saxon Army Corps 1866

The following order of battle shows the composition of the Royal Saxon Army Corps allied with and attached to the Austrian army of the North during the campaign in Bohemia in June/July 1866. The Saxons under the command of Crown Prince Albert of Saxony fought bravely and skillfully during the battles of Gitschin and Königgrätz and this order of battle reflects the situation as at the 20th of June 1866. 

Corps Commander General der Infanterie Kronprinz Albert, Herzog zu Sachsen
Adjutants: Oberst Prinz Schönburg
- Rittmeister Friedrich Clemens Senfft von Pilsach
Orderly Officers Oberleutnant Ernst Otto von Berlepsch
- Oberleutnant Maximilian Heinrich Adam von Wuthenau
- Oberleutnant Hans von Schütz
Chief of Staff Generalmajor Georg Friedrich Alfred von Fabrice
Adjutant Hauptmann Ernst Bernhard Graf Vitzthum
Deputy Chief of Staff Major Bernhard Funke
Staff Officer Hauptmann Schubert
- Oberleutnant Hans Florian von Nostitz-Drzewiecki
- Guiden-Leutnant Brückner
Director of Artillery Generalmajor Ludwig Schmalz
Adjutants: Hauptmann Otto Schweingel
- Oberleutnant Friedrich Keyßelitz
Director of Engineers Oberst Friedrich Otto Peters
Intendant Oberst Eduin Freiherr von Friesen
Medical Director General-Stabsarzt Dr. August Günther
Judge Advocate Oberkriegsgerichtsrath Eugen Dietrich
Staff Judge Advocates: Stabsauditeur Victor Baumgarten-Crusius
Auditeur Meinhold
Field Provisions Officer Proviant-Verwalter Carl Fellmer
Field Telegraph Detachment: Telegraphen-Director Pörsch
- Assistent von Vitzthum
Field Gendarmerie: Rittmeister von Stammer
- Oberleutnant von Römer
Chaplains: Feldprobst: Ober-Katechet Dr. Fricke
- Vikar Hering
- Vikar Hermann
Train Oberstleutnant Edmund Schmalz
Attached K.k. Oberst  Joseph Pelikan von Plauenfeld
-- K.k. Kriegs-Commissär Wilhelm Schlosser
- -

1.Infanterie-Division

Generallieutenant Bernhard von Schimpf
Chief of Staff Major Friedrich von Zeschwitz
Adjutant Hauptmann Eduard Reyher
2.Infanterie-Brigade Oberst Hermann von Hake
2.Jäger-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant August Tauscher
5.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Moritz von Rohrscheidt
6.Infanterie-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Carl von Metzradt
7.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Ferdinand Otto von Gablenz
8.Infanterie-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Kurt Alexander von Elterlein
3.Infanterie-Brigade Generalmajor Georg Job von Carlowitz
3.Jäger-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Hugo Philipp Arthur von der Mosel
9.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Bernhard von Leonhardi
10.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Heinrich von Abendroth
11.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Johann von Wolffersdorff
12.Infanterie-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Ernst Adolph von Craushaar
Divisional Cavalry Major Ernst von Standfest
4.Escadron 2.Reiter-Regiment Rittmeister Alexander Schubuth
4.Escadron 3.Reiter-Regiment Rittmeister Rudolph von Minckwitz
Divisional Artillery Oberstlieutenant Carl Weigl
Gezogene 6pfünd. Batterie Walther Hauptmann Georg Adolph Walther
12pfünd. Granat-Kanonen-Batterie von der Pfordte Hauptmann Curt Adolph von der Pfordte
- -

2.Infanterie-Division

Generallieutenant Thuisko von Stieglitz
Chief of Staff Oberstlieutenant Alban von Montbé
Leib.Infanterie-Brigade Oberst Clemens Freiherr von Hausen
4.Jäger-Bataillon Major Julius Carl Adolph von Schulz
13.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Maximilian August von Schmieden
14.Infanterie-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Rudolph von Bünau
15.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Friedrich Otto Hamann
16.Infanterie-Bataillon Oberstleutnant von Friesen
1.Infanterie-Brigade Oberst Emil von Boxberg
1.Jäger-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Gustav Nehrhoff von Holderberg
1.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Johannes Freiherr von Wagner
2.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Friedrich von Sandersleben
3.Infanterie-Bataillon Major Julius Roßky
4.Infanterie-Bataillon Oberstlieutenant Carl Heinrich Freiherr von Kochtitzky
 

Reiter-Division

Generallieutenant Bernhard Albert Freiherr von Fritsch
Chief of Staff Hauptmann Adolph Leopold von Tscheresky und Bögendorf
1.Reiter-Brigade Generalmajor Prinz Georg von Sachsen
Garde-Reiter-Regiment, 1., 2., 3. Escadron Oberst Franz Graf und Edler Herr zur Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld
1.Reiter-Regiment, 1., 2., 3. Escadron Oberst Friedrich von Beulwitz
2.Reiter-Brigade Generalmajor Moritz Freiherr von Biedermann
2.Reiter-Regiment, 1., 2., 3. Escadron Oberst Hugo Senfft von Pilsach
3.Reiter-Regiment, 1., 2., 3. Escadron Oberst Otto von Ludwiger
-
Artillerie-Reserve Oberst Bruno Köhler
1.Artillerie-Brigade Major Johann von Watzdorf
gezogene 6pfünd. Batterie Leonhardi Hauptmann Edmund Constanz Leonardi
12pfünd. Granat-Kanonen-Batterie Legnik Hauptmann Carl Emil Legnik
12pfünd. Granat-Kanonen-Batterie Westmann Hauptmann Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Westmann
2.Artillerie-Brigade Major Adolf Albrecht
gezogene 6pfünd. Batterie Heidenreich Hauptmann Bernhard August Heinrich Heidenreich

12pfünd. reitende Batterie Hoch

Hauptmann Carl Julius Bernhard Hoch

 


gezogene = rifled

reitende = horse artillery battery

Escadron = squadron

http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/saxons.htm

Austro-Saxon Forces

Battle of Königgrätz

3 July l866

Royal Saxon Army Corps

lst Division: Generalleutnant von Schimpff

2nd Division: Generalleutnant ovn Steiglitz

Cavarly Division: Generalleutnant von Fritsch

Reserve Artillery

http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/866GAC.pdf